Polish Academy of Sciences

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Polish Academy of Sciences
Warsaw Easter 2008 027.jpg
Abbreviation PAS
Formation 1951[1]
Type National academy, Academy of Sciences
Headquarters Warsaw
Region served
Michał Kleiber
Website pan.pl
Formerly called
Warsaw Scientific Society
Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning

The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polish: Polska Akademia Nauk or PAN), headquartered in Warsaw, is Poland's top academy of sciences.[2] It is responsible for spearheading the development of science across the country by a society of distinguished scholars as well as a network of research institutes. It was established in 1951, during the early period of the Polish People's Republic following World War II.


The Polish Academy of Sciences PAN, is a Polish state sponsored institution of higher learning, headquartered in Warsaw, that was established by the merger of earlier learned societies, including the Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności, abbreviated PAU), with its seat in Kraków, and the Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning, which had been founded in the late 18th century.

The Polish Academy of Sciences functions as a learned society acting through an elected corporation of leading scholars and research institutions. The Academy has also, operating through its committees, become a major scientific advisory body.

Another aspect of the Academy is its coordination and overseeing of numerous (several dozens) research institutes. PAN institutes employ over 2,000 people, and are funded by about a third of the Polish government's budget for science.

In 1989, the Polish Academy of Learning in Kraków, resumed its independent existence, separate from the Polish Academy of Sciences, in Warsaw.


The Polish Academy of Sciences includes numerous institutes including:

Notable members[edit]

Foreign members[edit]


See also[edit]


External links[edit]