Political party strength in Texas
Jump to navigation Jump to search
- Lieutenant Governor
- Attorney General
- State Comptroller of Public Accounts
- State Land Commissioner
- State Agriculture Commissioner
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
- State Senate
- State House of Representatives
- State Railroad Commission
- State delegation to the U.S. Senate
- State delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives
For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
|Year||Executive offices||State Legislature||Railroad Comm.||United States Congress||Electoral College votes|
|Governor||Lt. Gov.||Atty. Gen.||Comptroller||Treas.||Land Comm.||Ag. Comm.||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. House|
|1846||James Pinckney Henderson (D)||Albert Clinton Horton (D)||Volney Howard (D)||James B. Shaw (D)||James H. Raymond (D)||Thomas William Ward (D)||no such office||D Majority||D Majority||no such office||Thomas J. Rusk (D)||Sam Houston (D)||2D|
|1847||George T. Wood (D)||John Alexander Greer (D)||John W. Harris (D)|
|1848||George W. Smyth (D)||D Majority||D Majority||Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D) N|
|1849||Peter Hansborough Bell (D)||Henry Percy Brewster (D)|
|1850||Andrew Jackson Hamilton (D)||D Majority||D Majority|
|1851||James W. Henderson (D)||Ebenezer Allen (D)||Stephen Crosby (D)|
|1852||Thomas J. Jennings (D)||D Majority||D Majority||Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)|
|1853||James W. Henderson (D)||vacant|
|Elisha M. Pease (D)||David Catchings Dickson (D)|
|1854||D Majority||D Majority|
|1855||Hardin Richard Runnels (D)||Sam Houston (D)||1D, 1K-N|
|1856||James Willie (D)||20D, 9A, 4?||60D, 30A||James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D)|
|1857||Hardin Richard Runnels (D)||Francis Lubbock (D)||J. Pinckney Henderson (D)||2D|
|1858||Malcolm D. Graham (D)||Clement R. Johns (D)||Cyrus H. Randolph (D)||Francis M. White (D)||27D, 6A||81D, 9A||Matthias Ward (D)|
|1859||Sam Houston (I)||Edward Clark (D)||John Hemphill (D)|
|1860||George M. Flournoy (D)||D Majority||D Majority||Louis T. Wigfall (D)||John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (D) N|
|1861||Edward Clark (D)||vacant|
|Francis R. Lubbock (D)||John McClannahan Crockett (D)||Expelled following Texas' secession from the U.S.|
|1862||Nathan G. Shelley (D)||American Civil War||American Civil War/no delegations seated|
|1863||Pendleton Murrah (D)||Fletcher Stockdale (D)||Stephen Crosby|
|1864||Benjamin E. Tarver (D)||No Electors Counted|
|1865||Fletcher Stockdale (D)||vacant||William Alexander (U)||Willis L. Robards (D)|
|Andrew Jackson Hamilton (DM)||Samuel Harris (D)||Francis M. White (D)||Reconstruction/no delegations seated|
|1866||James W. Throckmorton (D)||George Washington Jones (D)||William M. Walton (D)||Albert H. Latimer (R)||W. M. Royston (D)||Stephen Crosby (D)|
|1867||Elisha M. Pease (R)||vacant||Ezekiel B. Turner (U)||Morgan C. Hamilton (R)||John T. Allan (R)||Joseph Spence (R)|
|1869||James W. Flanagan (R)||George W. Honey (R)|
|1870||Edmund J. Davis (R)||Donald Campbell (R)||William Alexander (R)||Albert A. Bledsoe (R)||Jacob Kuechler (R)||19R, 11D||54R, 36D||James W. Flanagan (R)||Morgan C. Hamilton (R)||3R, 1D|
|1871||David Webster Flanagan (R)||3D, 1R|
|1872||Albert Jennings Fountain (R)||4D||Thomas A. Hendricks and B. Gratz Brown (D) N|
|1873||Edward Bradford Pickett (D)||B. Graham (R)||17D, 13R||72D, 16R, 2?||6D|
