Political party strength in Montana

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Montana:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   Constitution (C),   Democratic (D),   Populist (P),   Republican (R), and   a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Supt. of Pub. Inst. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1864 Sidney Edgerton (R)[1] no such office no such office no such office no electoral votes
1865 Thomas Francis Meagher (D)[1][2] Samuel McLean (D)[3]
1866 Green Clay Smith (D)[1]
1867 James M. Cavanaugh (D)[3]
1868 James Tufts (R)[1][2]
1869 James Mitchell Ashley (R)[1]
Wiley Scribner (R)[1][2]
1870 Benjamin F. Potts (R)[1]
1871 William H. Clagett (R)[3]
1873 Martin Maginnis (D)[3]
1883 John Schuyler Crosby (R)[1]
1884 B. Platt Carpenter (R)[1]
1885 Samuel Thomas Hauser (D)[1] Joseph Toole (D)[3]
1887 Preston Hopkins Leslie (D)[1]
1889 Benjamin F. White (R)[1] 8D, 8R[4][5] 25R, 25D[5][6] Thomas H. Carter (R)[7]
1890 Joseph Toole (D) John E. Rickards (R) Louis Rotwitt (R) Henri J. Haskell (R) Edwin A. Kenney (R) John Gannon Wilbur F. Sanders (R) Thomas C. Power (R)
1891 10D, 6R 28R, 27D William W. Dixon (D)
1892 Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R) Red XN
1893 John E. Rickards (R) Alexander Campbell Botkin (R) Andrew B. Cook (R) Eugene A. Steere (R) 9D, 7R 26D, 26R, 3P[8] Vacant[9] Charles S. Hartman (R)
1895 13R, 5D, 2P, 1 Fus. 44R, 14P, 3D Lee Mantle (R)[10] Thomas H. Carter (R)
1896 Lee Mantle (S) William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) Red XN
1897 Robert Burns Smith (D) Archibald E. Spriggs (D) Thomas S. Hogan (P) C. B. Nolan (D) Thomas W. Poindexter, Jr. (D) Evans A. Carleton (R) 12R, 8D, 3P 42D, 18P, 8R
1899 17D, 6R, 1P 57D, 9R, 4SR William A. Clark (D)[11] Albert J. Campbell (D)
1900 Vacant William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson (D) Red XN
1901 Joseph Toole (D)[12] Frank G. Higgins (D) George M. Hayes (D) James Donovan (D) James H. Calderhead (P) W. W. Welch (D) 14D, 9R, 1P 28D, 23R, 8 Labor, 6P, 5ID[13] Paris Gibson (D) William A. Clark (D) Caldwell Edwards (P)
1903 14D, 12R 47R, 11 Labor, 8D, 6 Anti-Trust Joseph M. Dixon (R)
1904 Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R) Green tickY
1905 Edwin L. Norris (D) Abraham N. Yoder (R)[14] Albert J. Galen (R) Henry R. Cunningham (R) Wilfred E. Harmon (R) 16R, 10D 38R, 24D, 7 Labor, 3 Anti-Trust Thomas H. Carter (R)
1907 18R, 9D 57R, 16D Joseph M. Dixon (R) Charles N. Pray (R)
1908 Edwin L. Norris (D)[15] Benjamin F. White (R)[2] William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R) Green tickY
1909 William R. Allen (R) 17R, 10D 38D, 33R
1911 C.M. McCoy 16R, 12D 42D, 32R Henry L. Myers (D)
1912 Thomas M. Swindlehurst (D) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 Sam V. Stewart (D) W. W. McDowell (D) Adelbert M. Alderson (D) Daniel M. Kelly (D) William Keating (D) Henry A. Davee (D) 17D, 13R, 2 Prog. 49D, 20R, 16 Prog., 1 Silver Thomas J. Walsh (D)[14] 2D
1915 Joseph Poindexter (D) 19R, 16D, 5 Prog., 1I[16] 55D, 36R, 3 Silver, 1I
1917 Charles T. Stewart (R)[17] Sam C. Ford (R) Rufus G. Poland (D) May Trumper (R) 28R, 13D 49D, 46R 1D, 1R
1919 George P. Porter (R) 31R, 12D 65R, 33D
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R) Green tickY
1921 Joseph M. Dixon (R) Nelson Story, Jr. (R) Wellington D. Rankin(R) 41R, 13D 98R, 9D, 1I 2R
1923 38R, 16D 56R, 44D Burton K. Wheeler (D) 1D, 1R
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R) Green tickY
1925 John E. Erickson (D)[18] W. S. McCormack (R) L. A. Foot (R) 39R, 16D, 1FL 66R, 34D, 2FL
1927 Robert N. Hawkins (D)[19] 40R, 15D, 1FL 61R, 39D, 2FL
William Powers[19]
1928 John W. Mountjoy (D) Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 Frank A. Hazelbacker (R) William E. Harmon (R) Elizabeth Ireland (R) 39R, 16D, 1FL 69R, 33D
