Political party strength in Florida

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The following tables indicate party affiliation in the U.S. state of Florida for the individual elected offices of:

As well as the following historical offices that were elected from 1889–2003:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes. For the Civil War years, the table indicates the state's delegation to the Confederate Congress, in lieu of the U.S. Congress.

The parties are shaded as follows:   Democratic (D),   Republican (R),   Whig (W),   Prohibition (P), and   Independent (I) or nonpartisan.

1845-1888[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lt. Governor State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1845 William D. Moseley (D) no such office 11D, 6W 30D, 10W, 1? David Levy Yulee (D) James Westcott (D) 1W / 1D[1]
1846
1847 12D, 7W 22D, 17W 1W
1848 12W, 7D 21W, 11D, 7? Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore (W) Green tickY
1849 Thomas Brown (W) 24W, 16D Jackson Morton (W)
1850
1851 10D, 9W 21D, 19W Stephen Mallory (D)
1852 Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D) Green tickY
1853 James E. Broome (D) 12D, 6W, 1I 26D, 13W, 1 vac. 1D
1854
1855 11D, 7W, 1 vac. 23D, 17W, 1? David Levy Yulee (D)
1856 James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D) Green tickY
1857 Madison S. Perry (D) 13D, 7A, 1? 29D, 16A
1858
1859 15D, 6O 35D, 10O
1860 John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (Southern Democratic) Red XN
1861 John Milton (D)[2] 13D, 8O 37D, 10O vacant during Civil War
1862 James McNair Baker (Fmr. W/KN)[3] Augustus Emmett Maxwell (Fmr. D)[3] 2 Fmr. D[3]
1863
1864 Civil War
1865 Abraham K. Allison (D)[4][5]
vacant vacant during Reconstruction
William Marvin (D)[6]
vacant
1866 David S. Walker[7] William W. J. Kelly (R) 21N 47N William Marvin (D)[8] Wilkinson Call (D)[8] Frederick McLeod (D)[8]
1867 vacant during Reconstruction
1868
Harrison Reed (R)[9] William Henry Gleason (R) Adonijah Welch (R) Thomas W. Osborn (R) 1R Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R) Green tickY
1869 vacant 16R, 8D 37R, 15D Abijah Gilbert (R)
1870 Edmund C. Weeks (R)
1871 Samuel T. Day (R) 11R, 10D[10] 23R, 20D[11] 1R / 1D[12]
1872 Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R) Green tickY
1873 Ossian B. Hart (R)[13] Marcellus Stearns (R) 13R, 11D 29R, 23D Simon B. Conover (R) 2R
1874 Marcellus Sterns (R)[14] vacant
1875 12D, 12R 28D, 24R Charles W. Jones (D) 2R / 1D, 1R[15]
1876 Rutherford B. Hayes and William A. Wheeler (R) Green tickY
1877 George F. Drew (D) Noble A. Hull (D) 15D, 9R 31D, 21R 1D, 1R / 2D[16]
1878
1879 25D, 7R 46D, 28R, 1I, 1 tied Wilkinson Call (D) 2D / 1D, 1R[17]
1880 Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D) Red XN
1881 William D. Bloxham (D) L. W. Bethel (D) 27D, 5R 58D, 18R 2D / 1D, 1R[18]
1882
1883 17D, 9I, 6R 34D, 27R, 15I[19] 1D, 1R
1884 Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Green tickY
1885 Edward A. Perry (D) Milton Mabry (D) 17D, 8I, 7R 48D, 25R, 3I 2D
1886
1887 24D, 5R, 3I 55D, 13R, 8I Samuel Pasco (D)
1888 Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red XN
Year Governor Lt. Governor State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

