Political party strength in Illinois

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Illinois is a Democratic stronghold and one of the "big three" Democratic states alongside California and New York. It is also considered one of the most Democratic states in the nation.[1] Political party strength in Illinois is highly dependent upon the county, and the state's reputation as a blue state rests upon the fact that the majority of its population and political power is concentrated in Chicago, Cook County, and the Chicago metropolitan area. Outside of this region, downstate Illinois can be considered a purple state.

Illinois' electoral college votes have gone towards the Democratic presidential candidate for the past six elections, and its congressional makeup tilts heavily Democratic.

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Illinois:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:


The parties are as follows:   Adams (A),   Democratic (D),   Democratic-Republican (DR),   Independent (I),   Jacksonian (J),   National Union (NU),   Republican (R), and   a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Comptroller/
Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class 2) U.S. Senator (Class 3) U.S. House
1809 Ninian Edwards (DR)[3]
Shadrach Bond (DR) Pierre Menard (DR) Elias Kane (DR) Jesse B. Thomas (DR) Ninian Edwards (DR) John McLean (DR)
1819 Daniel P. Cook (DR)
1820 James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
1822 Samuel D. Lockwood (DR)
1823 Edward Coles (DR) Adolphus Hubbard (DR) David Blackwell (DR)
1824 Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (DR)
Morris Birkbeck (DR) John McLean (DR)
1825 George Forquer (DR) Jesse B. Thomas (A) Elias Kane (J) Daniel P. Cook (A)
1827 Ninian Edwards (DR) William Kinney (DR) Joseph Duncan (J)
1828 Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (D)
1829 Alexander P. Field (D) John McLean (J)
David J. Baker (J)
1831 John Reynolds (D)[4] Zadok Casey (D)[4] John M. Robinson (J)
1832 Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D)
1833 3J
William Lee D. Ewing (D)
William Lee D. Ewing (D)[5] vacant
1835 Joseph Duncan (D) Alexander Jenkins (D)[6]
1836 William Lee D. Ewing (J) Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson (D)
1837 William H. Davidson (D) Richard M. Young (D) 3D
1839 Thomas Carlin (D) Stinson Anderson (D) 2D, 1W
Stephen A. Douglas (D)
1841 Lyman Trumbull (D) Samuel McRoberts (D) 1D, 1ID, 1W
1843 Thomas Ford (D) John Moore (D) Thompson Campbell (D) Sidney Breese (D) 6D, 1W
James Semple (D)
1844 James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D)
1847 Augustus C. French (D) Joseph Wells (D) Horace S. Cooley (D) Stephen A. Douglas (D)
1848 office abolished 1848–1867 John Moore (D) Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D)
1849 William McMurtry (D) James Shields (D)
1850 David L. Gregg (D)
1852 Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)
1853 Joel Aldrich Matteson (D) Gustav Koerner (D) Alexander Starne (D) 5D, 4W
1855 Lyman Trumbull (D) 5D, 2O, 2R
1856 James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D)
1857 William Henry Bissell (R)[7] John Wood (R) Ozias M. Hatch (R) Jesse K. Dubois (R) James Miller (R) 13D, 12R 55D, 30R Lyman Trumbull (R) 5D, 4R
1859 14D, 11R 40D, 35R
1860 Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R)
John Wood (R)[5] Thomas Marshall (D)
1861 Richard Yates (R) Francis Hoffmann (R) William Butler (R) 13R, 12D 41R, 34D
Orville H. Browning (R)
1863 Alexander Starne (D) 13D, 12R 55D, 30R William A. Richardson (D) 9D, 5R
1864 Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU)
