Political party strength in Maine

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Maine:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   Democratic (D),   Democratic-Republican (DR),   Federalist (F),   Greenback (GB),   Independent (I),   National Republican (NR),   National Union (NU),   Opposition (O),   Republican (R), and   Whig (W).


Year Governor State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
District 1
U.S. House District 2 Former U.S. House Districts
1820 William King (DR)[1] DR Majority DR Majority   John Chandler (DR) At large: Joseph Dane (F) James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (DR) Green tickY
1821 DR Majority DR Majority
William D. Williamson (DR)[2][3] John Holmes (DR) Joseph Dane (F) Ezekiel Whitman (F) 5DR
Benjamin Ames (DR)[4][5]
1822 Daniel Rose (DR)[2] DR Majority DR Majority
Albion K. Parris (DR)[6] vacant
1823 DR Majority DR Majority   William Burleigh (DR) Mark Harris (DR)
Stephen Longfellow (F)
1824 DR Majority NR Majority John Quincy Adams and John C. Calhoun (DR) Green tickY
1825 DR Majority DR Majority William Burleigh (NR) John Anderson (DR) 3DR, 2NR
1826 DR Majority DR Majority
1827 Enoch Lincoln (DR)[7] DR Majority DR Majority Albion K. Parris (DR)[5] 3NR, 2DR
Rufus McIntire (DR)
1828 DR Majority DR Majority John Quincy Adams and Richard Rush (DR) Red XN
1829 DR Majority NR Majority John Holmes (NR) Peleg Sprague (NR) 3DR, 2NR
Nathan Cutler (D)[8]
1830 Joshua Hall (D)[4] 12NR, 8DR NR Majority
Jonathan Hunton (NR)
1831 Samuel E. Smith (D) 11DR, 9DR 86DR, 62NR, 1? 4DR, 1NR
1832 21DR, 4NR 100DR, 58NR, 24?, 2 vac. Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D) Green tickY
1833 15DR, 10NR 97DR, 59NR, 30? Ether Shepley (DR)[5] Francis Smith (DR) 5DR, 1NR
1834 Robert P. Dunlap (D) 21DR, 3NR, 1A-M 79DR, 39NR, 63?[9]
1835 18D, 7NR 94D, 66NR, 26? John Ruggles (D) John Fairfield (D)[5] 4DR, 2NR
1836 22D, 3NR 51D, 41NR, 94?[10] Judah Dana (DR) Martin Van Buren and Richard Mentor Johnson (D) Green tickY
1837 21D, 4W 108D, 54W, 24?   Francis Smith (D) 4D, 2W
1838 Edward Kent (W)[11] 14D, 11W 98W, 85D, 5? 3D, 3W
1839 John Fairfield (D)[5] 15D, 10W 107D, 73W, 9?. 1 vac. Reuel Williams (D)[5] Nathan Clifford (D) Albert Smith (D) 4D, 2W
1840 17D, 8W 123D, 63W, 5? William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W) Green tickY
1841 Richard H. Vose (W)[2] 18W, 7D 94W, 66D, 30?[12] George Evans (W) William Pitt Fessenden (W) 3D, 3W
Edward Kent (W)
