Political party strength in Oregon
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Oregon Secretary of State
- Attorney General
- State Treasurer
- Commissioner of Labor and Industries
- Superintendent of Public Instruction
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
- State Senate
- State House of Representatives
- State delegation to the U.S. Senate
- State delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives
For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
The parties are as follows:
- Democratic (D)
- Populist fusion (DP) Democratic–
- Independent (I) 
- Nonpartisan (NP) or none
- Republican (R)
- Whig (W).
|Year||Executive offices||Legislative Assembly||United States Congress||Electoral College votes|
|Governor||Secretary of State||Attorney General||Treasurer||Comm. of Labor||Supt. of Pub. Inst.||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House|
|Provisional Government of Oregon|
|1848||Joseph Lane (D)||Theophilus R. Magruder (W)||James Taylor|
|1849||Kintzing Prichette (D)||Samuel Thurston (D)|
|1850||Kintzing Prichette (D)|
|John P. Gaines (W)||Edward D. Hamilton (W)|
|1851||Levi A. Rice||Joseph Lane (D)|
|William W. Buck|
|1852||John D. Boon|
|Joseph Lane (D)||George Law Curry (D)|
|George Law Curry (D)|
|John W. Davis (D)|
|George Law Curry (D)|
|1855||Benjamin F. Harding (D)||Nathaniel H. Lane|
|1856||John D. Boon|
|State of Oregon|
|1859||John Whiteaker (D)||Lucien Heath (D)||||John D. Boon (D)||||||14D, 2R||30D, 4R||Delazon Smith (D)||Joseph Lane (D)||La Fayette Grover (D)|
|Vacant||Lansing Stout (D)|
|1860||Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R)|
|Edward D. Baker (R)|
|1861||13D, 3R||24D, 10R||James W. Nesmith (D)||Andrew J. Thayer (D)|
|Benjamin Stark (D)||George K. Shiel (D)|
|Addison C. Gibbs (R)||Samuel E. May (R)||Edwin N. Cooke (R)||Benjamin F. Harding (D)|
|1863||10R, 5D, 1I||33R, 1D||John R. McBride (R)|
|1864||Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU)|
|1865||15R, 3D||33R, 5D||George Henry Williams (R)||James H. D. Henderson (R)|
|George L. Woods (R)|
|1867||17R, 7D, 1I||24R, 23D||Henry W. Corbett (R)||Rufus Mallory (R)|
|1868||Horatio Seymour and Francis Preston Blair, Jr. (D)|
|1869||12D, 10R||25D, 18R||Joseph S. Smith (D)|
|La Fayette Grover (D)||Stephen F. Chadwick (D)||L. Fleischner (D)|
|1871||13D, 9R||28D, 19R||James K. Kelly (D)||James H. Slater (D)|
|1872||Sylvester Simpson (D)||Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R)|
|1873||13R, 9D||32R, 17D||John H. Mitchell (R)||Joseph G. Wilson (R)|
|1874||James W. Nesmith (D)|
|A. H. Brown (D)||L. L. Rowland (R)|
|1875||18D, 11R, 1I||23I, 20D, 17R||George A. La Dow (D)|
|1876||Lafayette Lane (D)||Rutherford B. Hayes and William A. Wheeler (R)|
|1877||Stephen F. Chadwick (D)||18D, 10R, 2I||30R, 27D, 3I||La Fayette Grover (D)||Richard Williams (R)|
|William W. Thayer (D)||Rockey Preston Earhart (R)||Edward Hirsch (R)||Leonard J. Powell (R)|
|1879||18D, 10R, 2I||30D, 28R, 2I||James H. Slater (D)||John Whiteaker (D)|
|1880||James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R)|
|1881||16R, 14D||40R, 20D||Melvin Clark George (R)|
|Zenas F. Moody (R)||E. B. McElroy (R)|
|1883||37R, 21D, 2I||Joseph N. Dolph (R)|
|1884||James G. Blaine and John A. Logan (R)|
|1885||17R, 13D||35R, 25D||Vacant||Binger Hermann (R)|
|John H. Mitchell (R)|
|1887||Sylvester Pennoyer (DP)||George W. McBride (R)||G. W. Webb (D)||19R, 11D||34R, 26D|
|1888||Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton (R)|
