List of political parties in Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Political parties in Australia)
Jump to: navigation, search

This article lists political parties in Australia.

The Australian federal parliament has a number of distinctive features including compulsory voting, with full-preference instant-runoff voting in single-member seats to elect the lower house, the Australian House of Representatives, and the use of optional preferential voting to elect the upper house, the Australian Senate.

Australia has a mild two-party system, with two dominant political groupings in the Australian political system, the Australian Labor Party and the Liberal/National Coalition. Federally, five of the 150 members of the lower house (Members of Parliament, or MPs)) are not members of major parties, as are 20 of the 76 members of the upper house (senators).

Federal parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Abbreviation Leader or sole member International association Seats in House of Reps Seats in Senate
Australian Greens AG Richard Di Natale Global Greens 1 9
Australian Labor Party ALP Bill Shorten Progressive Alliance 69 26
Family First Party FFP Bob Day none 0 1
Pauline Hanson's One Nation ONP Pauline Hanson none 0 4
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party DHJP Derryn Hinch none 0 1
Jacqui Lambie Network JLN Jacqui Lambie none 0 1
Katter's Australian Party KAP Bob Katter none 1 0
Liberal Democratic Party LDP David Leyonhjelm Interlibertarians 0 1
Nick Xenophon Team NXT Nick Xenophon none 1 3
The Coalition Country Liberal Party (NT) CLP none none 0 1
Liberal National Party (QLD) LNP none none 21 5
Liberal Party of Australia LPA Malcolm Turnbull International Democrat Union 45 21
National Party of Australia NATS Barnaby Joyce none 10 3

Two political groups dominate the Australian political spectrum, forming a de facto two-party system. One is the Australian Labor Party (ALP), a centre-left party which is formally linked to the Australian labour movement. Formed in 1893, it has been a major party federally since 1901, and has been one of the two major parties since the 1910 federal election. The ALP is in government in Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory.

The other group is a conservative grouping of parties that are in coalition at the federal level, as well as in New South Wales and Victoria, but compete in Western Australia and South Australia. The main party in this group is the centre-right Liberal Party. The Liberal Party is the modern form of a conservative grouping that has existed since the fusion of the Protectionist Party and Free Trade Party into the Commonwealth Liberal Party in 1909. Although this group has changed its nomenclature, there has been a general continuity of MPs and structure between different forms of the party. Its modern form was founded by Robert Menzies in 1944. The party's philosophy is generally liberal conservatism.

Every elected prime minister of Australia since 1910 has been a member of either the Labor Party, the Liberal Party, or one of the Liberal Party's previous incarnations (the Commonwealth Liberal Party, the Nationalist Party of Australia, or the United Australia Party).

The Liberal Party is joined by the National Party, a party that seeks to represent rural interests, especially agricultural ones. The Nationals contest a limited number of seats and do not generally directly compete with the Liberal Party. Its ideology is generally more socially conservative than that of the Liberal Party. In 1987, the National Party made an abortive run for the office of prime minister in its own right, in the Joh for Canberra campaign. However, it has generally not aspired to become the majority party in the coalition, and it is generally understood that the prime minister of Australia will be a member of either the Labor or Liberal parties. On two occasions (involving Earle Page in 1939, and John McEwen from December 1967 to January 1968), the deputy prime minister, the leader of the National Party (then known as the Country Party), became the prime minister temporarily, upon the death of the incumbent prime minister. Arthur Fadden was the only other Country Party prime minister. He assumed office in August 1941 after the resignation of Robert Menzies, and served as prime minister until October of that year.

The Liberal and National parties have merged in Queensland and the Northern Territory, although the resultant parties are different. The Liberal National Party of Queensland, formed in 2008, is a branch of the Liberal Party, but it is affiliated with the Nationals and members elected to federal parliament may sit as either Liberals or Nationals. The Country Liberal Party was formed in 1978 when the Northern Territory gained responsible government. It is a separate member of the federal coalition, but it is affiliated with the two major members and its president has voting rights in the National Party. The name refers to the older name of the National Party.

Federally, these parties are collectively known as the Coalition. The Coalition has existed continually (between the Nationals and their predecessors, and the Liberals and their predecessors) since 1923, with minor breaks in 1940, 1973, and 1987.

Historically, support for either the Coalition or the Labor Party was often viewed as being based on social class, with the middle classes supporting the Coalition and the working class supporting Labor. This has been a less important factor since the 1970s and 1980s when the Labor Party gained a significant bloc of middle-class support and the Coalition gained a significant bloc of working class support.[1]

The two-party duopoly has been relatively stable, with the two groupings (Labor and Coalition) gaining at least 70% of the primary vote in every election since 1910 (including the votes of autonomous state parties). Third parties have only rarely received more than 10% of the vote for the Australian House of Representatives in a federal election, such as the Australian Greens in the 2010 federal election, and again in the 2016 federal election, as well as the Australian Democrats in the 1990 federal election.