1865 Richard J. Oglesby (R) William Bross (R) Sharon Tyndale (R) Orlin H. Miner (R) James H. Beveridge (R) 14R, 11D 51R, 34D Richard Yates (R) 11R, 3D
1867 Robert G. Ingersoll (R) George W. Smith (R) 16R, 9D 60R, 25D
1868 Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R)
1869 John M. Palmer (R) John Dougherty (R) Edward Rummel (R) Washington Bushnell (R) Charles E. Lippincott (R) Erastus N. Bates (R) 18R, 7D 58R, 27D 10R, 4D
1871 30R, 20D 98R, 76D, 1I John A. Logan (R) 8R, 6D
1872 Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R)
1873 Richard J. Oglesby (R)[8] John L. Beveridge (R) George H. Harlow (R) James K. Edsall (R) Edward Rutz (R) 33R, 18D[9] 86R, 67D 14R, 5D
John L. Beveridge (R)[5] John Early (R) Richard J. Oglesby (R)
1875 Archibald A. Glenn (D) Thomas S. Ridgway (R) 24R, 18D, 9I[10] 69R, 42D, 41I[11] 10D, 7R, 2I
1876 11D, 6R, 2I Rutherford B. Hayes and William A. Wheeler (R)
1877 Shelby Moore Cullom (R)[12] Andrew Shuman (R) Thomas B. Needles (R) Edward Rutz (R) 22D, 21R, 8I[13] 79R, 67D, 7I David Davis (I) 12R, 7D
1879 John C. Smith (R) 26R, 24D, 1I 80R, 60D, 10G, 3S John A. Logan (R) 12R, 6D, 1G
1880 James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R)
1881 John M. Hamilton (R) Henry D. Dement (R) James McCartney (R) Charles P. Swigert (R) Edward Rutz (R) 32R, 18D, 1S 82R, 71D 13R, 6D
1883 John M. Hamilton (R)[5] William J. Campbell (R) John C. Smith (R) 31R, 20D 77R, 75D, 1I Shelby Moore Cullom (R) 11R, 8D, 1ID
1884 James G. Blaine and John A. Logan (R)
1885 Richard J. Oglesby (R) John C. Smith (R) George Hunt (R) Jacob Gross (R) 26R, 25D 76D, 76R, 1I[14] 10D, 10R
1887 John Riley Tanner (R) 33R, 18D 92R, 61D Charles B. Farwell (R) 14R, 6D
1888 Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton (R)
1889 Joseph W. Fifer (R) Lyman Beecher Ray (R) Isaac N. Pearson (R) Charles W. Pavey (R) Charles Becker (R) 33R, 18D 92R, 61D 13R, 7D
1891 Edward S. Wilson (D) 27R, 24D 77D, 73R, 3FA John M. Palmer (D) 14D, 6R
1892 Grover Cleveland and Adlai Stevenson I (D)
1893 John Peter Altgeld (D) Joseph B. Gill (D) William H. Hinrichsen (D) Maurice T. Moloney (D) David Gore (D) Rufus N. Ramsay (D) 29D, 22R 78D, 75R 11D, 11R
1895 Henry Wulff (R) 33R, 18D 92R, 61D 20R, 2D
1896 22R William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R)
1897 John Riley Tanner (R) William Northcott (R) James A. Rose (R) Edward C. Akin (R) James S. McCullough (R) Henry L. Hertz (R) 39R, 11D, 1P 89R, 62D, 2P William E. Mason (R) 17R, 5D
1899 Floyd K. Whittlemore (R) 34R, 16D, 1P 81R, 71D, 1Proh. 14R, 8D
1900 William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)
1901 Richard Yates Jr. (R) Howland J. Hamlin (R) Moses O. Williamson (R) 32R, 19D 81R, 72D 11D, 11R
1903 Fred A. Busse (R) 36R, 15D 88R, 62D, 2Pub. Own., 1Proh. Albert J. Hopkins (R) 17R, 8D
1904 Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1905 Charles S. Deneen (R) Lawrence Y. Sherman (R) William H. Stead (R) Len Small (R) 41R, 10D 91R, 57D, 3Proh., 2S 24R, 1D
1907 John F. Smulski (R) 44R, 7D 90R, 60D, 3Proh. 20R, 5D
1908 William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R)
1909 John G. Oglesby (R) Andrew Russel (R) 38R, 13D 88R, 65D William Lorimer (R) 19R, 6D
1911 Edward E. Mitchell (R) 34R, 17D 82R, 68D, 2I, 1Proh. 14R, 11D
1912 Cornelius J. Doyle (R) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)
1913 Edward F. Dunne (D) Barratt O'Hara (D) Harry Woods (D) Patrick J. Lucey (D) James J. Brady (D) William F. Ryan, Jr. (D) 25R, 24D, 2Prog.[15] 71D, 52R, 27Prog., 3S[16] J. Hamilton Lewis (D) Lawrence Y. Sherman (R) 20D, 5R, 2Prog.