|1889||21R, 9D||51R, 9D|
|1891||Phil Metschan (R)||23R, 7D||43R, 17D|
|George Earle Chamberlain (D)|
|1892||Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R)|
|1893||16R, 13D, 1P||38R, 19D, 3P||2R|
|1895||William Paine Lord (R)||Harrison R. Kincaid (R)||Cicero M. Idleman (R)||G. M. Irwin (R)||19R, 8D, 3P||53R, 7P||George W. McBride (R)|
|1896||William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R)|
|1897||24R, 3D, 3P||39R, 17P, 4D||Vacant|
|Joseph Simon (R)|
|1899||T. T. Geer (R)||Frank L. Dunbar (R)||D. R. N. Blackburn (R)||Charles S. Moore (R)||J. H. Ackerman (R)||42R, 17P, 1D|
|1900||William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)|
|1901||21R, 4 Cit., 3P, 1D, 1 Union||35R, 13 Cit., 7D, 3 Union, 1P, 1 vac.||John H. Mitchell (R)|
|1903||George Earle Chamberlain (D)||Andrew M. Crawford (R)||21R, 3D, 3 Cit., 2 Union, 1P||48R, 11D, 1 Cit.||Charles W. Fulton (R)|
|O. P. Hoff (R)|
|1904||Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)|
|1905||25R, 5D||50R, 10D|
|1906||John M. Gearin (D)|
|1907||Frank W. Benson (R)||George A. Steel (R)||24R, 6D||59R, 1D||Frederick W. Mulkey (R)|
|Jonathan Bourne, Jr. (R)|
|1908||William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R)|
|1909||Frank W. Benson (R)||53R, 7D||George Earle Chamberlain (D)|
|Jay Bowerman (R)|
|1911||Oswald West (D)||Thomas B. Kay (R)||L. R. Alderman (R)||27R, 3D||58R, 2D|
|Ben W. Olcott (R)|
|1912||Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)|
|1913||28R, 2D||48R, 7Pg, 5D||Harry Lane (D)||3R|
|J. A. Churchill (R)|
|1915||James Withycombe (R)||George M. Brown (R)||56R, 4D|
|1916||Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)|
|1917||24R, 5D, 1I||55R, 4D, 1I|
|Charles L. McNary (R)|
|Frederick W. Mulkey (R)|
|1919||O. P. Hoff (R)||C. H. Gram (R)||24R, 3D, 3I||54R, 6D||Charles L. McNary (R)|
|Ben W. Olcott (R)|
|1920||Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)|
|Sam A. Kozer (R)||Isaac H. Van Winkle (R)|
|1921||27R, 2I, 1D||58R, 2D||Robert N. Stanfield (R)|
|1923||Walter M. Pierce (D)||26R, 4D||51R, 9D||2R, 1D|
|1924||Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)|
|Jefferson Myers (D)|
|1925||Thomas B. Kay (R)||57R, 3D||3R|
|R. R. Turner (D)|
|1927||Isaac L. Patterson (R)||Charles A. Howard (R)||27R, 3D||56R, 4D||Frederick Steiwer (R)|
|1928||Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)|
|Hal E. Hoss (R)|
|1929||28R, 2D||58R, 2D|
|1930||A. W. Norblad (R)|
|1931||Julius Meier (I)||29R, 1D||53R, 7D||2R, 1D|
|Rufus C. Holman (R)|
|1932||Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)|
|1933||22R, 8D||42R, 17D, 1I||2D, 1R|
|1934||Peter J. Stadelman (R)|
|1935||Charles H. Martin (D)||Earl Snell (R)||17R, 13D||38D, 22R||2R, 1D|
|1937||18R, 12D||38D, 21R, 1I||2D, 1R|
|Rex Putnam (D)|
|Alfred E. Reames (D)|
|Alexander G. Barry (R)|
|1939||Charles A. Sprague (R)||Walter E. Pearson (D)||22R, 8D||46R, 13D, 1I||Rufus C. Holman (R)||2R, 1D|
|1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)|
|1941||Leslie M. Scott (R)||25R, 5D||38R, 22D|
|1943||Earl Snell (R)||Robert S. Farrell, Jr. (R)||W. E. Kimsey (R)||Rex Putnam (NP/D)||27R, 3D||51R, 9D||4R|
|1944||George Neuner (R)||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)|
|Guy Cordon (R)|
|1945||25R, 5D||50R, 10D||Wayne Morse (R)|
|John H. Hall (R)||Earl T. Newbry (R)|
|1948||Thomas E. Dewey and Earl Warren (R)|
|1949||Douglas McKay (R)||Walter J. Pearson (D)||20R, 10D||51R, 9D|
