Political party strength in Puerto Rico
- the Popular Democratic Party which is currently in power and holds about 47% of the popular vote while advocating for maintaining the current political status of Puerto Rico as that of an unincorporated territory of the United States with self-government, and[a][b]
- the New Progressive Party which holds about 47% of the popular vote while advocating for Puerto Rico to become a state of the United States.
Other parties also hold a minority of the popular vote, namely:
- the Puerto Rican Independence Party which holds about 2.5% of the popular vote while advocating for the independence of Puerto Rico,
- the Working People's Party of Puerto Rico which holds about 1% of the popular vote while advocating for the working class,
- the Movimiento Unión Soberanista which holds about 0.5% of the popular vote while advocating for the sovereignty of Puerto Rico, and
- the Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party which holds about 0.3% of the popular vote while advocating for green politics.
At the national level residents of Puerto Rico also have local chapters affiliated with the different political parties in the United States, being the Democratic Party and the Republican Party the local affiliations with significant representation in the island.
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the territorial or Commonwealth:
The Puerto Rican parties are as follows: Alianza Puertorriqueña (AP), Republican-Socialist Coalition (C), Christian Action (CA), Estadista (E), Estadista Puertorriqueño (EP), Estadista Republicano (ER), Puerto Rican Independence (PIP), Liberal Party (L), Nonpartisan (NP), Partido Histórico (PH), New Progressive (PNP), Popular Democratic (PPD), Republicano Puertorriqueño (RP), Socialist (S), Socialista-Constitucional (SC), Union of Puerto Rico (U), Puerto Rican Socialist Party (PSP), Puerto Rican Union Party (PUP) and Unión Republicana-Progresista (URP). Elected officials' United States party affiliations are as follows: Democratic (D) and Republican (R).
For a particular year, the noted partisan composition is that which either took office during that year or which maintained the office throughout the entire year. Only changes made outside of regularly scheduled elections are noted as affecting the partisan composition during a particular year. Shading is determined by the final result of any mid-cycle changes in partisan affiliation.
|Year||Executive office||Legislative Assembly||U.S. House|
|1901||appointed under United States colonial administration||||unknown||Federico Degetau (RP/R)|
|1905||U majority||Tulio Larrinaga (U)|
|1911||Luis Muñoz Rivera (U)|
|1917||13U, 5RP, 1S||unknown||Felix Cordova Davila (U)|
|1921||15U, 3RP, 1S|
|1929||11AP, 7SC, 1PH|
|José Lorenzo Pesquera (NP)|
|1933||14C, 5L||C majority||Santiago Iglesias (C/R)|
|1939||Bolívar Pagán (C/R)|
|1941||10PPD, 9U||PPD majority|
|1945||17PPD, 1URP, 1S||Jesús T. Piñero (PPD/D)|
|Antonio Fernós-Isern (PPD/D)|
|1949||Luis Muñoz Marín (PPD)||17PPD, 1S, 1EP|
|1953||23PPD, 5IP, 3E, 1ER|
|1957||22PPD, 6ER, 3IP|
|1961||23PPD, 9ER, 1CA|
|1965||Roberto Sánchez Vilella (PPD)||23PPD, 9ER||Santiago Polanco Abreu (PPD/D)|
|1969||Luis A. Ferré (PNP)||15PPD, 12PNP||28PNP, 23PPD||Jorge Luis Córdova Díaz (PNP/R) (but caucused with D in Congress)|
|1973||Rafael Hernández Colón (PPD)||20PPD, 6PNP, 1IP||PPD majority||Jaime Benítez (PPD/D)|
|1977||Carlos Romero Barceló (PNP/R, PNP/D)[c]||14PNP, 13PPD||PNP majority||Baltasar Corrada del Río (PNP/D) (later R)|
|1981||15PPD, 12PNP||PNP—PPD tie[d]|
|1985||Rafael Hernández Colón (PPD)||18PPD, 8PNP, 1IP||PPD majority||Jaime Fuster (PPD/D)|
|1989||18PPD, 8PNP, 1IP|
|Antonio Colorado (PPD/D)|
|1993||Pedro Rosselló (PNP/D)||20PNP, 8PPD, 1IP||PNP majority||Carlos Romero Barceló (PNP/D)|
|1997||19PNP, 8PPD, 1PIP||37PNP, 16PPD, 1PIP|
|2001||Sila María Calderón (PPD/D)||19PPD, 8PNP, 1PIP||29PPD, 21PNP, 1PIP||Aníbal Acevedo Vilá (PPD/D)|
|2005||Aníbal Acevedo Vilá (PPD/D)||17PNP, 9PPD, 1PIP||32PNP, 18PPD, 1PIP||Luis Fortuño (PNP/R)|
|2009||Luis Fortuño (PNP/R)||22PNP, 9PPD||37PNP, 17PPD||Pedro Pierluisi (PNP/D)|
|2013||Alejandro García Padilla (PPD)||18PPD, 8PNP, 1PIP||28PPD, 23PNP|
|Executive office||Legislative Assembly|
- List of Governors of Puerto Rico (Includes Governors under Spanish Crown 1509-1898)
- Government and politics in Puerto Rico
- Politics of Puerto Rico
- Elections in Puerto Rico
- List of political parties in Puerto Rico
- Government of Puerto Rico
- Party platform 2012 (in Spanish) p. 248. "El Partido Popular Democrático reafirma que el Estado Libre Asociado es la opción de estatus que mejor representa las aspiraciones del Pueblo de Puerto Rico."
- Party platform 2012 (in Spanish) p. 248 "El Partido Popular Democrático apoya firmemente el desarrollo del Estado Libre Asociado hasta el máximo de autonomía compatible con los principios de unión permanente con los Estados Unidos y la ciudadanía americana de los puertorriqueños. El Partido Popular rechaza cualquier modificación de estatus que se aparte de estos principios y que atente contra nuestra nacionalidad puertorriqueña o que menoscabe nuestra identidad lingüística y cultural."
- Romero switched national parties from Republican to Democratic in 1979.
- From January through April 1981, incumbent PNP Secretary of the House Cristino Bernazard assumed the duties of acting speaker because neither the PNP nor the PDP had obtained an absolute majority of seats in the 1980 elections. The body remained deadlocked until PNP former Speaker Angel Viera Martínez and PDP Representative Severo Colberg Ramirez reached a power-sharing agreement that allowed Viera Martínez to be elected speaker in April and serve until December, upon which time Colberg Ramirez became speaker, serving the remainder of the term. In the meantime, Bernazard appointed bipartisan pairs of legislators to co-chair each committee.
- "Plataforma de Gobierno 2012" (in Spanish). Popular Democratic Party. May 2, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
- "Senadores en Puerto Rico, 1917- 2007" Archived January 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. . Senate of Puerto Rico. 2007.
- Puerto Rico is represented in the United States Congress by a nonvoting delegate, formally called a Resident Commissioner.
- Senate established in 1917 by the Jones-Shafroth Act.
- Unicameral legislature named House of Delegates.
- Chronology of Senators, 1917–2007, Senate of Puerto Rico.