1931 41R, 15D 59R, 43D
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
1933 Frank H. Cooney (D) Sam W. Mitchell (D)[14] Raymond T. Nagle (D) John J. Holmes (D) 33R, 22D, 1I 72D, 30R John E. Erickson (D)[10] 2D
Frank H. Cooney (D)[14][20] Tom Kane (R)[2]
1935 Ernest T. Eaton (R)[2] 28D, 27R, 1I[21] 69D, 33R James E. Murray (D)
1936 Elmer Holt (D)[22] William R. Pilgeram (D)[2] Enor K. Matson (D)
1937 Roy E. Ayers (D) Hugh R. Adnair (D) Harrison Freebourn (D) Ruth Reardon (D) 29D, 27R 81D, 21R
1939 31D, 25R 58D, 44R 1D, 1R
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 Sam C. Ford (R) Ernest T. Eaton (R) John W. Bonner (D) Elizabeth Ireland (R) 35R, 21D 55D, 47R
1942 Howard M. Gullickson (D)
1943 R. V. Bottomly (D) 37R, 19D 51R, 39D 2D
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 39R, 17D 53R, 37D 1D, 1R
1947 41R, 15D 58R, 31D, 1ID Zales Ecton (R)
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D) Green tickY
1949 John W. Bonner (D) Paul Cannon (D) Arnold Olsen (D) Mary M. Condon (D) 31R, 23D, 2I 54D, 36R
1951 28R, 26D, 2I 49R, 41D
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R) Green tickY
1953 J. Hugo Aronson (R) George M. Gosman (R) 36R, 20D 62R, 32D Mike Mansfield (D)
1955 33R, 23D 49D, 45R
1956 S. C. Arnold (R)[10]
1957 Paul Cannon (D) Frank Murray (D) Forrest H. Anderson (D) Harriet Miller (R) 31D, 25R 59D, 35R 2D
1959 38D, 17R, 1I 61D, 31R, 2I
1960 Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (R) Red XN
1961 Donald G. Nutter (R)[14] Tim Babcock (R) 54R, 40D Lee Metcalf (D)[14] 1D, 1R
1962 Tim Babcock (R)[15] David F. James (R)[2] E. V. "Sonny" Omholt (R)
1963 35D, 21R 57R, 37D
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1965 Ted James (R) Harriet Miller (D) 32D, 24R 56D, 38R
1967 30D, 25R 64R, 40D
1968 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1969 Forrest H. Anderson (D) Thomas Lee Judge (D) Robert I. Woodahl (R) Dolores Colburg (D) 58R, 46D 2D
1971 55R, 49D 1D, 1R
1973 Thomas Lee Judge (D) Bill Christiansen (D) 27D, 23R 54D, 46R
1975 30D, 20R 67D, 33R 2D
1976 Gerald Ford and Bob Dole (R) Red XN
1977 Ted Schwinden (D) Mike Greely (D) Georgia Ruth Rice (D) 25D, 25R[23] 57D, 43R John Melcher (D) Paul G. Hatfield (D)[10] 1D, 1R
1979 26R, 24D 55D, 45R Max Baucus (D)[24]
1980 Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R) Green tickY
1981 Ted Schwinden (D) George Turman (D)[25] Jim Waltermire (R)[14] Ed Argenbright (R) 28R, 22D 57R, 43D
1983 26R, 24D 55D, 45R
1985 Andrea Bennett (R) 28D, 22R 50D, 50R[26]
1987 25D, 25R[27] 51R, 49D
1988 Gordon McOmber (D)[10] Verner Bertelsen (R)[10] George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1989 Stan Stephens (R) Allen Kolstad (R)[28] Mike Cooney (D) Marc Racicot (R) Nancy Keenan (D) 27R, 23D 52D, 48R Conrad Burns (R)
1991 Denny Rehberg (R)[10] 29D, 21R 61D, 39R
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 Marc Racicot (R) Joseph Mazurek (D) Mark O'Keefe (D) 30D, 20R 53R, 47D Pat Williams (D)
1995 31R, 19D 67R, 33D
1996 Bob Dole and Jack Kemp (R) Red XN
1997 Judy Martz (R) 34R, 16D 65R, 35D Rick Hill (R)
1999 32R, 18D 59R, 41D
2000 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R) Green tickY
2001 Judy Martz (R) Karl Ohs (R) Bob Brown (R) Mike McGrath (D) John Morrison (D) Linda McCulloch (D) 31R, 19D 58R, 42D Denny Rehberg (R)
2003 29R, 21D 53R, 47D
2005 Brian Schweitzer (D) John Bohlinger (R)[29] Brad Johnson (R) 27D, 23R 50D, 50R[30]
2007 26D, 24R 50R, 49D, 1C[31] Jon Tester (D)
2008 John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) Red XN
2009 Linda McCulloch (D) Steve Bullock (D) Monica Lindeen (D) Denise Juneau (D) 27R, 23D 50D, 50R[30]
2011 28R, 22D 68R, 32D
2012 Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (R) Red XN
2013 Steve Bullock (D) John Walsh (D) Tim Fox (R) 29R, 21D 61R, 39D Steve Daines (R)
2014 Angela McLean (D) John Walsh (D)[10]
