Theatrical release poster
|Produced by||Alain Attal|
|Music by||Stephen Warbeck|
|Edited by||Laure Gardette|
Les Films du Trésor
|Distributed by||Mars Distribution|
|Box office||$20.3 million|
Polisse (released at some film festivals as Poliss, French pronunciation: [pɔˈlis]) is a 2011 French drama film written, directed by and starring Maïwenn. It also stars Joeystarr, Karin Viard, Marina Foïs, Nicolas Duvauchelle and Riccardo Scamarcio. The film centres on the Child Protection Unit (Brigade de Protection des Mineurs) of the Paris Police, and a photographer who is assigned to cover the unit. The title is derived from Maïwenn's son's misspelling of the word "police".
- Karin Viard as Nadine
- Marina Foïs as Iris
- Joeystarr as Fred
- Nicolas Duvauchelle as Mathieu
- Maïwenn as Mélissa
- Karole Rocher as Chrys
- Emmanuelle Bercot as Sue Ellen
- Frédéric Pierrot as Balloo
- Arnaud Henriet as Bamako
- Naidra Ayadi as Nora
- Jérémie Elkaïm as Gabriel
- Riccardo Scamarcio as Francesco
- Sandrine Kiberlain as Mrs. de la Faublaise
- Wladimir Yordanoff as Beauchard
- Louis-Do de Lencquesaing as Mr. de la Faublaise
- Carole Franck as Céline
- Laurent Bateau as Hervé
- Anne Suarez as Alice
- Anthony Delon as Alex
- Audrey Lamy as Disgraced mother
- Riton Liebman as Franck
- Sophie Cattani as Drug-addicted mother
- Martial Di Fonzo Bo as P.E. teacher
- Lou Doillon as Mélissa's sister
Maïwenn got the idea for the film when she saw a documentary about the Child Protection Unit on television. She was allowed to stay with the officers of the unit to research the subject and get to know what kind of people they were. All the cases in the screenplay were based either on things the director had witnessed during her time with the unit or older cases they told her about. Not letting the viewers know the verdicts of the defendants was a conscious choice, because the police officers seldom get to know it either. Maïwenn wrote a first draft for the screenplay on her own, and was then joined by Emmanuelle Bercot.
The film was produced for €6.14 million through Les Films du Trésor in co-production with Arte France Cinéma and Mars Films. The production received pre-sales investment from Canal+ and CinéCinéma. Maïwenn only wanted to cast actors who would be credible in the roles of policemen: "In my opinion all of them had to have a common feature - they had to look like working class people and speak in vernacular Parisian French." Two former members of the CPU were hired to train the actors.
The world premiere took place at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, where the film was screened in the main competition on 13 May. The regular French release was on 19 October through Mars Distribution.
At the Cannes Film Festival, Jordan Mintzer of The Hollywood Reporter compared the film to "a whole season of The Wire packed into a single two-hour-plus film, ... and even with its loose threads and frenzied structure, it convincingly jumps from laughter to tears and back again, never losing sight of the brutal realities at its core." In Screen Daily's review from the festival, Jonathan Romney called Maïwenn "undeniably a very strong director of actors, especially when it comes to the delicate scenes involving the various children. She's less adept, though, at judging what is dramatically essential and what is surplus to requirements". The film won the Cannes Film Festival's Jury Prize.
Peter Bradshaw from the Guardian newspaper was much less positive. He described the film as "a strong contender for the most awful film of the competition" and "much of it feels like a pretty dodgy evening in front of the television: less The Wire, more The Bill. But I don't think any director of The Bill would have permitted the toe-curlingly embarrassing overacting we get in this movie".
Peter Schöning, defined in his review for German Der Spiegel "Poliss(e)" as "a cry for help which became a film." ("Poliezei", das ist ein Film gewordener Hilferuf...) He added this was "not merely because of the abused children and young delinquents whose cases Maïwenn mentions in her film without showing pictures of them..." (Nicht nur der kindlichen Missbrauchsopfer und jugendlichen Missetäter wegen, deren Fälle Maïwenn in ihrem Film zur Sprache bringt, ohne sie im Bild selbst vorzuführen...) but "...as well because of those policemen who have to enforce the law but moreover have to perform a great deal of social work - hereby permanently being overstrained." (... auch aufgrund jener Polizisten, die zwar der Strafverfolgung dienen, vor allem aber Sozialarbeit leisten - und dabei durchweg überfordert sind.) He concludes: "Despite all the ugly things told in this film Polisse has a beauty which derives from its pursuit of truthfulness." ("Poliezei" besitzt bei all dem Hässlichen, von dem der Film zu berichten hat, eine Schönheit, die aus seinem Streben nach Wahrhaftigkeit stammt). Spiegel Online supplemented this review by an in-depth interview with the film's director.
- Smith, Ian Hayden (2012). International Film Guide 2012. p. 117. ISBN 978-1908215017.
- Lemercier, Fabien (2010-09-03). "Polisse: Maïwenn at the juvenile division". Cineuropa. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- "Interview with Maïwenn" (PDF). English press kit Polisse. Wild Bunch. Retrieved 2011-05-13.
- "Kate Winslet to receive honorary Cesar award". BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Lemercier, Fabien (2011-04-15). "Bold trio Cavalier, Bonello and Maïwenn in race for Palme d'Or". Cineuropa. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- "Horaires 2011" (PDF). festival-cannes.com (in French). Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 2011-05-13.
- "Polisse". AlloCiné (in French). Tiger Global. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- Mintzer, Jordan (2011-05-12). "Poliss (Polisse): Cannes Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2011-05-13.
- Romney, Jonathan (2011-05-13). "Poliss". Screen Daily. Retrieved 2011-05-13.
- Chang, Justin (2011-05-22). "'Tree of Life' wins Palme d'Or". Variety. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- Bradshaw, Peter (2011-05-15). "Cannes 2011 review: Le Gamin au Vélo/Polisse". Guardian. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- Schöning, Jörg (2011-10-26). "Französisches Sozialdrama "Poliezei"". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- Rothe, Marcus (2011-10-28). ""Angst macht mir Lust, mich zu übertreffen" ("Fear makes me want to excel myself")". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 2011-11-02.