|1874||Richard Coke (D)||Richard B. Hubbard (D)||George Clark (D)||Stephen H. Darden (D)||Andrew Jackson Dorn (D)||J. J. Gross (D)||26D, 4R||79D, 11R|
|1875||Samuel B. Maxey (D)|
|1876||Richard B. Hubbard (D)||vacant||Hannibal H. Boone (D)||Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas Andrews Hendricks (D) N|
|1877||27D, 3R, 1I||81D, 6R, 6I||Richard Coke (D)|
|1878||George McCormick (D)||William C. Walsh (D)|
|1879||Oran M. Roberts (D)||Joseph D. Sayers (D)||Francis R. Lubbock (D)||25D, 4R, 2G||74D, 10G, 9R||5D, 1GB|
|1880||James H. McLeary (D)||William M. Brown (D)||Winfield Hancock and William Hayden English (D) N|
|1881||Leonidas Jefferson Storey (D)||29D, 1R, 1G||82D, 8R, 3G|
|1882||John D. Templeton (D)|
|1883||John Ireland (D)||Francis Marion Martin (D)||William Jesse Swain (D)||30D, 1I||96D, 7I, 3R||10D, 1I|
|1884||Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D)|
|1885||Barnett Gibbs (D)||28D, 3I||103D, 3R||11D|
|1886||Jim Hogg (D)|
|1887||Lawrence Sullivan Ross (D)||Thomas Benton Wheeler (D)||John D. McCall (D)||R. M. Hall (D)||31D||103D, 5R, 1 Peop.||John H. Reagan (D)|
|1888||Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) N|
|1889||102D, 3R, 1I|
|1891||Jim Hogg (D)||George C. Pendleton (D)||Charles A. Culberson (D)||William B. Wortham (D)||William L. McGaughey (D)||104D, 2R||3D||Horace Chilton (D)|
|1892||Roger Q. Mills (D)||Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D)|
|1893||Martin McNulty Crane (D)||29D, 1P, 1I||119D, 8P, 1R||13D|
|1895||Charles A. Culberson (D)||George Taylor Jester (D)||Martin McNulty Crane (D)||Richard W. Finley (D)||Andrew Jackson Baker (D)||29D, 2P||103D, 22P, 3R||Horace Chilton (D)||12D, 1R|
|1896||William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) N|
|1897||28D, 2P, 1R||120D, 6P, 2R|
|1898||Thomas Slater Smith (D)|
|1899||Joseph D. Sayers (D)||James Browning (D)||John W. Robbins (D)||Charles Rogan (D)||30D, 1R||118D, 9P, 1R||Charles A. Culberson (D)|
|1900||William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) N|
|1901||Charles K. Bell (D)||Robert M. Love (D)||31D||126D, 1P, 1IR||Joseph Weldon Bailey (D)||13D|
|1903||S. W. T. Lanham (D)||George D. Neal (D)||J. W. Stephen (D)||John J. Terrell (D)||130D, 1R, 1P, 1IR||16D|
|1904||Robert V. Davidson (D)||Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis N|
|1907||Thomas Mitchell Campbell (D)||Asbury Bascom Davidson (D)||Sam Sparks (D)||Robert Teague Milner (D)||132D, 1R|
|1908||Edward R. Kone (D)||William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) N|
|1909||James T. Robison (D)||30D, 1R||131D, 2R|
|1910||Jewel P. Lightfoot (D)|
|1911||Oscar Branch Colquitt (D)||W. P. Lane (D)||131D, 1R|
|1912||J. M. Edwards (D)||Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)|
|James D. Walthall (D)|
|1913||William Harding Mayes (D)||B. F. Looney (D)||141D, 1R||Rienzi Melville Johnston (D)||18D|
|Morris Sheppard (D)|
|1915||James E. Ferguson (D)||William P. Hobby (D)||Henry B. Terrell (D)||Fred Davis (D)||31D||140D, 1R, 1I|
|1917||William P. Hobby (D)||vacant||142D|
|1919||Willard Arnold Johnson (D)||Calvin Maples Cureton (D)||John W. Baker (D)||141D, 1R|
|1920||M. L. Wiginton (D)||George B. Terrell (D)||James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) N|
|1921||Pat Morris Neff (D)||Lynch Davidson (D)||Lon A. Smith (D)||Charles Vernon Terrell (D)||30D, 1R||137D, 4A, 1R||17D, 1R|
|1922||W. A. Keeling (D)|
|1923||Thomas Whitfield Davidson (D)||149D, 1R||Earle Bradford Mayfield (D)|
