Political party strength in Arkansas
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Lieutenant Governor
- Secretary of State
- Attorney General
- State Auditor
- State Treasurer
- State Land Commissioner
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
- State Senate
- State House of Representatives
- State delegation to the United States Senate
- State delegation to the United States House of Representatives
For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
|Year||Executive offices||General Assembly||United States Congress||Electoral College votes|
|Governor||Lieutenant Governor||Sec. of State||Attorney General||Auditor||Treasurer||Land Comm.||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House|
|1819||Robert Crittenden (N)||no such office||Robert Crittenden||no such office||James Scull||not an elected office||no such offices||pre-statehood|
|James Miller (N)|
|Robert Crittenden (N)|
|George Izard (N)|
|John Pope (N)|
|1833||S. M. Rutherford|
|William S. Fulton (N)|
|James Sevier Conway (D)||Elias N. Conway||W. E. Woodruff||12D, 5W||35D, 18W, 1?||William S. Fulton (D)||Ambrose H. Sevier (D)||1D||Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson (D)|
|1839||D Majority||D Majority|
|1840||Martin Van Buren (D) N|
|1841||Archibald Yell (D)||A. Boileau||16D, 5W||42D, 22W|
|Elias N. Conway|
|1843||Robert Ward Johnson (D)||J. C. Martin||15D, 6W||45D, 20W, 1?|
|Samuel Adams (D)||Chester Ashley (D)||James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D)|
|1845||Thomas Stevenson Drew (D)||Samuel Adams (D)||21D, 4W||62D, 13W|
|1847||22D, 3W||52D, 23W||1W|
|1848||George C. Watkins||Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D) N|
|1849||20D, 5W||56D, 19W||Solon Borland (D)|
|Richard C. Byrd (D)||C.C. Danley||William Adams|
|John Selden Roane (D)||John H. Crease|
|1851||John J. Clendenin||21D, 4W||50D, 25W|
|1852||Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)|
|1853||Elias Nelson Conway (D)||19D, 6W||48D, 27W||William K. Sebastian (D)||vacant||2D|
|1855||A.S. Huey||A.H. Rutherford||17D, 8W||57D, 15W, 3I||Robert Ward Johnson (D)|
|1856||Thomas Johnson||James Buchanon and John C. Breckinridge (D)|
|1857||William Read Miller||John H. Crease||21D, 2A, 1AW, 1 Old Line W||65D, 9A, 1W|
|1859||John Quindley||20D, 2A, 1 Old School D, 1 States Rights D, 1 Old Line W||D Majority|
|1860||H.C. Lowe||Jared C. Martin||John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (D) N|
|1861||Henry Massey Rector (D)||P. Jordan||Oliver Basham||D Majority||Charles B. Mitchel (D)|
|William Read Miller||Civil War and Reconstruction|
|1862||Sam W. Williams|
|1863||Harris Flanagin (D)||American Civil War|
|Isaac Murphy (R)||Calvin C. Bliss (R)||J.R. Berry (R)||E. D. Ayers||no electoral votes|
|1866||R.H. Deadman||William Read Miller (R)||L. B. Cunningham||25NP||75NP|
|1867||Henry Page||25D||56D, 19R|
|1868||James M. Johnson (R)||J.R. Montgomery||J.R. Berry (R)|
|Powell Clayton (R)||Alexander McDonald (R)||Benjamin F. Rice (R)||3R||Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R)|
|1869||21R, 1D, 4?||79R, 1D, 2?||2R, 1D|
|1871||18R, 8D||44R, 29D, 9 Lib. R|
|Ozra Amander Hadley (R)||vacant||James M. Johnson (R)||Powell Clayton (R)|
|1872||Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R)|
|1873||Elisha Baxter (R)||Volney V. Smith (R)||T.D.W. Yonley||Stephen Wheeler (R)||20R, 5D||52R, 27D, 3?||Stephen Wallace Dorsey (R)||3R|
|1874||J.L. Witherspoon||William Read Miller (D)||R. E. Newton||D||D Majority||D Majority|
|Augustus Hill Garland (D)||no such office||Benton B. Beavers (D)||Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr. (D)||Thomas James Churchill (D)||2R, 1D|
|1875||29D, 2R||82D, 11R||4D|
|1876||Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) N|
|1877||William Read Miller (D)||W.F. Henderson||John Crawford (D)||75D, 17R, 1OLW||Augustus Hill Garland (D)|
|1879||Jacob Frolich (D)||29D, 1R, 1G||83D, 6G, 3R, 1?||James D. Walker (D)|
