Political party strength in Wisconsin

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The following tables indicate the historic party affiliation of elected officials in the U.S. state of Wisconsin, including: Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, State Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction. The tables also indicate the historical party composition in the State Senate,[1] State Assembly,[1] the State delegation to the United States Senate, and the State delegation to the United States House of Representatives. For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the tables indicate which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are labeled as follows:       Democratic (D),       Independent (I),       Nonpartisan (NP),       Progressive (P),       Republican (R),       Whig (W), People's Party (PP), Union Labor (UL), Fusion (F), Independent Democrat (ID), Independent Republican (IR), and Independent (I), and       a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

1848 to 1899[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer Supt. of Pub. Inst. State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1848 Nelson Dewey (D) John Edwin Holmes (D) Thomas McHugh (D) James S. Brown (D) Jairus C. Fairchild (D) Eleazer Root (W) 12D, 4W, 3FS 35D, 16W, 15FS[2] Henry Dodge (D) Isaac P. Walker (D) 2D Cass / Butler (D)
1849 1FS, 1W, 1D
1850 Samuel W. Beall (D) William A. Barstow (D) S. Park Coon (D) 12D, 4W, 2FS, 1? 41D, 17W, 8FS
1851 14D, 3W, 2FS 46D, 11W, 9FS 2D, 1FS
1852 Leonard J. Farwell (W) Timothy Burns (D)[3] Charles D. Robinson (D) Experience Estabrook (D) Edward H. Janssen (D) Azel P. Ladd 13D, 5W, 1FS 31W, 28D, 6FS, 1vac Pierce/King (D)
1853 vacant 18D, 7W 51D, 22W, 7FD, 2I 3D
1854 William A. Barstow (D)[4] James T. Lewis (R) Alexander T. Gray (D) George Baldwin Smith (D) Hiram A. Wright (D)[3] 20D, 5W 50D, 25W, 8FS
1855 13D, 12R 44R, 33D, 5I, 1? Charles Durkee (R) 2R, 1D
1856 Arthur MacArthur, Sr. (D) David W. Jones (D) William R. Smith (D) Charles Kuehn (D) A. Constantine Barry (D)[5] 13R, 12D 45D, 35R, 1I, 2? Fremont/Dayton (R)
Arthur MacArthur, Sr. (D)[4] vacant
Coles Bashford (R)[4] Arthur MacArthur, Sr. (D)
1857 19R, 11D 62R, 33D, 2I James Rood Doolittle (R) 3R
1858 Alexander Randall (R) Erasmus D. Campbell (D) Gabriel Bouck (D) Samuel D. Hastings (R) Lyman Draper (D) 18R, 12D 49R, 48D
1859 16R, 14D 55R, 42D 2R, 1D
1860 Butler G. Noble (R) Louis P. Harvey (R) James Henry Howe (R) Josiah Little Pickard[6] 17R, 13D 58R, 39D Lincoln/Hamlin (R)
1861 22R, 8D 70R, 27D Timothy O. Howe (R) 3R
1862 Louis P. Harvey (R)[3] Edward Salomon (R) James T. Lewis (R) Winfield Smith (R) 22R, 11D 44R, 33D, 23U[7]
Edward Salomon (R)[8] vacant
1863 17R, 16D 48R, 44D, 8U 3D, 3R
1864 James T. Lewis (R) Wyman Spooner (R) Lucius Fairchild (R) John G. McMynn 22R, 11D 75R, 25D Lincoln/Johnson (R)
1865 20R, 13D 67R, 33D 5R, 1D
1866 Lucius Fairchild (R) Thomas Allen (R) Charles R. Gill (R) William E. Smith (R) 23R, 9D, 1I 59R, 32D, 9I
1867 22R, 11D 74R, 24D, 1I, 1?
