Political party strength in West Virginia

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The following tables indicate the historic party affiliation of elected officials in the U.S. state of West Virginia, including: Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, State Auditor,[1] State Treasurer,[2] and State Agriculture Commissioner. The tables also indicate the historical party composition in the State Senate, State House of Delegates,[3] State delegation to the U.S. Senate, and the State delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives For years in which a presidential election was held, the tables indicate which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

1863–1899[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral
votes
Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1863 Arthur I. Boreman (R)[a] Jacob Edgar Boyers (R) Aquilla B. Caldwell (R) Samuel Crane (R) Campbell Tarr (R) 20UU 52UU Peter G. Van Winkle (UU)[4] Waitman T. Willey (UU) 3UU
1864 Lincoln/
Johnson (NU) Green tickY
1865 Granville D. Hall (R) Ephraim B. Hall (R) Joseph Marcellus
McWhorter
(R)
Waitman T. Willey (R) 2UU, 1R
1866 Edwin Maxwell (R) 19R, 1D 48R, 8D
1867 John Witcher (R) Thayer Melvin (R) Jacob H. Brister (R) 19R, 43D 41R, 15D Peter G. Van Winkle (R) 3R
1868 20R, 2D 42R, 14D Grant/
Colfax (R) Green tickY
1869 Daniel D. T. Farnsworth (R)[b] James Pipes (R) Aquilla B. Caldwell (R)[c] Thomas Boggess (R) James A. Macauley (R) 18R, 4D 32R, 24D Arthur I. Boreman (R) 3R
1870 William E. Stevenson (R) 13LR, 5D, 4R 33R, 23D
1871 John J. Jacob (D) John M. Phelps (R) Joseph Sprigg (D) Edward A. Bennett (D) John S. Burdett (D) 12D, 10R 40D, 16R Henry Gassaway Davis (D) 2D, 1R
1872 18D, 4R 39D, 16R, 1? Grant/
Wilson (R) Green tickY
1873 John J. Jacob (I) Charles Hedrick (D) Henry M. Mathews (D) 21D, 3R 43D, 19R, 3? 2D, 1R
1874
1875 19D, 4R, 1I 49D, 12R, 4I Allen T. Caperton (D) 3D
1876 Sobieski Brady (D) Samuel Price (D) Tilden/
Hendricks (D) Red XN
1877 Henry M. Mathews (D) Sobieski Brady (D) Robert White (D) Joseph S. Miller (D) Thomas J. West (D) 19D, 5R 46D, 19R Frank Hereford (D) 3D
1878
1879 21D, 2R, 1GB 40D, 17GB, 8R 3D
1880 Hancock/
English (D) Red XN
1881 Jacob B. Jackson (D) Randolph Stalnaker (D) Cornelius Clarkson
Watts
(D)
Thomas O'Brien (D) 20D, 3R, 1GB 46D, 17R, 2GB Johnson N. Camden (D) 3D
1882
1883 17D, 8R, 1GB 38D, 27R John E. Kenna (D) 3D, 1R
1884 Cleveland/
Hendricks (D) Green tickY
1885 Emanuel Willis Wilson (D)[d] Henry S. Walker (D) Alfred Caldwell (D) Patrick Fee Duffy (D) William T. Thompson (D) 15D, 11R 37D, 28R 3D, 1R
1886
1887 14D, 12R 36D, 29R Charles James Faulkner (D) 3D, 1R
1888 Cleveland/
Thurman (D) Red XN
1889 12D, 13R, 1UL[e] 34D, 31R 2D, 2R
1890 Aretas B. Fleming (D) William A. Ohley (D)[f]
1891 16D, 10R 44D, 21R 4D
1892 Cleveland/
Stevenson (D) Green tickY
1893 William A. MacCorkle (D) William E. Chilton (D) Thomas S. Riley (D) Isaac V. Johnson (D) John M. Rowan (D) 21D, 5R 41D, 30R Johnson N. Camden (D) 4D
1894
1895 14R, 12D 49R, 22D Stephen Benton Elkins (R) 4R
1896 McKinley/
Hobart (R) Green tickY
1897 George W. Atkinson (R) William M. O. Dawson (R) Edgar P. Rucker (R) Latelle M. LaFollette Sr. (R) M. A. Kendall (R) 20R, 5D, 1Pop 40R, 31D 3R, 1D
1898
1899 17R, 9D 37D, 33R, 1? Nathan B. Scott (R) 4R
