Political history of the Philippines

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The Political history of the Philippines are chronicles which describes the history of the islands, starting from the beginning of civilization and up to the present day period.


Pre-Colonial Philippines Spanish East Indies Haring Bayan Katagalugan Tejeros Revolutionary Republic  Republic of Biak-na-Bato Dictatorial Republic Revolutionary Republic  Republica Filipina Tagalog Republic US Military Government US Insular Government  Commonwealth of the Philippines  Second Philippine Republic Third Republic of the Philippines Fourth Republic of the Philippines Fifth Republic of the Philippines
Established 900 27 April 1565 25 August 1896 22 March 1897 01 November 1897 May 24, 1898 June 23, 1898 23 January 1899 May 6, 1902 14 August 1898 4 July 1901 15 November 1935 October 14, 1943 4 July 1946 30 December 1965 2 February 1987
Disestablished 1521 10 December 1898 10 May 1897 November 1, 1897 14 December 1897 June 23, 1898 January 23, 1899 23 March 1901 July 14, 1906 1 July 1902 15 November 1935 22 October 1946 17 August 1945 30 December 1965 25 February 1986
Constitutional Document Code of Kalantiaw Colonial authority of The Crown Katipunan Code of Laws Official decrees of Aguinaldo Provisional Constitution Official Decrees of Aguinaldo Malolos Constitution Katipunan Code of Laws United States Constitution 1935 Constitution 1943 Constitution 1935 Constitution 1973 Constitution 1987 Constitution
Capital Manila Manila San Francisco de Malabon, Cavite San Miguel, Bulacan Bacoor, Cavite Malolos, Bulacan Malolos, Bulacan Rizal Manila Manila
Form of Government Barangay state Spanish Colony Unrecognized Provisional Government Revolutionary Republic De Facto Constitutional Republic Dictatorship Revolutionary Republic Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic Unrecognized Provisional Government Military occupational transitional government Unincorporated territories of the United States Presidential commonwealth Single-party authoritarian Republic Unitary presidential Constitutional republic Unitary dominant-party pseudo-parliamentary republic under totalitarian civic-military rule Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of State Datu, Rajah, Sultan Supreme Leader President of the Philippines President of the Philippines Dicator President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President US President US President President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President of the Philippines
Head of Government Spanish Governor-General Prime Minister of the Philippines Prime Minister of the Philippines US Military Governor- General US Insular Governor- General Japanese Military Governor Prime Minister of the Philippines
Legislative Council of Elders Consejo de Indias (1565-1821)
Cortes Generales (1821-1898)
Kataas-taasang Sanggunian (Supreme Council) Consejo Supremo Revolutionary Congress La Asemblea Nacional Philippine Legislature National Assembly Congress of the Philippines Batasang Pambansa Congress of the Philippines
Judiciary Datu as Presiding Officer
  • Council of Elders as Jurors
Real Audiencia Camara Reina (Secret Judicial Chamber) Supreme Council of Grace and Justice Court Martial Supreme Court US Supreme Court' Supreme Court of the Philippines
Military Datu as Military Commander
  • Qualified members of the Barangay as soldiers
Spanish Imperial Army Katipunan Philippine Revolutionary Army Philippine Republican Army Katipunan Armed Forces of the Philippines
Currency Piloncitos Real de a Ocho
Peso Fuerte
Peso Japanese government-issued Philippine peso Peso
Official Language(s) Spanish Tagalog Tagalog, Spanish Tagalog English, Tagalog English English, Spanish Japanese, Filipino, Spanish English, Filipino
State Religion Local Paganism Roman Catholicism Separation of church and state
Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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