||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: does not meet project guidelines. (June 2008)|
|Release date(s)||NEC PC-9821
JP April 21, 1995 (Pilot Disk)
JP September 29, 1995
JP January 19, 1996
JP February 9, 1996 (Private Collection)
JP May 14, 2008 (PSN)
Policenauts (ポリスノーツ Porisunōtsu?) is an interactive movie/graphic novel/adventure game with a hard science fiction storyline, written and directed by Hideo Kojima, and published by Konami. It was initially released for the PC-9821 computer platform in 1994, followed by remade versions for the 3DO in 1995, and the PlayStation and Sega Saturn in 1996. The game has never been officially released outside Japan, despite plans for an English localization of the Saturn version. On August 24, 2009 (in honor of the 46th birthday of the game designer, Hideo Kojima), an unofficial English translation patch was released onto the internet.
Policenauts, like Snatcher before it, pays various homages to previously existing works. An obvious one is Jonathan's and Ed's (the main characters) respective resemblances to Riggs and Murtaugh from Lethal Weapon. The game also pays homage to the ancient Japanese tale of Urashima Taro. The game centers on a detective who travels to a space colony to investigate the circumstances surrounding his ex-wife's murder and her new husband's sudden disappearance.
The game is set in a primarily first person perspective and uses a point-and-click interface: the player can move the cursor and have the protagonist (Jonathan Ingram) analyze objects around his environment or talk to other characters in the game. Like in Snatcher, the game features shooting segments where the player must defend their character from incoming enemies. The player can use the shooting trainer at the police department to test their reflex and accuracy. There are numerous puzzles in the game, including an event where the player must dismantle a bomb by following their partner's instructions.
The game was notable for being an early example of extensive voice recording in video games. It also featured a theme revolving around space exploration and occasional full-motion video cut scenes. The gameplay was largely similar to Snatcher, but with the addition of a point-and-click interface and some first-person shooter segments. Policenauts also introduced summary screens, which act to refresh the player's memory of the plot upon reloading a save, an element Kojima would later use in Metal Gear Solid. The PlayStation version of Policenauts could also read the memory card and give some easter egg dialogues if a save file of Konami's dating sim Tokimeki Memorial is present, a technique Kojima would also later use in Metal Gear Solid.
Plot and setting
The game centers on Jonathan Ingram, one of the five "Policenauts", astronauts with police training, assigned to ensure the safety of Beyond Coast, mankind's first fully functional space colony in the year 2013. Johnathan tests a new space walking suit, but is drifted away into space by accident and is presumed dead by his colleagues. He is found alive and well 25 years later thanks to the cold-sleep module connected to the suit. Three years later, Jonathan (now a private investigator working in the former Los Angeles) is visited by his former wife, Lorraine who asks for Jonathan's help in solving the disappearance of her current husband, Kenzo Hojo, the only clues he left behind being a torn leaf, a set of capsules, and the word "Plato". Jonathan is reluctant to take her case at first, but after Lorraine leaves his office, she is attacked and murdered by a man in a black motorcycle suit. Jonathan, unable to catch the culprit, decides to fulfill his ex-wife's final request and travels to Beyond, where he is reunited with his former partner from his LAPD days, Ed Brown who agrees to help Jonathan investigate the circumstances surrounding Hojo's disappearance and Lorraine's murder.
During the course of the investigation, Jonathan and Ed learn that Becker and Tokugawa have been involved in running an illegal drug and organ trafficking ring in order to counteract the negative side-effects of being in space for long periods of time. Hojo had been included in the business in order to save his daughter, Karen, and ultimately wanted to leave, only to be murdered. During a stand-off with Becker, Jonathan records Becker's confession about the scheme and has Meryl broadcast the recording live, exposing the scandal to the colonists. Ed saves Jonathan from death, while Meryl and the remaining police arrest Tokugawa. Jonathan donates his bone marrow to Karen upon learning that he is her biological father, and returns to Earth.
- Jonathan Ingram (ジョナサン・イングラム Jonasan Inguramu?)
- The protagonist. One of the five "Original Cops" (a nickname given in likeness to Project Mercury's "Original Seven") that formed the Policenauts. He was stranded in space for 25 years after a space-walking accident, only to be found alive, thanks to the cryogenic sleep module in his suit. As a result, he is physically younger than his real age. Voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka.
- Ed Brown (エド・ブラウン Edo Buraun?)
- The chief of Beyond Coast Police's (BCP) Vice Unit. He was Jonathan's partner during their days in the LAPD and was also one of the Original Cops. He renews his partnership with Jonathan to solve Lorraine's murder. Voiced by Shōzō Iizuka.