Other parties and political groups[edit]

Besides the two major party groupings, there is one other party of particular significance in the Australian political system. The Australian Greens, at present seen as being the "third force" in Australian politics, is a left-wing and environmentalist party, generally achieving 7–13% of votes in elections conducted after 2004. The Greens party has superseded the formerly significant Australian Democrats, which was the largest third party between 1977 and 2004. The historical incarnation of the Democratic Labour Party was the largest third party between 1958 and 1974.

The Greens victory at the 2010 federal election in the federal seat of Melbourne was noteworthy. In the same election, the revived Democratic Labour Party won a Senate seat (held by John Madigan). In 2011, independent and former National Party MP Bob Katter formed Katter's Australian Party, which, in addition to Katter's seat in the House of Representatives, held two seats in the Queensland Parliament.

Other political parties which have been of some significance in the past (since World War II), in terms of shaping Australian politics, include the Democratic Labor Party, One Nation Party, Nuclear Disarmament Party, the Australia Party, the Liberal Movement, the Communist Party of Australia the Family First Party, the Palmer United Party and Nick Xenophon Team.

To register as a political party, applicants must have a constitution outlining the basis of the party and either at least one member in Parliament or 500 members on the electoral roll.[2] Parties may be "deregistered" if they no longer meet these requirements.

Current parties[edit]

Parties registered for federal elections with the Australian Electoral Commission[edit]

Parties listed in alphabetical order:[3]

