List of political parties in the Netherlands

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Members of the four dominant Dutch political parties (PvdA, D66, CDA and VVD) in Ulft, shortly before the municipal elections of 2010

This article lists political parties in the Netherlands, which has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which any one party has little chance of gaining power alone, and parties often work with each other to form coalition governments.

The lower house of the legislature, the House of Representatives, is elected by a national party-list system of proportional representation. There is no threshold for getting a seat, making it possible for a party to get a seat with only two-thirds percent of the vote—roughly one seat for every 67,000 votes.

No party has won a majority of seats since 1897, and no party has even approached the seats needed for a majority since the current proportional representation system was implemented in 1918. All Dutch governments since then have been coalitions between two or more parties. However, there is a broad consensus on the basic principles of the political system, and all parties must adjust their goals to some extent in order to have a realistic chance at being part of the government.

General overview[edit]

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Political parties represented in the States General of the Netherlands
Political party Ideology Political position European Union position European affiliation EP group International affiliation Leader
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie)
VVD Conservative liberalism
[6]
Economic liberalism
[7][8][9]
Centre-right
[10][11]
Moderate Pro-Europeanism
[12][13][14]
ALDE Party ALDE LI Mark Rutte
PVV-logo.svg Party for Freedom
(Partij voor de Vrijheid)
PVV Right-wing populism
[15][16]
Right-wing
[17][18]
Hard Euroscepticism
[19]
MENF
[20][21]
ENF IFA Geert Wilders
Christian Democratic Appeal Christian Democratic Appeal
(Christen-Democratisch Appèl)
CDA Christian democracy
[22][23][24][25][26]
Centre-right
[27][28]
Pro-Europeanism
[29]
EPP EPP Group CDI Sybrand van Haersma Buma
Democrats 66 Democrats 66
(Democraten 66)
D66 Social liberalism
[6]
Centre
[10]
Pro-Europeanism
[30][31]
ALDE Party ALDE LI Alexander Pechtold
GreenLeft GreenLeft
(GroenLinks)
GL Green politics
[32]
Social democracy[33][34]
Left-wing
[35][36]
Pro-Europeanism EGP Greens-EFA GG Jesse Klaver
Socialist Party Socialist Party
(Socialistische Partij)
SP Democratic socialism
[37][38][39]
Social democracy
[40]
Left-wing
[41]
Soft Euroscepticism
[42]
Small uppercase letter X.svg GUE-NGL Small uppercase letter X.svg Lilian Marijnissen
Labour Party Labour Party
(Partij van de Arbeid)
PvdA Social democracy
[1]
Centre-left
[35][43]
Pro-Europeanism PES S&D PA Dr.
Lodewijk Asscher
Christian Union Christian Union
(ChristenUnie)
CU Christian democracy
[1]
Social Christian
[35][44]
Centre
[45][46]
Soft Euroscepticism
[47]
ECPM ECR Small uppercase letter X.svg Gert-Jan Segers
Party for the Animals Party for the Animals
(Partij voor de Dieren)
PvdD Animal rights
[48]
Animal welfare
[32]
Environmentalism
Soft Euroscepticism EA7 GUE-NGL Small uppercase letter X.svg Marianne Thieme
50PLUS 50PLUS
(50Plus)
50+ Pensioners' interests
[49]
Populism
[6][1]
Centre
[10]
Soft Euroscepticism Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Henk Krol
Reformed Political Party Reformed Political Party
(Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij)
SGP Christian right
[1]
Social conservatism
[35][50]
Right-wing
[51][52]
Soft Euroscepticism
[53]
ECPM ECR Small uppercase letter X.svg Kees van der Staaij
Denk
(Denk)
DENK Minority rights[54][55][56] Centre-left to left-wing Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Tunahan Kuzu
Forum for Democracy Forum for Democracy
(Forum voor Democratie)
FvD National conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Direct democracy
E-democracy
Right-wing populism
[57]
Right-wing
[58][59]
Hard Euroscepticism
[60]
Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Dr.
Thierry Baudet
Political party represented in the Senate of the Netherlands only
Independent Senate Group
(Onafhankelijke Senaatsfractie)
OSF Regionalism Centre Small uppercase letter X.svg EFA Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Henk ten Hoeve

Other national parties[edit]

Political party Ideology Political position European Union position European affiliation EP group International affiliation Leader
Bij1
(Bij1)
B1 Social democracy
[61]
Multiculturalism
Identity politics
[61]
Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Sylvana Simons
Libertarian Party Libertarian Party
(Libertarische Partij)
LP Libertarianism
[62]
Euroscepticism EPIL Small uppercase letter X.svg LI Robert Valentine
Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Democratic Party
(Liberaal Democratische Partij)
LibDem Social liberalism Centre Pro-Europeanism Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Sammy van Tuyll van Serooskerken
GeenPeil
(GeenPeil)
GP Direct democracy
E-democracy
Right-wing populism
[63]
Right-wing Hard Euroscepticism Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Vacant
Pirate Party of the Netherlands Pirate Party
(Piratenpartij)
PPNL Pirate politics
[64]
Direct democracy
E-democracy
[65][66]
Centre
[67]
Small uppercase letter X.svg PPEU Small uppercase letter X.svg PPI Vacant
Party for Human and Spirit
(Partij voor Mens en Spirit)
MenS Spiritual left
[68]
Centre-left Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Vacant
New Ways
(Nieuwe Wegen)
NW Social democracy
[69]
Left-wing populism
[70]
Centre-left Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Vacant

Regional parties[edit]

Party Abbreviation Active in Number of provincial seats Number of municipal seats
Frisian National Party FNP Friesland 4 58
Groninger Belang GB Groningen 3 -
Party for the North PvhN Groningen 1 3
Party for Zeeland PVZ Zeeland 1 1

Locally represented parties[edit]

Party Abbreviation Year of creation Number of municipal seats
The Greens DG 1983 1
Islam Democrats ID 2006 2
New Communist Party of the Netherlands NCPN 1992 3
Forza! Netherlands Forza! 2003 8
Proud of the Netherlands TROTS 2007 6
United Communist Party VCP 1999 5
United Senior Party VSP 2001 13

Defunct parties[edit]

History and evolution of all Dutch political parties to ever have had seats in the House of Representatives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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    BBC NEWS. Author - Anna Holligan.
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  47. ^ (in Dutch) CU is niet meer 'christelijk-sociaal' Trouw
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External links[edit]