Polish Sign Language

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Polish Sign Language
Polski Język Migowy
Native to Poland
Native speakers
50,000  (2014)[1]
German Sign
  • Polish Sign Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pso
Glottolog poli1259[2]

Polish Sign Language ("Polski Język Migowy", PJM) is the language of the Deaf community in Poland. Its lexicon and grammar are distinct from the Polish language, although there is a manually coded version of Polish known as System Językowo-Migowy (SJM, or Signed Polish), which is often used by interpreters on television and by teachers in schools.

Manual alphabet[edit]

Alfabet palcowy2.jpg

Polish Sign Language uses a one-handed manual alphabet based on the alphabet used in Old French Sign Language. However, the language itself derives from German Sign Language.


  1. ^ Polish Sign Language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Polish Sign Language". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External links[edit]