Polish Sign Language
|Polish Sign Language|
|Polski Język Migowy|
|40,000 to 50,000 (2014)|
Polish Sign Language ("Polski Język Migowy", PJM) is the language of the Deaf community in Poland. It descends from German Sign Language. Its lexicon and grammar are distinct from the Polish language, although there is a manually coded version of Polish known as System Językowo-Migowy (SJM, or Signed Polish), which is often used by interpreters on television and by teachers in schools.
It was first formed/became prevalent around 1817. Around that time the Instytut Głuchoniemych(Institute for the deaf) was founded by Jakub Falkowski, who began teaching deaf children after meeting a deaf boy by the name of Piotr Gąsowski.
- Fabian, Piotr, and Jarosław Francik. "Synthesis and presentation of the Polish sign language gestures." 1st International Conf. on Applied Mathematics and Informatics at Universities. 2001.
- Farris, M. A. Sign language research and Polish sign language. Lingua Posnaniensis 36 (1994): 13–36.
- Oszust, Mariusz, and Marian Wysocki. Polish sign language words recognition with kinect. Human System Interaction (HSI), 2013 The 6th International Conference on. IEEE, 2013.
- (in Polish) Polish manual alphabet
- (image here)
- Polish Association of the Deaf official website
- (in Polish) History of Polish Sign Language