|1952||Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)|
|1953||Paul L. Patterson (R)||Robert Y. Thornton (D)||Sig Unander (R)||26R, 4D||49R, 11D||Wayne Morse (I)|
|1955||Norman O. Nilsen (D)||24R, 6D||35R, 25D||Richard L. Neuberger (D)||Wayne Morse (D)||3R, 1D|
|1956||Elmo Smith (R)|
|1957||Robert D. Holmes (D)||Mark Hatfield (R)||15D, 15R||37D, 23R||3D, 1R|
|1959||Mark Hatfield (R)||Howell Appling, Jr. (R)||19D, 11R||33D, 27R|
|1960||Howard C. Belton (R)||Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (R)|
|Hall S. Lusk (D)|
|1961||Leon P. Minear (NP)||20D, 10R||31D, 29R||Maurine Neuberger (D)||2D, 2R|
|1963||21D, 9R||3D, 1R|
|1964||Lyndon Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)|
|1965||Tom McCall (R)||Robert W. Straub (D)||19D, 11R||33R, 27D|
|1967||Tom McCall (R)||Clay Myers (R)||38R, 22D||Mark Hatfield (R)||2D, 2R|
|1968||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|Jesse V. Fasold (NP)|
|Dale Parnell (NP)|
|Lee Johnson (R)||Bob Packwood (R)|
|1973||James Redden (D)||18D, 12R||33D, 27R|
|Jesse V. Fasold (NP)|
|1975||Robert W. Straub (D)||Bill Stevenson (D)||Verne A. Duncan (NP)||22D, 7R, 1I||38D, 22R||4D|
|1976||Gerald Ford and Bob Dole (R)|
|1977||Norma Paulus (R)||James Redden (D)||Clay Myers (R)||24D, 6R||37D, 23R|
|1979||Victor G. Atiyeh (R)||Mary Wendy Roberts (D)||23D, 7R||34D, 26R|
|1980||Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)|
|James M. Brown (D)|
|1981||David B. Frohnmayer (R)||22D, 8R||33D, 27R||3D, 1R|
|1983||21D, 9R||36D, 24R||3D, 2R|
|Bill Rutherford (R)|
|1985||Barbara Roberts (D)||18D, 12R||34D, 26R|
|1987||Neil Goldschmidt (D)|
|Tony Meeker (R)||17D, 13R||31D, 29R|
|1988||Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D)|
|1989||19D, 11R||32D, 28R|
|1990||John Erickson (NP)|
|Norma Paulus (NP/R)|
|1991||Barbara Roberts (D)||Phil Keisling (D)||20D, 10R||31R, 29D||4D, 1R|
|1992||Charles S. Crookham (R)||Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)|
|1993||Ted Kulongoski (D)||Jim Hill (D)||16D, 14R||32R, 28D|
|1995||John Kitzhaber (D)||Jack Roberts (R)||19R, 11D||33R, 27D||3D, 2R|
|Ron Wyden (D)|
|1997||Hardy Myers (D)||20R, 10D||31R, 29D||Gordon Smith (R)||4D, 1R|
|1999||Jack Roberts (NP/R)||Stan Bunn (NP/R)||17R, 13D||34R, 25D, 1I|
|2000||Bill Bradbury (D)||Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)|
|2001||Randall Edwards (D)||16R, 14D||32R, 27D, 1I|
|2003||Ted Kulongoski (D)||Dan Gardner (NP)||Susan Castillo (NP/D)||15D, 15R||35R, 25D|
|2004||John Kerry and John Edwards (D)|
|2005||17D, 11R||33R, 27D|
|2007||19D, 11R||31D, 29R|
|2008||Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)|
|Brad Avakian (NP/D)|
|2009||Kate Brown (D)||John Kroger (D)||Ben Westlund (D)||18D, 12R||36D, 24R||Jeff Merkley (D)|
|2010||Ted Wheeler (D)|
|2011||John Kitzhaber (D)||16D, 14R||30D, 30R|
|2012||Ellen Rosenblum (D)|||
|2015||18D, 12R||35D, 25R|
|Kate Brown (D)||Jeanne Atkins (D)|
|2016||Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine (D)|
|2017||Dennis Richardson (R)||Tobias Read (D)||17D, 13R|
|Year||Governor||Secretary of State||Attorney General||Treasurer||Comm. of Labor||Supt. of Pub. Inst.||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House||Electoral College votes|
|Executive offices||Legislative Assembly||United States Congress|
Notes and references
- Indicates a politician independent of party affiliation, not to be confused with the Independent Party of Oregon, Independence Party of America, or other similarly named parties.