Party Leader Description
21st Century Australia Party Jamie McIntyre Tax reform, political reform
Animal Justice Party Steve Garlick Animal welfarist advocacy
Australia First Party (NSW) Incorporated James Saleam
Australian Antipaedophile Party Christopher Blacket
Australian Christians Ray Moran Formed in 2011 from the WA and Victorian branches of the Christian Democratic Party (CDP).
Australian Country Party Russell Bate Formerly Australian Country Alliance. Victorian party which claims to be "anti-green but pro-environment".
Australian Cyclists Party Omar Khalifa Formed in 2013, the Australian Cyclists Party was created to address issues that have impeded the growth of cycling including the lack of adequate investment. "A cycling-friendly Australia" is the party's vision, the mission is to get Australia moving by contesting in government elections to effect political change toward creating improved opportunities for more people to cycle and to do so safely. The party sees a close link between cycling and transport, health and planning priorities and is focusing on how they should be coordinated.
Australian Defence Veterans Party Ron Evans
Australian Equality Party (Marriage) Jason Tuazon-McCheyne Gay rights and same-sex marriage
Australian Greens Richard Di Natale The Greens, formed in 1992 and attracting support from the left of the Australian political spectrum, have significant parliamentary representation in the Australian Senate and in several Australian states, They have participated in Labor–Green coalition governments in the Australian Capital Territory (2008–present) and Tasmania (1989–1992 and 2010–2014). The Greens also supported the minority Gillard Labor government in matters of supply and confidence (2010–2013).
Australian Labor Party (ALP) Bill Shorten The Labor Party is Australia's oldest political party, founded in 1891 and gaining in prominence through its first two decades to take government federally and in most Australian states. Today, it either forms the government or the official opposition in every Australian jurisdiction. Labor is a social democratic party and is the Australian member party of the Progressive Alliance, having been a member of the Socialist International.
Australian Liberty Alliance
Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party Ricky Muir The Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party (AMEP) was formed on 11 May 2013 in Queensland at a public meeting of motoring enthusiasts from a broad range of disciplines. The decision to form the party was initiated after the unity demonstrated by the motoring community following moves by various state governments toughening anti-hooning and vehicle impoundment legislation. It won a Senate seat in Victoria in the 2013 federal election.
Australian Progressives Vinay Orekondy The Australian Progressives, registered in 2015, is a progressive party whose policies are based on evidence rather than ideology. Members are given active roles in policy formation and approval.
Australian Recreational Fishers Party Registered May 2016
Australian Sex Party Fiona Patten The Australian Sex Party is a centrist civil liberties party with policies that are socially progressive, economically prudent and environmentally rational (i.e., based on science and evidence rather than ideology).
Bullet Train for Australia Founded in 2012 and advocates a high-speed rail corridor between eastern Australian cities.
Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) Fred Nile Socially conservative party drawing support from conservative Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox and evangelical Protestants. It was established as the "Call to Australia Party" in 1977, and has been continuously represented in the New South Wales Legislative Council.
Citizens Electoral Council of Australia Craig Isherwood The CEC is a nationalist political party affiliated with the international LaRouche Movement, led by American political activist and physical economist Lyndon LaRouche.
Consumer Rights & No-Tolls Jeffrey Hodges
Country Liberals (Northern Territory) Gary Higgins Regional political party in the Northern Territory, affiliated with both the National (formerly "Country") and Liberal parties of Australia and part of the Coalition. It has held government in the Territory from 1974 to 2001, and again from 2012 to August 2016.
CountryMinded Peter Mailler Represents people whose livelihoods depend on agricultural production.
Democratic Labour Party (DLP) Socially conservative – opposes abortion and euthanasia, economically left wing – opposes privatisation and free trade. Advocates the economic philosophy of distributism as an alternative to both socialism and capitalism.
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party Derryn Hinch
Drug Law Reform Australia Greg Chipp The party was founded by Greg Chipp (son of former Democrats' leader Don Chipp) and registered in 2013.[4] The party was formed to encourage rethinking drug policies on the basis of scientific evidence, harm minimisation, public interest and personal liberty.
Family First Party Socially conservative party founded in South Australia in 2004. Although eschewing religious labels, many of its candidates and members are from conservative Christian backgrounds. Relations between Family First and Fred Nile's Christian Democratic Party are strained by the need to compete for the same group of voters and to secure Senate preferences, particularly from the Liberal Party of Australia.
Glenn Lazarus Team
Health Australia Party Andrew Patterson Wishes to establish and promote the use of 'natural medicine' such as Naturopathy, Western Herbal Medicine, Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nutrition, Acupuncture, Osteopathy, Chiropractic, Counselling, Homoeopathy, Bodywork, and other modalities.
Help End Marijuana Prohibition (HEMP) Party Michael Balderstone Promotes the legalisation of cannabis for medical, recreational and industrial use. Founded in 1993 by Nigel Quinlan, who ran as a candidate under the name Nigel Freemarijuana.
Involuntary Medication Objectors (Vaccination/Fluoride) Party Michael O'Neill[5]
Jacqui Lambie Network Jacqui Lambie
Katter's Australian Party Bob Katter A party that was formed by the independent Federal Member of Parliament Bob Katter in 2011. It won two seats at the March 2012 state election in Queensland. The party's policies closely mirror those of Katter, including support for agricultural interests, opposition to privatisation and deregulation, support for workers (especially rural workers) and conservatism on social policy.
Liberal Democratic Party Gabriel Buckley The Liberal Democrats was formed in 2001, and is broadly described as a libertarian and classical liberal party. The LDP generally adheres to libertarian, classical liberal, small government, objectivist and laissez-faire principles coupled with what the party considers as a high regard for individual freedom and individual responsibility.
Liberal Party of Australia Malcolm Turnbull Founded in 1945 to replace the United Australia Party and its predecessors, the Liberal Party is the primary centre-right party in Australia. Federally, the Liberal Party runs in a Coalition with the National Party, the Northern Territory Country Liberal Party, and Queensland Liberal branch the Liberal National Party. In Australia, the term Liberalism refers to centre-right economic liberalism, and the party's policies are socially conservative.
Liberal National Party of Queensland Tim Nicholls The Liberal National Party (LNP) is a centre-right political party in Queensland, formed by merger of the Queensland divisions of the Liberal and National parties in 2008. The party won government for the first time at the 2012 Queensland election, winning a record majority in the unicameral Parliament of Queensland.
Love Australia or Leave Kim Vuga Anti-immigration, anti-Islam
Mature Australia Party
