Political party strength in Iowa

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Iowa:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   Democratic (D),   Republican (R),   Free Soil (FS), and   Whig (W).

Year Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lt. Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Sec. of Ag. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1846 Ansel Briggs (D) Elisha Cutler Jr. (D) 12D, 6W 23W, 17D 2D
1847 George W. Jones (D) Augustus C. Dodge (D)
1848 Josiah H. Bonney (D) Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler (D)
1849 11D, 8W 28D, 11W 1D, 1W
1850 George W. McClearly (D)
1851 Stephen P. Hempstead (D) 13D, 5W 34D, 5W 2D
1852 Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)
1853 David C. Cloud (D) 20D, 11W 40D, 23W 1D, 1W
1854
1855 James W. Grimes (W) 17D, 14W 40W, 31D James Harlan (FS)
1856 Elijah Sells (R) Samuel Allen Rice (R) John C. Frémont and William L. Dayton (R)
1857 23R, 12D 44R, 26D James Harlan (R) 2R
1858 Ralph P. Lowe (R) Oran Faville (R) 22R, 14D[1] 42R, 30D[2]
1859 James W. Grimes (R)
1860 Samuel J. Kirkwood (R) Nicholas J. Rusch (R) 23R, 20D 49R, 37D Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R)
1861 Charles C. Nourse (R)
1862 John R. Needham (R) 32R, 14D 60R, 34D
1863 James Wright (R) 6R
1864 William M. Stone (R) Enoch W. Eastman (R) 42R, 4D 87R, 5D Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU)
1865 Isaac L. Allen (R) Samuel J. Kirkwood (R)
1866 Benjamin F. Gue (R) Frederick E. Bissell (R) 42R, 5D 83R, 15D
1867 Ed Wright (R) Henry O'Connor (R) James Harlan (R)
1868 Samuel Merrill (R) John Scott (R) 42R, 7D 86R, 14D Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R)
1869
1870 Madison Miner Walden (R) 43R, 7D James B. Howell (R)
1871 Henry C. Bulis (R) George G. Wright (R)
1872 Cyrus C. Carpenter (R) Marsena E. Cutts (R) 42R, 8D 78R, 22D Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R)
1873 Josiah T. Young (R) William B. Allison (R) 9R
1874 Joseph Dysart (R) Buren R. Sherman (R) 34R, 10I, 6D 50R, 44I, 6D[3]
1875 8R, 1D
1876 Samuel J. Kirkwood (R)[4] Joshua G. Newbold (R) 41R, 9D 70R, 30D Rutherford B. Hayes and William A. Wheeler (R)
1877 John F. McJunkin (R) Samuel J. Kirkwood (R) 9R
Joshua G. Newbold (R)[5] vacant
1878 John H. Gear (R) Frank T. Campbell (R) 38R, 12D 73R, 25D, 2G
1879 John A. T. Hull (R) 7R, 2G
1880 41R, 7D, 2G 82R, 14D, 4G James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R)
1881 Smith McPherson (R) William V. Lucas (R) Edwin H. Conger (R) James W. McDill (R) 9R
1882 Buren R. Sherman (R) Orlando H. Manning (R) 46R, 2D, 2G 71R, 22D, 7G
1883 James F. Wilson (R) 8R, 2D, 1G
1884 39R, 11D 52R, 42D, 6G 6R, 4D, 1G James G. Blaine and John A. Logan (R)
1885 Frank D. Jackson (R) Andrew J. Baker (R) Voltaire P. Twombly (R) 7R, 2D, 1G
1886 William Larrabee (R) John A. T. Hull (R) 31R, 19D 60R, 39D, 1I
1887 8R, 1D, 1G, 1Ind.R
1888 35R, 15D 64R, 33D, 3I Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton (R)
1889 John Y. Stone (R) 10R, 1D
1890 Horace Boies (D) Alfred N. Poyneer (R) 28R, 20D, 1 Union Lab., 1I 50D, 45R, 4I, 1 Union Lab.[6]
1891 William M. McFarland (R) 6D, 5R
1892 Samuel L. Bestow (D) 25D, 24R, 1P[7] 54R, 45D, 1I Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R)
1893 10R, 1D
1894 Frank D. Jackson (R) Warren S. Dungan (R) 34R, 16D 79R, 21D
1895 Milton Remley (R) John H. Gear (R) 11R
1896 Francis M. Drake (R) Matt Parrott (R) 43R, 7D 80R, 20D William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R)
1897 George L. Dobson (R)
1898 Leslie M. Shaw (R) James C. Milliman (R) 39R, 11D 62R, 38D
1899
1900 42R, 8D 81R, 19D William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)
1901 William B. Martin (R) Charles W. Mullan (R) Frank Merriam (R) Jonathan P. Dolliver (R)
1902 Albert B. Cummins (R)[4] John Herriott (R) 39R, 11D 84R, 16D
1903 Beryl F. Carroll (R) 10R, 1D
1904 42R, 8D 78R, 22D Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1905 11R
1906 40R, 10D[8] 82R, 18D[9]
1907 Warren Garst (R) William C. Hayward (R) John F. Riggs 36R, 14D 75R, 33D 10R, 1D
