Parliament of Poland

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Parliament of Poland
Parlament Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
Polish coat of arms
Term limits
4 years
Stanisław Karczewski, PiS
Since 12 November 2015
Marek Kuchciński, PiS
Since 12 November 2015
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Senate political groups

Government (64)[1]

  •      PiS (64)

Opposition (33)[1]

  •      PO (33)

Others (3)

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Sejm political groups


  •      PiS (234)


First-past-the-post voting
Proportional representationa
Senate last election
6 March 2016
Sejm last election
25 October 2015
Senate next election
No later than 25 October 2019
Sejm next election
No later than 25 October 2019
Meeting place
Sejm RP.jpg
Sejm building, Warsaw
a Open-list proportional representation in 41 constituencies (5% national election threshold, 8% national election threshold for coalitions).

The parliament of Poland has an upper house, the Senate, and a lower house, the Sejm. Both houses are accommodated in the Sejm complex in Warsaw. The parliament itself is without an official name; the Constitution refers only to the Sejm and the Senate.

Members of both houses are elected by direct election, usually every four years. The Sejm has 460 members, while the Senate has 100 senators. To become law, a bill must first be approved by both houses, but the Sejm can override a Senate refusal to pass a bill.

On certain occasions, the Marshal of the Sejm summons the National Assembly, a joint session of the members of both houses. Its function is mostly ceremonial in nature, and it only convenes occasionally, such as to witness the inauguration of the President. Under exceptional circumstances, the constitution endows the National Assembly with significant responsibilities, such as the power to bring the President before the State Tribunal (impeachment).The current leading party is Law and Justice (PiS) with 234 out of 460 seats in Sejm and 61 out of 100 seats in Senate. The two debating halls have designated seats for the deputies, senators and the Marshals, equipped with voting devices, used by the deputies and senators to vote.

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Senate debating hall