Political party strength in Rhode Island

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Rhode Island:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's candidate received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   Anti-Administration (AA),   Country (C),   Democratic (D),   Democratic-Republican (DR),   Federalist (F),   Independent (I),   Law and Order (LO),   no party (N),   Native American (NA),   National Republican (NR),   Pro-Administration (PA),   Prohibition (P),   People's Party (Reb),   Republican (R),   Unionist (U), and   Whig (W).

For a particular year, the noted partisan composition is that which either took office during that year or which maintained the office throughout the entire year. Only changes made outside of regularly scheduled elections are noted as affecting the partisan composition during a particular year. Shading is determined by the final result of any mid-cycle changes in partisan affiliation.

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General State Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House District 1 U.S. House District 2
1775 Nicholas Cooke (N) William Bradford (N) Henry Ward Henry Marchant (N) Joseph Clarke (AA)[1] No Election No Election No Election No Election No Election
1777 William Channing (C)
1778 William Greene (N) Jabez Bowen (N)
1780 William West (N)
1781 Jabez Bowen (N)
1786 John Collins (N) Daniel Owen (PA)
1787 Henry Goodwin (C)
1789 David Howell (PA)
1790 Arthur Fenner (C) Samuel J. Potter (C) Daniel Updike Theodore Foster (PA) Joseph Stanton, Jr. (AA) Benjamin Bourne (PA)
1791 William Channing (C)
1792 George Washington and John Adams (N)
1793 Henry Sherburne (F) William Bradford (F)
1794 Ray Greene (F)
1796 John Adams and Thomas Pinckney (F)
1797 James Burrill, Jr. (F) Ray Greene (F) Elisha Reynolds Potter (F)
1798 Samuel Eddy (DR) Thomas Tillinghast (F)
1799 George Brown John Brown (F)
1800 Samuel J. Potter (DR) John Adams and C.C. Pinckney (F)
1801 10DR 48DR, 22F[2] Christopher Ellery (DR) Thomas Tillinghast (DR)
1802 DR Majority DR Majority[2]
1803 Paul Mumford (N) DR Majority 50DR, 20F[2] Samuel J. Potter (DR) Nehemiah Knight (DR)
1804 10DR 54DR, 16F[2] Benjamin Howland (DR) Thomas Jefferson and George Clinton (DR)
1805 Henry Smith (C) 48DR, 22F[2] James Fenner (DR)
1806 Isaac Wilbour (C) No Lieutenant DR Majority[2] 54DR, 16F[3]
1807 James Fenner (DR) Constant Taber (DR) F Majority[4] F Majority[4] Elisha Mathewson (DR)
1808 Simeon Martin Constant Taber (DR) 10F[4] 38F, 34DR[5] C.C. Pinckney and Rufus King (F)
1809 8F, 2DR 47F, 25DR[5] Francis Malbone (F) Richard Jackson, Jr. (F)
1810 Isaac Wilbour (DR) DR Majority 38DR, 34F[6] Christopher G. Champlin (F)
1811 William Jones (F) Simeon Martin William Ennis (F) 10F 40F, 32DR[7]
1812 40F, 32DR[5] William Hunter (F) Jeremiah B. Howell (DR) DeWitt Clinton and Jared Ingersoll (F)
1813 F Majority F Majority[7]
1814 Samuel W. Bridgham (F) F Majority 49F, 23DR[7]
1815 10F 47F, 25DR[7] John Linscom Boss, Jr. (F)
1816 Jeremiah Thurston (F) 48F, 24DR[7] James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
1817 Nehemiah R. Knight (DR) Edward Wilcox (DR) Henry Bowen (DR) Thomas G. Pitman (D) 10DR 49F, 23DR[8]
1818 37DR, 35F[2] James Burrill, Jr. (F)
1819 Henry Bowen (W) Dutee J. Pearce (DR) 40DR, 32F[2] Samuel Eddy (DR)
1820 DR Majority 48DR, 24F[2]
1821 William C. Gibbs (DR) Caleb Earle (DR) DR Majority DR Majority[9] James De Wolf (DR) Nehemiah R. Knight (NR)