|1924||Sidney Lee Staples (D)||John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) N|
|1925||Miriam A. Ferguson (D)||Barry Miller (D)||Dan Moody (D)||Sam Houston Terrell (D)||W. Gregory Hatcher (D)|
|1927||Dan Moody (D)||Claude Pollard (D)|
|1928||Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)|
|1929||31D||Tom Connally (D)||18D|
|Robert L. Bobbitt (D)||J. H. Walker (D)|
|1931||Ross S. Sterling (D)||Edgar E. Witt (D)||James V. Allred (D)||George H. Sheppard (D)||Charley Lockhart (D)||James E. McDonald (D)||150D|
|1932||18D||Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)|
|1933||Miriam A. Ferguson (D)||148D, 2I||21D|
|1935||James V. Allred (D)||Walter Frank Woodul (D)||William McCraw (D)||149D, 1I|
|1937||William H. McDonald (D)|
|1939||W. Lee O'Daniel (D)||Coke R. Stevenson (D)||Gerald Mann (D)||Bascom Giles (D)||150D|
|1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)|
|Jesse James (D)||Andrew Jackson Houston (D)|
|Coke R. Stevenson (D)||vacant||W. Lee O'Daniel (D)|
|1943||John Lee Smith (D)|
|1944||Grover Sellers (D)||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)|
|1947||Beauford H. Jester (D)||Allan Shivers (D)||Price Daniel (D)|
|1948||Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)|
|1949||Allan Shivers (D)||vacant||Robert S. Calvert (D)||Lyndon B. Johnson (D)||20D, 1R|
|1951||Ben Ramsey (D)||John C. White (D)||149D, 1R||21D|
|1952||Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)|
|1953||John Ben Shepperd (D)||150D||Price Daniel (D)||22D|
|1955||James Earl Rudder (D)||21D, 1R|
|1957||Price Daniel (D)||Will Wilson (D)||William A. Blakley (D)|
|Ralph Yarborough (D)|
|1958||Bill Alcorn (D)|
|1960||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)|
|1961||Jerry Sadler (D)||William A. Blakley (D)|
|John Tower (R)|
|1963||John Connally (D)||Preston Smith (D)||Waggoner Carr (D)||140D, 10R||21D, 2R|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)|
|1967||Crawford Martin (D)||30D, 1R||143D, 7R||21D, 2R|
|1968||Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D) N|
|1969||Preston Smith (D)||Ben Barnes (D)||29D, 2R||141D, 8R, 1I||20D, 3R|
|1971||Bob Armstrong (D)||141D, 9R||Lloyd M. Bentsen (D)|
|1972||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|1973||Dolph Briscoe (D)||William P. Hobby, Jr. (D)||John Hill (D)||28D, 3R||133D, 17R||20D, 4R|
|1975||Bob Bullock (D)||132D, 18R||21D, 3R|
|1976||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|1977||Warren Harding (D)||Reagan V. Brown (D)||131D, 19R||22D, 2R|
|1979||Bill Clements (R)||Mark White (D)||127D, 23R||20D, 4R|
|1980||Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)|
|1981||24D, 7R||113D, 37R||19D, 5R|
|1983||Mark White (D)||Jim Mattox (D)||Ann Richards (D)||Garry Mauro (D)||Jim Hightower (D)||26D, 5R||21D, 6R|
|1985||25D, 6R||95D, 55R||Phil Gramm (R)||17D, 10R|
|1987||Bill Clements (R)||90D, 60R|
|1988||George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R)|
|1989||23D, 8R||91D, 59R||19D, 8R|
|1991||Ann Richards (D)||Bob Bullock (D)||Dan Morales (D)||John Sharp (D)||Kay Bailey Hutchison (R)||Rick Perry (R)||22D, 9R||90D, 60R|
|1992||2D, 1R||George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) N|
|1993||18D, 13R||91D, 59R||Bob Krueger (D)||21D, 9R|
|Martha Whitehead (D)||Kay Bailey Hutchison (R)|
|1995||George W. Bush (R)||17D, 14R||87D, 63R||18D, 12R|
|1996||Bob Dole and Jack Kemp (R) N|
|1997||office abolished||17R, 14D||82D, 68R||17D, 13R|
