Political positions of Elizabeth Warren

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Elizabeth Warren is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts, a former member of the Republican Party and currently a member of the Democratic Party.

Economics[edit]

Jobs[edit]

Warren believes that America has both a short-term and a long-term jobs problem.[citation needed] Warren notes that China spends 9% of its GDP on infrastructure, and Europe spends about 5% of GDP, while the US is spending only 2.4% and is looking for cuts.[1] She supports a small tax increase on those making more than $1 million per year to pay for jobs such as rebuilding the roads, bridges, and water systems. She believes that the added money in circulation would help to build the economy as well.[1]

Warren has a long record of working to assist self-employed workers and small businesses. She believes small business owners "need straightforward rules that any small business can deal with" rather than the present situation of "complex regulations that take an army of lawyers to work through." Warren supports making it easier for workers to organize for better wages, for better health care, and for better working conditions.[1]

Warren is in favor of increasing the minimum wage and has argued that if the minimum wage had followed increases in worker productivity in the United States, it would now be at least $22 an hour.[2][3]

In July 2015, Warren was one of seventy-seven Democratic members of Congress to unveil the Schedules that Work Act, authorizing employees of companies with over 15 workers to have the right to request changes in their schedules without potential retaliation and mandating that employees consider the request if the schedule change is based around child or elder care, a second job, continued education, job training or because of a health condition. Warren said, "A worker who is told to wait around on-call for hours with no guarantee of work hours should get something for his time. It's time to end unfair scheduling practices that hurt workers and families."[4]

Warren has co-sponsored the Reward Work Act of 2018, to reform US labor law and corporate law by guaranteeing the right of employees in listed companies to elect one-third of the board of directors. In August 2018, Warren introduced the Accountable Capitalism Act, which would require 40% employee representation on boards of federal corporations with over $1billion income, and require 75% shareholder and director approval for political donations.

Gambling[edit]

Warren said in 2014: "gambling can also be a real problem, economically, for a lot of people. I didn’t support gambling the first time around and I don’t expect to support it.[5]". She opposed Massachusetts' 2011 law augmenting Las Vegas-style gambling and she supported its 2014 repeal initiative.[6][7]

Infrastructure[edit]

In January 2018, Warren was one of ten senators to sign a letter to President Trump encouraging him "to not only protect existing ‘Buy America’ laws, but to work with Congress to expand these protections and address coverage gaps" while the administratrion's infrastructure proposal was being drafted in addition to the assertion that "no infrastructure proposal should allow circumvention of current requirements in federal law that ensure our public infrastructure is built with American-made iron, steel, and manufactured materials by workers who are paid a fair wage."[8]

Trade[edit]

Warren has criticized former President Barack Obama's support of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, believing that it gives corporations too much power and will negatively affect workers, and that the content of the agreement should not be secret.[9][10][11]

In February 2018, Warren was one of six senators to sign a letter to President Trump calling on him to rewrite the North American Free Trade Agreement through the addition of strong labor and environmental provisions and bring a cessation to the outsourcing of American jobs while protecting air and water and reducing prescription drug prices. They also called for the administration to take action on climate change and raising the living standards for Americans as well as denizens of Mexico and Canada.[12]

In March 2018, after President Trump announced 5 percent tariffs on steel imports and 10 percent on aluminum, Warren stated that she was "not afraid of tariffs" and that she wanted "to see a trade policy that puts American workers first, puts American small businesses first, puts American consumers first."[13] During an appearance on CNN, Warren said, "When President Trump says he’s putting tariffs on the table, I think tariffs are one part of reworking our trade policy overall" and that previous policies on trade had boosted profits at multinational corporations.[14]

Taxes[edit]

Warren supports the Buffett Rule, which would restore the Clinton tax rates on the top income bracket. She believes that the added revenues should be used to make college more affordable and help students pay off their student loans.[15][16]