1822 DR Majority 36DR, 36F[10][9]
1823 DR Majority F Majority[7]
1824 James Fenner (DR) Charles Collins (DR) Adams-Clay R Majority Adams-Clay R Majority[11] John Quincy Adams and John C. Calhoun (DR)
1825 Albert C. Greene (W) Adams-Clay R Majority Adams-Clay R Majority[11] Asher Robbins (NR) Tristam Burges (NR)
1826 Adams-Clay R Majority Adams-Clay R Majority[11]
1827 Adams-Clay R Majority Adams-Clay R Majority[11]
1828 NR Majority NR Majority[12] John Quincy Adams and Richard Rush (NR)
1829 NR Majority NR Majority[12]
1830 NR Majority NR Majority[12]
1831 Lemuel H. Arnold (W) 10NR 44NR, 26J, 2?[12]
1832 6NR, 4 vac. NR Majority[13] Henry Clay and John Sergeant (NR)
1833 John Brown Francis (D) Jeffrey Hazard (D) 8D, 2NR D-AM Coalition
1834 8D, 1W, 1 vac. 39W, 28D, 1AM, 4?[14]
1835 George Engs (W) 4W, 4D, 2 vac. 37W, 35D[15]
1836 Jeffrey Hazard (D) 10D 33W, 31D, 8?[16] William Sprague, III (W) Martin Van Buren and Richard Mentor Johnson (D)
1837 Benjamin Babock Thurston (D) D Majority[15]
1838 William Sprague III (D) Joseph Childs (W) 10W 44W, 28D[17] Robert B. Cranston (W)
1839 Samuel Ward King (LO) John Sterne (W) 40W, 32D[18] Nathan F. Dixon I (W)
1840 Byron Diman (LO) Stephen Cahoone (LO) 52W, 20D[19] William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W)
1841 55W, 17D[15] James F. Simmons (W)
1842 Thomas Wilson Dorr (Reb)[20] Nathaniel Bullock (D) 10L&O 62L&O, 10D[21]
1843 James Fenner (LO) Byron Diman (LO) Joseph Blake (LO) 24L&O, 7D 50W, 19D[22] William Sprague III (W) Elisha R. Potter (LO)
1844 24W, 7D 56W, 13D Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen (W)
1845 Charles Jackson (NA) 21W, 10D 42W, 27D John B. Francis (LO) Lemuel H. Arnold (W)
1846 Byron Diman (LO) Elisha Harris (W) 20W, 11 Lib.[23] 44W, 25 Lib.[23] Albert C. Greene (W)
1847 Elisha Harris (W) Edward W. Lawton (W) 22W, 7D, 2 vac. 48W, 20D, 1? John Hopkins Clarke (W) Benjamin Babock Thurston (D)
1848 20W, 11D 43W, 26D Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore (W)
1849 Henry B. Anthony (W) Thomas Whipple (W) Christopher E. Robbins (W) 19W, 11D, 1FS 43W, 23D, 1FS, 2 vac. George Gordon King (W) Nathan F. Dixon II (W)
1850 19W, 12D 45W, 24D
1851 Philip Allen (D)[24] William Beach Lawrence (D) Asa Potter (D) Walter S. Burges (D) Edwin Wilbur (D) 17D, 14W 37W, 35D Charles T. James (D) Benjamin Babock Thurston (NA)
1852 Samuel G. Arnold (D) 17W, 14D 40W, 30D Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)
1853 Francis M. Dimond (D) 17D, 14W 46D, 26W Philip Allen (D) Thomas Davis (D)
1854 William W. Hoppin (W) John J. Reynolds (W) William R. Watson (W) Christopher Robinson (W) Samuel B. Vernon (W) 18W, 13D 41W, 31D
1855 Anderson C. Rose (NA) John R. Bartlett (R) Charles Hart (R) Samuel A. Parker (R) 29A, 2D 69A, 3D Nathan B. Durfee (NA)
1856 Nicholas Brown III (NA) 23R, 8D 55R, 17D John C. Frémont and William L. Dayton (R)
1857 Elisha Dyer (R) Thomas Turner (R) 29R, 3D 65R, 7D James F. Simmons (R) William Daniel Brayton (R)
1858 Jerome Kimball (R) 30R, 2D 67R, 4D, 1?
1859 Thomas G. Turner (R) Isaac Saunders (NA) 27R, 5D 62R, 9D, 1? Henry B. Anthony (R) Christopher Robinson (R)
1860 William Sprague (U) J. Russell Bullock (U) Walter S. Burges (D) 17R, 15U 42U, 29R, 1? Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin/Andrew Johnson (R)
1861 Samuel G. Arnold (U) 18U, 14R 47U, 25R William Sheffield (U) George H. Browne (U)
1862 19U, 12R, 1?