National Party of Australia Barnaby Joyce Known as the Country Party until 1975 and the National Country Party until 1982, the Nationals are an agrarian party representing farmers' interests. It has generally been the minor party in the Coalition with the Liberal Party of Australia. While the party is socially conservative, its Western Australian and South Australian branches are socially centrist.
Nick Xenophon Team Nick Xenophon A centrist political party that primarily revolves around the views of independent South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon. The party has a no pokies platform but also focuses on many other issues.
Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting) Andrew Thompson Formed to support reform of family law, in particular with regard to custody and child support payments.
Online Direct Democracy – (Empowering the People!) Berge Der Sarkissian A political party with a focus on E-democracy. Senator Online does not have any policies. Instead it has pledged to conduct an online poll for every bill that passes before the Senate. Anyone on the Australian electoral roll who is not a member of another political party would be allowed to register to vote in these polls and will be allowed one vote per bill. The senators would then be required to vote in accordance with the clear majority (70% and more than 100,000 votes). If there is no clear majority the senators will abstain from voting.
Outdoor Recreation Party (Stop the Greens) Peter Whelan The Outdoor Recreation Party (ORP) is a minor political party in New South Wales, Australia. It professes to represent the outdoor community and interests such as cycling, bushwalking, camping, kayaking, 4WD motoring, skiing, fishing and shooting. It is formally allied with the Liberal Democratic Party.
Palmer United Party Clive Palmer The Palmer United Party (PUP), dubbed the PUPs, was formed by Australian mining businessman Clive Palmer in April 2013. The party claims to have a broad political philosophy rather than a set ideology as well as reserving social issues as a free conscience vote. Its fiscal policies are centre to centre-right. Following defections from the LNP, the PUP holds several seats in the Queensland parliament, and at the 2013 federal election it won one House of Representatives and two Senate seats but later won another Senate seat for the Western Australia Senate by-election. All of these were lost in 2016.
Pauline Hanson's One Nation Pauline Hanson One Nation is a far-right, nationalist and protectionist political party. Pauline Hanson founded the party after being elected as an independent after she was disendorsed as the Liberal Party candidate for the Australian House of Representatives. It won more than 22 percent of the statewide vote and 11 of 89 seats in Queensland's unicameral legislative assembly at the 1998 state election. Federally, the party peaked at the 1998 election on 9 percent of the nationwide vote, electing one senator in Queensland. Pauline Hanson's One Nation party won 4 seats (4.29%) in 2016.
Pirate Party Australia Simon Frew Pirate Party Australia is a political party that represents civil liberty issues and is committed to evidence-based policy decisions. The party is based on the Pirate Party of Sweden and is focused on copyright reform, internet freedom, government transparency, civil liberties and ending censorship. It is committed to democratic practices including all members having voting rights over policy adoption, pre-selection, executive roles and even preference distributions.
Renewable Energy Party Peter Breen Founded as the Human Rights Party, the Renewable Energy Party regards Climate Change to be the greatest single issue. The REP seeks to transition into 100% renewable electricity production by, or before 2030 and obtain zero net carbon emissions by 2050, pushing Australia to the forefront of the global transition into the renewable energy economy.
Rise Up Australia Party Daniel Nalliah Socially conservative and nationalist political party founded by Danny Nalliah, pastor of Catch the Fire Ministries, in 2011. It is considered to be to the right of the Christian Democratic Party and Family First, and has been accused of overt racism by opponents. It ran in the 2013 election but did not win any seats.
Science Party James Jansson Known as the Future Party until March 2016. The party believes that technological development is a positive force in human affairs and values the cultural, economic, and technological benefits of modernism. The party seeks to promote high quality science research and education. It believes in freedom of expression, and has a positive view of the power of free markets, and the benefits of high-density cities.
Secular Party of Australia John Perkins Founded in 2006 and supports secular humanist ethical principles with its stated political aims being opposition to privileges for religious organisations and to the influence of religion on public policy, and the promotion of laws based on humanist ethical principles and scientific evidence.
Seniors United Party of Australia
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party Robert Brown The Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party founded in 1992 as the Australian Shooters Party, is a political party based on gun rights, global warming scepticism, nationalism, and environmentalism. The SFFP have six state MPs in the upper houses of Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria and one lower house MP in New South Wales.
Smokers' Rights Party Rachel Connor The Smokers' Rights Party was formed in 2012 to argue that taxation on cigarettes in Australia is excessive and not justified by public health costs. They would like to see property owners making their own smoking rules (including in bars and pubs), rather than the government, and argue that the decision to smoke is a matter of personal choice.
Socialist Alliance Collective Leadership with National Co-convenors (Susan Price and Peter Boyle) The Socialist Alliance was founded in 2001 as an alliance of socialist organisations and individuals in Australia, initiated by the Democratic Socialist Perspective and the International Socialist Organisation along with six other founding socialist organisations. With branches in all states and territories, and electoral registration federally and in a number of states, it is the largest group on the Australian far-left.
Socialist Equality Party Nick Beams The Socialist Equality Party (SEP) is a Trotskyist political party in Australia. The SEP was established in 2010 as the successor party to the Socialist Labour League, which was founded in 1972 as the Australian section of the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). The SEP is a registered political party with the Australian Electoral Commission, and participates in elections at all levels of government. Party Secretary Nick Beams is a member of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site (WSWS), the online news and information centre of the ICFI. Peter Symonds, national editor of the WSWS, is also a member of the party.
#Sustainable Australia William Bourke The party was formed in 2010 as the Stable Population Party and later the Sustainable Population Party. It opposes population growth and advocates a stable population for Australia.
The Arts Party PJ Collins The Arts Party was formed in 2014. It was established to advocate for the Arts in Australia, encourage creativity, build community and invest in knowledge.
The Australian Mental Health Party Advocates for the rights of those with mental health conditions.[6] As of July 2016, it has not stood any candidates in an election.
Voluntary Euthanasia Party Kerry Bromson A single issue political party that intends to lobby for legislative change to allow for voluntary euthanasia in Australia. Registered in 2013.
VOTEFLUX.ORG | Upgrade Democracy! Nathan Spataro A party focused on instituting direct democracy in Australia, allowing the public to vote on bills directly.

