Political party strength in New York

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New York is a Democratic stronghold and one of the "big three" Democratic states alongside California and Illinois.

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of New York:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   American (A) (More commonly known as the Know Nothing Party),   Anti-Administration (AA),   American Labor (AL)   Conservative (C),   Constitutional Union (CU),   Democratic (D),   Democratic-Republican (DR),   Federalist (F),   Independence (I),   Jacksonian Democratic (JD),   no party (N),   National Republican (NR),   National Union (NU),   People's Party (P),   Pro-Administration (PA),   Republican (R),   Whig (W),   Working Families (WF), and   a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Comptroller Treasurer State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1777 George Clinton (N)[3][4] Pierre Van Cortlandt (N) None[5] Egbert Benson Comfort Sands[6]
1778 John Morrin Scott[7]
1782 Peter T. Curtenius[8]
1784 Lewis Allaire Scott[7]
1787 George Clinton (AA) Pierre Van Cortlandt (AA)
1788 Richard Varick (PA)
1789 Phillip Schuyler (PA) Rufus King (PA) 3AA, 3PA none[9]
1790 Aaron Burr (AA)
1791 Aaron Burr (AA) 4PA, 2AA
1792 George Clinton (DR) Pierre Van Cortlandt (DR) Morgan Lewis (DR) George Washington (N) and George Clinton (DR)[10]
1793 Nathaniel Lawrence 7PA, 3AA
1795 John Jay (F) Stephen Van Rensselaer III (F) 5DR, 5F
1796 Josiah Ogden Hoffman, Sr. (F) John Laurance (F) John Adams and Thomas Pinckney (F)[10]
1797 Samuel Jones Phillip Schuyler (F)[11] 6F, 4DR
1798 Daniel Hale (F) John Sloss Hobart (F)[12]
William North (F)[13]
1799 James Waston (F)[14] 6DR, 4F
1800 John Vernon Henry (F) Gouvernor Morris (F) John Armstrong, Jr. (DR)[15] Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr (DR)[10]
1801 George Clinton (DR) Jeremiah Van Rensselaer (DR) Thomas Tillotson (DR) 7DR, 3F
1802 Ambrose Spencer (DR) Elisha Jenkins (DR)[16] DeWitt Clinton (DR)[17]
1803 Theodorus Bailey (DR)[18] 12DR, 5F
John Armstrong, Jr. (DR)
1804 Morgan Lewis (DR) John Broome (DR)[7] John Woodworth (DR) Thomas Jefferson and George Clinton (DR)[19]
John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) [20] John Smith (DR)
1805 Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) 15DR, 2F
1806 Elisha Jenkins (DR) Archibald McIntyre (DR)
1807 Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)[21] Thomas Tillotson (DR)
1808 Elisha Jenkins (DR) Matthias B. Hildreth (DR) 13 James Madison and George Clinton (DR); 3 George Clinton and James Madison (DR); 3 George Clinton and James Monroe (DR)[19]
1809 Obadiah German (DR) 10DR, 7F
1810 Daniel Hale (F) Abraham Van Vechten (F)
1811 John Tayler (DR)[22] Matthias B. Hildreth (DR)[7] 12DR, 5F
DeWitt Clinton (DR) Elisha Jenkins (DR)
1812 Thomas Addis Emmet (DR) DeWitt Clinton and Jared Ingersoll (F)[19]
1813 John Tayler (DR) Jacob R. Van Rensselaer (F) Abraham Van Vechten (F) Rufus King (F)
1815 Peter Buell Porter (DR) Martin Van Buren (DR) Nathan Sanford (DR)
1816 Robert L. Tillotson James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)[19]
1817 John Tayler (DR)[23] Philetus Swift (DR)[24] Charles D. Cooper (DR)