1868 Alexander J. Craig 18R, 15D 59R, 41D Grant / Colfax (R)
1869 19R, 14D 68R, 32D Matthew H. Carpenter
1870 Thaddeus C. Pound (R) Llywelyn Breese (R) Stephen Steele Barlow (R) Henry Baetz (R) Samuel Fallows (R) 19R, 11D, 3I 55R, 38D, 7I
1871 19R, 14D 57R, 41D, 2I 4R, 2D
1872 Cadwallader C. Washburn (R) Milton H. Pettit (R)[3] 23R, 9D, 1I 58R, 38D, 4I Grant/Wilson (R)
1873 vacant 17R, 16D 60D, 40R 6R, 2D
1874 William Robert Taylor (D) Charles D. Parker (D) Peter Doyle (D) A. Scott Sloan (R) Ferdinand Kuehn (D) Edward Searing (R) 17R, 15D, 1I 64R, 35D, 4I
1875 60D, 40R Angus Cameron (R) 5R, 3D
1876 Harrison Ludington (R) 21R, 12D 49D, 47R, 4I[9] Hayes/ Wheeler (R)
1877 48R, 40D, 7G, 4I, 1S[10]
1878 William E. Smith (R) James M. Bingham (R) Hans Warner (R) Alexander Wilson (R) Richard Guenther (R) William Clarke Whitford (D/Lib.R.) 24R, 9D 45R, 41D, 13G, 1S[11]
1879 66R, 25D, 9G Matthew H. Carpenter (R)[3]
1880 25R, 8D 70R, 29D, 1G Garfield/ Arthur (R)
1881 24R, 9D 78R, 22D Philetus Sawyer (R) Angus Cameron (R)
1882 Jeremiah McLain Rusk (R)[12] Sam Fifield (R) Ernst Timme (R) Leander F. Frisby (R) Edward C. McFetridge (R) Robert Graham (R, D, Proh.) 23R, 10D 64R, 34D, 2I
1883 18R, 15D 63R, 37D 6D, 3R
1884 Blaine/ Logan (R)
1885 20R, 13D 61R, 39D John Coit Spooner (R) 7R, 2D
1886
1887 George W. Ryland (R) Charles E. Estabrook (R) Henry B. Harshaw (R) Jesse B. Thayer (R) 25R, 6D, 1PP, 1I 57R, 30D, 6PP, 4ID, 3I 7R, 1D, 1 Lab.
1888 Harrison/Morton (R)
1889 William D. Hoard (R) 24R, 6D, 2UL, 1I 71R, 29D 7R, 2D
1890
1891 George Wilbur Peck (D) Charles Jonas (D) Thomas Cunningham (D) James L. O'Connor (D) John Hunner (D) Oliver Elwin Wells (D) 19D, 14R 66D, 33R, 1UL William Freeman Vilas (D) 8D, 1R
1892 Cleveland / Stevenson (D)
1893 26D, 7R 56D, 44R John L. Mitchell (D) 6D, 4R
1894
1895 William H. Upham (R) Emil Baensch (R) Henry Casson (R) William H. Mylrea (R) Sewell A. Peterson (R) John Q. Emery (R) 20R, 13D 81R, 19D 10R
1896 McKinley/Hobart (R)
1897 Edward Scofield (R) 29R, 4D 91R, 8D, 1Fus John Coit Spooner (R)[13]
1898
1899 Jesse Stone (R)[3] William Froehlich (R) Emmett R. Hicks (R) James O. Davidson (R) Lorenzo D. Harvey (R) 31R, 2D 81R, 19D Joseph V. Quarles (R)
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer Supt. of Pub. Inst. State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

1900 to 1949[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer Supt. of Pub. Inst. State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1900 Edward Scofield (R) Jesse Stone (R)[3] William Froehlich (R) Emmett R. Hicks (R) James O. Davidson (R) Lorenzo D. Harvey (R) 31R, 2D 81R, 19D Joseph V. Quarles (R) John Coit Spooner (R)[13] 10R McKinley/Roosevelt (R)
1901 Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (R)[14] 82R, 18D
1902 James O. Davidson (R)
1903 Walter Houser (R) Lafayette M. Sturdevant (R) John J. Kempf (R)[15] Charles P. Cary (R) 30R, 3D 75R, 25D 10R, 1D
1904 Thomas M. Purtell (R)[5] Roosevelt/Fairbanks (R)
1905 John J. Kempf (R)[15] Charles P. Cary (NP/R) 28R, 4D, 1SD 85R, 11D, 4SD 10R, 1D
