Politburo of the Communist Party of China

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Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China
中国共产党中央政治局
Coat of arms or logo
Leadership
Status
Leader of
the Party
1st-ranked
member
Elected by
the Central Committee
Responsible to
the Central Committee
Seats 25
Politburo of the Communist Party of China
Simplified Chinese 中国共产党中央政治局
Traditional Chinese 中國共產黨中央政治局
Literal meaning China Communist Party Central Political Bureau
Politburo
Chinese 政治局
Literal meaning Political Bureau
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
China

The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China formally Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, formerly known as Central Bureau (中央局) before 1927, is a group of 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. Unlike politburos (political bureaus) of other Communist parties, power within the politburo is centralized in the Politburo Standing Committee. The Politburo is nominally elected by the Central Committee.

The power of the Politburo resides largely in the fact that its members generally simultaneously hold positions within the People's Republic of China state positions and with the control over personnel appointments that the Politburo and Secretariat have. In addition, some Politburo members hold powerful regional positions. How the Politburo works internally is unclear, but it appears that the full Politburo meets once a month and the standing committee meets weekly. This is believed to be much more infrequent than the former Soviet Politburo had met. The agenda for the meetings appears to be controlled by the General Secretary and decisions are made by consensus rather than by majority vote.[1]

The Politburo was eclipsed by the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in the early 1980s under Hu Yaobang,[2] but has re-emerged as a dominant force after Hu's ousting in 1987.

Current (18th) Politburo members[edit]

The 18th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee on November 15, 2012, consisting of 25 members.

In stroke order of surnames:

Historical membership of the Politburo[edit]

7th Politburo (1945-1956)[edit]

The 7th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 7th Central Committee on June 19, 1945, consisting of 13 members.

Members:

Members elected at the 5th Plenary Session of the 7th Central Committee in April, 1955:

8th Politburo (1956-1969)[edit]

The 8th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee on September 28, 1956, consisting of 17 members and 6 alternate members.

Members:

Alternate members:

Members elected at the 5th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee in May, 1958:

Members elected at the 11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee in August, 1966:

Alternate embers elected at the 11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee in August, 1966:

During the Cultural Revolution, the Politburo ceased to function from March, 1967 to April, 1969.

9th Politburo (1969-1973)[edit]

The 9th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 9th Central Committee on April 28, 1969, consisting of 21 members and 4 alternate members.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate members:

10th Politburo (1973-1977)[edit]

The 10th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 10th Central Committee on August 30, 1973, consisting of 21 members and 4 alternate members.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate members:

Member appointed in December, 1973:

Member elected at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 10th Central Committee in July, 1977:

11th Politburo (1977-1982)[edit]

The 11th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee on August 19, 1977, consisting of 23 members and 3 alternate members.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate members:

Members elected at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee in December, 1978:

Members elected at the 4th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee in September, 1979:

12th Politburo (1982-1987)[edit]

The 12th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee on September 13, 1982, consisting of 25 members and 3 alternate members.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate members:

Members elected at the 5th Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee in September, 1985:

13th Politburo (1987-1992)[edit]

The 13th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee on November 2, 1987, consisting of 17 members and 1 alternate member.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate member:

14th Politburo (1992-1997)[edit]

The 14th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee on October 19, 1992, consisting of 20 members and 2 alternate members.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate members:

Member elected at the 4th Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee in September, 1994:

15th Politburo (1997-2002)[edit]

The 15th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 15th Central Committee on September 19, 1997, consisting of 22 members and 2 alternate members.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate members:

16th Politburo (2002-2007)[edit]

The 16th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee on November 15, 2002, consisting of 24 members and 1 alternate member.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

Alternate member:

17th Politburo (2007-2012)[edit]

The 17th Politburo was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 17th Central Committee on October 22, 2007, consisting of 25 members. There have been no alternate members since.

Members:

Others in stroke order of surnames:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller, H. "Hu Jintao and the Party Politburo" (PDF). China Leadership Monitor. Hoover Institution. p. 5. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Li, Cheng et al. (2008). China's Changing Political Landscape, Washington: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0-8157-5209-7.
  3. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  4. ^ "Plenary Sessions of the 7th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  5. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  6. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  7. ^ "11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  8. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  9. ^ "11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  10. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 9th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  11. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 10th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  12. ^ "2nd Plenary Session of the 10th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  13. ^ "3rd Plenary Session of the 10th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  14. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  15. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  16. ^ "6th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  17. ^ "3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  18. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  19. ^ "6th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  20. ^ "4th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  21. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  22. ^ "6th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  23. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  24. ^ "Report of the 4th Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee of the CPC on the Retirement of Several Senior Comrades (Chinese)". 
  25. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  26. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  27. ^ "4th Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  28. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  29. ^ "5th Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  30. ^ "4th Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  31. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 15th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  32. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 
  33. ^ "1st Plenary Session of the 17th Central Committee of the CPC (Chinese)". 

External links[edit]