1908 William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R)
Warren Garst (R)[5] vacant
1909 Beryl F. Carroll (R) George W. Clarke (R) Howard Webster Byers (R) 34R, 16D 80R, 28D Albert B. Cummins (R)
1910 Lafayette Young (R)
1911 George Cosson (R) 70R, 38D
1912 William S. Kenyon (R) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)
1913 George W. Clarke (R) William L. Harding (R) William S. Allen (R) 33R, 17D 66R, 42D 8R, 3D
1914
1915 35R, 15D 76R, 32D 10R, 1D
1916 Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1917 William L. Harding (R) Ernest Robert Moore (R) H. M. Havner (R) 40R, 10D 94R, 14D 11R
1918
1919 W. C. Ramsay (R) 45R, 5D 93R, 15D
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)
1921 N. E. Kendall (R) John Hammill (R) Ben J. Gibson (R) 48R, 2D 101R, 6D, 1I
1922 Smith W. Brookhart (R)
1923 46R, 4D 91R, 16D, 1I
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)
1925 John Hammill (R) Clem F. Kimball (R) 45R, 4D, 1I 101R, 7D
1926 Daniel F. Steck (D)
1927 John Fletcher (R) 48R, 1D, 1ID 95R, 13D Smith W. Brookhart (R)
1928 Arch W. McFarlane (R) Ed M. Smith (R) Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)
1929 48R, 2D 96R, 12D
1930
1931 Daniel Webster Turner (R) G. C. Greenwalt (R) 44R, 6D 71R, 37D Lester J. Dickinson (R) 10R, 1D
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)
1933 Clyde L. Herring (D) Nelson G. Kraschel (D) Ola Babcock Miller (D) Edward L. O'Connor (D) 25D, 25R[10] 76D, 32R Richard L. Murphy (D) 6D, 3R
1934
1935 28D, 22R 58D, 50R
1936
1937 Nelson G. Kraschel (D) John K. Valentine (D) Robert E. O'Brien (D) John H. Mitchell (D) 54D, 54R[11] Clyde L. Herring (D) Guy Mark Gillette (D) 5D, 4R
1938
1939 George A. Wilson (R) Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R) Earl G. Miller (R) Fred D. Everett (R) C. B. (Chet) Akers (R) W. G. C. Bagley (R) 38R, 12D 89R, 19D 7R, 2D
1940 Wendell Willkie and Charles L. McNary (R)
1941 John M. Rankin (R) 45R, 5D 87R, 21D
1942 8R, 1D
1943 Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R) Robert D. Blue (R) Wayne N. Ropes (R) 98R, 10D George A. Wilson (R) 8R
1944 Thomas E. Dewey and John W. Bricker (R)
1945 Robert D. Blue (R) Kenneth A. Evans (R) 91R, 17D Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R)
1946
1947 Rolo H. Bergeson (R) Robert L. Larson (R) 44R, 6D 98R, 10D
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)
1949 William S. Beardsley (R)[12] Melvin D. Synhorst (R) 43R, 7D 79R, 29D Guy Gillette (D)
1950 Clyde Spry (R)
1951 William H. Nicholas (R) M. L. Abrahamson (R) 41R, 9D 93R, 15D
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)
1953 Leo Elthon (R) Leo Hoegh (R) 46R, 4D 105R, 3D
1954
Leo Elthon (R)[5] vacant
1955 Leo Hoegh (R) Leo Elthon (R) Dayton Countryman (R) 44R, 6D 90R, 18D Thomas E. Martin (R)
1956
1957 Herschel C. Loveless (D) William H. Nicholas (R) Norman A. Erbe (R) 40R, 10D 71R, 37D 7R, 1D
1958
1959 Edward J. McManus (D) 33R, 17D 58R, 50D 4D, 4R
1960 5R, 3D Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (R)
1961 Norman A. Erbe (R) W. L. Mooty (D) Evan Hultman (R) L. B. Liddy (R) 35R, 15D 78R, 30D Jack Miller (R) 6R, 2D
1962
1963 Harold E. Hughes (D)[4] 38R, 12D 6R, 1D
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)
1965 Robert D. Fulton (D) Gary L. Cameron (D) Lawrence F. Scalise (D) Lorne R Worthington (D) Paul Franzenburg (R) Kenneth E Owen (D) 34D, 25R 101D, 23R 6D, 1R
1966
1967 Melvin D. Synhorst (R)[13] Richard C. Turner (R) Lloyd R. Smith (R) L. B. Liddy (R) 32D, 29R 89R, 35D 5R, 2D
1968 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)
1969 Robert D. Ray (R) Roger Jepsen (R) Maurice E. Baringer (R) 44R, 17D 86R, 38D Harold E. Hughes (D)
1970
1971 38R, 12D 63R, 37D
1972
1973 Arthur A. Neu (R) Robert H. Lounsberry (R) 28R, 22D 57R, 43D Dick Clark (D) 3D, 3R
1974
1975 26D, 24R 61D, 39R John Culver (D) 5D, 1R
1976 Gerald Ford and Bob Dole (R)
1977 59D, 41R 4D, 2R
1978
1979 Terry Branstad (R) Tom Miller (D) Richard D. Johnson (R) 28R, 22D 57R, 43D Roger Jepsen (R) 3D, 3R