Year Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral
votes
Executive offices State Legislature U.S. Congress

1900–1949[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral
votes
Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1900 George W. Atkinson (R) William M. O. Dawson (R) Edgar P. Rucker (R) Latelle M. LaFollette Sr. (R) M. A. Kendall (R) 17R, 9D 37D, 33R, 1? Nathan B. Scott (R) Stephen Benton Elkins (R) 4R McKinley/
Roosevelt (R) Green tickY
1901 Albert B. White (R) Romeo H. Freer (R) Arnold C. Scherr (R) Peter Silman (R) 18R, 8D 45R, 26D 4R
1902
1903 24R, 6D 57R, 29D 4R
1904 Roosevelt/
Fairbanks (R) Green tickY
1905 William M. O. Dawson (R) Charles Wesley Swisher (R) Clark W. May (R) Newton Ogden (R) 25R, 5D 61R, 25D 3R, 1D
1906
1907 60R, 25D, 1Proh 5R
1908 William G. Conley (R) Taft/
Sherman (R) Green tickY
1909 William E. Glasscock (R) Stuart F. Reed (R) John S. Darst (R) E. Leslie Long (R) 24R, 6D 60R, 26D 5R
1910
1911 15R, 15D[g] 63D, 23R William E. Chilton (D) Davis Elkins (R) 4D, 1R
Clarence Wayland Watson (D)
1912 Wilson/
Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 Henry D. Hatfield (R) A. A. Lilly (R) 53R, 33D Nathan Goff Jr. (R) 4R, 2D
1914
1915 21R, 9D 56R, 27D, 3Fus 4D, 2R
1916 Hughes/
Fairbanks (R) Red XN
1917 John J. Cornwell (D) Houston G. Young (R) Edward T. England (R) W. S. Johnson (R) 20R, 10D 52D, 42R Howard Sutherland (R) 5R, 1D
1918
1919 23R, 7D 70R, 24D Davis Elkins (R) 5R, 1D
1920 Harding/
Coolidge (R) Green tickY
1921 Ephraim F. Morgan (R) John C. Bond (R) 26R, 4D 73R, 21D 6R
1922
1923 19R, 11D 65D, 29R Matthew M. Neely (D) 4D, 2R
1924 Coolidge/
Dawes (R) Green tickY
1925 Howard Mason Gore (R) George W. Sharp (R) Howard B. Lee (R) 16R, 14D 55R, 39D Guy D. Goff (R) 6R
1926
1927 Sam T. Mallison 21R, 9D 60R, 33D, 1SqDl 5R, 1D
1928 Hoover/
Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 William G. Conley (R) Edgar C. Lawson (R) 24R, 6D 63R, 31D Henry D. Hatfield (R) 5R, 1D
1930
1931 17R, 13D 68D, 26R Matthew M. Neely (D) 4R, 2D
1932 Roosevelt/
Garner (D) Green tickY
1933 Herman G. Kump (D) William Smith O'Brien (D) Homer A. Holt (D) Edgar B. Simms (D) Richard E. Talbott (D) 24D, 6R 79D, 15R 6D
1934
1935 82D, 12R Rush Holt Sr. (D) 6D
1936 Roosevelt/
Garner (D) Green tickY
1937 Homer A. Holt (D) Clarence W. Meadows (D) 72D, 22R 6D
1938
1939 27D, 5R 70D, 24R 5D, 1R
1940 Roosevelt/
Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 Matthew M. Neely (D) 26D, 6R 74D, 20R Harley M. Kilgore (D) Joseph Rosier (D) 6D
1942 William S. Wysong (D) Hugh Ike Shott (R)
1943 James Kay Thomas (D)[f] 21D, 11R 50D, 44R Chapman Revercomb (R) 4D, 2R
1944 Roosevelt/
Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 Clarence W. Meadows (D) Ira J. Partlow (D) 65D, 29R 5D, 1R
1946
1947 20D, 12R 56D, 38R 4R, 2D
1948 Daniel Pitt O'Brien (D)[f] Truman/
Barkley (D) Green tickY
1949 Okey Patteson (D) William C. Marland (D) 78D, 16R Matthew M. Neely (D) 6D
Year Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral
votes
Executive offices State Legislature U.S. Congress

1950–1999[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral
votes
Governor Secretary
of State
Attorney
General
Auditor Treasurer Agriculture
Commissioner
State
Senate
State
House
U.S. Senator
(Class I)
U.S. Senator
(Class II)
U.S.