DeWitt Clinton (DR)[25] John Tayler (DR)
1818 John Van Ness Yates (DR)
1819 Thomas Jackson Oakley (F)
1821 Samuel A. Talcott (DR)[15] John Savage (DR)[26] Martin Van Buren (DR)[27]
1823 Joseph C. Yates (DR)[28] Erastus Root (DR) William L. Marcy (DR)[29]
1824 26 John Quincy Adams and John C. Calhoun (DR); 5 William Crawford and Nathaniel Macon (DR); 4 Henry Clay and Nathan Sanford (DR); 1 Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (DR)[19]
John Quincy Adams and John C. Calhoun (DR)[30]
1825 DeWitt Clinton (P)[7][31] James Tallmadge, Jr. (P)
1826 Azariah Cutting Flagg (DR) Nathan Sanford (NR)
1827 Nathaniel Pitcher (DR)
1828 Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (D)
Nathaniel Pitcher (DR)[23] Peter R. Livingston (DR)[24]
Charles Dayan (DR)[24]
1829 Martin Van Buren (JD)[32] Enos T. Throop (JD) Silas Wright (D) [33] Charles E. Dudley (D)
Enos T. Throop (JD)[34] Charles Stebbins (JD)[24] Greene C. Bronson (D)[35]
1830 William M. Oliver (JD)[24]
1831 Edward Philip Livingston (JD) William L. Marcy (D)[27]
1832 Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D)
1833 William L. Marcy (D) John Tracy (D) John Adams Dix (D) Azariah Cutting Flagg (D) Nathaniel P. Tallmadge (JD) Silas Wright (D)[27]
1836 Samuel Beardsley (D) Martin Van Buren and Richard Johnson (D)
1839 William H. Seward (W) Luther Bradish (W) John Canfield Spencer (W)[36] Willis Hall (W) Bates Cooke (W)[11] Nathaniel P. Tallmadge (D)[37]
1840 William H. Harrison and John Tyler (W)
1841 Archibald Campbell John A. Collier (W)
1842 Samuel Young (D) George P. Barker (D) Azariah Cutting Flagg (D)
1843 William C. Bouck (D) Daniel S. Dickinson (D)
1844 James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D)
Henry A. Foster (D)[13]
1845 Silas Wright (D) Addison Gardiner (D) Nathaniel S. Benton (D)[38] John Van Buren (D) Daniel S. Dickinson (D) John Adams Dix (D)
1847 John Young (W)
1848 Hamilton Fish (W) Christopher Morgan (W) [39] Ambrose L. Jordan (W) [40] Millard Fillmore (W) [21][41] Alvah Hunt (W) [42] Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore (W)
1849 Hamilton Fish (W) George Washington Patterson (W) William H. Seward (W)
1850 Levi S. Chatfield (D) [15] Washington Hunt (W)[27]
1851 Washington Hunt (W) Sanford E. Church (D) Philo C. Fuller (W)[13] Hamilton Fish (W)
1852 Henry S. Randall (D) John C. Wright (D) James M. Cook (W) Franklin Pierce and William King (D)
1853 Horatio Seymour (D) Benjamin Welch, Jr. (D)[43]
Gardner Stow (W) [13]
1854 Elias Warner Leavenworth (W) Ogden Hoffman (W) James M. Cook (W) Elbridge Spaulding (W)
1855 Myron H. Clark (W)[44] Henry Jarvis Raymond (W)[44] William H. Seward (R)[32]
1856 Joel T. Headley (A) Stephen B. Cushing (A) Lorenzo Burrows (A) Stephen Clark (A) 16R, 12A, 4D[45] 47D, 44A, 35R, 2W[46] John C. Frémont and William L. Dayton (R)
1857 John Alsop King (R) Henry R. Selden (R) 80R, 40D, 8A Preston King (R)
1858 Gideon J. Tucker (D) Lyman Tremain (D) Sanford E. Church (D) Isaac Vanderpoel (D) 15R, 14D, 2A, 1IR[47] 61R, 57D, 11A[48]
1859 Edwin D. Morgan (R) Robert Campbell (R) 91R, 27D, 9A, 1ID
1860 David R. Floyd-Jones (D) Charles G. Myers (R) Robert Denniston (R) Philip Dorsheimer (R) 23R, 9D 90R, 37D, 1 vac. Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R)