|1999||Rick Perry (R)||John Cornyn (R)||Carole Keeton Strayhorn (R)||David Dewhurst (R)||Susan Combs (R)||16R, 15D||78D, 72R|
|2000||George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R)|
|Rick Perry (R)||Bill Ratliff (R)|
|Greg Abbott (R)|
|2003||David Dewhurst (R)||Jerry E. Patterson (R)||19R, 12D||88R, 62D||John Cornyn (R)||17D, 15R|
|2005||86R, 64D||21R, 11D|
|2007||Susan Combs (R)||Todd Staples (R)||20R, 11D||80R, 69D||19R, 13D|
|2008||77R, 71D||John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) N|
|2009||19R, 12D||76R, 74D||20R, 12D|
|2011||101R, 49D||23R, 9D|
|2012||Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (R) N|
|2013||95R, 55D||Ted Cruz (R)||24R, 12D|
|2015||Greg Abbott (R)||Dan Patrick (R)||Ken Paxton (R)||Glenn Hegar (R)||George P. Bush (R)||Sid Miller (R)||20R, 11D||98R, 52D||25R, 11D|
|2016||99R, 50D, 1I||Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R)|
|2019||19R, 12D||83R, 67D||23R, 13D|
|2020||[to be determined]|
|Year||Governor||Lt. Gov.||Atty. Gen.||Comptroller||Treas.||Land Comm.||Ag. Comm.||State Senate||State House||Railroad Comm.||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. House||Electoral College votes|
|Executive offices||State Legislature||United States Congress|
- Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives.
- As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
- Evicted from office due to his refusal to swear an oath to the Confederate States of America.
- Fled Austin as it fell to Union forces.
- Provisional military governor.
- Was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan, commander of the Fifth Military District during Reconstruction.
- Resigned due to disagreements with General Joseph Reynolds.
- The office remained vacant until the 14th Legislature in 1874.
- Elected lieutenant governor in 1869 but was not inaugurated. He presided over the provisional session but left office after being selected as an at-large representative to the United States Congress.
- Elected in a special election held under military direction.
- As president pro tempore of the state Senate, served as lieutenant governor ex officio while the office remained vacant.
- Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
- Shot and killed in office by a former employee.
- Appointed by Governor upon the death of his predecessor
- Governor appointed first incumbent when office was created by the Legislature
- Resigned due to the legislature's bringing impeachment proceedings against him.
- As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was subsequently in his own right.
- Resigned after winning the Democratic primary for a United States Senate seat; he won the election.
- Died in office.
- John Poerner won his seat as a Republican in a special election March, but changed to Independent once sworn into the House.
- Initially appointed to fill vacancy; later elected in his or her own right.
- In 1996, voters approved a constitutional amendment abolishing the Office of State Treasurer and transferring its functions to the Office of Comptroller of Public Accounts.
- Republican filled vacancy.
- Republican John Lujan won a special election to succeed Democrat Joe Farias, who resigned, flipping a seat. Additionally, Independent Laura Thompson won a special election to succeed Democrat Ruth Jones McClendon, who resigned, flipping another seat.  
- Republican Pete Flores won a special election to succeed Democrat Carlos Uresti, who resigned, flipping a seat.