1889-2002[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lt. Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Comptroller Treasurer Comm. of Ed. Comm. of Ag. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1889 Francis P. Fleming (D) no such office John Lovic Crawford (D) William Bailey Lamar (D) William D. Barnes (D) Francis J. Pons (D) Albert J. Russell (D) Lucius B. Wombwell (D) 27D, 5R 58D, 9R, 9I Samuel Pasco (D) Wilkinson Call (D) 2D Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red XN
1890 William D. Bloxham (D)
1891 E. J. Triay (D) 31D, 1R 76D
1892 Grover Cleveland and Adlai Stevenson I (D) Green tickY
1893 Henry L. Mitchell (D) Clarence B. Collins (D) William N. Sheats (D)
1894
1895 31D, 1P 74D, 1R, 1I
1896 William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) Red XN
1897 William D. Bloxham (D) William H. Reynolds (D) James B. Whitfield (D) 63D, 3R, 2I Stephen Mallory II (D)[13]
1898
1899 32D 68D James Taliaferro (D)
1900 William Jennings Bryan and Adlai Stevenson I (D) Red XN
1901 William S. Jennings (D) A. C. Croom (D) Benjamin E. McLin (D)
1902 Henry Clay Crawford (D)[20]
1903 James B. Whitfield (D) William V. Knott (D) 67D, 1R 3D
1904 W.H. Ellis (D) Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D) Red XN
1905 Napoleon B. Broward (D) William N. Holloway (D) 68D
1906
1907 67D, 1 Soc. William J. Bryan (D)[13]
1908 William H. Milton (D) William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) Red XN
1909 Albert W. Gilchrist (D) Park Trammel (D) Duncan U. Fletcher (D)[13]
1910
1911 68D Nathan Philemon Bryan (D)
1912 William V. Knott (D) J.C. Luning (D) J.C. Luning (D) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 Park Trammell (D) Thomas F. West (D) William N. Sheats (D) William Allen McRae (D) 71D 4D
1914
1915 73D
1916
1917 Sidney Johnston Catts (P) Van C. Swearingen (D) Ernest Amos (D) 74D, 1R Park Trammell (D)
1918
1919 77D
1920 James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) Red XN
1921 Cary A. Hardee (D) Rivers Buford (D)
1922 William S. Cawthon (D)
1923 Nathan Mayo (D)
1924 John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) Red XN
1925 John W. Martin (D) J.B. Johnson (D) 84D
1926 87D[21]
1927 Fred Henry Davis (D) 95D
1928 William V. Knott (D) Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 Doyle E. Carlton (D) William Monroe Igou (D) 37D, 1R 93D, 2R
1930 R.A. Gray (D)
1931 Cary D. Landis (D) 38D 95D
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
1933 David Sholtz (D) James Martin Lee (D) 94D, 1R 5D
1934
1935 95D
1936 Scott Loftin (D) William Luther Hill (D)
1937 Fred P. Cone (D) Colin English (D) Charles O. Andrews (D) Claude Pepper (D)
1938 George Couper Gibbs (D)
1939
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 Spessard Holland (D) J. Thomas Watson (D) J. Edwin Larson (D)
1942
1943 6D
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 Millard F. Caldwell (D)
1946 Clarence M. Gay (D) Spessard Holland (D)
1947 94D, 1R
1948 Harry Truman and Alben Barkley (D) Green tickY