- Except where otherwise noted, names, term dates, and circumstances of transition were sourced from: Oregon Secretary of State, Archives Division. "State Officials History". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- The exact title of the official chiefly responsible for enforcement of labor and related laws has varied through its existence, beginning with Labor Commissioner in 1903, becoming Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Inspector of Factories and Workshops in 1918, then Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor in 1930, and finally Commissioner of Labor and Industries in 1979.
- Meetings at Champoeg led up to the first constitution of the Oregon Country, and several petitions for U.S. territorial status. The resulting acts also created this body as a provisional government for the region. The first executives of this government were a three-person elected committee known as the Executive Committee. In 1845, elections for a chief executive were held.
- Governor of Oregon Territory appointed by President James Polk.
- Acting territorial governor.
- Governor of Oregon Territory appointed by President Zachary Taylor.
- Governor of Oregon Territory appointed by President Franklin Pierce.
- Office of Attorney General established by statute on May 20, 1891.
- Office of Labor Commissioner established by statute on June 2, 1903.
- Prior to 1872, the governor was ex officio the Superintendent of Public Instruction. The Legislative Assembly established Superintendent of Public Instruction as a separate office by statute in February 1872. "Oregon Department of Education Administrative Overview" (PDF). Oregon State Archives. April 2007. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- Legislature failed to elected a Senator from March 4, 1859 to October 2, 1860.
- Killed in the Battle of Ball's Bluff October 21, 1861.
- Election successfully contested by George K. Shiel July 30, 1861.
- Appointed to office October 29, 1861. Never elected.
- Resigned February 1, 1877.
- Appointed to office February 1872. Oregon Department of Education. "Superintendent Tenures". Retrieved 2009-05-07. Never elected.
- Died in office July 2, 1873.
- An Democrat-turned-Independent, John C. Drain, was elected Speaker, and the Independents organized the chamber with the help of Democrats. p.98-100
- Died in office May 1, 1875.
- Succeeded to office February 1, 1877.
- A Democrat, James Knox Weatherford, was elected Speaker, and the Democrats organized the chamber with the help of Independents and renegade Republicans.
- Form of name sourced from: Oregon Department of Education. "Superintendent Tenures". Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- A Democrat, John M. Thompson, was elected Speaker, and the Democrats organized the chamber with the help of Independents.
- Legislature failed to elected a Senator from March 4, 1885 to December 17, 1885.
- Appointed to office May 20, 1891. Subsequently elected in 1892.
- Legislature failed to elected a Senator from March 4, 1897 to October 7, 1898.
- Died in office December 8, 1905.
- Resigned February 28, 1909.
- Appointed to office June 2, 1903. Subsequently elected in 1906.
- Appointed to office December 13, 1905. Never elected.
- Died in office April 14, 1911.
- Succeeded to office March 1, 1909.
- Resigned June 17, 1910.
- Succeeded to office June 17, 1910.
- Resigned June 28, 1913. Oregon Department of Education. "Superintendent Tenures". Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- Appointed to office April 17, 1911. Subsequently elected in 1912.
- Resigned May 28, 1920, after succession to governor in 1919.
- Died in office May 23, 1917.
- Appointed to office July 1, 1913. Subsequently elected in 1914.
- Resigned June 1, 1926.
- Died in office March 3, 1919.
- Resigned October 14, 1920.
- Appointed to office May 29, 1917. Subsequently elected in 1918 for the term beginning March 4, 1919.
- Resigned December 17, 1918.
- Died in office March 18, 1924.
- Appointed to office December 18, 1918. Previously elected for the term beginning March 4, 1919.
- Died in office February 25, 1944.
- Succeeded to office March 3, 1919.
- Appointed to office May 28, 1920. Subsequently elected in 1920.
- Resigned September 24, 1928.
- Appointed to office October 14, 1920. Subsequently elected in 1920.
- Died in office December 14, 1943.
- Appointed to office March 18, 1924. Never elected.
- Died in office April 29, 1931.
- Appointed to office June 1, 1926. Never elected.
- Died in office December 21, 1929.
- Resigned September 1, 1937.
- Resigned January 31, 1938.
- Appointed to office September 24, 1928. Subsequently elected in 1928.
- Died in office February 6, 1934.
- Succeeded to office December 22, 1929.
- Appointed to office May 1, 1931. Subsequently elected in 1932.
- Resigned December 27, 1938.
- Appointed to office February 9, 1934. Never elected.
- Appointed to office September 1, 1937. Subsequently elected in 1938.