1861 93R, 35D Ira Harris (R) [13]
1862 Horatio Ballard (NU) Daniel S. Dickinson (NU) Lucius Robinson (NU) William Lewis (NU) 24R, 8D 92R, 35D, 1IR
1863 Horatio Seymour (CU) David R. Floyd-Jones (CU) 64D, 64R[49] Edwin D. Morgan (R)
1864 Chauncey Depew (NU) John Cochrane (NU) George Schuyler (NU) 21R, 11D 81R, 45D, 1ID, 1 Ind. Un. Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU)
1865 Reuben Fenton (NU) Thomas G. Alvord (NU) 75R, 52D, 1ID
1866 Francis C. Barlow (R) John H. Martindale (R) Thomas Hillhouse (R) Joseph Howland (R) 27R, 5D 90R, 38D
1867 Reuben Fenton (R) Stewart L. Woodford (R) 83R, 45D Roscoe Conkling (R) [50]
1868 Homer Augustus Nelson (D) Marshall B. Champlain (D) William F. Allen (D)[51] Wheeler H. Bristol (D) 17R, 15D 73D, 55R Horatio Seymour and Francis Blair, Jr. (D)
1869 John Thompson Hoffman (D) Allen C. Beach (D) 74R, 52D, 2ID Reuben Fenton (R)
1870 Asher P. Nichols (D)[13] 18D, 14R 73D, 55R
1871 65D, 63R
1872 G. Hilton Scribner (R) Francis C. Barlow (R) Nelson K. Hopkins (R) Thomas Raines (R) 25R, 7D 97R, 31D Ulysses Grant and Henry Wilson (R)
1873 John Adams Dix (R) John C. Robinson (R) 92R, 34D, 2LR
1874 Diedrich Willers, Jr. (D) Daniel Pratt (D) Abraham Lansing (D) 18R, 13D, 1IR 72R, 54D, 2LR
1875 Samuel J. Tilden (D) William Dorsheimer (D) Thomas Raines (D) 74D, 53R, 1ID Francis Kernan (D)
1876 John Bigelow (D) Charles S. Fairchild (D) Lucius Robinson (D)[27] Charles N. Ross (D) 20R, 12D 71R, 57D Samuel Tilden and Thomas Hendricks (D)
1877 Lucius Robinson (D)[52] Frederic P. Olcott (D)[13] 70R, 58D
1878 Allen C. Beach (D) Augustus Schoonmaker, Jr. (D) James Mackin (D) 19R, 12D, 1ID 66R, 61R, 1GB
1879 98R, 27D, 3GB
1880 Alonzo B. Cornell (R) George Gilbert Hoskins (R) Joseph Bradford Carr (R) Hamilton Ward, Sr. (R) James Wolcott Wadsworth (R) Nathan D. Wendell (R) 25R, 7D 91R, 35D, 1GB, 1ID James Garfield and Chester Arthur (R)
1881 80R, 47D, 1ID Thomas C. Platt (R)[50]
Warner Miller (R) Elbridge G. Lapham (R)
1882 Leslie W. Russell (R) Ira Davenport (R) Robert A. Maxwell (R) 17D, 15R 67D, 60R, 1IR
1883 Grover Cleveland (D)[53] David B. Hill (D) 86D, 38R, 1 Cent. Lab. Un., 1GB, 1ID, 1IR
1884 Denis O'Brien (D) Alfred C. Chapin (D) 19R, 13D 72R, 56D Grover Cleveland and Thomas Hendricks (D)
1885 David B. Hill (D)[34] Dennis McCarthy[24] 74R, 54D William M. Evarts (R)
1886 Edward F. Jones (D) Frederick Cook (D) Lawrence J. Fitzgerald (D) 20R, 12D 77R, 49D, 1ID, 1IR
1887 74R, 54D Frank Hiscock (R)
1888 Charles F. Tabor (D) Edward Wemple (D) 21R, 11D 72R, 55D, 1ID Benjamin Harrison and Levi Morton (R)
1889 77R, 51D
1890 Frank Rice (D) Elliott Danforth (D) 19R, 13D 71R, 57D
1891 68D, 59R, 1IR
1892 Roswell P. Flower (D) William F. Sheehan (D) Simon W. Rosendale (D) Frank Campbell (D) 17D, 14R, 1IR 67D, 61R David B. Hill (D) Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D)
1893 74D, 54R Edward Murphy, Jr. (D)
1894 John Palmer (R) Theodore E. Hancock (R) James A. Roberts (R) Addison B. Colvin (R) 19R, 12D, 1ID 71R, 57D
1895 Levi P. Morton (R)[54] Charles T. Saxton (R) 105R, 23D
1896 35R, 14D, 1IR[55] 103R, 47D William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R)
1897 Frank S. Black Timothy L. Woodruff (R) 114R, 35D, 1I Thomas C. Platt (R)