1863 William C. Cozzens (D) Seth Padelford (R) Abraham Payne (R) 22R, 11U 50U, 22R Samuel G. Arnold (R) Thomas Jenckes (R) Nathan F. Dixon II (R)
1864 James Y. Smith (R) Horatio Rogers, Jr. (R) 21R, 12D 54R, 18D William Sprague IV (R)
1865 Duncan Pell (D) 23R, 9D, 1?
1866 Ambrose Everett Burnside (R) William Greene (R) George W. Tew (R) 28R, 5D 65R, 7D
1867 Willard Sayles (R) 28R, 6D
1868 Pardon Stevens Samuel A. Parker (R) 29R, 5D Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax/Henry Wilson (R)
1869 Seth Padelford (R) 27R, 6D, 1? 61R, 11D
1870 25R, 9D 54R, 18D
1871 27R, 9D 55R, 17D Benjamin T. Eames (R) James M. Pendleton (R)
1872 Charles Cutler (D) Joshua M. Addeman (R) Samuel Clark (R) 26R, 10D 56R, 16D
1873 Henry Howard (R) Charles C. Van Zandt (R) 25R, 11D
1874 28R, 8D 55R, 17D
1875 Henry Lippitt (R) Henry T. Sisson 26R, 10D 59R, 13D Ambrose Burnside (R) Latimer Whipple Ballou (R)
1876 62R, 10D Rutherford B. Hayes and William Almon Wheeler (R)
1877 Charles C. Van Zandt (R) Albert Howard (P) 28R, 8D 54R, 18D
1878 25R, 11D 55R, 17D
1879 28R, 8D 54R, 18D Nelson W. Aldrich (R)
1880 Alfred H. Littlefield (R) Henry Fay (R) 27R, 9D 60R, 12D James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R)
1881 28R, 8D 64R, 8D Nelson W. Aldrich (R) Jonathan Chace (R)
1882 Samuel P. Colt (R) 34R, 3D 65R, 7D Henry J. Spooner (R)
1883 Augustus O. Bourn (R) Oscar Rathbun (R) 55R, 17D
1884 28R, 8D 57R, 15D William Sheffield (R) James G. Blaine and John A. Logan (R)
1885 George P. Wetmore (R) Lucius B. Darling (R) 29R, 7D 64R, 7D, 1 Proh. Jonathan Chace (R) Nathan F. Dixon III (R)
1886 Edwin Metcalf (P) 29R, 6D, 1 Proh. 65R, 6D, 1 Proh. William Almy Pirce (R)
1887 John W. Davis (D) Samuel R. Honey (D) Edwin D. McGuinness (D) Ziba O. Slocum (D) John G. Perry (D) 20R, 16D 40D, 30R, 2 Proh. Charles H. Page (D)
1888 Royal C. Taft (R) Enos Lapham (R) Samuel H. Cross Horatio Rogers, Jr. (R) Samuel Clark (R) 31R, 5D 60R, 11D, 1 Proh. Warren O. Arnold (R) Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton/Whitelaw Reid (R)
1889 Herbert W. Ladd (R) Daniel Littlefield (R) Ziba O. Slocum (D) 25R, 11D 39D, 33R Nathan F. Dixon III (R)
1890 John W. Davis (D) William Wardwell (D) Edwin D. McGuinness (D) John G. Perry (D) 23R, 13D 43D, 29R
1891 Herbert W. Ladd (R) Henry A. Stearns (R) George Utter (R) Robert W. Burbank (R) Samuel Clark (R)[25] 27R, 9D 51R, 21D Oscar Lapham (D)
1892 D. Russell Brown (R) Melville Bull (R) 43R, 29D Charles H. Page (D)
1893 22R, 14D 40D, 32R
1894 Edwin Allen (R) Charles P. Bennett (R) Edward C. Dubois (R) 34R, 2D 69R, 3D Warren O. Arnold (R)
1895 Charles W. Lippitt (R) 34R, 3D 66R, 6D George P. Wetmore (R) Melville Bull (R)
1896 35R, 2D 68R, 4D William McKinley and Garret A. Hobart/Theodore Roosevelt (R)
1897 Elisha Dyer, Jr. (R) Aram J. Pothier (R) Willard B. Tanner (R) 33R, 4D 53R, 19D
1898 William Gregory (R) Walter A. Read (R)[26] 65R, 7D Adin B. Capron (R)
1899 31R, 6D 58R, 13D, 1 Proh.