|1880||Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D) N|
|1881||Thomas James Churchill (D)||Charles B. Moore||W. E. Woodruff, Jr.||30D, 1GL||80D, 10R, 1G|
|1883||James Henderson Berry (D)||A.W. Files (D)||28D, 2GL, 1R||87D, 2GL, 2IR, 1R, 1ID|
|1884||Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D)|
|1885||Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr. (D)||Elias B. Moore (D)||D.W. Jones||31D, 1R||80D, 15R||5D|
|1887||William Read Miller (D)||30D, 2R||73D, 14R, 4I, 3 Ag. Wheel, 1G|
|W.S. Dunlop (D)|
|1888||Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) N|
|1889||James Philip Eagle (D)||B.B. Chism (D)||W.E. Atkinson||69D, 15 Union Lab., 11R||James Henderson Berry (D)|
|1891||R. B. Morrow||29D, 2 Union Lab., 1R||81D, 10R, 4 Union Lab.||James Kimbrough Jones (D)||5D|
|1892||Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson (D)|
|1893||William Meade Fishback (D)||H.B. Armistead (D)||James Paul Clarke (D)||C.B. Mills (D)||29D, 2P, 1R||85D, 9P, 6R||6D|
|1895||James Paul Clarke (D)||E.B. Kinsworthy||Ransom Gulley||31D, 1R||88D, 9P, 3R|
|1896||William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) N|
|1897||Daniel Webster Jones (D)||Alexander C. Hull (D)||Clay Sloan (D)||30D, 1R, 1P||85D, 13P, 2R|
|1899||Jeff Davis (D)||T. E. Little||32D||98D, 2R|
|1900||Williams Jennings Bryan and Adlei E. Stevenson (D) N|
|1901||Jeff Davis (D)||J.W. Crockett (D)||George W. Murphy||T.C. Monroe (D)||H. C. Tipton||97D, 2R, 1P|
|1904||Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D) N|
|1905||O.C. Ludwig (D)||Robert L. Rogers||Avery E. Moore (D)||34D, 1R||95D, 5R|
|1907||John Sebastian Little (D)||William F. Kirby (D)||James L. Yates||96D, 4R||Jeff Davis (D)|
|John Isaac Moore (D)|
|Xenophon Overton Pindall (D)|
|1908||William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) N|
|1909||Jesse M. Martin (D)||Hal L. Norwood||John R. Jobe (D)||35D||97D, 3R||James Paul Clarke (D)|
|George Washington Donaghey (D)|
|1911||Earle W. Hodges (D)||John Crockett||34D, 1R||95D, 5R|
|1912||John M. Oathout (D)||Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)|
|1913||Joseph Taylor Robinson (D)||vacant||William L. Moose||L.L. Coffman||33D, 1R, 1 Prog.||96D, 4R||John N. Heiskell (D)|
|William Marmaduke Kavanaugh (D)|
|William Kavanaugh Oldham (D)|
|Junius Marion Futrell (D)|
|George Washington Hays (D)|
|1915||Wallace Davis||M.F. Dickinson||R.G. McDaniel||35D||97D, 3R|
|1917||Charles Hillman Brough (D)||Tom J. Terral (D)||John D. Arbuckle||Hogan Oliver (D)||34D, 1I||William F. Kirby (D)|
|1919||Joe Ferguson||35D||95D, 5R||Joseph Taylor Robinson (D)|
|1920||James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) N|
|1921||Thomas Chipman McRae (D)||Ira C. Hopper (D)||J.S. Utley||James Guy Tucker (D)||96D, 4R||Thaddeus H. Caraway (D)|
|1924||John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) N|
|1925||Tom Jefferson Terral (D)||Jim B. Higgins (D)||W.H. Applegate||J. Carrol Cone (D)||Sam Sloan||97D, 3R|
|1927||John Ellis Martineau (D)||Harvey Parnell (D)||Ralph Koonce||96D, 4R|
|1928||Al Smith and Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) N|
|Harvey Parnell (D)||William Lee Cazort (D)|
|1929||Hal L. Norwood||J. Oscar Humphrey (D)||98D, 2R|
|1931||Lawrence Elery Wilson (D)||Ed F. McDonald (D)||Roy V. Leonard||99D, 1R|
|1932||Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)|
|1933||Junius Marion Futrell (D)||William Lee Cazort (D)||100D||Hattie Caraway (D)|
|1934||Walter L. Pope|
|1935||Carl Edward Bailey (D)||Charles E. Parker (D)||Earl Page (D)|
|1937||Carl Edward Bailey (D)||Robert L. Bailey (D)||C. G. "Crip" Hall (D)||Jack Holt (D)||J. Oscar Humphrey (D)||Otis Page (D)||98D, 2R|
|1938||John E. Miller|
|1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)|
|1941||Homer Martin Adkins (D)||George L. Spencer (D)|
|1943||James L. Shaver (D)||Guy E. Williams (D)||Bish Bentley (D)|
|1944||Claude Rankin (D)||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)|