1898 77R, 69D, 3 Cit. Un., 1IR
1899 Theodore Roosevelt (R) John T. McDonough (R) John C. Davies (R) William J. Morgan (R)[7] John P. Jaeckel (R) 27R, 23D 87R, 63D Chauncey Depew (R)
1900 Theodore P. Gilman (R)[13] 92R, 57D, 1 vac. William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)
1901 Benjamin Barker Odell, Jr. (R) Erastus C. Knight (R) [56] 35R, 15D 105R, 45D
1902 Nathan Lewis Miller (R)[57] 106R, 42D, 2ID
1903 Frank W. Higgins (R) John F. O'Brien (R) John Cunneen (D) Otto Kelsey (R) [58] John G. Wickser (R) 28R, 22D 89R, 61D
1904 97R, 52D, 1 Ind. Cit. Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1905 Frank W. Higgins (R) M. Linn Bruce (R) [35] Julius M. Mayer (R) John G. Wallenmeier, Jr. (R) 31R, 20D 104R, 46D
1906 John Raines (R) [24] William C. Wilson (R) [13] 111R, 35D, 3 Mun. Own. Leag., 1ID
1907 Charles Evans Hughes (R) [59] Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler (D) John S. Whalen (D) William S. Jackson (D) Martin H. Glynn (D) Julius Hauser (D) 31R, 20D 98R, 51D, 1 Ind. Leag.
1908 96R, 54D William H. Taft and James S. Sherman (R)
1909 Horace White (R) Samuel S. Koenig (R) Edward R. O'Malley (R) Charles H. Gaus (R)[7] Thomas B. Dunn(R) 35R, 16D 99R, 51D Elihu Root (R)
Otto Kelsey (R)[60]
1910 Horace White (R)[23] George H. Cobb (R) [24] Clark Williams (R)[13] 94R, 56D
1911 John Alden Dix (D) Thomas F. Conway (D) Edward Lazansky (D) Thomas Carmody (D)[61] William Sohmer (D) John J. Kennedy (D) [62] 29D, 21R, 1 Ind. Leag. 87D, 63R James A. O'Gorman (D)
1912 101R, 48D, 1S Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)
1913 William Sulzer (D)[63] | Martin H. Glynn (D)[24] | Mitchell May (D) 33D, 16R, 2 Prog. 104D, 42R, 4 Prog.
1914 Martin H. Glynn[23] (D) Robert F. Wagner (D)[24]| James A. Parsons (D) [13] Homer D. Call (P/D) [64] 82R, 48D, 20 Prog.
1915 Charles S. Whitman (R) Edward Schoeneck (R) Francis Hugo (R) Egburt E. Woodbury (R) [11] Eugene M. Travis (R) James L. Wells (R) 34R, 17D 100R, 50D James W. Wadsworth, Jr. (R)
1916 97R, 52D, 1S Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1917 Merton E. Lewis (R) [65] 36R, 15D 100R, 48D, 2S William M. Calder (R)
1918 96R, 44D, 10S
1919 Alfred E. Smith (D) Harry C. Walker (D) Charles D. Newton (R) 29R, 22D 94R, 54D, 2S
1920 111R, 34D, 5S Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)
1921 Nathan L. Miller (R) Jeremiah Wood (R) John J. Lyons (R) James A. Wendell (R)[7] N. Monroe Marshall (R) 39R, 11D, 1S 119R, 28D, 3S
1922 William J. Maier (R) [13] 96R, 53D, 1S
1923 Alfred E. Smith (D) George R. Lunn (D) James A. Hamilton (D) Carl Sherman (D) James W. Fleming (D) George K. Shuler (D) 26D, 25R 81R, 69D Royal S. Copeland (D) [7]
1924 86R, 64D Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)
1925 Seymour Lowman (R) Florence E. S. Knapp (R) Albert Ottinger (R) Vincent B. Murphy (R) Lewis H. Pounds (R) 29R, 22D 96R, 54D
1926 91R, 59D
1927 Edwin Corning (D) Appointed Position[1] Morris S. Tremaine (D)[7] Office Eliminated[2] 27R, 24D 84R, 66D Robert F. Wagner (D)[7]
1928 88R, 62D Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)
1929 Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) Herbert H. Lehman (D) Hamilton Ward, Jr. (R)| 89R, 61D
1930 86R, 63D, 1 vac.