1915 Lewis Stevenson (D) Andrew Russel (R) 25D, 25R, 1Prog.[17] 79R, 70D, 2S, 1I, 1Prog. 16R, 10D, 1Prog.
1916 Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1917 Frank O. Lowden (R) John G. Oglesby (R) Louis L. Emmerson (R) Edward J. Brundage (R) Andrew Russel (R) Len Small (R) 33R, 18D 85R, 67D, 1I 21R, 6D
1919 Fred E. Sterling (R) 34R, 17D 90R, 63D Joseph M. McCormick (R) 22R, 5D
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)
1921 Len Small (R) Fred E. Sterling (R) Edward E. Miller (R) 43R, 8D 95R, 58D William B. McKinley (R) 24R, 3D
1923 Oscar Nelson (R) 42R, 9D 89R, 63D, 1I 20R, 7D
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)
1925 Oscar E. Carlstrom (R) Oscar Nelson (R) Omer N. Custer (R) 38R, 13D 94R, 59D Charles S. Deneen (R) 22R, 5D
1927 Garrett D. Kinney (R) 41R, 10D 93R, 60D vacant 20R, 7D
1928 Otis F. Glenn (R) Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)
1929 Louis L. Emmerson (R) William J. Stratton (R) Omer N. Custer (R) 40R, 11D 91R, 62D 21R, 6D
1931 Edward J. Barrett (D) 33R, 18D 81R, 72D J. Hamilton Lewis (D) 15R, 12D
1932 14R, 13D Franklin D. Roosevelt and John N. Garner (D)
1933 Henry Horner (D)[7] Thomas Donovan (D) Edward J. Hughes (D) Otto Kerner Sr. (D)[18] Edward J. Barrett (D) John C. Martin (D) 33D, 18R 80D, 73R William H. Dieterich (D) 19D, 8R
1935 John H. Stelle (D) 35D, 16R 84D, 69R 21D, 6R
1937 John H. Stelle (D) John C. Martin (D) 34D, 17R 86D, 67R
1939 John E. Cassidy (D)[19] Louie E. Lewis (D) 30D, 21R 80R, 73D Scott W. Lucas (D) 17D, 10R
1940 James M. Slattery (D)
John H. Stelle (D)[5] vacant Charles W. Brooks (R) Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)
1941 Dwight H. Green (R) Hugh W. Cross (R) George F. Barrett (R) Arthur C. Lueder (R) Warren Wright (R) 28R, 23D 79R, 74D 16R, 11D
1943 William G. Stratton (R) 84R, 69D 19R, 7D
1944 Richard Y. Rowe (R) Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)
1945 Edward J. Barrett (D) Conrad F. Becker (R) 34R, 17D 78R, 75D 15R, 11D
1947 Richard Y. Rowe (R) 37R, 14D 87R, 66D 20R, 6D
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)
1949 Adlai Stevenson II (D) Sherwood Dixon (D) Ivan A. Elliott (D) Benjamin O. Cooper (D) Ora Smith (D) 33R, 18D 79D, 74R Paul Douglas (D) 14R, 12D
1951 William G. Stratton (R) 31R, 27D 84R, 69D Everett Dirksen (R) 18R, 8D
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)
1953 William G. Stratton (R) John W. Chapman (R) Charles F. Carpentier (R) Latham Castle (R)[18] Orville Hodge (R) Elmer J. Hoffman (R) 38R, 13D 16R, 9D
1955 Warren Wright (R) 32R, 19D 79R, 74D 13R, 12D
1956 Lloyd Morey (R)[19]
1957 Elbert S. Smith (R) Elmer J. Hoffman (R) 38R, 20D 94R, 83D 14R, 11D
1959 Grenville Beardsley (R)[7] Joseph D. Lohman (D) 34R, 24D 92D, 85R 14D, 11R
1960 William L. Guild (R)[19] John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)
1961 Otto Kerner Jr. (D)[18] Samuel H. Shapiro (D) William G. Clark (D) Michael J. Howlett (D) 31R, 27D 89R, 88D
1962 Francis S. Lorenz (D)
