List of political parties in the Czech Republic

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This is a list of political parties in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic has a multi-party system. Due to the electoral system used, a limited number of parties are successful in each parliamentary election.

Parliamentary parties[edit]

There are currently seven parties in the Chamber of Deputies – the Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), ANO 2011, the Communist Party (KSČM), TOP 09, the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) and Dawn of Direct Democracy (Dawn). All except Dawn also have seats in the Senate, as do the Green Party (SZ), Mayors and Independents (STAN), Severočeš (, the Party of Civic Rights (SPO), the Pirate Party (Pirates), Freeholder Party of the Czech Republic (SsČR) and the Ostravak political movement. The other parliamentary party is the Party of Free Citizens, which has one MP in the European Parliament.

Three parties – ČSSD, ODS, and KSČM – have had members elected to every Parliament since the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. The current government is composed of ČSSD, ANO 2011 and KDU-ČSL.

In March 2015, founder and former leader of Dawn of Direct Democracy, Tomio Okamura, was expelled from the party and the party was renamed as Dawn - National Coalition, which changed its logo and leadership and opened itself to new members and cooperation with the newly formed Bloc against Islam. Meanwhile, Tomio Okamura founded a new party called Freedom and Direct Democracy with two other former members of Dawn.

The next legislative election will be held in October 2017.

Logo Party Representation European affiliation Comments
Chamber Senate Regions EP
CSSD logo 2017.png Czech Social Democratic Party
Česká strana sociálně demokratická
ČSSD 50 35 125 4 PES Major centre-left (social democratic) party. The Chairman is Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka.
ANO Logo.svg ANO
ANO 2011
ANO 2011 47 4 0 4 ALDE Centrist and populist political party led by Andrej Babiš, the second richest man in the Czech republic.
KSČM text logo.svg Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy
KSČM 33 1 114 3 EL (observer) Left-wing to far-left party, which is the successor to the former ruling Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. It has not been part of any government coalition since the advent of democracy in the Czech Republic.
TOP 09 Teillogo.svg TOP 09
TOP 09
TOP 09 26 1 12 4 EPP Liberal conservative, pro-European and fiscally conservative political party. The primary agenda of TOP 09 is cutting the budget deficit. The leader of TOP 09 is Miroslav Kalousek.
Logo of ODS (2015).svg Civic Democratic Party
Občanská demokratická strana
ODS 16 15 180 2 AECR Liberal conservative, soft eurosceptic party founded by the former Czech President Václav Klaus. Its chairman is Petr Fiala.
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová
KDU-ČSL 14 10 56 3 EPP Christian democratic party, traditionally strong in South Moravia. KDU-ČSL left the chamber of deputies in 2010, after 91 years of continuous presence. It returned in the legislative election of 2013 and joined the governing coalition.
Úsvit-NK text logo.svg Dawn - National Coalition
Úsvit - Národní koalice
Dawn 7 0 0 0 - Right-wing populist and eurosceptic[1] political party focused on direct democracy, opposition to immigration and opposition to Islam.
SPD text logo.svg Freedom and Direct Democracy
Svoboda a přímá demokracie
SPD 3 0 34 0 MENF Eurosceptic political party that advocates direct democracy and opposition to immigration. Founded by Tomio Okamura, former leader of Dawn.
Strana zelených logo 2017.svg Green Party
Strana zelených
SZ 0 4 9 0 EGP Centre-left to left-wing, green political party.
Severočeš 0 2 0 0 - Cross-spectrum regional party from northern Bohemia.
SPOZ Logo.svg Party of Civic Rights
Strana Práv Občanů
SPO 0 2 16 0 - Centre-left (social democratic) party connected with Czech President Miloš Zeman.
Svobodní.svg Party of Free Citizens
Strana svobodných občanů
Svobodní 0 0 0 1 ADDE (observer) Right-wing, libertarian and eurosceptic political party led by Petr Mach.


Non-parliamentary parties[edit]

Defunct parties[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]