1842 John Fairfield (D)[13] 27D, 4W 131D, 55W, 18?
1843 30D, 1W 55D, 18W, 78?[14]
Edward Kavanaugh (D)[2][5] vacant Joshua Herrick (D) Robert P. Dunlap (D) 3D, 2W
1844 David Dunn (D)[4][5] 28D, 3W 89D, 42W, 2 Lty., 18?   James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D) Green tickY
John W. Dana (D)[2]
Hugh J. Anderson (D)
1845 85D, 49W, 17? John Fairfield (D)[7] John Fairfield Scamman (D) 4D, 1W
1846 27D, 4W 85D, 66W
1847 78D, 66W, 6 Lty., 1I James W. Bradbury (D) David Hammons (D) Asa Clapp (D)
John W. Dana (D)
1848 102D, 49W Wyman B. S. Moor (D) Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D) Red XN
1849 20D, 11W 85D, 66W Elbridge Gerry (D) Nathaniel Littlefield (D) 3D, 2W
1850 88D, 63R
John Hubbard (D)
1851 26D, 4W, 1FS[15] 93D, 50W, 8FS[15] Hannibal Hamlin (D)[16] Moses Macdonald (D) John Appleton (D)
1852 3W, 2D Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D) Green tickY
1853 William G. Crosby (W) 22W, 9D 84D, 62W, 4FS, 1? vacant Samuel Mayall (D) 3W, 1D
1854 17W, 14D 76D, 66W, 9FS William Pitt Fessenden (W)
1855 Anson P. Morrill (R) 16W, 10D, 5FS 83D, 44W, 23FS, 1?[17] John M. Wood (R) John J. Perry (O) 2O, 1D, 1R
1856 Samuel Wells (D) 20D, 9W, 2R 68D, 61R, 22W[18] John C. Fremont and William L. Dayton (R) Red XN
1857 Hannibal Hamlin (R)[13] 30R, 1D 125R, 26D[19] Amos Nourse (R) Charles J. Gilman (R) 4R
Joseph H. Williams (R)[2] Hannibal Hamlin (R)
1858 Lot M. Morrill (R) 117R, 34D[20]
1859 103R, 48D William Pitt Fessenden (R)[5] Daniel E. Somes (R) John J. Perry (R)
1860 119R, 32D Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R) Green tickY
1861 Israel Washburn Jr. (R) 31R 128R, 23D   John N. Goodwin (R) Charles W. Walton (R)[5]
1862 26R, 5D 123R, 28D vacant
1863 Abner Coburn (R) 25R, 6D 107R, 44D Lot M. Morrill (R) Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (D) Thomas Fessenden (R) 3R
Sidney Perham (R)
1864 Samuel Cony (R) 30R, 1D 120R, 31D Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU) Green tickY
Nathan A. Farwell (R)
1865 28R, 3D 129R, 22D William Pitt Fessenden (R)[7] John Lynch (R)
1866 31R 136R, 15D
1867 Joshua L. Chamberlain (R) 138R, 13D
1868 28R, 3D 105R, 46D Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R) Green tickY
1869 29R, 2D 123R, 28D Hannibal Hamlin (R) Samuel P. Morrill (R)
1870 28R, 3D 117R, 34D
1871 Sidney Perham (R) 113R, 38D Lot M. Morrill (R) William P. Frye (R)
1872 112R, 39D Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R) Green tickY
1873 30R, 1LR 128R, 19D, 2LR, 2I John H. Burleigh (R)
1874 Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R) 103R, 41D, 7I
1875 28R, 3D 89R, 55D, 7I  
1876 Selden Connor (R) 20R, 11D 85R, 63D, 3I Rutherford B. Hayes and William Almon Wheeler (R) Green tickY
1877 29R, 2D 120R, 30D, 1I James G. Blaine (R) Thomas Brackett Reed (R)
1878 28R, 3D 99R, 47D, 3I, 2GB
1879 Alonzo Garcelon (D) 20R, 10GB, 1D 65R, 57GB, 27D, 2I[21] 2GB, 1R
1880 Daniel F. Davis (R) 19R, 11GB, 1D 90R, 50GB, 11D James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R) Green tickY
1881 Harris M. Plaisted (D) 23R, 6GB, 2D 84R, 40GB, 27D     vacant
Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R)
1883 Frederick Robie (R) 28R, 3D 108R, 43D   At large: Thomas B. Reed; Nelson Dingley, Jr.; Seth L. Milliken; and Charles A. Boutelle (R)
1884 James G. Blaine and John Alexander Logan (R) Red XN
1885 31R 115R, 34D, 2GB Thomas Brackett Reed (R)[5] Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R)[7] 2R
1887 Joseph R. Bodwell (R)[7] 27R, 4D 122R, 29D  
Sebastian Streeter Marble (R)[2]
1888 Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton (R) Green tickY
1889 Edwin C. Burleigh (R) 31R 125R, 26D  
1891 27R, 4D 110R, 41D
1892 Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R) Red XN
1893 Henry B. Cleaves (R) 30R, 1D 107R, 44D Eugene Hale (R)
1895 31R 146R, 5D William P. Frye (R)[7]
1896 William McKinley and Garret A. Hobart (R) Green tickY
1897 Llewellyn Powers (R) 145R, 6D
1899 126R, 25D   vacant
vacant Charles E. Littlefield (R)[5]
1900 Amos L. Allen (R) William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R) Green tickY
1901 John Fremont Hill (R) 30R, 1D 132R, 19D  
1903 128R, 23D
1904 Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks Green tickY
1905 William T. Cobb (R) 27R, 4D 126R, 25D  
1907 23R, 8D 88R, 63D  
1908 William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R) Green tickY
1909 Bert M. Fernald (R) 100R, 51D John P. Swasey (R)
1911 Frederick W. Plaisted (D) 22D, 9R 86D, 65R Charles Fletcher Johnson (D) Asher Hinds (R) Daniel J. McGillicuddy (D) 1R, 1D
Obadiah Gardner (D)
1912 Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 William T. Haines (R) 21R, 10D 79R, 72D Edwin C. Burleigh (R)[7] 2R