- Karen Hojo (カレン・北条?)
- Lorraine's daughter, a popular anchorwoman at Beyond who bears a striking resemblance to her mother. Voiced by Kikuko Inoue.
- Tony Redwood (トニー・レッドウッド Tonī Reddouddo?)
- A member of the Advance Police (AP) Unit, BCP's equivalent of a Swat Team. He is a "Frozener", a race of artificially conceived humans who possess genes best suited for an extraterrestrial environment. He is an ace pilot who can control his EMPS mecha as if it were an extension of his own body. Voiced by Kaneto Shiozawa.
- Gates Becker (ゲイツ・ベッカー Geitsu Bekkā?)
- One of the Original Cops, Becker is the chief of the BCP and the commander of the AP Unit. Voiced by Osamu Saka.
- Joseph Sadaoki Tokugawa (ジョゼフ・サダオキ・トクガワ Josefu Sadaoki Tokugawa?)
- One of the Original Cops, he left BCP to succeed his family's business, the Tokugawa Group. He is the most powerful man on Beyond and wields considerable influence over the colony's media. Voiced by Iemasa Kayumi.
- Salvatore Toscanini (サルバトーレ・トスカニーニ Sarubatōre Tosukanīni?)
- One of the "Original Cops". He quits his job as a police officer due to his dissatisfaction with the lifestyle and now serves as the chief of security at Tokugawa's Moon Plant. Voiced by Masaharu Sato.
- Meryl Silverburgh (メリル・シルバーバーグ Meriru Shirubābāgu?)
- A member of BCP's Vice Unit, Meryl is a former member of High Tech Special Forces Unit FOXHOUND and is usually seen wearing military gear. She serves as the basis for the Metal Gear Solid character of the same name and they share a voice actor. Voiced by Megumi Terase.
- Dave Forrest (デイブ・フォレスト Deibu Foresuto?)
- Meryl's partner within the Vice Unit. Unlike Meryl, Dave is a pacifist who prefers to disarm convicts rather than outright killing them. He wears an orange vest and goggles, and usually appears eating a hamburger. Voiced by Bin Shimada.
- Lorraine Hojo (ロレイン・北条 Rorein Hojo?)
- Jonanthan's ex-wife who visits Jonathan at his office on Earth, asking him to search for her current husband, Kenzo. She is then murdered by a masked assassin after leaving his place. Voiced by Chiyoko Kawashima.
- Chris Goldwin (クリス・ゴドウィン Kurisu Godouin?)
- An attractive middle-aged woman who is the director of the Beyond Coast Central Hospital (BCCH). Voiced by Chiyoko Kawashima.
- Anna Brown (アナ・ブラウン Ana Buraun?)
- Ed's teenage daughter, who is a college student. She has taken over all household duties at the Brown residence after her mother, Catherine (Ed's wife), died. Voiced by Yumi Toma.
- Marc Brown (マーク・ブラウン Māku Buraun?)
- Ed's adopted son, whose real father, Ridley, was killed by Ed in a drug-related shoot-out. Since the incident, Marc has been unable to speak. His "speech" is limited to vain spasmic attempts, which are done by Junko Hagimori (who also voiced a female extra in the game).
- Kenzo Hojo (ケンゾウ・北条 Kensō Hojo?)
- Lorraine's current husband, and the head of Tokugawa's Drug Delivery System development team. Disappeared without a trace before the present events of the story. He is unvoiced.
- Victor Jurgens (ビクトル・ユルゲンス Bikutoru Yurugensu?)
- An elderly Russian scientist who works for the BCP as a forensic pathologist. Uses a tool called AID (Auto-analysis Identification Device), which is operated by an A.I. named Gorby. Voiced by Kohei Miyauchi in his final role.
- Michael Saito (マイケル・斉藤 Maikeru Saito?)
- A receptionist and security guard at Tokugawa Pharmaceuticals. Voiced by Nobutoshi Canna.
Policenauts was first released for the NEC PC-9821 on July 29, 1994. The PC-98 came in one CD-ROM that included an installation floppy disk. All the cut-scenes were rendered using hand-drawn pixel art as opposed to full-motion video anime.
Prior to releasing the standard version of the game, Konami issued the Policenauts: Pilot Disk for the 3DO on April 21, 1995. This disc contains a playable demo, an encyclopedia of the game's backstory, featurettes, and information about the game's voice actors and developers. Policenauts: Private Collection was released for the PlayStation on February 9, 1996, featuring much of the same content as the Pilot Disk, adding an earlier version of the game's script as well. The encyclopedia, featurettes and shooting trainer are included as hidden features in the Saturn version.