1949 Fuller Warren (D) Richard Ervin (D)[22] Thomas D. Bailey (D) 95D
1950
1951 92D, 3R George Smathers (D)
1952 Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R) Green tickY
1953 Daniel T. McCarty (D)[13] 37D, 1R 90D, 5R 8D
Charley Eugene Johns (D)[4]
1954
1955 LeRoy Collins (D) Ray E. Green (D) 89D, 6R 7D, 1R
1956
1957
1958
1959 92D, 3R
1960 Lee Thompson (D) Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) Red XN
1961 C. Farris Bryant (D) Thomas Burton Adams, Jr. (D) Doyle Conner (D) 88D, 7R
1962
1963 41D, 2R[23] 109D, 16R[24] 10D, 2R
1964 James W. Kynes (D)[25] Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1965 W. Haydon Burns (D) Earl Faircloth (D) Fred O. Dickinson (D) Broward Williams (D) Floyd T. Christian (D) 102D, 10R
1966
1967 Claude R. Kirk, Jr. (R) 28D, 20R[26] 80D, 39R[27] 9D, 3R
1968 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1969 Ray C. Osborn (R)[28] 32D, 16R 77D, 42R Edward J. Gurney (R)
1970
1971 Reubin Askew (D) Thomas Burton Adams, Jr. (D) Richard Stone (D) Robert Shevin (D) Thomas D. O'Malley (D) 33D, 15R 81D, 38R Lawton Chiles (D)
1972
1973 25D, 14R, 1I 77D, 43R 11D, 4R
1974 Dorothy Glisson (D)
1975 J. H. Williams (D) Bruce Smathers (D)[29] Gerald A. Lewis (D) Philip F. Ashler (D) Ralph Turlington (D) 27D, 12R, 1I 86D, 34R Richard Stone (D) 10D, 5R
1976 Bill Gunter (D) Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Green tickY
1977 30D, 9R, 1I 92D, 28R
1978 Jesse J. McCrary, Jr. (D)[25]
1979 Bob Graham (D)[30] Wayne Mixson (D) George Firestone (D) James C. Smith (D) 29D, 11R 89D, 31R 12D, 3R
1980 Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush (R) Green tickY
1981 27D, 13R 81D, 39R Paula Hawkins (R) 11D, 4R
1982
1983 32D, 8R 84D, 36R 13D, 6R
1984
1985 31D, 9R 77D, 43R 12D, 7R
1986 30D, 10R[31]
1987 Wayne Mixson (D)[14] vacant James C. Smith (R) Bob Butterworth (D) Betty Castor (D) 25D, 15R 73D, 47R Bob Graham (D)
Bob Martinez (R) Bobby Brantley (R)
1988 George H.W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1989 Tom Gallagher (R) 23D, 17R 70D, 50R Connie Mack III (R) 11R, 8D
1990
1991 Lawton Chiles (D)[13] Buddy MacKay (D) Bob Crawford (D) 74D, 46R 10R, 9D
1992 22D, 18R George H.W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Red XN
1993 20D, 20R[32] 71D, 49R 13R, 10D
1994 Douglas L. Jamerson (D)
1995 Sandra Mortham (R) Bob Milligan (R) Bill Nelson (D) Frank Brogan (R) 22R, 18D 63D, 57R 15R, 8D
1996 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1997 61R, 59D
1998 66R, 54D[33]
1999 Buddy MacKay (D)[14] vacant Katherine Harris (R) Tom Gallagher (R) 23R, 17D 73R, 47D
Jeb Bush (R) Frank Brogan (R)
2000 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R) Green tickY
2001 Tom Gallagher (R) Charlie Crist (R) Charles H. Bronson (R) 25R, 15D 77R, 43D Bill Nelson (D)
2002 Richard E. Doran (R)
Year Governor Lt. Governor Sec. of State[34] Attorney General Comptroller[35] Treasurer[36] Comm. of Ed. [37] Comm. of Ag. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