1900 William Gregory (R)[27] Charles D. Kimball (R) 34R, 3D[28] 60R, 12D[28]
1902 Charles D. Kimball (R) George L. Shepley (R) Charles F. Stearns (R) 30R, 8D 53R, 18D, 1I
1903 Lucius F. C. Garvin (D) Adelard Archambault (D) 27R, 11D 37R, 35D Daniel L.D. Granger (D)
1904 George H. Utter (R) 27R, 10D, 1I 39R, 32D, 1I Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1905 George H. Utter (R) Frederick H. Jackson (R) William B. Greenough (R) 30R, 7D, 1I 62R, 8D, 2I
1906 33R, 5D 60R, 12D
1907 James H. Higgins (D) 29R, 8D, 1 Cit. 37R, 34D, 1I
1908 Ralph Watrous (R) 26R, 11D, 1 Cit. 42R, 29D, 1 Cit. William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R)
1909 Aram J. Pothier (R) Arthur Dennis (R) 31R, 6D, 1 Cit. 64R, 6D, 1 Cit., 1 Proh. William Paine Sheffield, Jr. (R)
1910 Zenas W. Bliss (R) J. Fred Parker (R) 29R, 6D, 3 Cit. 64R, 6D, 2 Cit.
1911 25R, 13D 62R, 38D Henry F. Lippitt (R) George F. O'Shaunessy (D) George H. Utter (R)
1912 Herbert A. Rice (R) 33R, 5D 71R, 28D, 1S Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)
1913 Roswell Burchard (R) 28R, 10D 54R, 45D, 1Pg Peter G. Gerry (D)
1914 LeBaron B. Colt (R)
1915 R. Livingston Beeckman (R) Emery J. San Souci (R) 35R, 3D, 1I 70R, 29D, 1Pg Walter Russell Stiness (R)
1916 Charles Evan Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1917 25R, 13D, 1I 65R, 34D, 1Pg Peter G. Gerry (D)
1919 Richard W. Jennings (R) 31R, 8D 67R, 33D Clark Burdick (R)
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)
1921 Emery J. San Souci (R) Harold Gross (R) 32R, 6D, 1Cit. 75R, 23D, 1I, 1?
1923 William S. Flynn (D) Felix Toupin (D) Herbert L. Carpenter (D) Adolphus C. Knowles (R) 20R, 16D, 3I 50R, 48D, 2DI Richard S. Aldrich (R)
1924 Ernest L. Sprague (R) Jesse H. Metcalf (R) Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)
1925 Aram J. Pothier (R)[29] Nathaniel W. Smith (R) Charles P. Sisson (R)[30] Richard W. Jennings (R) 33R, 6D 67R, 33D
1927 Norman S. Case (R) George C. Clark (R) 34R, 5D 75R, 25D
1928 Norman S. Case (R) No Lieutenant Al Smith and Joseph Taylor Robinson (D)
1929 James G. Connelly (R) Oscar L. Heltzen (R) 29R, 10D 61R, 39D Felix Hebert (R)
1931 Benjamin M. McLyman (R) 31R, 11D 62R, 38D
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner/Henry A. Wallace/Harry S. Truman (D)
1933 Theodore Francis Green (D) Robert E. Quinn (D) Louis W. Cappelli (D) John P. Hartigan (D) Antonio Prince (D)[31] 27R, 15D 51R, 49D Francis Condon (D) John Matthew O'Connell (D)
1935 22D, 20R 57D, 43R Peter G. Gerry (D) Charles Risk (R)
1936 Percival de St. Aubin (R)
1937 Robert E. Quinn (D) Raymond E. Jordan (D) Henri A. Roberge (D) 27R, 15D 54D, 46R Theodore F. Green (D) Aime Forand (D)
1939 William Henry Vanderbilt III (R) James O. McManus (R) J. Hector Paquin (R) Louis V. Jackvony (R) Thomas P. Hazard (R) 34R, 10D 61R, 39D Charles Risk (R) Harry Sandager (R)
1941 J. Howard McGrath (D)[32] Louis W. Cappelli (D) Armand H. Cote (D) John H. Nolan (D) Russell H. Handy (D) 25R, 19D 59D, 41R Aime Forand (D) John E. Fogarty (D)
1943 26R, 18D 58D, 42R
1945 John O. Pastore (D) 24R, 20D 67D, 33R
1946 John O. Pastore (D)[33] No Lieutenant
1947 John S. McKiernan (D) 28R, 16D 56D, 44R J. Howard McGrath (D)
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)
1949 William E. Powers (D) Raymond Hawksley (D) 22R, 22D 64D, 36R Edward L. Leahy (D)
1951 Dennis J. Roberts (D) 23R, 21D 67D, 33R John O. Pastore (D)
