Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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|Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Administrativna podjela Bosne i Hercegovine
Административна подјела Босне и Херцеговине
|Location||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Number||2 entities and 1 condominium|
|Populations||83,560 (BD) – 2,219,220 (FBiH)|
|Areas||493 km² (BD) – 26,110.5 km² (FBiH)|
The political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina were created by the Dayton Agreement, which recognized a second tier of government in Bosnia and Herzegovina, comprising two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH), with mostly Bosniaks and Croats, and the Republika Srpska (RS) with mostly Serbs – each governing roughly one half of the state's territory. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina itself has a federal structure and consists of 10 autonomous cantons.
The Federation and the Republika Srpska governments are charged with overseeing internal functions. Each has its own government, flag and coat of arms, president, parliament (FBiH) and assembly (RS), police force, customs, and postal system. The police sectors are overseen by the state-level ministry of safety affairs. Since 2005, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one set of Armed forces.
The Inter-Entity Boundary Line is not determined by natural geographical features of the country. It rather follows the military front-lines as they were at the end of the Bosnian War. On the ground, there is no active border between RS and FBiH, and one would generally not know the difference when crossing from one entity into another.
The city of Brčko in northeastern Bosnia is a seat of the Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit; it is part of both the Federation and Republika Srpska. The district remains under international supervision.
|Federation of BiH
|26,110.5 km2||2,219,220||Bosniaks (70,40%)
|24,532.8 km2||1,218,107||Serbs (82.95%)
|493 km2||83,516||Bosniaks (42.36%)
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