Political divisions of Karafuto Prefecture
Between 1905 and 1945, the Japanese Empire administered the southern half of Sakhalin, using the name Karafuto (樺太). The area was designated a chō (廳), the same term given to Hokkaidō at the time. It is commonly referred to as Karafuto Prefecture in English. The prefecture was divided into 4 subprefectures (支廳, shichō), which in turn were subdivided into 11 districts, in turn divided into 41 municipalities (1 city, 13 towns, and 27 villages)
List of municipalities of Karafuto Prefecture
Prefectural capital: Toyohara
- The data is as of 1945.
- Some municipalities had multiple possible readings. 敷香, for instance, was read Shikuka, Shisuka, or Shikika, depending on sources.
- All Kanji names are in Shinjitai, a modern form which was not used when the prefecture existed. The Kyūjitai names used when the prefecture existed are listed in parenthesis.
- The list shows the current Russian names in parenthesis. However, Russian divisions do not match with Japanese divisions. These names just roughly overlap with central towns.
Toyohara Subprefecture 豊原支庁 (豐原支廳)
Subprefectural capital: Toyohara
- Ōtomari District, alternatively Ōdomari 大泊郡
- Rūtaka District, alternatively Rutaka 留多加郡
- Toyohara City 豊原市 (豐原市, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)
- Toyosakae District 豊栄郡 (豐榮郡, Vysokoye)
Maoka Subprefecture 真岡支庁 (眞岡支廳)
Subprefectural capital: Maoka
- Honto District 本斗郡
- Maoka District 真岡郡 (眞岡郡)
- Tomarioru District 泊居郡
Esutoru Subprefecture 恵須取支庁 (惠須取支廳)
Subprefectural capital: Esutoru
- Esutoru District 恵須取郡 (惠須取郡)
- Nayoshi District 名好郡
Shikuka Subprefecture 敷香支庁 (敷香支廳)
Subprefectural capital: Shikuka
- Motodomari District, alternatively Mototomari 元泊郡
- Shikuka District, alternatively Shisuka or Shikika 敷香郡
- (in Japanese) 樺太市町村変遷表 (Table of the transitions of municipalities of Karafuto)