2003-Present[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lt. Governor Attorney General CFO Comm. of Ag. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
2003 Jeb Bush (R) Toni Jennings (R) Charlie Crist (R) Tom Gallagher (R) Charles H. Bronson (R) 26R, 14D 81R, 39D Bill Nelson (D) Bob Graham (D) 18R, 7D George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R) Green tickY
2004
2005 84R, 36D Mel Martinez (R)
2006
2007 Charlie Crist (R) Jeff Kottkamp (R) Bill McCollum (R) Alex Sink (D) 78R, 42D 16R, 9D
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D) Green tickY
2009 76R, 44D 15R, 10D
2010 Charlie Crist (I) George LeMieux (R)
2011 Rick Scott (R) Jennifer Carroll (R) Pam Bondi (R) Jeffrey Atwater (R) Adam Putnam (R) 28R, 12D 81R, 39D Marco Rubio (R) 19R, 6D
2012
2013 26R, 14D 76R, 44D 17R, 10D
75R, 45D
2014 Carlos López-Cantera (R)
2015 81R, 39D
2016 Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R) Green tickY
2017 25R, 15D 79R, 41D 16R, 11D
Year Governor Lt. Governor Attorney General CFO Comm. of Ag. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The 1845 election was successfully contested in the U.S. House by the Democrat who initially lost.
  2. ^ Died in office; committed suicide due to the pending defeat of the Confederate States of America.
  3. ^ a b c Served in the Congress of the Confederate States.
  4. ^ a b As president of state Senate, filled unexpired term.
  5. ^ Resigned from office to go into hiding from approaching Union troops.
  6. ^ Appointed Provisional Governor by President Andrew Johnson following the Civil War.
  7. ^ Most sources state Walker was a Democrat; the state archives say he was "Conservative". He was formerly a Whig, Know Nothing, and Constitutional Unionist, and he ran in the 1868 election as an "Independent Republican." "David Shelby Walker". State Library and Archives of Florida. Archived from the original on January 23, 2011. Retrieved April 4, 2017. "United States Gubernatorial Elections, 1861-1911". Retrieved April 4, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c Elected in 1865, but his credentials were not accepted by the Congress.
  9. ^ Was popularly elected; assumed office on June 8, 1868. It was not until July 4, 1868, however, that the military commander of Florida, still under Reconstruction, recognized the validity of the state constitution and the election.
  10. ^ The Legislature rejected the returns from three Senate districts; had they been admitted, the Senate would have been tied 12-12.
  11. ^ The Legislature rejected the returns from nine House districts; had they been admitted, the House would have had a 28-23 Democratic majority with 1 Independent.
  12. ^ The 1870 election was successfully contested in the U.S. House by the Democrat who initially lost.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Died in office.
  14. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  15. ^ The 1874 election for the 2nd District was successfully contested in the U.S. House by the Democrat who initially lost.
  16. ^ The 1876 election for the 2nd District was successfully contested in the U.S. House by the Democrat who initially lost.
  17. ^ The 1878 election for the 2nd District was successfully contested in the U.S. House by the Republican who initially lost.
  18. ^ The 1880 election for the 2nd District was successfully contested in the U.S. House by the Republican who initially lost.
  19. ^ Though not winning enough seats to form an outright majority, the Democrats received enough votes to claim the Speakership and organize the House.
  20. ^ Initially appointed to fill vacancy; later elected in his own right.
  21. ^ Three counties were added to the state in 1925 after the Legislature started, adding three seats to the House mid-term.
  22. ^ Resigned in order to accept appointment to the Florida Supreme Court.
  23. ^ Due to the effects of Baker vs. Carr, the 1962 midterms were thrown out by a court, and a redistricting was conducted with new elections thereafter. The original results for the Senate yielded a 37-1 Democrat majority.
  24. ^ Due to the effects of Baker vs. Carr, the 1962 midterms were thrown out by a court, and a redistricting was conducted with new elections thereafter. The original results for the House yielded a 90-5 Democrat majority.
  25. ^ a b Appointed by governor to fill vacancy.
  26. ^ Due to additional efforts to satisfy "one man, one vote"-style redistricting failing, the 1966 midterms were thrown out by a court, and a redistricting by the judiciary was conducted with new elections thereafter. The original results for the Senate yielded a 37-11 Democrat majority.
  27. ^ Due to additional efforts to satisfy "one man, one vote"-style redistricting failing, the 1966 midterms were thrown out by a court, and a redistricting by the judiciary was conducted with new elections thereafter. The original results for the House yielded a 91-26 Democrat majority.
  28. ^ First lieutenant governor under the state constitution of 1968 and the state's first lieutenant governor since 1889. Appointed by Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr.
  29. ^ Resigned in order to run for governor.
  30. ^ Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
  31. ^ Republican Ander Crenshaw won a special election to a vacant seat, flipping the seat from the Democrats to the Republicans.
  32. ^ Due to the split chamber, the Republicans and the Democrats worked out a deal where the GOP received the Senate Presidency in 1993, and the Democrats received it in 1994.
  33. ^ Several members switched parties in between the 1996 and 1998 elections.
  34. ^ Beginning in 2003, office was no longer elected.
  35. ^ Beginning in 2003, replaced by Chief Financial Officer of Florida.
  36. ^ Beginning in 2003, replaced by Chief Financial Officer of Florida.
  37. ^ Beginning in 2003, office was no longer elected.

See also[edit]