1906 James O. Davidson (R)[8] vacant Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (R)
1907 William D. Connor (R) James A. Frear (R) Frank L. Gilbert (R) Andrew H. Dahl (R) 27R, 5D, 1SD 76R, 19D, 5SD Isaac Stephenson (R) 9R, 2D
1908 Taft/Sherman (R)
1909 John Strange (R) 28R, 4D, 1SD 80R, 17D, 3SD 10R, 1D
1910
1911 Francis E. McGovern (R) Thomas Morris (R) Levi H. Bancroft (R) 27R, 4D, 2SD 59R, 29D, 12SD 8R, 2D, 1S
1912 Wilson/Marshall (D)
1913 John Donald (R) Walter C. Owen (R)[16] Henry Johnson (R) 23R, 9D, 1SD 57R, 37D, 6SD 8R, 3D
1914
1915 Emanuel L. Philipp (R) Edward F. Dithmar (R) 21R, 11D, 1SD 63R, 29D, 8SD Paul O. Husting[3]
1916 Hughes/Fairbanks (R)
1917 Merlin Hull (R) 24R, 6D, 3S 79R, 14D, 7S 11R
1918 Spencer Haven (R)[5] Irvine Lenroot (R)
1919 John J. Blaine (R) 27R, 4S, 2D 79R, 16S, 5D 10R, 1S
1920 Harding/Coolidge (R)
1921 John J. Blaine (R) George Comings (R) Elmer Hall (R) William J. Morgan (R) John Callahan (NP) 92R, 6S, 2D 11R
1922
1923 Fred R. Zimmerman (R)[3] Herman Ekern (R) Solomon Levitan (R) 30R, 3S 89R, 1D, 10S 10R, 1S
1924 La Follette/Wheeler (P)
1925 Henry A. Huber (R) 29R, 4S 91R, 8S, 1D Robert M. La Follette, Jr. (R)
1926
1927 Fred R. Zimmerman (R) Theodore Dammann (R) John W. Reynolds, Sr. (R) 31R, 2S 89R, 3D, 8S John J. Blaine (R)
1928 Hoover/Curtis (R)
1929 Walter J. Kohler, Sr. 90R, 6D, 3S, 1I 11R
1930
1931 Philip La Follette (R) 30R, 2S, 1D 89R, 9S, 2D 10R, 1D
1932 Roosevelt/Garner (D)
1933 Albert G. Schmedeman (D) Thomas J. O'Malley (D)[3] James E. Finnegan (D) Robert Kirkland Henry (D) 23R, 9D, 1P 59D, 24P, 13R, 3S, 1IR F. Ryan Duffy (D) 5D, 5R
1934
1935 Philip La Follette (P) Theodore Dammann (P) 14P, 13D, 6R[17] 45P, 35D, 17R, 3S[18] Robert M. La Follette, Jr. (P) 7P, 3D
1936 Henry A. Gunderson (P)[19]
1937 Herman L. Ekern (P) Orland Steen Loomis (P) Solomon Levitan (P) 16P, 9D, 8R[20] 46P, 31D, 21R, 2S[21]
1938
1939 Julius P. Heil (R) Walter Samuel Goodland (R) Fred R. Zimmerman (R) John E. Martin[3] John M. Smith[3] 16R, 11P, 6D 53R, 32P, 15D Alexander Wiley (R) 8R, 2P
1940 Roosevelt/Wallace (D)
1941 23R, 6P, 4D 60R, 25P, 15D 6R, 3P, 1D
1942
1943 Orland S. Loomis (P)[22] 73R, 14D, 13P 5R, 3D, 2P
Walter Samuel Goodland (R)[3][22] vacant
1944 Dewey/Bricker (R)
1945 Oscar Rennebohm (R) 22R, 6D, 5P 75R, 19D, 5P 7R, 2D, 1P
1946
1947 Oscar Rennebohm (R)[8] vacant John L. Sonderegger[5][23] 27R, 5D, 1P 88R, 12D Joseph R. McCarthy (R) 10R
1948
Grover L. Broadfoot (R)[5] Clyde M. Johnston[5] Truman/Barkley (D)
1949 George M. Smith (R) Thomas E. Fairchild (D) Warren R. Smith (R) George Earl Watson (NP) 28R, 5D 74R, 26D 8R, 2D
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer Supt. of Pub. Inst. State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

1950 to 1999[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1950 Oscar Rennebohm (R)[8] George M. Smith (R) Fred R. Zimmerman (R) Thomas E. Fairchild (D) Warren R. Smith (R)[3] 28R, 5D 74R, 26D Joseph R. McCarthy (R) Alexander Wiley (R) 8R, 2D Truman/Barkley (D)


