|Comune di Policoro|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Matera (MT)|
|• Mayor||Rocco Leone (PdL)|
|• Total||67 km2 (26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|Population (December 31, 2015)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Madonna of the Bridge|
Policoro is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is bounded by the towns of Rotondella, Scanzano Jonico and Tursi. Policoro is a relatively small town of approximately 17,000 inhabitants. Situated on the coast, its population swells in the summertime due to an influx of tourists who come to enjoy the Lido di Policoro .
Policoro was built after a series of destruction of previous Greek cities of Siris and Heraclea. In 280 BC, the territory was the scene of a famous bloody battle where the Romans were defeated by Pyrrhus. During the middle ages, the city was gradually depopulated, and only a little village called Policoro (Πολύχωρον meaning "large place" in Greek) was maintained. Later the village grew around a Baronial palace, belonged among other noble families, the Berlingieri family. Only after 1950, thanks to the efforts to reclaim swampy and unhealthy land, and redistributed land ownership, Policoro rapidly grew and reached the municipal autonomy.
They have always lived in the quagmire and the continued presence of malaria. Policoro is situated four km from the pinewood and the seaside. It is on the Ionian coast 70 km far from Taranto and Matera. The weather is mild in winter and quite hot in summer.
It is not recommended by the best tourist guides.
The National Museum of Siritide has a wealth of information on the Greek settlement of Heraclea, the ruins of which lie on the outskirts of the town and can be viewed daily with a minimal charge.
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