House
1950 Okey Patteson (D) Daniel Pitt O'Brien (D)[f] William C. Marland (D) Edgar B. Simms (D) William H. Ansel Jr. (D) J. B. McLaughlin (D)[h][i] 20D, 12R 78D, 16R Harley M. Kilgore (D) Matthew M. Neely (D) 6D Truman/
Barkley (D) Green tickY
1951 67D, 27R
1952 Chauncey Browning Sr. (D) Stevenson/
Sparkman (D) Red XN
1953 William C. Marland (D) John G. Fox (D) 22D, 10R 67D, 33R 5D, 1R
1954
1955 23D, 9R 76D, 24R
1956 John T. Johnson (R)[i] William Laird III (D) Eisenhower/
Nixon (R) Green tickY
1957 Cecil H. Underwood (R) Helen F. Holt (R) Wally Barron (D) Orel J. Skeen (D) 21D, 11R 58D, 42R Chapman Revercomb (R)
1958 Joe F. Burdett (D)[f] John D. Hoblitzell Jr. (R)
1959 23D, 9R 85D, 15R Robert Byrd (D) Jennings Randolph (D)
1960 Litz McGuire (R) Kennedy/
Johnson (D) Green tickY
1961 Wally Barron (D) C. Donald Robertson (D) Denzil L. Gainer (D) John H. Kelly (D) 25D, 7R 82D, 18R
1962
1963 23D, 9R 76D, 24R 4D, 1R
1964 Johnson/
Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1965 Hulett C. Smith (D) Robert D. Bailey Jr. (D) Gus Douglass (D) 27D, 7R 91D, 9R
1966
1967 25D, 9R 65D, 35R
1968 Humphrey/
Muskie (D) Red XN
1969 Arch A. Moore Jr. (R) Jay Rockefeller (D) Chauncey H. Browning Jr. (D) 22D, 12R 63D, 37R
1970
1971 23D, 11R 68D, 32R 5D
1972 Hike Heiskell (R)[f] John M. Gates (R) Nixon/
Agnew (R) Green tickY
1973 24D, 10R 57D, 43R 4D
1974
1975 James R. McCartney (R) Ronald G. Pearson (R) 26D, 8R 87D, 13R
1976 Carter/
Mondale (D) Green tickY
1977 Jay Rockefeller (D) A. James Manchin (D) Glen Gainer Jr. (D) Larrie Bailey (D) 28D, 6R 91D, 9R
1978
1979 26D, 8R 74D, 26R
1980 Carter/
Mondale (D) Red XN
1981 27D, 7R 78D, 22R 2R, 2D
1982
1983 31D, 3R 87D, 13R 4D
1984 Reagan/
Bush (R) Green tickY
1985 Arch A. Moore Jr. (R) Ken Hechler (D) Charlie Brown (D) A. James Manchin (D) 30D, 4R 73D, 27R Jay Rockefeller (D)
1986
1987 28D, 6R 78D, 22R
1988 Dukakis/
Bentsen (D) Red XN
1989 Gaston Caperton (D) Roger W. Tompkins (D) Thomas E. Loehr (D) Cleve Benedict (R) 29D, 5R 79D, 21R
1990 Mario Palumbo (D)[f]
1991 Larrie Bailey (D) 33D, 1R 74D, 26R
1992 Clinton/
Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 Darrell McGraw (D) Glen Gainer III (D) Gus Douglass (D) 32D, 2R 79D, 21R 3D
1994
1995 26D, 8R 69D, 31R
1996 Clinton/
Gore (D) Green tickY
1997 Cecil H. Underwood (R) John Perdue (D) 25D, 9R 74D, 26R
1998
1999 29D, 5R 75D, 25R
Year Governor Secretary
of State
Attorney
General
Auditor Treasurer Agriculture
Commissioner
State
Senate
State
House
U.S. Senator
(Class I)
U.S. Senator
(Class II)
U.S.