Parties registered for state elections with state electoral bodies[edit]

New South Wales[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[7]

Party Leader
Animal Justice Party Mark Pearson
Australian Cyclists Party Omar Khalifa
Australian Labor Party (NSW Branch) (including Country Labor Party) Luke Foley
Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) Paul Green
Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division) Mike Baird
National Party of Australia - NSW Troy Grant
Outdoor Recreation Party
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party Robert Brown
Socialist Alliance
The Greens no leader
Voluntary Euthanasia Party (NSW) Shayne Higson

Parties that are only registered in NSW:

Party Leader Description
Building Australia Party Were federally registered from 2010 to 2015; now only in NSW.
No Parking Meters Party
The Fishing Party

Victoria[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties[8]

Party Leader
Animal Justice Party
Australian Christians
Australian Country Party
Australian Cyclists Party
Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch) Daniel Andrews
Australian Sex Party – Victorian Branch Fiona Patten
Democratic Labour Party – Victorian Branch Rachel Carling-Jenkins
Liberal Democratic Party
Liberal Party of Australia – Victorian Division Matthew Guy
National Party of Australia – Victoria Peter Walsh
Rise Up Australia Party
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party
Socialist Alliance (Victoria)
The Australian Greens – Victoria Greg Barber
Voluntary Euthanasia Party

Parties that are only registered in Victoria:

Party Leader
People Power Victoria-No Smart Meters
Vote 1 Local Jobs James Purcell