The first console version was released for the 3DO on September 29, 1995, consisting of two CD-ROMs. Animated cut-scenes were added to this version along with CG animation, and all the graphics were redrawn. Limited edition copies came bundled with the 3DO mouse and a mousepad. The PlayStation version (January 19, 1996), also on two discs, made further additions by digitally fixing most of the graphics and movies from the 3DO version. The last console version, released for the Sega Saturn (September 13, 1996), on three discs, added support for Sega's Virtua Gun light gun peripheral. Although the home console versions of the game mostly used pre-existing dialog tracks from the original PC-98 version, all of the original voice actors were brought back to record new lines of dialog for the new cutscenes.
The PlayStation version has been re-issued twice. The first time was under the "Konami the Best" label on September 18, 1997. A second reissue under the "PSone Books" series was released on August 7, 2003. The game was added to the PlayStation Store's Japanese Game Archives on May 15, 2008, making the game downloadable for the PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 3.
The Saturn version of Policenauts was officially announced for a North American release by Konami on May 1996. A mock-up cover art was produced and featured on a promotional Sega pamphlet packaged with certain games. However, the North American version was never released. According to Kojima, work began on the North American version, but the developers were unable to synchronize the English dialogue with the animated FMV cut-scenes.
A fan translation of the PlayStation version has been produced, which has gained attention from the video game media. Although the translation of the game content was nearly completed by Marc Laidlaw and Artemio Urbina during the summer of 2007, the translation project could not find a programmer to complete the insertion of translated material into a version of the game and progress stalled. In August 2008, Something Awful forum member Michael "slowbeef" Sawyer began experimenting with approaches to add text to the PlayStation version of the game which led to a revival of the project. The patch was released to the public at midnight (JST) on August 24, 2009, to coincide with Hideo Kojima's 46th birthday. A fan translation of the Sega Saturn version which has additional scenes, a modified story and light gun support is currently in the works, however no release date has been announced yet.
GameFan 's three reviewers scored it 100, 94 and 92 out of 100. One of the reviewers said "that Policenauts has one of the best game storylines ever." Another reviewer said that he "truly thought adventure gaming could get no better than Snatcher" but Konami "has outdone themselves in everything from the beyond-beautiful music to the professional quality cinemas."
RPGFan rated it 97% for story, 95% for sound/music, 94% for graphics, 80% for gameplay, and 80% for control, with an overall score of 98%. They called it "a masterpiece" and concluded that, from "the incredible graphics and soundtrack, to the compelling story, Policenauts is a true classic."
- Kurt Kalata, Policenauts, Hardcore Gaming 101
- Mark Ryan Sallee. "Kojima's Legacy: We reflect on the influence of Hideo Kojima's 20 years in gaming". IGN. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "PlayStationStore - POLICENAUTS - (株)コナミデジタルエンタテインメント" (in Japanese).
- "Konami: Policenauts for Saturn". Archived from the original on November 9, 1996.
- Policenauts: Official Guide. pp. 118–122. ISBN 4-87188-835-5.
- Policenauts Fan Translation Project Nears Completion news from 1UP.com
- Fan-translation of Kojima's Policenauts nears completion - Joystiq
- Policenauts, by Hideo Kojima (Prologue Only) - The Something Awful Forums
- Junker HQ - Current Project Status (Updated September 3rd)
- Junker HQ - Release: 8/23/09, 12 PM EDT
- "English Fan Translation Patch In Development For Sega Saturn Version Of Hideo Kojima's 'Policenauts'". Retro Collect. March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- GameFan, volume 4, issue 4 (April 1996), page 15
- Various (September 1996). ポリスノーツ 公式ガイド. 公式ガイドシリーズ (in Japanese). コナミ. ISBN 4-87188-835-5.
- コナミCP事業部 編 (September 1996). セガサターン ポリスノーツ―公式完全ガイドブック. コナミ完璧攻略シリーズ (in Japanese). コナミ. ISBN 4-575-28640-0.
- 講談社 編 (March 6, 1996). ポリスノーツオフィシャルビジュアルデータブック. 覇王ゲームスペシャル 45 (in Japanese). 講談社. ISBN 4-06-329246-0.
- Policenauts Official website (Japanese)
- Policenauts PSone Books Re-release Official website (Japanese)
- Policenauts.net – Fan Translation site