1951 Walter J. Kohler, Jr. (R) Vernon W. Thomson (R) 26R, 7D 76R, 24D 9R, 1D
1952 Eisenhower/Nixon (R)
1953 75R, 25D
1954 Louis Allis (R)[5]
1955 Warren P. Knowles (R) Glenn M. Wise (R) 25R, 8D 64R, 36D 7R, 3D
1956
1957 Vernon W. Thomson (R) Robert C. Zimmerman (R) Stewart G. Honeck (R) 23R, 10D 67R, 33D William Proxmire (D)
1958 Dena A. Smith(R)[5]
1959 Gaylord A. Nelson (D) Philleo Nash (D) John W. Reynolds, Jr. (D) Eugene M. Lamb (D) 20R, 13D 55D, 45R 5D, 5R
1960 Nixon/Lodge (R)
1961 Warren P. Knowles (R) Dena A. Smith (R)[3] 55R, 45D 6R, 4D
1962
1963 John W. Reynolds (D) Jack B. Olson (R) George Thompson (R) 22R, 11D 53R, 47D Gaylord A. Nelson (D)
1964 Johnson/Humphrey (D)
1965 Warren P. Knowles (R) Patrick J. Lucey (D) Bronson La Follette (D) 20R, 13D 52D, 48R 5D, 5R
1966
1967 21R, 12D 53R, 47D 7R, 3D
1968 Jack B. Olson (R) Harold W. Clemens (R)[5] Nixon/Agnew (R)
1969 Robert W. Warren (R) 23R, 10D 52R, 48D 6R, 4D
1970
1971 Patrick J. Lucey (D) Martin J. Schreiber (D) Charles P. Smith (D) 20R, 13D 67D, 33R 5D, 5R
1972
1973 Victor A. Miller (D) 18R, 15D 62D, 37R 5D, 4R
1974 Bronson La Follette (D)
1975 Doug LaFollette (D) 19D, 14R 63D, 36R 7D, 2R
1976 Carter/Mondale (D)
1977 Martin J. Schreiber (D) vacant 23D, 10R 66D, 33R
1978
1979 Lee S. Dreyfus (R) Russell A. Olson (R) Vel Phillips (D) 21D, 12R 60D, 39R 6D, 3R
1980 Reagan/Bush (R)
1981 20D, 13R 59D, 40R Robert W. Kasten, Jr. (R) 5D, 4R
1982
1983 Anthony Earl (D) James Flynn (D) Doug LaFollette (D) 22D, 11R
1984
1985 19D, 14R 52D, 47R
1986
1987 Tommy Thompson (R) Scott McCallum (R) Don Hanaway (R) 54D, 45R
1988 Dukakis/Bentsen (D)
1989 20D, 13R 56D, 43R Herb Kohl (D)
1990
1991 Jim Doyle (D) Cathy Zeuske (R) 19D, 14R 58D, 41R 5R, 4D
1992 Clinton/Gore (D)
1993 18D, 15R 52D, 47R Russ Feingold (D)
17R, 16D[24]
1994
1995 Jack Voight (R) 51R, 48D 6R, 3D
1996
17D, 16R[25]
1997 52R, 47D 5D, 4R
1998
17R, 16D[26]
1999 17D, 16R 55R, 44D
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

2000 to 2015[edit]

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
2000 Tommy Thompson (R) Scott McCallum (R) Doug LaFollette (D) Jim Doyle (D) Jack Voight (R) 17D, 16R 55R, 44D Herb Kohl (D) Russ Feingold (D) 5D, 4R Gore/Lieberman (D)
2001 Scott McCallum (R) Margaret Farrow (R) 18D, 15R 56R, 43D
2002
2003 Jim Doyle (D) Barbara Lawton (D) Peggy Lautenschlager (D) 18R, 15D 58R, 41D 4R, 4D
2004 Kerry/Edwards (D)
2005 19R, 14D 60R, 39D
2006
2007 J. B. Van Hollen (R) Dawn Marie Sass (D) 18D, 15R 52R, 47D 5D, 3R
2008 Obama/Biden (D)
2009 52D, 46R, 1I
2010
2011 Scott Walker (R) Rebecca Kleefisch (R) Kurt W. Schuller (R) 19R, 14D 59R, 39D, 1I Ron Johnson (R) 5R, 3D
17R, 16D
2012 17D, 16R
2013 18R, 15D 60R, 39D Tammy Baldwin (D)
2014
2015 Brad Schimel (R) Matt Adamczyk (R) 19R, 14D 63R, 36D
2016
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Treasurer State Senate State Assembly U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wisconsin Blue Book, 2005 p. 271
  2. ^ Elected a Democrat, Harrison Carroll Hobart, as Speaker. p. 649
