Political history of the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The political history of the Philippines chronicles and describes the history of the islands from the beginning of civilization up to the present.


Pre-Colonial Philippines Spanish East Indies Haring Bayan Katagalugan Tejeros Revolutionary Republic  Republic of Biak-na-Bato Dictatorial Republic Revolutionary Republic  Republica Filipina Tagalog Republic US Military Government US Insular Government  Commonwealth of the Philippines  Second Philippine Republic Third Republic of the Philippines Fourth Republic of the Philippines Fifth Republic of the Philippines
Established 900 April 27, 1565 August 25, 1896 March 22, 1897 November 1, 1897 May 24, 1898 June 23, 1898 January 23, 1899 May 6, 1902 August 14, 1898 July 4, 1901 November 15, 1935 October 14, 1943 July 4, 1946 December 30, 1965 February 2, 1987
Disestablished 1521 December 10, 1898 May 10, 1897 November 1, 1897 December 14, 1897 June 23, 1898 January 23, 1899 March 23, 1901 July 14, 1906 July 1, 1902 November 15, 1935 October 22, 1946 August 17, 1945 December 30, 1965 February 25, 1986
Constitutional Document Colonial authority of The Crown Katipunan Code of Laws Official decrees of Aguinaldo Provisional Constitution Official Decrees of Aguinaldo Malolos Constitution Katipunan Code of Laws United States Constitution 1935 Constitution 1943 Constitution 1935 Constitution 1973 Constitution 1987 Constitution
Capital Manila Manila San Francisco de Malabon, Cavite San Miguel, Bulacan Bacoor, Cavite Malolos, Bulacan Malolos, Bulacan Rizal Manila Manila
Form of Government Barangay state Spanish Colony Unrecognized Provisional Government Revolutionary Republic De facto Constitutional Republic Dictatorship Revolutionary Republic Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic Unrecognized Provisional Government Military occupational transitional government Unincorporated territories of the United States Presidential commonwealth Single-party authoritarian Republic Unitary presidential Constitutional republic Unitary dominant-party pseudo-parliamentary republic under totalitarian civic-military rule Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of State Datu, Rajah, Sultan Supreme Leader President of the Philippines President of the Philippines Dictator President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President US President US President President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President of the Philippines President of the Philippines
Head of Government Spanish Governor-General Prime Minister of the Philippines US Military Governor- General US Insular Governor- General Japanese Military Governor Prime Minister of the Philippines
Legislative Council of Elders Kataas-taasang Sanggunian (Supreme Council) Consejo Supremo Revolutionary Congress La Asemblea Nacional Philippine Legislature National Assembly Congress of the Philippines Batasang Pambansa Congress of the Philippines
Judiciary Datu as Presiding Officer
  • Council of Elders as Jurors
Real Audiencia Camara Reina (Secret Judicial Chamber) Supreme Council of Grace and Justice Court Martial Supreme Court US Supreme Court' Supreme Court of the Philippines
Military Datu as Military Commander
  • Qualified members of the Barangay as soldiers
Spanish Imperial Army;
Guarda Civil
Katipunan Philippine Revolutionary Army Philippine Republican Army Katipunan United States Army United States Army;
USA Philippine Division;
Philippine Constabulary;
Philippine Scouts
Armed Forces of the Philippines;
USA Philippine Division;
Philippine Constabulary
Armed Forces of the Philippines
Currency Piloncitos Peso Japanese government-issued Philippine peso Peso
Official Language(s) Spanish Tagalog Tagalog, Spanish Tagalog English, Tagalog English English, Spanish Japanese, Filipino, Spanish English, Filipino
State Religion Local Paganism Roman Catholicism Separation of church and state

See also[edit]

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines portal