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)
1953 26R, 18D 58D, 42R
1955 22R, 22D 67D, 33R
1957 Armand H. Cote (D) John A. Notte, Jr. (D) 25R, 19D 64D, 36R
1959 Christopher Del Sesto (R) John A. Notte, Jr. (D) August P. LaFrance (D) J. Joseph Nugent (D) 23D, 21R 71D, 29R
1960 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)
1961 John A. Notte, Jr. (D) Edward P. Gallogly (D) 28D, 16R 80D, 20R Claiborne Pell (D) Fernand St. Germain (D)
1963 John Chafee (R) 27D, 19R 74D, 26R
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)
1965 Giovanni Folcarelli (D) 30D, 15R, 1I 76D, 24R
1967 Joseph O'Donnell, Jr. (R) Herbert F. DeSimone (R) 35D, 15R 67D, 33R Robert Tiernan (D)
1968 Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D)
1969 Frank Licht (D) J. Joseph Garrahy (D) 37D, 13R 76D, 24R
1971 Richard J. Israel (R) 41D, 9R 75D, 24R, 1I
1972 Richard M. Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)
1973 Philip W. Noel (D) Robert F. Burns (D) 37D, 13R 75D, 25R
1975 Julius C. Michaelson (D) 46D, 4R 86D, 14R Edward Beard (D)
1976 Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)
1977 J. Joseph Garrahy (D) Thomas R. DiLuglio (D) Anthony J. Solomon (D) 45D, 5R 83D, 17R John Chafee (R)
1979 Dennis J. Roberts II (D) 84D, 16R
1981 43D, 7R 82D, 18R Claudine Schneider (R)
1983 Susan L. Farmer (R) 86D, 14R
1984 29D, 21R[34] Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)
1985 Edward D. DiPrete (R) Richard Licht (D) Arlene Violet (R) Roger Begin (D) 36D, 14R 76D, 23R, 1I
1987 Kathleen S. Connell (D) James E. O'Neil (D) 38D, 12R 80D, 20R
1988 Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D)
1989 Roger N. Begin (D) Anthony J. Solomon (D) 41D, 9R 86D, 14R Ronald Machtley (R)
1991 Bruce Sundlun (D) 45D, 5R 89D, 11R Jack Reed (D)
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)
1993 Bob Weygand (D) Barbara Leonard (R) Jeffrey B. Pine (R) Nancy Mayer (R) 39D, 11R 85D, 15R
1995 Lincoln Almond (R) James Langevin (D) 40D, 10R 84D, 16R Patrick J. Kennedy (D)
1997 Bernard A. Jackvony (R) 41D, 9R Jack Reed (D) Bob Weygand (D)
1999 Charles J. Fogarty (D) Sheldon Whitehouse (D) Paul J. Tavares (D) 42D, 8R 86D, 13R, 1I
2000 Lincoln Chafee (R)[35] Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)
2001 Ed Inman (I) 44D, 6R 85D, 15R James Langevin (D)
2003 Don Carcieri (R) Matt Brown (D) Patrick C. Lynch (D) 32D, 6R 63D, 11R, 1I
2004 John Kerry and John Edwards (D)
2005 33D, 5R 59D, 16R
2007 Elizabeth H. Roberts (D) A. Ralph Mollis (D) Frank T. Caprio (D) 60D, 15R Sheldon Whitehouse (D)
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)
2009 33D, 4R, 1I 69D, 6R
2011 Lincoln Chafee (I) Peter Kilmartin (D) Gina Raimondo (D) 29D, 8R, 1I 65D, 10R David Cicilline (D)
2012 65D, 9R, 1L[36]
2013 32D, 5R, 1I 69D, 6R
Lincoln Chafee (D)
2015 Gina Raimondo (D) Daniel McKee (D) Nellie Gorbea (D) Seth Magaziner (D) 63D, 11R, 1I
2016 62D, 12R, 1I[37] Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine (D)
2017 33D, 5R 64D, 11R[38]
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General State Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House District 1 U.S. House District 2 Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress


  1. ^ Died in office.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Democratic-Republicans maintained their majority in the August elections.