1931 John J. Bennett, Jr. (D) 26R, 25D 80R, 70D
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John N. Garner (D)
1933 Herbert H. Lehman (D)[66] M. William Bray (D) 26D, 25R 77R, 73D
1934 85R, 65D
1935 29D, 22R 77D, 73R
1936 82R, 67D, 1 vac.
1937 76R, 74D
1938 84R, 65D, 5AL James M. Mead (D)[67]
1939 Charles Poletti (D) 27R, 24D 85R, 64D, 1AL
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)
1941 Harry D. Yates (D) [24] 30R, 21D 87R, 62D, 1AL
1942 Charles Poletti (D)[23] Joe R. Hanley (R)[24] Joseph V. O'Leary (AL) [13]
1943 Thomas E. Dewey (R) Thomas W. Wallace (R)[7] Nathaniel L. Goldstein (R) Frank C. Moore (R) 31R, 20D 90R, 59D, 1AL
1944 Joe R. Hanley (R)[68] Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S Truman (D)
1945 35R, 21D 94R, 55D, 1AL
1947 41R, 14D, 1AL 109R, 40D, 1AL Irving Ives (R)
1948 Thomas E. Dewey and Earl Warren (R)
1949 31R, 25D 87R, 63D John Foster Dulles (R) [13]
1950 Herbert H. Lehman (D)
1951 Frank C. Moore (R)[69] J. Raymond McGovern (R) 32R, 23D, 1AL
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard M. Nixon (R)
1953 Arthur H. Wicks (R)[24][70] 37R, 19D 98R, 52D
1954 Walter J. Mahoney (R)[24]
1955 W. Averell Harriman (D) George DeLuca (D) Jacob K. Javits (R) [33] Arthur Levitt, Sr. (D) 34R, 24D 90R, 60D
1957 Louis Lefkowitz (R)[71] 38R, 20D 96R, 54D Jacob K. Javits (R)
1959 Nelson Rockefeller (R)[72] Malcolm Wilson (R) 34R, 24D 92R, 58D Kenneth Keating (R)
1960 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)
1961 33R, 25D 84R, 66D
1963 85R, 65D
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert H. Humphrey (D)
1965 33D, 25R 88D, 62R Robert F. Kennedy (D)[7]
1966 37R, 28D 90D, 75R
1967 31R, 26D 80D, 70R
1968 D Hubert H. Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D)
1969 33R, 24D 76R, 72D, 2C[73] Charles E. Goodell (R) [13] D 26-15
1970 D 26-15
1971 32R, 25D 77R, 70D, 2C, 1UMAB[73][74] James L. Buckley (C) D 25-16
1972 D 25-16 Richard M. Nixon and Spiro T. Agnew (R)
1973 37R, 23D 83R, 66D, 1C[73] D 22-17
Malcolm Wilson (R)[23] Warren M. Anderson (R)[24]
1974 D 22-17
1975 Hugh Carey (D) Mary Anne Krupsak (D) 34R, 26D 88D, 62R D 27-12
1976 D 27-12 Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)
1977 35R, 25D 90D, 60R Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D) D 28-11
1978 D 27-12
1979 Mario Cuomo (D) Robert Abrams (D)[61] Edward Regan (R)[15] 86D, 64R 26D, 13R
1980 Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)
1981 85D, 64R, 1L[75] Al D'Amato (R) 22D, 17R
1983 Mario Cuomo (D) Alfred DelBello (D)[15] 35R, 26D 98D, 52R 20D, 14R
1985 92D, 56R, 2L[75] 19D, 15R
1986 Warren M. Anderson (R)[24]
1987 Stan Lundine (D) 92D, 58R 20D, 14R
1988 Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D)
1989 34R, 27D 21D, 13R
1991 35R, 26D 95D, 55R
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)
1993 100D, 50R 18D, 13R
1994 G. Oliver Koppell (D) Carl McCall (D)
1995 George Pataki (R) Betsy McCaughey Ross (R) Dennis Vacco (R) 36R, 25D 95D, 55R 17D, 14R
1997 35R, 26D 18D, 13R
1999 Mary Donohue (R) Eliot Spitzer (D) 98D, 52R Chuck Schumer (D) 19D, 12R
2000 Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)
2001 36R, 25D Hillary Clinton (D)[32]
2003 Alan Hevesi (D)[76] 37R, 25D 102D, 48R 19D, 10R
2004 John Kerry and John Edwards (D)
2005 35R, 27D 104D, 46R 20D, 9R
2006 103D, 47R
2007 Eliot Spitzer (D)[77] David Paterson (D) Andrew Cuomo (D) Thomas DiNapoli (D)[71] 33R, 29D 106D, 42R, 1I, 1WF[75] 23D, 6R
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)
David Paterson (D)[23] Joseph Bruno (R)[24] 32R, 30D
Dean Skelos (R)[24]
2009 Malcolm Smith (D)[24] 32D, 30R 107D, 41R, 1I, 1WF[75] Kirsten Gillibrand (D)[13] 26D, 3R
Pedro Espada, Jr. (D)[78] 30R, 32D[79]