1915 Oakley C. Curtis (D) 17R, 14D 78D, 69R, 4 Prog.
1916 Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R) Red XN
1917 Carl E. Milliken (R) 28R, 3D 105R, 46D   Louis B. Goodall (R) Wallace H. White, Jr. (R)
1919 29R, 2D 110R, 41D Bert M. Fernald (R)
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R) Green tickY
1921 Frederic H. Parkhurst (R)[7] 31R 135R, 16D Carroll L. Beedy (R)
Percival P. Baxter (R)[22]
1923 28R, 3D 116R, 35D Frederick Hale (R)
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R) Green tickY
1925 Owen Brewster (R) 30R, 1D 122R, 29D  
Arthur R. Gould (R)
1927 129R, 22D
1928 Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 William Tudor Gardiner (R) 31R 135R, 16D  
1931 120R, 31D   Donald B. Partridge (R)
1932 Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Red XN
1933 Louis J. Brann (D) 26R, 7D 93R, 58D Edward C. Moran, Jr. (D) John G. Utterback (D)
1935 22R, 11D 96R, 55D   Simon M. Hamlin (D) Owen Brewster (R)
1936 Alf Landon and Frank Knox (R) Red XN
1937 Lewis O. Barrows (R) 29R, 4D 124R, 27D Wallace H. White, Jr. (R) James C. Oliver (R) Clyde H. Smith (R)[7]
1939 31R, 2D
1940 Wendell Willkie and Charles L. McNary (R) Red XN
Margaret Chase Smith (R)
1941 Sumner Sewall (R) 128R, 23D Owen Brewster (R)[5] Frank Fellows (R)[7]
1943 32R, 1D 136R, 15D   Robert Hale (R)
1944 Thomas E. Dewey and John W. Bricker (R) Red XN
1945 Horace A. Hildreth (R) 31R, 2D
1947 30R, 3D 126R, 25D  
1948 Thomas E. Dewey and Earl Warren (R) Red XN
1949 Frederick G. Payne (R) 28R, 5D   Charles P. Nelson (R)
1951 31R, 2D 126R, 24D, 1I
Clifford McIntire (R)
1952 Burton M. Cross (R) Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R) Green tickY
1953 Nathaniel M. Haskell (R) 127R, 24D Frederick G. Payne (R)
1954 Burton M. Cross (R)
1955 Edmund Muskie (D) 27R, 6D 119R, 32D Margaret Chase Smith (R)
1957 25R, 8D 100R, 51D Frank M. Coffin (D)
1959 Clinton Clauson (D) 21R, 12D 94R, 57D   James C. Oliver (D)
1960 John H. Reed (R) Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) Red XN
1961 30R, 3D 113R, 38D   Peter A. Garland (R) Stanley R. Tupper (R)
1963 29R, 5D 110R, 41D Stanley R. Tupper (R) Clifford McIntire (R) districts eliminated
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1965 29D, 5R 80D, 71R Edmund Muskie (D) William Hathaway (D)
1967 Kenneth M. Curtis (D) 24R, 10D 95R, 56D   Peter N. Kyros (D)
1968 Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D) Red XN
1969 18R, 14D 85R, 66D
1971 80R, 71D  
1972 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1973 22R, 11D 79R, 72D William Hathaway (D) William Cohen (R)
1975 James Longley (I) 19R, 14D 91D, 59R, 1I David F. Emery (R)
1976 Gerald Ford and Bob Dole (R) Red XN
1977 21R, 12D 89D, 62R  
1979 Joseph E. Brennan (D) 19R, 13D, 1I 77D, 73R, 1ID   Olympia Snowe (R)
1980   Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush (R) Green tickY
1981 17R, 16D 84D, 67R
1983 23D, 10R 92D, 59R George Mitchell (D) John R. McKernan, Jr. (R)
1985 24D, 11R 83D, 68R William Cohen (R)
1987 John R. McKernan, Jr. (R) 20D, 15R 86D, 65R Joseph E. Brennan (D)
1988 George H.W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1989 97D, 54R  
1991 21D, 14R   Thomas Andrews (D)
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 20D, 15R 90D, 61R
1995 Angus King (I) 18R, 16D, 1I 77D, 74R   James B. Longley, Jr. (R) John Baldacci (D)
1997 19D, 15R, 1I 81D, 69R, 1I   Tom Allen (D)