  3. ^ The Democratic-Republicans maintained their majority in the August elections with a 46-24 majority.
  4. ^ a b c Officially under the Union Party banner. [1]
  5. ^ a b c The Federalists maintained their majority in the August elections with a 40-32 Majority.
  6. ^ The Federalists gained their majority in the August elections with a 38-34 Majority.
  7. ^ a b c d e f The Federalists maintained their majority in the August elections.
  8. ^ The Federalists maintained their majority in the August elections with a 39-33 majority.
  9. ^ a b The Federalists gained the majority in the August elections.
  10. ^ A Democratic-Republican, Elisha Mathewson, was elected Speaker.
  11. ^ a b c d The Adams-Clay Republicans maintained their majority in the August elections.
  12. ^ a b c d The National Republicans maintained their majority in the August elections.
  13. ^ A coalition of Democrats, Anti-Masons, and some Whigs, led by Anti-Mason William Sprague III, gained control of the House in the August elections, and held them through 1834. [2]
  14. ^ The coalition maintained their majority in the August elections, with the partisan breakdown of the House being 39-20-5-8?.
  15. ^ a b c The Whigs maintained their majority in the August elections.
  16. ^ The Democrats gained a majority in the August elections with a 40-32 majority.
  17. ^ The Whigs maintained their majority in the August elections with a 45-27 majority.
  18. ^ The Whigs maintained their majority in the August elections with a 45-26-1? majority.
  19. ^ The Whigs maintained their majority in the August elections with a 48-24 majority.
  20. ^ Extralegal, as part of the Dorr Rebellion. Term was concurrent with latter part of that of Samuel Ward King.
  21. ^ The Law and Order Party maintained their majority in the August elections.
  22. ^ The Constitution of 1843 established annual House elections in April, eliminating the elections previously held in August.
  23. ^ a b The Democrats in the 1846 election ran as the Liberation Party, which supported amnesty for those convicted for participating in the Dorr Rebellion.
  24. ^ Resigned on July 20, 1853, to become a U.S. Senator, and replaced by Lt. Gov. Dimond until the end of the term.
  25. ^ Died in office, Dec. 27, 1897; replaced by Clinton D. Sellew (R) until May 31, 1898 end of term.
  26. ^ Died in office, Dec. 14, 1918.
  27. ^ Died Dec. 16, 1901; Lt. Gov. Kimball became Acting Governor until the next election.
  28. ^ a b An Amendment to the Rhode Island Constitution moved elections from April to November, so the Legislature elected in April 1900 served what became essentially a two-year term.
  29. ^ Died Feb. 4, 1928; Lt. Gov. Case became Acting Governor until the next election.
  30. ^ Resigned June 10, 1929; Heltzen appointed Acting Attorney General by Gov. Case.
  31. ^ Resigned May 22, 1936, to become Postmaster of Woonsocket, Rhode Island.
  32. ^ Resigned to become U.S. Solicitor General in 1945; Lt. Gov. Pastore became Acting Governor until the next election.
  33. ^ Resigned on Dec. 18, 1950, to become a U.S. Senator; Lt. Gov. McKiernan became Acting Governor until Dennis J. Roberts took office in January 1951.
  34. ^ Due to legal issues with reapportionment, the election for the Senate was delayed until June 21, 1983.
  35. ^ Initially appointed to fill vacancy; later elected in his own right.
  36. ^ Daniel P. Gordon of House District 71 switched his affiliation from Republican to Libertarian on September 22, 2011.
  37. ^ Rep. Karen MacBeth switched parties from Democrat to Republican. Cumberland State Rep. Karen MacBeth Is Becoming a Republican
  38. ^ Rep. Blake Filippi switched parties from Independent to Republican before the start of session. [3]

See also[edit]