Richard Ravitch (D)[80] 32D, 30R[81]
2011 Andrew Cuomo (D) Robert Duffy (D) Eric Schneiderman (D) 32R, 30D 98D, 51R, 1I[75] 21D, 8R
2013 37 Coalition, 26 D[82] 105D, 44R, 1I[75] 21D, 6R
2015 Kathy Hochul (D) 38 Coalition, 25 D[82] 104D, 43R, 1I, 1WF, 1C[75][73] 18D, 9R
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Comptroller Treasurer State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Beginning in 1927, the Secretary of State was no longer elected, but was appointed by the Governor.
  2. ^ a b Beginning in 1927, the duties of the Treasurer were transferred to those of the Comptroller.
  3. ^ There was no codified start for terms when Clinton took office; the date was set at July 1 in 1787, starting presumably in 1789.
  4. ^ Most sources state that early governors took office on April 1; however, more contemporary sources note the elections were held on April 1, with the oath of office being delivered on July 1.
  5. ^ Office established in 1778.
  6. ^ As Auditor-General.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Died in office.
  8. ^ As Auditor.
  9. ^ Electors were to be appointed by state legislature, which deadlocked, so no electors were chosen.
  10. ^ a b c Electors appointed by state legislature casting ballots for these two candidates for president.
  11. ^ a b c Resigned due to poor health
  12. ^ Appointed to the United States District Court.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Appointed by the Governor to fill remainder of unexpired term.
  14. ^ Resigned to accept an appointment as a United States naval officer.
  15. ^ a b c d e Resigned
  16. ^ Resigned when appointed Secretary of State of New York.
  17. ^ Resigned to become Mayor of New York City.
  18. ^ Resigned to accept the position of Postmaster of New York City.
  19. ^ a b c d e Electors appointed by state legislature.
  20. ^ Resigned to become minister to France.
  21. ^ a b Resigned to become Vice President of the United States.
  22. ^ As president pro tempore of the state Senate, became acting lieutenant governor.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g As lieutenant governor, assumed governorship upon resignation of predecessor.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s As Majority Leader of the New York State Senate, served as Acting Lt. Gov. upon succession of Lt. Gov to Gov.
  25. ^ The length and dates of terms were changed in 1821, during Clinton's second term, which then ended on December 31, 1822 rather than July 1, 1823.
  26. ^ Elected Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court by the State Legislature.
  27. ^ a b c d e Resigned when elected Governor of New York.
  28. ^ Per the 1821 state constitution, Yates' term was the first to last two years rather than three.
  29. ^ Elected a justice of the New York Supreme Court by the State Legislature shortly before the end of his second term.
  30. ^ Vote of state delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives; with no presidential candidate receiving an electoral majority, the election was determined by a vote in the House.
  31. ^ In April 1824, his political enemies, the Bucktails, voted in the New York State Legislature for his removal from his post as president of the Erie Canal Commission, causing such indignation among the electorate that he was nominated for governor by the "People's Party", and was re-elected governor over the official candidate of the Democratic-Republican Party, fellow canal commissioner Samuel Young.
  32. ^ a b c Resigned to become United States Secretary of State.
  33. ^ a b Resigned to join United States Senate
  34. ^ a b As lieutenant governor, became governor for unexpired term and was later elected in his own right.