Queensland[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[9]

Party Leader
Australian Labor Party (State of Queensland)
Queensland Greens
Family First Party Queensland
Liberal National Party of Queensland
One Nation Queensland Division
Katter's Australian Party

Western Australia[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[10]

Party Leader
Australian Christians (WA)
Australian Labor Party (Western Australian Branch) Mark McGowan
Family First Party WA
National Party of Australia (WA) Inc Terry Redman
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (WA) Inc
The Greens (WA) Inc
The Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division) Inc Colin Barnett

South Australia[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[11]

Party Leader
Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch) Jay Weatherill
Liberal Party of Australia (South Australian Division) Steven Marshall
National Party of Australia (SA) Inc
Australian Greens SA Mark Parnell
Family First Party Robert Brokenshire
Liberal Democratic Party
Shooters, Fishing and Farmers Party SA

Parties that are only registered in SA:

Party Leader Description
Dignity for Disability Kelly Vincent
Stop Population Growth Now
Danig Party of Australia

Tasmania[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[12]

Party Leader
Australian Christians
Australian Labor Party Bryan Green
Liberal Party of Australia, Tasmanian Division Will Hodgman
Palmer United Party
Socialist Alliance
Tasmanian Greens Cassy O'Connor

Australian Capital Territory[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[13]

Party Leader
Animal Justice Party
Australian Labor Party (ACT Branch) Andrew Barr
Australian Sex Party
The ACT Greens Shane Rattenbury
Flux
Liberal Democratic Party
Liberal Party of Australia (A.C.T. Division) Alistair Coe
Sustainable Australia

Parties that are only registered in ACT:

Party Leader Description
Canberra Community Voters
Community Alliance Party (ACT)
Like Canberra
VoteCanberra

Northern Territory[edit]

Divisions of the federal parties:[14]

Party Leader
Australian Labor Party Michael Gunner
Citizens Electoral Council (NT Division)
Country Liberals Adam Giles
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party Registered as the Shooters and Fishing Party within the Northern Territory only.
The Greens

Parties that are only registered in the Northern Territory:

Party Leader Description
1 Territory Party Braedon Earley

Unregistered[edit]

Parties listed in alphabetical order:

Party Leader Description
Communist Party of Australia (revived) Bob Briton Founded as the Socialist Party of Australia (SPA) in 1971 from a split within the original Communist Party of Australia, the party has been mainly a left wing political party and has played a limited role in Australia's trade union movement. The party received its first electoral win with the election of Tony Oldfield to Auburn Council in the 2012 NSW local government elections.
Workers party of Australia Mark Knight A party advocating to bringing back the death penalty, lowering immigration, the party would repeal the controversial Trans-Pacific Partnership.
Progressive Labour Party Rod Noble A broad left-wing party started by, among others, dissident former members of the Australian Labor Party. The party regularly makes submissions to Senate and other committees on a broad range of issues. Although it occasionally runs independent candidates in elections, it mostly endorses candidates of other parties in elections that support parts of their agenda. Registered between 19 January 1998 and 27 December 2006.
Save the Planet No formal leader; instead the party President, Convenor, and National Campaign Coordinator act as national spokespersons on party matters A political party and campaigning organisation that focuses on climate change and sustainability.[15] They ran six candidates as party endorsed independents at the 2013 federal election.

Defunct parties[edit]

These organisations are no longer registered with any federal, state or territory political bodies, and can thus no longer contest elections. A number of these may still exist as organisations in some form, but none are recognised as political parties.