House
Electoral
votes
Executive offices State Legislature U.S. Congress

2000–present[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral
votes
Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Ag. Commissioner State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
2000 Cecil H. Underwood (R) Ken Hechler (D) Darrell McGraw (D) Glen Gainer III (D) John Perdue (D) Gus Douglass (D) 29D, 5R 75D, 25R Robert Byrd (D) Jay Rockefeller (D) 3D Bush/
Cheney (R) Green tickY
2001 Bob Wise (D) Joe Manchin (D) 28D, 6R 2D, 1R
2002
2003 24D, 10R 68D, 32R
2004 Bush/
Cheney (R) Green tickY
2005 Joe Manchin (D) Betty Ireland (R) 21D, 13R
2006
2007 23D, 11R 72D, 28R
2008 McCain/
Palin (R) Red XN
2009 Natalie Tennant (D) 26D, 8R 71D, 29R
2010 Carte Goodwin (D)
2011 Earl Ray Tomblin (D) 28D, 6R 65D, 35R Joe Manchin (D) 2R, 1D
2012 Romney/
Ryan (R) Red XN
2013 Patrick Morrisey (R) Walt Helmick (D) 25D, 9R 54D, 46R
2014 24D, 10R 53D, 47R
2015 18R, 16D 64R, 36D Shelley Moore Capito (R) 3R
2016 Lisa Hopkins (D) Trump/
Pence (R) Green tickY
2017 Jim Justice (D) Mac Warner (R) JB McCuskey (R) Kent Leonhardt (R) 22R, 12D 64R, 36D[j]
Jim Justice (R)[k]
2018
2019 20R, 14D 57R, 43D
2020 Trump/
Pence (R) Red XN
2021 Riley Moore (R) 23R, 11D 76R, 24D
Year Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Ag. Commissioner State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral
votes
Executive offices State Legislature U.S. Congress
Key to party colors and abbreviations for members of the U.S. Congress and other politicians or officials
American (Know Nothing) (KN)
American Labor (AL)
Anti-Jacksonian (Anti-J)
National Republican (NR)
Anti-Administration (AA)
Democratic-Republican (DR)
Anti-Masonic (Anti-M)
Conservative (Con)
Democratic (D)
Dixiecrat (Dix),
States' Rights (SR)
Farmer–Labor (FL)
Federalist (F)
Pro-Administration (PA)
Free Soil (FS)
Fusion (Fus)
Greenback (GB)
Independence (IPM)
Independent Democrat (ID)
Independent Republican (IR)
Jacksonian (J)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (L)
National Union (NU)
Nonpartisan League (NPL)
Nullifier (N)
Opposition Northern (O)
Opposition Southern (O)
Populist (Pop)
Progressive (Prog)
Prohibition (Proh)
Readjuster (Rea)
Republican (R)
Silver (Sv)
Silver Republican (SvR)
Socialist (Soc)
Unionist (U)
Unconditional Unionist (UU)
Whig (W)
Independent (I)
Nonpartisan (NP)
  1. ^ Resigned to run for the United States Senate, winning election.
  2. ^ As president of the state Senate, filled unexpired term for 7 days.
  3. ^ Appointed.
  4. ^ Did not run for re-election in 1888, but due to the election's being disputed, remained in office until the investigation was complete.
  5. ^ The Union Labor candidate supported a Democratic Senate Presidency.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Elected to fill unexpired term.
  7. ^ During the 1911-12 sessions, Republicans held the Senate Presidency under Henry D. Hatfield while each party controlled half the committees; During the 1913-14 sessions, Democrats held the Senate Presidency under Samuel V. Woods, while Republicans were able to select their choice of Sergeant-at-Arms and Clerk and control of all committees.[5]
  8. ^ Appointed in 1932.
  9. ^ a b Appointed by governor; not an elected position until 1964.
  10. ^ Rep. Rupert Phillips left the Democratic Party to become an Independent before the start of the session.[6] He changed to a Republican in May 2017 to run for Congress.[7]
  11. ^ Justice announced on August 3, 2017, that he was switching his party registration from Democrat to Republican.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "West Virginia State Auditors". WVCulture.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-29. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  2. ^ "West Virginia State Treasurers". WVCulture.org. Archived from the original on 2011-11-16. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  3. ^ Educational Publications Manual, State of West Virginia Legislature
  4. ^ "Van Winkle - Biographical Information". Bioguide.Congress.gov. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  5. ^ Kabler, Phil. "WV has a brief, colorful history of deadlocked Senates". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  6. ^ Johnson, Shauna (January 26, 2017). "Logan County delegate leaves Democratic Party". WV MetroNews. West Virginia. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  7. ^ Marks, Rusty (May 11, 2017). "Democrat-turned-independent Rupie Phillips goes Republican to run for Congress". The State Journal. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  8. ^ Kabler, Phil (August 3, 2017). "WV Gov. Justice switching political parties, returning to GOP". Charleston Gazette. Retrieved August 4, 2017.

See also[edit]