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A political international is a trans-national organisation of political parties or activists. The international works together on points of agreement to co-ordinate activity.
Political internationals have increased in popularity and influence since their beginnings in the political left of 19th-century Europe, as an increased attention has been paid by political activists to developments for or against their own ideological favor in other countries and continents. After World War II, other ideological movements formed their own political internationals in order to communicate among aligned parliamentarians and legislatorial candidates, as well as to communicate with intergovernmental and supranational organisations such as the United Nations and, later, the European Union. Internationals also form supranational and regional branches (i.e., a European branch, an African branch) and maintain fraternal or governing relationships with sector-specific "wings" (i.e., Youth wing, Women's wing).
Political internationals have often expelled member parties for various abuses, such as political malfeasance or financial corruption among members.
List of notable internationals
- International Alliance of Libertarian Parties (Libertarianism)
- International Conference of Marxist–Leninist Parties and Organizations (Unity & Struggle)
- Centrist Democrat International (mainly Christian Democrats and other religious democrats)
- Foro de São Paulo (Socialism of the 21st century)
- Fourth International, founded by Leon Trotsky in 1938 and later split into several competing "Internationals" and subsequently reunified in 1963. (Trotskyism)
- Committee for a Workers' International (Trotskyism)
- International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties (Communism)
- World Socialist Movement (Marxism)
- Global Greens (Green politics)
- Humanist International (Humanist Movement)
- International of Anarchist Federations, founded in 1968. (Synthesis anarchism)
- International Communist Seminar (Marxism-Leninism)
- International Democrat Union (Conservatism)
- Liberty International (Libertarianism)
- International Monarchist League (Monarchism, Constitutional monarchy)
- International Workers' Association, founded in 1922. (Anarcho-syndicalism)
- Liberal International, founded in 1947 and constituted by the Oxford Manifesto. (Liberalism)
- Muslim Brotherhood (Islamic democracy)
- Pirate Parties International (Pirate politics: intellectual property reform, freedom of information, open government and network neutrality)
- Socialist International, a federation of political parties founded in 1923. (Social democracy)
- Progressive Alliance, network of political parties formed as a rival to the Socialist International, founded on 22 May 2013. (Social democracy)
- E2D International (E-democracy, direct democracy), inactive since August 29, 2013.
- International Workingmen's Association, commonly known as the First International (communism, anarchism and revolutionary socialism), founded in 1864 and defunct since 1876.
- Anarchist St. Imier International, formed after the expulsion of the anarchists from the First International by the Marxist faction at the Hague Congress, founded in 1872 and defunct since 1877.
- International Working People's Association, also known as the Black International. (anarchism)
- Second International (Socialism), founded in 1889 and dissolved in 1916.
- Comintern (also known as the Third International), a federation of communist parties founded by Lenin in 1919 and dissolved by Stalin in 1943.
- Fascist International (1934 Montreux Fascist conference), a conference of European fascist parties held on 16–17 December 1934 in Montreux, Switzerland.
- Situationist International (Internationalism), revolutionary grouping operating from 1957 to 1972.
- Alliance of Democrats, gathering groups similar in outlook to the European Democratic Party and the United States Democratic Party, innactive since 2012.
- International Libertarian Solidarity (anarchism)
Not internationals but similar in functioning
- Anarkismo.net (grouping of platformist/especifista anarchist political organisations to facilitate greater international cooperation, but far from being an international at this point)
- International Conference of Asian Political Parties (promotes cooperation and exchange between Asian parties of several ideologies)
- Transnational Radical Party (political association of libertarian, liberal and radical citizens, parliamentarians and government members of various national and political backgrounds; associated with the United Nations Economic and Social Council)
- World Ecological Parties (association of centrist environmentalist political parties)