Polignac is the name of an ancient French noble family that took its name from the château de Polignac, of which they had been sieurs since Carolingian times.
In 1385, the male line became extinct, but the heiress married Guillaume, sire de Chalancon, who assumed the name and arms of Polignac. Jules de Polignac (1746–1817) became the first Duke of Polignac in 1780.
Notable family members
- Melchior de Polignac (1661–1742), French diplomat, Roman Catholic cardinal and neo-Latin poet
- Jules de Polignac (1746–1817), became the first Duke of Polignac
- Gabrielle de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac (1749–1793), wife of the first Duke of Polignac
- Jules, prince de Polignac (1780–1847), promulgator of the July Ordinances
- Alphonse de Polignac (1826–1863), French mathematician and number theorist
- Camille Armand Jules Marie, prince de Polignac (1832–1913), Confederate general at the Battle of Sabine Crossroads
- Prince Edmond de Polignac (1834–1901), composer
- Winnaretta Singer, princess de Polignac (1865–1943)
- Pierre de Polignac (1895–1964), father of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Polignac.|