  • (#-A)
Party Period Description
All for Australia League 1931–1932
Australian Nationalist Party 1958–1958 Its objectives included opposition to communism and socialisation, reducing taxes, restoring the proportion of British immigration to 75% of the total, deportation of migrants convicted of certain crimes, increasing social services, restoration of full employment, opposition to salary rises for politicians, and support for states' rights.
Australian National Socialist Party 1962–1968 It merged into the National Socialist Party of Australia(NSPA), originally a splinter group, in 1968.
Australian Commonwealth Party 1972–1972
Australian Family Movement 1974–1990 The party generally stood for conservative Christian principles, and was particularly opposed to homosexuality, transvestism and androgyny, believing them "contrary to the natural order"; and to abortion and euthanasia, placing emphasis on the "dignity and sanctity of all human life, especially at its beginning and at its end".
Australian Democrats 1977–2015 Party was founded by former Liberal minister Don Chipp which was the largest third party between 1977 and 2004 when the Greens party overtook them.
Advance Australia Party (AAP), originally known as the Rex Connor Labor Party 1988–2005 Formerly the Rex Connor Labor Party, was founded in 1988 by the son of former Whitlam Government Minister, Rex Connor, after leaving the Australian Labor Party. The party was created in opposition to the embracing of social and economic liberalism by both the Liberal and Labor parties. It was registered on 14 July 1989, but deregistered by the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) on 5 December 2005 for failing to endorse a candidate in the previous four years.
Australians Against Further Immigration (AAFI) 1989–2008
Australian Conservative Party (later the Australian Conservative Alliance) 1989–1991 Founded as a registered political party in 1989, under the leadership of Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, the Premier of Queensland from 8 August 1968 to August 1988.
Abolish Self Government Coalition 1992–1995 A political party in the Australian Capital Territory that experienced limited success in the early years of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly. It opposed self-government for the ACT, supporting its re-integration into the local government of New South Wales. The party elected one MLA, Dennis Stevenson, to the ACT Legislative Assembly in 1989; he was re-elected in 1991 but retired in 1995, after which the party declined markedly. It was federally registered on 22 December 1992 and deregistered on 16 June 1995.
Australia's Indigenous Peoples Party 1993–1999 The party was associated with the Australian indigenous community.
Australian Women's Party (1995) 1995–2003
Australian Reform Party 1997–2002
Australian Progressive Alliance 2003–2004 Formed by Meg Lees, an independent senator and former leader of the Australian Democrats, in April 2003. The party ceased to operate and was deregistered in June 2005 following Senator Lees's defeat at the 2004 election and the expiry of her term.
Australian Fishing and Lifestyle Party 2006–2014 It opposes any bans on recreational fishing, the use of four-wheel drives, horse riding, trail bikes, camping and kayaking, and generally opposes conservation measures which it sees as threatening to recreation.
4Change (formerly the Climate Change Coalition) 2007-2010 Formed in 2007, 4C/CCC sought to change public policy with a view to accelerate action by politicians from all parties on global warming and climate change. Its position on working towards addressing climate change, stresses co-operation with big business to achieve significant progress on the issue. The party therefore advocates a close working relationship between environmentalists and the business community. The CCC was registered with the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) on 4 September 2007 and deregistered on 25 March 2010.
Australia's First Nations Political Party 2011–2015 The policies of the party focused on issues such as Northern Territory statehood and Aboriginal sovereignty, The party was associated with the Australian indigenous community.
Australia Party
Australian Bill of Rights Group A party agitating for the creation of a Bill of Rights for Australia. At the 1996 federal election, it contested the Senate in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland on joint tickets with the Republican Party of Australia. Among its candidates were future New South Wales Legislative Councillor Peter Breen, who headed the ticket in New South Wales. The party ran a single ticket in Victoria in the 1998 federal election.
Australian Defence Movement
Australia First Movement
Australian Independence Movement
Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist)
Australian Labor Party (Non-Communist) Nicknamed Lang Labor like its predecessor.
Australian Labor Party (NSW) Nicknamed Lang Labor as was its successor.
Australian Marijuana Party
Australian Motorist Party
Australian Nationalist Workers' Party
Australian National Party
Australian Party
  • (B-C)
Party Period Description
Commonwealth Liberal Party 1909–1916 Major conservative party, created by merger of the Protectionist Party and Free Trade Party in 1909. Formed government between 1909–10 and 1913–14. Merged with the National Labor Party in 1917, forming the Nationalist Party. The CLP is the earliest direct ancestor of the current Liberal Party of Australia.
Communist Party of Australia 1920–1991 Major Communist party
Country Progressive Party late 1920s–1930
Country and Progressive National Party 1926–1936
Commonwealth Party 1943–1944
Commonwealth Centre Party 1961–1961 It was formed by disaffected members of the Liberal Party. It had little success and was wound up soon after the election.
Conservative Party of Australia 1984–1998
Combined New Australia Party 1990–1990
Confederate Action Party of Australia 1992–1993 It advocated the return of the death penalty, denial of all applications for political asylum, and the reintroduction of the use of convict labour. The party sometimes used the slogan "We are One Australia – One Nation".
Country Party (South Australia) 1997–1932 Initially known as the Farmers and Settlers Association. The Country Party merged with the Liberal Federation to create the Liberal and Country League (LCL) in 1932
City Country Alliance 1999–2003
Curtin Labor Alliance 2001–2005 A minor Australian political coalition that was formed between two minor right-wing groups, the Citizens Electoral Council (CEC) and the Western Australian Municipal Employers Union, in 2001. The alliance claimed that Curtin was a nationalist, and that they represented the views that he would have espoused if he was alive.
Carers Alliance 2007–2015
Communist Alliance 2009–2012 An alliance of a number of Communist groups, individuals and ethnic based Communist Parties.
Committee for a Revolutionary Communist Party in Australia
  • (D-E)
Party Period Description
Democratic Party (1920) 1920–1923
Democratic Party (1943) 1943–1945
Democratic Labor Party (1955-78) 1955-1978 Predecessor to the current Democratic Labour Party.
Defence of Government Schools 1966–1985 Primarily concerned with public education but also focused on pensions and housing policy, was founded by activists opposed to state aid for private schools.
Engineered Australia Plan Party 1982–1983
Deadly Serious Party 1980s–1988
Defence and Ex-Services Party 1986–1989
Earthsave (politics) 1996–1999
Democratic Socialist Electoral League 1998–2001
Daylight Saving for South East Queensland (Queensland)
Douglas Credit Party The party was based on the social credit theory of monetary reform, first set out by C. H. Douglas.
Environmentalists for Nuclear Energy Australia
Ex-Service, Service and Veterans Party
  • (F-G)
Party Period Description
Free Trade Party 1887–1909 Major conservative party, It advocated the abolition of protectionism, especially protective tariffs and other restrictions on trade. Its most prominent leader was George Reid, who was the fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
Farmers and Producers Political Union 1904–1910 It merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the National Defence League to become the Liberal Union
Grey Power 1983–1994 The group was designed to represent the elderly vote, advocating issues dealing with aged care and a mature perspective on national policy; hence the name "grey power".
Freedom and Prosperity Party 2009–2015
Gamers 4 Croydon 2009–2010
FREE Australia Party 2010–2014
Fair Land Tax - Tax Party
Family Law Reform Party
Great Australians Party
  • (H-I)
Party Period Description
Industrial Socialist Labor Party 1919–1921
Industrial Labor Party 1936–1939
Independent Labor Group 1959–1977
Independent EFF 1987–1999 Its positions included reducing workers' compensation, instituting voluntary unionism, and the elimination of unemployment benefits and the flat tax. The party had links to far-right groups such as the Australian League of Rights.
Independents Group 1989–1995 The Independents Group were a short-lived political party operating in the Australian Capital Territory. They briefly served as part of the Alliance government, alongside the Liberal Party of Australia and Residents Rally.
Hare-Clark Independent Party Party founded on 19 November 1991 by Craig Duby. Notable for having Fiona Patten, future leader of the Australian Sex Party, as a candidate in the 1992 ACT election.
Hope Party Australia 1997–2006
Hear Our Voice 2007–2010
Human Rights Party
Illawarra Workers Party
  • (L-M)
Party Period Description
Liberal Reform Party 1901–1916
Liberal and Democratic Union 1906–1910
Liberal Union (South Australia) 1910–1923