1963 William J. Scott (R) 35R, 23D 90R, 87D 12D, 12R
1964 William H. Chamberlain (D) Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)
1965 Paul Powell (D) 33R, 25D 118D, 59R 13D, 11R
1967 Adlai Stevenson III (D) 38R, 20D 99R, 78D Charles H. Percy (R) 12D, 12R
Samuel H. Shapiro (D)[5] vacant Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)
1969 Richard B. Ogilvie (R) Paul Simon (D) William J. Scott (R)[20] 94R, 83D
Ralph Tyler Smith (R)
1971 John W. Lewis, Jr. (R) Alan J. Dixon (D) 29D, 29R[21] 90R, 87D Adlai Stevenson III (D)
1973 Dan Walker (D) Neil Hartigan (D) Michael J. Howlett (D) George W. Lindberg (R) 30R, 29D 92R, 84D, 1I 14R, 10D
1975 34D, 25R 98D, 76R, 3I 13D, 11R
1976 Gerald Ford and Bob Dole (R)
1977 James R. Thompson (R) Dave O'Neal (R)[6] Alan J. Dixon (D) Michael Bakalis (D) Donald R. Smith (R) 93D, 83R, 1I 12D, 12R
1979 Roland Burris (D) Jerome Cosentino (D) 32D, 27R 88D, 88R, 1I[22] 13R, 11D
1980 Tyrone C. Fahner (R)[23] 14R, 10D Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)
1981 30D, 29R 91R, 85D, 1I Alan J. Dixon (D)
vacant Jim Edgar (R)[24]
1983 George Ryan (R) Neil Hartigan (D) James Donnewald (D) 33D, 26R 70D, 48R 12D, 10R
1985 31D, 28R 67D, 51R Paul Simon (D) 13D, 9R
1987 Jerome Cosentino (D)
1988 George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R)
1989 68D, 50R 14D, 8R
1991 Jim Edgar (R) Bob Kustra (R)[6] George Ryan (R) Roland Burris (D) Dawn Clark Netsch (D) Pat Quinn (D) 72D, 46R 15D, 7R
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)
1993 32R, 27D 67D, 51R Carol Moseley Braun (D) 12D, 8R
1995 Jim Ryan (R) Loleta Didrickson (R) Judy Baar Topinka (R) 33R, 26D 64R, 54D 10D, 10R
1997 31R, 28D 60D, 58R Dick Durbin (D)
1999 George Ryan (R) Corinne Wood (R) Jesse White (D) Daniel Hynes (D) 32R, 27D 62D, 56R Peter Fitzgerald (R)
2000 Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)
2003 Rod Blagojevich (D)[25] Pat Quinn (D) Lisa Madigan (D) 32D, 26R, 1I 66D, 52R 10R, 9D
2004 John Kerry and John Edwards (D)
2005 31D, 27R, 1I 65D, 53R Barack Obama (D)[26] 10D, 9R
2007 Alexi Giannoulias (D) 37D, 22R 66D, 52R
10D, 8R
2008 67D, 51R Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)
11D, 8R
2009 Pat Quinn (D)[5] vacant 70D, 48R Roland Burris (D)[19] 12D, 7R
2011 Sheila Simon (D) Judy Baar Topinka (R)[7] Dan Rutherford (R) 35D, 24R 64D, 54R Mark Kirk (R) 11R, 8D
2013 40D, 19R 71D, 47R 12D, 6R
2015 Bruce Rauner (R) Evelyn Sanguinetti (R) Jerry Stermer (D)[27] Mike Frerichs (D) 39D, 20R 10D, 8R
Leslie Munger (R)[19]
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Comptroller/
Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress


Gallery of Illinois election results
Illinois in the 2004 Presidential election. Kerry v. Bush
Illinois in the 2008 Presidential Election. Obama v. McCain
Illinois' gubernatorial race in 2010. Notice Pat Quinn's win despite the rest of the state's overwhelming support for Republican candidate Bill Brady. Notice that Quinn and Giannoulias won the same counties. 