  35. ^ a b Resigned to take seat on New York Supreme Court
  36. ^ Resigned to become United States Secretary of War.
  37. ^ Resigned when appointed Governor of Wisconsin Territory.
  38. ^ Legislated out of office by State Constitution of 1846.
  39. ^ First Secretary of State elected by the voters.
  40. ^ First Attorney General elected by the voters.
  41. ^ First Comptroller elected by the voters.
  42. ^ First Treasurer elected by the voters.
  43. ^ Welch successfully contested Cook's election, and served from November 20, 1852 to the end of the term.
  44. ^ a b Elected on a fusion Whig-Free Democratic ticket.
  45. ^ The Republicans organized the chamber.
  46. ^ A Democrat, Orville Robinson, was elected with the help of Republican members on the 49th ballot.
  47. ^ The American and Independent Republican members worked with the Republicans to organize the chamber
  48. ^ A Democrat, Thomas G. Alvord, was elected with the help of American members on the 53th ballot.
  49. ^ A Democrat, Theophilus C. Callicot, was elected Speaker after cutting a deal with the Republicans that if he was elected, he would guarantee the election of a Republican Senator, later determined to be Edwin D. Morgan.
  50. ^ a b Resigned in protest of President James A. Garfield's position on federal appointments.
  51. ^ Resigned to become a judge of the New York Court of Appeals.
  52. ^ Per an 1874 amendment to the state constitution—taking effect January 1, 1875—Robinson's term was the first to last three years instead of two. As Tilden had been elected prior to the amendment's taking effect, he served the old two-year term.
  53. ^ Resigned to become President of the United States.
  54. ^ Per the 1894 state constitution, his term was the first to last two years rather than three.
  55. ^ Due to a change in the New York Constitution in 1894, the Senate began to have its elections during even years, with a three-year term with the election of 1895 to allow for a transition.
  56. ^ Resigned to become Mayor of Buffalo.
  57. ^ Appointed to fill unexpired term, reelected, then resigned to become a justice of the New York Supreme Court.
  58. ^ Resigned to become New York State Superintendent of Insurance.
  59. ^ Resigned to take seat as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
  60. ^ Acted until the appointment of a successor.
  61. ^ a b Resigned to practice law.
  62. ^ Committed suicide while in office.
  63. ^ Impeached and removed from office for campaign contribution fraud.
  64. ^ Elected by Legislature.
  65. ^ Appointed for remainder of first half of term, elected to fill second half of term.
  66. ^ Resigned when appointed Director of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations for the United States Department of State
  67. ^ Appointed to fill remainder of term, then elected to a new term.
  68. ^ Served as acting Lt. Gov., then elected.
  69. ^ Resigned to become President of Nelson A. Rockefeller's Government Affairs Foundation
  70. ^ Forced to resign when it became known that he had made frequent visits to convicted labor leader Joseph S. Fay while incarcerated at Sing-Sing prison.
  71. ^ a b Elected by State Legislature to fill unexpired term.
  72. ^ Resigned to devote himself to his Commission on Critical Choices for Americans.
  73. ^ a b c d Conservative member(s) caucusing with the Republicans
  74. ^ John J. Walsh, a registered Democrat, ran for re-election on the ticket of an "Upper Manhattan Apartment Building Party", and defeated the regular Democratic candidate Edward H. Lehner; see Recanvass Names Walsh Victor By 99 Votes in Assembly Race in the New York Times on November 10, 1970 (subscription required).
  75. ^ a b c d e f g Liberal, Independence, and Working Families members caucusing with Democrats.
  76. ^ Reelected in 2006 but resigned prior to beginning of the new term.
  77. ^ Resigned due to a prostitution scandal.
  78. ^ As temporary president of the state Senate, acted as lieutenant governor.
  79. ^ Democrats Pedro Espada, Jr. and Hiram Monserrate voted on a Republican organizing resolution, precipitating the 2009 New York State Senate leadership crisis.
  80. ^ Appointed by Governor to fill vacancy.
  81. ^ Monserrate and then Espada rejoined the Democratic caucus.
  82. ^ a b 5 members of the Independent Democratic Conference, with one other Democratic Senator formed a power-sharing deal with the Republicans.