10th Infantry Division (Poland)

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10th Division
Active 1919-1939
Country  Poland
Branch Polish Army
Type Division
Size 3 regiments
Garrison/HQ Łódź, Poland
Engagements Polish–Soviet War
World War II

10th Infantry Division (10. Dywizja Piechoty) was a unit of the Polish Army during the interbellum period, which took part in the 1939 German Invasion of Poland. It was created in 1919 from the former Polish 4th Rifle Division. Stationed in Łódź and commanded in 1939 by General Franciszek Dindorf-Ankowicz, it was part of Łódź Army. Its task was to defend the fortified area along the upper Warta river, near the interwar border of Poland and Germany.

Since early morning of 1 September 1939, the Division was mercilessly attacked by the German Eighth Army, supported by aircraft and artillery. The Poles managed to keep their positions until 3 September, when they were ordered to withdraw towards Sieradz, and defend the river crossings. However, in the organizational and communicational chaos, the unit arrived at the destination several hours too late, after the Germans of the 17th Infantry Division had already crossed the Warta in some spots.

Soon afterwards, the 10th Infantry Division was attacked by the German 10th and 24th infantry divisions and after a bloody battle, it was defeated. Remains were gathered and ordered to withdraw towards Głowno and Zgierz. On 8 September, after several German attacks, the Division was scattered, a group of soldiers crossed the Vistula near Otwock.

Order of Battle (1939)[edit]

  • Division Headquarters - based in Łódź
  • 28th Infantry Regiment Kaniów Riflemen (28 Pułk Strzelców Kaniowskich) - based in Łódź
  • 30th Infantry Regiment Kaniów Riflemen (30 Pułk Strzelców Kaniowskich) - based in Warsaw
  • 31st Infantry Regiment Kaniów Riflemen (31 Pułk Strzelców Kaniowskich) - based in Łódź and Sieradz
  • 10th Light Artillery Regiment Kaniów (10 Kaniowski Pułk Artylerii Lekkiej) - based in Łódź
10th Infantry Division (Poland) is located in Poland
HQ  28 IR  31 IR10 LAR  Łódź
HQ
28 IR
31 IR
10 LAR
Łódź
30 IR Warsaw
30 IR
Warsaw
31 IR  Sieradz
31 IR
Sieradz
Peacetime locations of the 10th Infantry Division and its units in 1939.

Later formations[edit]

There were at least three other Polish 10th Infantry Divisions formed during World War II and shortly afterwards. The first was a briefly-formed formation which was part of the Anders Army in the Soviet Union, but was disbanded before the Anders Army was evacuated through Iran to the West. The second was a Home Army formation. The third was another element of the Polish Armed Forces in the East, which formed part of the Second Army in 1944-1945. After the war it eventually became the 10th Armoured Division of the Polish People's Army in 1949-1950.

References[edit]

  • Tadeusz Jurga: Wojsko Polskie. Krótki informator historyczny o Wojsku Polskim w latach II wojny światowej. 7, Regularne jednostki Wojska Polskiego w 1939. Organizacja, działania bojowe, uzbrojenie, metryki związków operacyjnych, dywizji i brygad. Warszawa, Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej 1975.
  • Lech Wyszczelski: Wojsko Polskie w latach 1918-1921. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Neriton, 2006. ISBN 83-89729-56-3.
  • Zdzisław Jagiełło: Piechota Wojska Polskiego 1918-1939. Warszawa: Bellona, 2007. ISBN 978-83-11-10206-4.
  • Almanach oficerski, praca zbiorowa, Wojskowy Instytut Naukowo-Wydawniczy, Warszawa 1923.
  • Księga chwały piechoty, komitet redakcyjny pod przewodnictwem płk. dypl. Bolesława Prugara Ketlinga, Departament Piechoty MSWojsk, Warszawa 1937-1939. Reprint: Wydawnictwo Bellona Warszawa 1992.

See also[edit]