2010 US Senate election results in Illinois. The Republicans gain a seat in the Senate with Mark Kirk's victory. Notice Giannoulias won the same counties as Quinn. 
2004 US Senate election results in Illinois. Obama was elected Senator. 

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.nbcchicago.com/blogs/ward-room/Illinois-The-Most-Democratic-State-126772408.html
  2. ^ a b The Office of Illinois Auditor of Public Accounts existed from 1818-1973, when it was eliminated by the 1970 Constitution and replaced with the office of Comptroller. George W. Lindberg was the first Illinois Comptroller
  3. ^ Territorial governor.
  4. ^ a b Resigned following election to United States House of Representatives.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g As acting lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  6. ^ a b c Resigned.
  7. ^ a b c d Died in office.
  8. ^ Resigned so that Lieutenant Governor John Lourie Beveridge, acting as governor, would appoint him to the United States Senate.
  9. ^ Due to the ascension of Lt. Gov. Beveridge to the Governorship after Gov. Oglesby took a U.S. Senate seat, the President Pro Tempore elected by the Senate, John Early, became acting Lt. Governor. p. 193
  10. ^ A coalition of Democrats and Independents came together to run the Senate, and chose Archibald A. Glenn, a Democrat, to be President Pro Tempore. Due to the vacancy in the Lt. Governorship from John Beveridge ascending to be Governor in 1873, Glenn also became acting Lt. Governor. p. 193
  11. ^ A coalition of Democrats and Independents came together to run the House, and chose Elijah M. Haines, a Independent, to be Speaker. p. 193
  12. ^ Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
  13. ^ A coalition of Democrats and Independents came together to run the Senate, and chose Fawcett Plumb, an Independent tied to the Farmers' Association, to be President Pro Tempore. p. 193
  14. ^ The Independent, Elijah M. Haines, was elected Speaker with Democratic support, giving them control.
  15. ^ With the support of the Progressive members, the Democrats named the President Pro Tempore and controlled the chamber.
  16. ^ After 76 ballots, a Democrat, William B. McKinley, was elected Speaker with Republican votes. p. 100
  17. ^ With the support of the Progressive member, the Democrats named the President Pro Tempore and controlled the chamber.
  18. ^ a b c Resigned to take seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
  19. ^ a b c d e Appointed to fill vacancy.
  20. ^ Removed from Office upon tax fraud conviction: "Ex-Illinois Attorney General Loses Tax Conviction Plea". New York Times. 20 September 1980. Retrieved on 11 Feb. 2009.
  21. ^ With a Democratic Lt. Governor, the Democrats retained the Senate majority and the Senate Presidency.
  22. ^ The Independent, Taylor Pouncey, caucused with the Democrats, giving them the votes to control the Speakership and run the House. [1]
  23. ^ Appointed to fill Attorney General William J. Scott's term upon Scott's removal from office.
  24. ^ Initially appointed to fill vacancy; later elected in his own right.
  25. ^ Impeached and removed from office by the state legislature on corruption charges.
  26. ^ Resigned following election as president of the United States.
  27. ^ Appointed by Pat Quinn to fill Baar Topinka's vacancy. Stepped aside to allow Gov. Rauner to appoint a successor.
  • Regarding resignations and appointments; the person who held the office for the majority of the year is listed as the office holder for that year.