2015 59R, 41D Steve Daines (R) Ryan Zinke (R)
2016 Mike Cooney (D) Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R) Green tickY
2017 Corey Stapleton (R) Matt Rosendale (R) Elsie Arntzen (R) 32R, 18D
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Supt. of Pub. Inst. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Governor of Montana Territory.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Acting.
  3. ^ a b c d e Delegate from the Montana Territory
  4. ^ With a Republican Lt. Governor, the GOP organized the chamber. There was no President Pro Tempore that session.
  5. ^ a b [1] Majority and Minority Party Numbers 1889 - Present
  6. ^ There were five contested seats from Silver Bow County, and due to a lack of a contested election resolution mechanism, the Republicans and Democrats each organized their own House with the contested members of both parties from Silver Bow joining their respective parties in those chambers, and both sent bills to the Senate. [2]
  7. ^ Delegate from Montana Territory until November 8, when Carter was elected U.S. Representative upon Montana statehood.
  8. ^ A coalition of Democrats and Populists elected a Populist, Thomas Matthews, as Speaker and organized the chamber.
  9. ^ Legislature failed to elect a Senator at the beginning of the 53rd United States Congress.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Initially appointed to fill a vacancy
  11. ^ Resigned May 15, 1900 to avoid claim of election fraud.
  12. ^ Resigned due to declining health.
  13. ^ A coalition of Democrats, Labor, Populists, and Independent Democrats chose a Democrat, Frank Corbett, as Speaker, and organized the chamber.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Died in office.
  15. ^ a b As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  16. ^ A coalition of Republicans and Progressives elected a Republican, John Edwards, as President Pro Tempore and organized the chamber.
  17. ^ Impeached and then resigned.
  18. ^ Resigned so that his successor could appoint him to the United States Senate.
  19. ^ a b Resigned
  20. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  21. ^ A bipartisan coalition elected a Republican, Ernest T. Eaton, as President Pro Tempore, and organized the chamber on a bipartisan basis. In practice, Eaton served as President of the Senate, and as such Lt. Governor, as the previous one, Frank Cooney was serving as Governor. After session, Eaton resigned, and the position of President of the Senate and Lt. Governor was filled by Democrat Elmer Holt.
  22. ^ As President of the State Senate, filled unexpired term. The Speaker of the House, William Pilgeram, took up his previous position of Lt. Governor.
  23. ^ By statute, in the event of a tie chamber, the party of the Governor receives the Presidency.
  24. ^ Resigned February 6, 2014 in anticipation of being appointed United States Ambassador to China
  25. ^ Resigned midway through second term.
  26. ^ By statute, in the event of a tie chamber, the party of the Governor receives the Speakership. However, the committees and administration of the chamber and its committees were organized on a 50-50 basis, with an equal number of chairmen and members of both parties.p. 25
  27. ^ By statute, in the event of a tie chamber, the party of the Governor receives the Presidency. However, the committees and administration of the chamber and its committees were organized on a 50-50 basis, with an equal number of chairmen and members of both parties.p. 25
  28. ^ Resigned to take a presidential appointment to the International Boundary Commission
  29. ^ Republican elected on Democratic ticket.
  30. ^ a b Party control granted to governor's party in the event of a tied house of the legislature.
  31. ^ Constitution Party member caucused with Republicans.

See also[edit]