Majority Labor Party 1922–1923
Liberal Party (1922) 1922–1922
Liberal Federation 1923–1932
Liberal and Country League 1932–1972
Liberal Country Party 1938–1943
Liberal Democratic Party 1943–1944
Middle Class Party 1943–1943
Liberal Reform Group 1966–1969 Opposition to conscription and Australian involvement in the Vietnam War
Liberal Movement 1972–1977 Merged into Australian Democrats
Liberals for Forests 2001–2009
Lower Excise Fuel and Beer Party 2001–2004
Mutual Party 2014–2015 Previously Bank Reform Party. In March 2015, it merged into the Australian Progressive Party (not to be confused with the similarly named Australian Progressives) after they agreed to join forces they themselves Australian Progressive Party would merge into Australian Progressives.
Libertarian Party of Australia
Liberty League
Marxist Workers Party of Australia
Multicultural Progress Party
  • (N-O)
Party Period Description
National Defence League 1891–1910 Later known as the Australasian National League
National Labor Party 1916–1917 Created by Prime Minister Billy Hughes in 1916, after he was expelled from the Australian Labor Party. Governed with support of the Commonwealth Liberal Party until 1917 when the two merged into the Nationalist Party of Australia.
Nationalist Party of Australia 1917-1931 Major conservative party, the result of a merger of the Commonwealth Liberal Party and National Labor Party in 1917. Formed government between 1917 and 1928. Reorganised as the United Australia Party in 1931.
National Party (South Australia) 1917–1923 Similar to the federal National Labor Party
One Parliament for Australia 1943–1943
National Liberal Party 1974–1974
New LM 1976–1977 Merged into Australian Democrats
National Humanitarian Party 1983–1984
Nuclear Disarmament Party 1984–2009
No Hoo Haa Party 2002-2011 Registered by Albert Bensimon to run for the seat of Adelaide in the 2002 state election.
No Self-Government Party 1989–1992 An Australian Capital Territory political party that experienced limited success in the early years of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly. Like Dennis Stevenson's Abolish Self-Government Coalition, it opposed self-government for the ACT. In the first territory election in 1989, three members of the No Self-Government Party were elected. None was still a member of the party by the 1992 election, by which time it had ceased to exist.
Natural Law Party 1990–1997
One Australia Movement 1986–1992 The party's policies included support for the monarchy, a biblical system of morality, immigration reform and social security reform, and opposition to union strike movements
One Australia Party 1995–1999
New Country Party 2003–2008
No GST Party
National Alliance (WA)
No Aircraft Noise
No Land Tax Campaign (New South Wales)
National Action
National Preparatory Committee of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Australia A Marxist-Leninist communist party
National Socialist Party of Australia
New England New State Movement
One Nation NSW
  • (P-Q)
Party Period Description
Protectionist Party 1887–1909 Policies centred on protectionism. It advocated protective tariffs, arguing it would allow Australian industry to grow and provide employment. Its most prominent leaders were Sir Edmund Barton and Alfred Deakin, who were the first and second prime ministers of Australia.
Progressive Party 1901–1907
Progressive Party (1920) 1920–1927
Pangallo Independents Party
Protestant People's Party 1946–1949
Queensland Labor Party 1957–1962 A breakaway group of the then ruling Australian Labor Party Government after the expulsion of Premier Vince Gair. The party was absorbed into the Democratic Labor Party (DLP) in 1962
Progress Party 1975–1981 It was formed on Australia Day (26 January) 1975 as a free market libertarian and anti-socialist party by businessmen John Singleton and Sinclair Hill in reaction to the economic policies of Labor prime minister Gough Whitlam
Progressive Conservative Party 1980–1980 Its stated aims included the reintroduction of the White Australia Policy, an end to Asian immigration to Australia, the cessation of foreign aid, and higher tax concessions to non-working mothers
Pensioner and Citizen Initiated Referendum Alliance (formerly Pensioner Party of Australia) 1982–1996 It generally supported the rights of pensioners and retirees, and was also notable as a strongly monarchist group
Party! Party! Party! 1989–1989
People Power Party 2006–2006
Pauline's United Australia Party 2007–2010
Protestant Labor Party
  • (R-S)
Party Period Description
Revenue Tariff Party 1903–1903 It elected one member, William McWilliams, to the Australian House of Representatives, and one member, Henry Dobson, to the Senate in the 1903 federal election. Both joined the Free Trade Party soon after the election, and the party was not heard of again
Single Tax League 1914–1941 Based on support for single tax
Services and Citizens' Party 1943–1944 In 1944 it was one of the groups brought together by Robert Menzies to form the Liberal Party of Australia
Services Party of Australia 1946–1946
Social Democratic Party 1980–1983
Republican Party of Australia The Republican Party of Australia was a minor political party dedicated to ending the country's links with the United Kingdom and establishing a republic, but remaining in the Commonwealth. It was formed in 1982 and achieved registration federally in 1992. It in many ways replaced the Australian Republican Party, which had operated from 1949 through until the RPA's founding. it was deregistered on 15 February 2016 after failing to demonstrate the required number of members.
Referendum First Group 1984–1984 It was a single-issue party, demanding a referendum before granting the ACT self-government.
Residents Rally 1989–1995
Reclaim Australia: Reduce Immigration 1996–1999 The party advocated reducing immigration to Australia, The party's best electoral result was in the by-election following the retirement of former Prime Minister Paul Keating from the federal seat of Blaxland. In this by-election, the Liberal Party did not field a candidate to oppose the sitting Labor Party, and, although RARI finished behind AAFI on the primary vote, on preferences RARI was able to come second in the seat.
SA First 1999–2002
Reform the Legal System 2000–2002
Save the RAH (South Australia) 2010–2010 A single-issue party with the aim of stopping the relocation of Adelaide's main hospital, the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH)
Rational Association
Red Eureka Movement
Restore the Workers' Rights Party
Save Our State (New South Wales)
Social Credit Movement of Australia
Socialist Federation of Australia
South Australian Fishing & Lifestyle Party
State Labor Party
Stop CSG Party
Stormy Summers Reform Party (South Australia)
Sun Ripened Warm Tomato Party
Surprise Party
  • (T-U)
Party Period Description
United Australia Party 1931-1944 Major conservative party, established in 1931 as successor to the Nationalist Party of Australia. In government federally between 1931 and 1941. Succeeded by the Liberal Party of Australia in 1944.
United Christian Party 1972–1974
1980-1983
United Tasmania Group 1972–1976
1990-1990
(2016- )
Generally acknowledged as the world's first Green party. A few UTG candidates, including Bob Brown, formed the Tasmanian Greens (who enjoyed considerably more success) and then, at the national level, the Australian Greens. The United Tasmania Group was revived in April 2016.
Unite Australia Party 1986–1990
Tasmania Senate Team 1992–1996
Tasmania First Party 1996–2006
Taxi Operators Political Service 1997–2001
The Basics Rock 'n' Roll Party
United Country Party
United Democratic Party
United Party (South Australia)
Unity Party
  • (V-Z)
Party Period Description
Victorian Socialist Party 1906–1932 A socialist political party, the first explicitly Marxist party in Australia.
Western Australian Party 1906–1906
Young Australia National Party 1909–1916?
Victorian Liberal Party (formerly the Electoral Reform League) 1954–1955
What Women Want 2007–2010 Strong interest in maternity issues, including support of midwives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "OzPolitics.info". OzPolitics.info. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "overview". Aec.gov.au. 7 December 2007. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Current Register of Political Parties". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Party Crasher: Drug Law Reform : http://www.upstart.net.au/2013/08/22/party-crasher-drug-law-reform/http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/greg-chipp-to-launch-new-political-party-to-seek-legal-changes-to-help-drug-addicts/story-e6frf7kx-1226589070445
  5. ^ "No jab, no vote: new anti-vax party registered". Crikey. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Australian Mental Health Party (AMHP)". Australian Mental Health Party. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "List of Registered Parties", Electoral Commission NSW. Elections.nsw.gov.au (30 July 2010).
  8. ^ https://www.vec.vic.gov.au/Stand/stand-about.html#3, "Currently registered political parties", Victorian Electoral Commission
  9. ^ "Political Parties", Electoral Commission Queensland. Ecq.qld.gov.au.
  10. ^ "Registered Political Parties in WA". Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Register of political parties". Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Party Register", Tasmanian Electoral Commission. Tec.tas.gov.au.
  13. ^ "Register of political parties". Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Register of Political Parties in the Northern Territory". Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Action to save this planet". Save The Planet. Retrieved 26 April 2014.