- Appointed to office February 1, 1938. Never elected.
- Appointed to office December 27, 1938. Never elected.
- Died in airplane crash October 28, 1947.
- Office converted from partisan to nonpartisan by the Legislative Assembly, effective with the 1942 election.
- Resigned January 31, 1961.
- Appointed to office December 21, 1943. Subsequently elected in 1944.
- Appointed to office March 4, 1944. Subsequently elected in 1944.
- Succeeded to office October 30, 1947.
- Appointed to office November 3, 1947. Subsequently elected in 1948.
- Resigned December 27, 1952.
- Succeeded to office December 27, 1952. Subsequently elected in 1954.
- Died in office January 31, 1956.
- Resigned December 31, 1959.
- Changed party affiliation from Republican to Independent in 1952.
- Died in office March 9, 1960.
- Changed party affiliation from Independent to Democratic in 1955.
- Succeeded to office February 1, 1956.
- Resigned on January 12, 1959, after election as governor.
- After 11 days of tied votes over organization of the chamber, one the twelfth day the two parties elected Democrat Boyd Overhulse as President, and organized the chamber on a bipartisan basis.   
- Appointed to office January 12, 1959. Subsequently elected in 1960.
- Appointed to office January 4, 1960. Subsequently elected in 1960.
- Appointed to office March 16, 1960. Never elected.
- Appointed to office February 1, 1961. Subsequently elected in 1966.
- No election for Superintendent of Public Instruction held in 1962, due to legislative statute making the office appointive. Elections resumed in 1966 after the Oregon Supreme Court overturned the statute in 1965.
- Resigned March 31, 1968.
- Resigned on January 9, 1967, after election as governor.
- Appointed to office January 9, 1967. Subsequently elected in 1968.
- Appointed to office April 8, 1968. Never elected.
- Resigned June 30, 1968.
- Appointed to office July 1, 1968. Subsequently elected in 1968.
- Resigned March 31, 1974.
- Resigned October 1, 1995.
- Appointed to office April 1, 1974. Never elected.
- Resigned November 15, 1989.
- Resigned March 24, 1980.
- Resigned April 1, 1984.
- The Independent from the 1975 session switched to Democrat.
- Appointed to office March 24, 1980. Never elected.
- Resigned December 31, 1991.
- Appointed to office April 1, 1984. Subsequently elected in 1984.
- Resigned July 9, 1987.
- Resigned on January 14, 1991, after election as governor.
- Appointed to office July 9, 1987. Subsequently elected in 1988.
- Appointed to office December 18, 1989. Never elected.
- Resigned September 30, 1990.
- Appointed to office October 1, 1990, after election in 1990 but before normal commencement of term.
- Appointed to office January 14, 1991. Subsequently elected in 1992.
- Resigned November 8, 1999.
- Appointed to office January 2, 1992. Never elected.
- First elected in special election.
- Office converted from partisan to nonpartisan by the 1995 Legislative Assembly.
- Appointed to office November 8, 1999. Subsequently elected in 2000.
- Resigned April 7, 2008.
- Resigned June 29, 2012.
- A power-sharing agreement was negotiated, with Democrats choosing Peter Courtney to be the President, Republicans choosing Lenn Hannon as President Pro Tempore, and all committees and chairmanships split evenly between the parties.
- Appointed to office April 8, 2008. Subsequently elected in 2008.
- Died in office March 7, 2010. Mapes, Jeff (March 9, 2010). "Governor Ted Kulongoski names Ted Wheeler as next Oregon treasurer". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Appointed to office March 11, 2010. Mapes, Jeff (March 9, 2010). "Governor Ted Kulongoski names Ted Wheeler as next Oregon treasurer". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Won re-election to fourth term in 2014 but resigned on February 13, 2015 effective February 18, 2015
- A power-sharing agreement was negotiated, with Democrats choosing Arnie Roblan to be their Co-Speaker, Republicans choosing Bruce Hanna as their Co-Speaker, and all committees and chairmanships split evenly between the parties.
- Appointed to office June 29, 2012.Cole, Michelle (June 6, 2012). "Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber names Ellen Rosenblum as interim attorney general". The Oregonian.
- Elected position eliminated by state law. Governor serves as Superintendent and appoints a deputy to oversee the duties of the office."Senate Bill 552 (text):Relating to Superintendent of Public Instruction". Oregon Legislative Assembly. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- Ascended to the office following the resignation of John Kitzhaber
- Appointed to replace Kate Brown