Polish Sign Language

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Polish Sign Language
Polski Język Migowy
Native toPoland
Native speakers
40,000 to 50,000 (2014)[1]
German Sign
  • Polish Sign Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3pso

Polish Sign Language ("Polski Język Migowy", PJM) is the language of the Deaf community in Poland. Its lexicon and grammar are distinct from the Polish language, although there is a manually coded version of Polish known as System Językowo-Migowy (SJM, or Signed Polish), which is often used by interpreters on television and by teachers in schools.

Manual alphabet[edit]

Polish Sign Language uses a one-handed manual alphabet based on the alphabet used in Old French Sign Language. However, the language itself derives from German Sign Language.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Polish Sign Language at Ethnologue (22nd ed., 2019)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Polish Sign Language". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

Scholarly literature[edit]

  • Fabian, Piotr, and Jarosław Francik. "Synthesis and presentation of the Polish sign language gestures." 1st International Conf. on Applied Mathematics and Informatics at Universities. 2001.
  • Farris, M. A. Sign language research and Polish sign language. Lingua Posnaniensis 36 (1994): 13–36.
  • Oszust, Mariusz, and Marian Wysocki. Polish sign language words recognition with kinect. Human System Interaction (HSI), 2013 The 6th International Conference on. IEEE, 2013.

External links[edit]