1980 Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush (R)
1981 Mary Jane Odell (R) 29R, 21D 58R, 42D Chuck Grassley (R)
1982
1983 Terry Branstad (R) Robert T. Anderson (D) Michael Fitzgerald (D) 28D, 22R 60D, 40R
1984
1985 29D, 21D Tom Harkin (D) 4R, 2D
1986
1987 Jo Ann Zimmerman (D) Elaine Baxter (D) Dale M. Cochran (D) 30D, 20R 58D, 42R
1988 Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D)
1989 61D, 39R
1990
1991 Joy Corning (R) Bonnie J. Campbell (D) 28D, 22R 53D, 47R
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)
1993 26D, 24R 51R, 49D 4R, 1D
1994
1995 Paul Pate (R) Tom Miller (D) 27D, 23R 64R, 36D 5R
1996
1997 29R, 21D 54R, 46D 4R, 1D
1998
1999 Tom Vilsack (D) Sally Pederson (D) Chet Culver (D) Patty Judge (D) 30R, 20D 56R, 44D
2000 Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)
2001
2002
2003 David A. Vaudt (R) 29R, 21D 54R, 46D
2004 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R)
2005 25D, 25R 51R, 49D
2006
2007 Chet Culver (D) Patty Judge (D) Michael Mauro (D) Bill Northey (R) 30D, 20R 54D, 46R 3D, 2R
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)
2009 32D, 18R 57D, 43R
2010
2011 Terry Branstad (R) Kim Reynolds (R) Matt Schultz (R) 26D, 24R 60R, 40D
2012
2013 53R, 46D, 1 vacancy 2D, 2R
Mary Mosiman (R)
2014 53R, 47D
2015 Paul Pate (R) 57R, 43D Joni Ernst (R) 3R, 1D
2016
Year Governor Lt. Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Sec. of Ag. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Iowa Constitution of 1857 moved the elections for state legislators from even years to odd years, making the 6th General Assembly only last one year in 1857 and the 7th last for two starting in 1858, and having the terms of newly elected or current senators last only three years.
  2. ^ The Iowa Constitution of 1857 moved the elections for state legislators from even years to odd years, making the 6th General Assembly only last one year in 1857 and the 7th last for two starting in 1858, and having the terms of past or current representatives correspond to the duration of both.
  3. ^ After 137 ballots, the Republicans and the Independent Anti-Monopolists with the Democrats, struck a deal on the evening of the 22nd of January, 1874. The Republicans controlled the Speakership under John H. Gear, but the Anti-Monopolists and Democrats controlled most of the minor offices, all standing committees' membership were split 50-50 including dual chairmem, and the investigation committees were run and led by the Anti-Monopolist coalition. p. 42-43 p. 47-53
  4. ^ a b c Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  5. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  6. ^ After 137 ballots, the Republicans and Democrats came to an agreement where the Democrats got the Speakership under John T. Hamilton, while the Republicans got the seat of Speaker pro Tempore, and the committees and minor offices were split. p. 82-88 p. 43-44
  7. ^ With a Democratic Lt. Governor in Samuel L. Bestow who was also President of the Senate, the Democrats had the tie breaking vote and were able to choose M.J. Kelly as President Pro Tempore and organize the chamber. p. 59
  8. ^ A constitutional amendment in 1905 moved the elections for state legislators from odd years to even years, making the 31st General Assembly only last one year, and the terms of newly elected or current senators last only three years.
  9. ^ A constitutional amendment in 1905 moved the elections for state legislators from odd years to even years, making the 31st General Assembly only last one year, and the terms of newly elected representatives last only one year but the ones elected in 1906 be two years.
  10. ^ The Republicans acquiesced to a Democratic President Pro Tempore, Irving H. Knudson, by unanimous consent. The Senate itself was organized on mostly bi-partisan lines. p. 4-5, 74-77
  11. ^ A Republican voted with the Democrats to elect a Democratic Speaker, LaMar Foster. Democrats were thus able to organize and control the House. p. 24-25
  12. ^ Died in office.
  13. ^ Resigned.

See also[edit]