|1945||Benjamin Travis Laney (D)||Vance Clayton (D)|
|1947||Nathan Green Gordon (D)||96D, 3R, 1I|
|1948||Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)|
|1949||Sid McMath (D)||Ike Murray (D)||98D, 2R|
|1952||Adlai Stevenson and John Sparkman (D) N|
|1953||Francis Cherry (D)||Tom Gentry (D)||97D, 3R||6D|
|1955||Orval Faubus (D)||James Herbert Jones (D)||John L. McClellan (D)|
|1956||F. Nolan Humphrey (D)||Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver (D) N|
|1957||Bruce Bennett (D)||James Herbert Jones (D)||Sam Jones (D)||98D, 2R||J. William Fulbright (D)|
|1960||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)|
|1961||Nancy J. Hall (D)||J. Frank Holt (D)||Lee Clayton (D)||99D, 1R|
|1962||Jack Holt, Jr. (D)|
|1963||Kelly Bryant (D)||Bruce Bennett (D)||Nancy J. Hall (D)||99D, 1I||4D|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)|
|1967||Winthrop Rockefeller (R)||Maurice Britt (R)||Joe Purcell (D)||97D, 3R||3D, 1R|
|1968||George Wallace and Curtis LeMay (AI) N|
|1969||34D, 1R||96D, 4R|
|1971||Dale Bumpers (D)||Bob C. Riley (D)||Ray Thornton (D)||98D, 2R|
|1972||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|1973||Jim Guy Tucker (D)||99D, 1R|
|1975||Bob C. Riley (D)||vacant||97D, 3R|
|David Pryor (D)||Joe Purcell (D)||George Jernigan (D)|
|1976||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|1977||Winston Bryant (D)||Bill Clinton (D)||96D, 4R|
|1978||Kaneaster Hodges, Jr. (D)|
|1979||Joe Purcell (D)||vacant||Paul Riviere (D)||Steve Clark (D)||35D||94D, 6R||2D, 2R|
|Bill Clinton (D)||Joe Purcell (D)||Jimmie Lou Fisher (D)|
|1980||Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)|
|1981||Frank D. White (R)||Winston Bryant (D)||Julia Hughes Jones (D)||Jimmie Lou Fisher (D)||Bill McCuen (D)||34D, 1R||93D, 7R||Dale Bumpers (D)|
|1983||Bill Clinton (D)||32D, 3R|
|1985||Bill McCuen (D)||Charlie Daniels (D)||91D, 9R||David Pryor (D)||3D, 1R|
|1988||George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R)|
|Ron Fields (D)|
|1991||Jim Guy Tucker (D)||Mary Stallcup (D)||91D, 9R||3D, 1R|
|Winston Bryant (D)|
|1992||Jim Guy Tucker (D)||Mike Huckabee (R)||Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)|
|1993||Gus Wingfield (D)||89D, 11R||2D, 2R|
|1995||Sharon Priest (D)||30D, 5R||88D, 12R|
|Mike Huckabee (R)||Winthrop Paul Rockefeller (R)|
|1997||87D, 13R||Tim Hutchinson (R)|
|1999||Mark Pryor (D)||76D, 24R||Blanche Lincoln (D)|
|2000||George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R)|
|2001||27D, 8R||72D, 28R||3D, 1R|
|2003||Charlie Daniels (D)||Mike Beebe (D)||Jim Wood (D)||Gus Wingfield (D)||Mark Wilcox (D)||70D, 30R||Mark Pryor (D)|
|2007||Mike Beebe (D)||Bill Halter (D)||Dustin McDaniel (D)||Martha Shoffner (D)|
|2008||John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) N|
|2009||71D, 28R, 1G|
|2011||Mark Darr (R)||Mark Martin (R)||Charlie Daniels (D)||John Thurston (R)||20D, 15R||54D, 46R||John Boozman (R)||3R, 1D|
|2012||Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan N|
|2013||21R, 14D||51R, 48D, 1G||4R|
|Charles Robinson (D)|
|2015||Asa Hutchinson (R)||Tim Griffin (R)||Leslie Rutledge (R)||Andrea Lea (R)||Dennis Milligan (R)||24R, 11D||64R, 36D||Tom Cotton (R)|
|63R, 36D, 1I|
|64R, 35D, 1I|
|2016||Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R)|
|2017||26R, 9D||76R, 24D|
|Year||Governor||Lieutenant Governor||Sec. of State||Attorney General||Auditor||Treasurer||Land Comm.||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House||Electoral College votes|
|Executive offices||General Assembly||United States Congress|
- Acting territorial governor. As secretary of Arkansas Territory from 1819 to 1829, Crittenden served as acting governor whenever the appointed governor was not in the state. This meant he was in fact the first person to be governor of the territory, since James Miller did not arrive in the territory until nine months after his appointment.
- Secretary of Arkansas Territory.