1999 20D, 14R, 1I 79D, 71R, 1I
2000 Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D) Red XN
2001 17R, 17D, 1I[23] 88D, 62R, 1I Olympia Snowe (R)
2003 John Baldacci (D) 18D, 17R 80D, 67R, 3I, 1G Susan Collins (R) Mike Michaud (D)
2004 John Kerry and John Edwards (D) Red XN
2005 76D, 73R, 1I, 1G
2007 90D, 59R, 2I  
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D) Green tickY
2009 20D, 15R 95D, 55R, 1I   Chellie Pingree (D)
2011 Paul LePage (R) 20R, 14D, 1I 78R, 72D, 1I
2013 19D, 15R, 1I 89D, 58R, 4I Angus King (I)
2015 20R, 15D 78D, 68R, 5I   Bruce Poliquin (R)
2016 78D, 69R, 4I 3 Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine (D) Red XN, 1 Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R) Green tickY[24]
2017 18R, 17D 77D, 73R, 1I
2018 74D, 70R, 6I, 1GI
2019 Janet Mills (D) 21D, 14R 89D, 56R, 6I Jared Golden (D)
Year Governor State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
District 1
U.S. House District 2 Former U.S. House Districts Electoral College votes
State Legislature United States Congress

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Resigned to take appointment as a minister to negotiate a treaty with Spain.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g As president of the state Senate, filled unexpired term.
  3. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives.
  4. ^ a b c As speaker of the state House, filled unexpired term.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Resigned.
  6. ^ Elected to the United States Senate.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Died in office.
  8. ^ As president of the state Senate, filled unexpired term until his Senate term expired.
  9. ^ A Democrat, Nathan Clifford, was elected as Speaker.
  10. ^ A Democrat, Hannibal Hamlin, was elected as Speaker.
  11. ^ Won a close election, but Democrats challenged the election. He was finally declared the winner by the state Supreme Court and sworn in on January 19, 1838.
  12. ^ A Whig, Josiah S. Little, was elected as Speaker.
  13. ^ a b Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  14. ^ A Democrat, David Dunn, was elected as Speaker.
  15. ^ a b Due to a constitutional change in when elected officials took office, legislators elected in 1850 had a two-year term.
  16. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat as Governor.
  17. ^ A coalition of Whigs, Free Soilers, and Morrill Democrats elected Noah Smith Jr., a Whig, as Speaker, and organized the chamber.
  18. ^ A coalition of Republicans and Whigs elected Sidney Perham, a Republican, as Speaker, and organized the chamber.
  19. ^ A Democrat, Josiah S. Little, was elected as a minority-party Speaker.
  20. ^ A Democrat, Charles A. Spofford, was elected as a minority-party Speaker.
  21. ^ A coalition of Democrats, Greenbacks, and Independents supported Melvin P. Frank, a Democrat, as Speaker and organized the House. p. 9
  22. ^ As president of the senate, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  23. ^ A power-sharing agreement was negotiated between the Democrats and Republicans, with a Democrat, Mike Michaud, becoming Senate President for one year in 2001, and a Republican, Richard A. Bennett, becoming Senate President for one year in 2002. [1]
  24. ^ Clinton and Kaine received state's two at-large votes and one vote in the First Congressional Districts while Trump and Pence received one vote in the Second District.