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Died in office
  4. ^ a b c Initially, Barstow was declared the winner of the 1855 election, but soon resigned amid claims that he had won through fraudulent means. MacArthur, as lieutenant governor, acted as governor for five days, until the Wisconsin Supreme Court declared Barstow's opponent, Bashford, the legitimate governor. Bashford completed the term, with MacArthur continuing to serve as lieutenant governor.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Appointed to fill vacancy
  6. ^ Resigned to become Chicago superintendent of schools
  7. ^ Elected a Unionist, James W. Beardsley, as Speaker. p. 649
  8. ^ a b c d As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for remainder of unexpired term.
  9. ^ Elected a Republican, Sam Fifield, as Speaker. p. 649
  10. ^ Elected an Independent, John B. Cassoday, as Speaker. He ran on a Unionist ticket. p. 649
  11. ^ Elected a Greenback, Augustus Barrows, as Speaker. p. 486 p. 649
  12. ^ During Rusk's first term, the Wisconsin Constitution was amended to provide that all elections of state and county officers would henceforth take place in even-numbered years. By the provisions of the amendment, the terms of all officials who would have left office in 1884, including Rusk, were extended by one year.
  13. ^ a b Resigned
  14. ^ La Follette nominated himself to Wisconsin's vacant U.S. Senate seat in 1905 and was confirmed by the state Senate; he held both offices, leaving the senate seat unfilled, until he resigned from the office of governor to take his seat in the Senate.
  15. ^ a b Failed to give required bond
  16. ^ Resigned from office
  17. ^ Elected a Democrat, Harry W. Bolens, as President Pro Tempore. p. 648
  18. ^ Elected a Progressive, Jorge W. Carow, as Speaker. p. 83
  19. ^ Resigned to take an appointment to the state tax commission.
  20. ^ Elected a Progressive, Walter J. Rush, as President Pro Tempore. [1]
  21. ^ Elected a Progressive, Paul Alfonsi, as Speaker. [2]
  22. ^ a b Loomis was elected in 1942 but died before taking office. Per a ruling of the Wisconsin Supreme Court, Goodland, who had been re-elected lieutenant governor in the same election, acted as governor for the term.
  23. ^ Resigned to become State Insurance Commissioner
  24. ^ On April 6, 1993, three special elections were held, and in two of them, Republicans flipped the seats to their control, and thus took control of the chamber on April 20. Journal of the Senate President of the Senate Brian Rude
  25. ^ On June 4, 1996, a special election was held, and Democrats flipped the seat to their control, and thus took control of the chamber on June 19. Journal of the Senate declaring Fred Risser President of the Senate
  26. ^ On April 7, 1998, a special election was held, and Republicans flipped the seat to their control, and thus took control of the chamber on April 20. Journal of the Senate President of the Senate Brian Rude

See also[edit]