Polish Sign Language

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Polish Sign Language
Polski Język Migowy
Native toPoland
Native speakers
40,000 to 50,000 (2014)[1]
German Sign
  • Polish Sign Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3pso
Glottologpoli1259

Polish Sign Language ("Polski Język Migowy", PJM) is the language of the Deaf community in Poland. It descends from German Sign Language. Its lexicon and grammar are distinct from the Polish language, although there is a manually coded version of Polish known as System Językowo-Migowy (SJM, or Signed Polish), which is often used by interpreters on television and by teachers in schools.

It was first formed/became prevalent around 1817. Around that time the Instytut Głuchoniemych(Institute for the deaf) was founded by Jakub Falkowski, who began teaching deaf children after meeting a deaf boy by the name of Piotr Gąsowski.[2]

Polish Sign Language uses a distinctive one-handed manual alphabet based on the alphabet used in Old French Sign Language.

In 2012, under the "Sign Language Act", the language received official status in Poland and can be chosen as the language of instruction by those who require it.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Polish Sign Language at Ethnologue (22nd ed., 2019)
  2. ^ http://instytut-gluchoniemych.waw.pl/historia/
  3. ^ AGH (2012-03-23). "Ustawa o języku migowym wchodzi w życie!" (in Polish). agh.edu.pl. Retrieved 2018-05-27.

Scholarly literature[edit]

  • Fabian, Piotr, and Jarosław Francik. "Synthesis and presentation of the Polish sign language gestures." 1st International Conf. on Applied Mathematics and Informatics at Universities. 2001.
  • Farris, M. A. Sign language research and Polish sign language. Lingua Posnaniensis 36 (1994): 13–36.
  • Oszust, Mariusz, and Marian Wysocki. Polish sign language words recognition with kinect. Human System Interaction (HSI), 2013 The 6th International Conference on. IEEE, 2013.

External links[edit]