- President James Monroe appointed Miller territorial governor on March 3, 1819, the same date the bill organizing Arkansaw Territory was signed. However, to avoid the hot southern summer, he delayed his departure from New Hampshire until September and took a non-direct route, finally arriving in the territory on December 26, 1819. Resigned citing poor health. At the time of his resignation, he had been absent from the territory for 18 months.
- Territorial Governor George Izard did not arrive in Arkansas Territory until May 31, 1825; Crittenden, Secretary of the territory, acted as governor in his stead, though Crittenden himself was out of the territory when Izard arrived.
- Territorial governor appointed by Presidents James Monroe and John Quincy Adams.
- Died in office.
- The office was vacant from November 22, 1828, until March 9, 1829. By the time notice of Izard's death reached Washington, D.C., Andrew Jackson had been elected president, and the U.S. Senate refused to approve Adams' choice for governor, preferring to wait until Jackson took office.
- Territorial governor appointed by Jackson.
- Territorial governor appointed by Jackson. Served as governor until statehood, when he was elected to the United States Senate.
- At-large seat.
- Resigned to run for the United States House of Representatives, winning the election.
- As president of the Senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
- Resigned due to the low salary he received as governor.
- As president of the state Senate, acted as governor until special election.
- Rolfe, Maro O. (1904). "Chapter 3: Arkansas in Ante-Bellum Days". In Jones, Daniel Webster. The Province and the States. III. Madison, Wisconsin: Western Historical Association. p. 317.
William Adams was state treasurer January 2, 1849, to January 10, 1849
- Elected in a special election to fill unexpired term.
- Two districts created in 1853.
- The 1861 constitution was enacted during Rector's term; while term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1862, two years into his term.
- Flanagin fled Little Rock as it fell to Union forces on September 10, 1863, leading a largely inept government in exile in Washington, Arkansas, until 1865. Isaac Murphy was elected provisional governor by a loyalist government set up after Union control of the state was established, taking office on April 18, 1864, causing a slight overlap in terms, though due to the collapse of the Confederate effort in Arkansas, Flanagin had no authority over the state.
- The 1864 constitution was enacted during Flanagin's term; however, it was drafted by the Union occupation and had no effect on his government. While term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1864.
- The office of lieutenant governor was created in 1864
- Resigned to take office as state secretary of state.
- Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
- 3rd District created in 1868 after Reconstruction.
- As president pro tempore of the state Senate, acted as governor for unexpired term; the office of lieutenant governor at the time was vacant.
- Removed from office for a short time due to the Brooks–Baxter War.
- The 1874 state constitution, enacted during Baxter's term, shortened his tenure to two years as new elections were scheduled.
- More than a dozen Republicans resigned to take jobs in the Baxter administration. Democrats won a majority in the special elections that followed.
- The office of lieutenant governor was abolished in 1874. It was recreated in 1914 but was not filled until 1926. The amendment to the state constitution creating the office was narrowly voted into effect by the electorate in 1914. The Speaker of the House declared that the measure had lost because it did not receive a majority of the highest vote total from that election. In 1925, it was discovered that a 1910 law amended this requirement such that only a majority of the votes on the specific question was required. Therefore, the 1914 initiative was declared to be valid.
- 4th District created in 1875.
- 5th District created in 1885.
- 6th District created in 1893.
- 7th District created in 1903.
- Resigned after suffering a nervous breakdown soon after taking office.
- As president of the state Senate, acted as governor until the legislature adjourned.
- As the new president pro tempore of the state Senate, became acting governor until his senate term expired.
- As the new president pro tempore of the state Senate, became acting governor for three days until the next elected governor took office.
- As president of the state Senate, acted as governor for six days before a new president of the Senate was elected.
- As the new president of the state Senate, acted as governor until special election.
- Elected in special election to fill unexpired term.
- Resigned to become a judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas.
- As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term and was subsequently elected in his own right.
- 7th District abolished in 1953.
- Appointed by Governor to fill vacancy.
- 5th and 6th Districts abolished in 1963.
- As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term.
- Resigned after election as governor in 1978.
- Gubernatorial terms changed from two years to four years during Clinton's term; he was elected for two-year terms in 1982 and 1984, and for four-year terms in 1986 and 1990.
- Resigned to become president of the United States.
- Resigned after being convicted of mail fraud in the Whitewater scandal.
- First elected in special election following Huckabee's elevation to governorship.
- Green Richard Carroll switched parties to Democratic.
- Resigned February 1, 2014 after being fined for ethics violations
- Waldon, George (May 29, 2013). "Mike Beebe Names Charles Robinson State Treasurer". Arkansas Business. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- Rep. Nate Bell left the Republican Party to sit as an Independent. 
- Mike Holcomb (District 10) changed parties from Democratic to Republican. 
- Reps. Joe Jett, Jeff Wardlaw, and David Hillman all switched parties from Democrat to Republican before the legislative session.