In a November 2015 speech to the National Press Club, Warren said, "Only one problem with the over-taxation story: It’s not true. There is a problem with the corporate tax code, but that isn’t it." She advocated for a permanent increase in the share of long-term revenues paid by large corporations, leveling the playing field between small and big businesses, and promoting investment in American jobs.[17]

In December 2015, Warren and Representative Elijah Cummings called for Congress to compose a set of benefits for low-income families that would be permanent as part of massive package of year-end tax breaks that was being developed at the time. Warren credited the Earned Income Tax Credit and the Child Tax Credit as the federal programs contributing the most to the reduction of child poverty while saying that the value of the CTC had eroded due to its credit not having been indexed.[18]

In September 2016, after the European Union ruled that Apple Inc. owed Ireland $14.5 billion in back taxes, Warren wrote an op-ed opining that the door was open for Congress to pass their "own corporate tax code, which has allowed the biggest multinationals to shirk their obligations for decades" and "the commission's announcement was the latest sign that multinational corporations are running out of places to hide from paying taxes." She observed that "the current generation of corporate winners" would have to pay their fair share in order for "the next generation of prosperous American companies" to be ushered in along with investments in "broad-based economic growth" to be feasible.[19]

In December 2016, Warren, Tammy Baldwin, and Sheldon Whitehouse unveiled a bill curbing Trump cabinet nominees from avoiding paying large amounts of taxes upon assuming their positions through the addition of a cap on the amount of capital gains an appointee could defer at $1 million. In a press release, Warren said, "Not only is Donald Trump giving a gang of billionaires control of our government, he’s offering them a special tax break just for signing up. This bill would stop billionaires from getting yet another special favor from Donald Trump."[20]

Energy and the environment[edit]

Warren supports investing in renewable energy rather than "hand[ing] out massive tax breaks to [nonrenewable] energy companies that are among the most profitable corporations in the world." She says that "as long as we subsidize dirty sources like oil, gas, and coal, we threaten the air we breathe and the water we drink." She also believes our reliance on oil and gas "...puts us at the mercy of OPEC. We are more likely to prop up foreign dictators or become entangled in wars that are about our energy needs rather than our long-term, strategic interests...Investing in clean energy technology is investing in our health, our environmental security, our national security, and our economic security."[21]

In April 2015, Warren was one of five senators to sign a letter to American governors saying the climate change views of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell were not in line with that of Kentuckians and urging them to comply with the Obama administration's Clean Power Plan.[22]

In March 2017, Warren joined fellow Massachusetts senator Ed Markey and thirty other Democratic lawmakers in promoting a bill that if implemented would block federal agencies from adhering to actions outlined in President Trump's "Promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth" executive order.[23]

In June 2017, after President Trump announced the United States was withdrawing from the Paris Agreement, Warren said the withdrawal was "a big gift to Republican donors" rather than about "jobs versus the environment". She furthered, "In this democracy, government can be seized by a handful of people with money who can get government to tilt in their direction. Money slithers through Washington like a snake."[24]

In October 2017, Warren stated that the Clean Power Plan was intended to stop big corporations from dumping dangerous amounts of carbon pollution in the air.[25]

In May 2018, Warren and Bernie Sanders wrote a letter to President Trump calling on the president to select an individual who takes climate change seriously as his next Homeland Security adviser, warning that without "a dedicated federal effort to reduce the quantity of greenhouse gasses that human activity releases into the atmosphere, climate change will continue to worsen and cause increasingly severe weather events, including hurricanes" and that climate change had previously and would continue to "have a tangible and harmful impact on our national security and disaster readiness."[26]

In September 2018, Warren proposed the Climate Risk Disclosure Act, requiring companies to make disclosures relating to climate change including companies’ greenhouse gas emissions, fossil fuel holdings, and how they would be impacted by climate policies in addition to ways they could be hurt by climate effects like rising sea levels. In a statement, Warren said climate change was "a real and present danger — and it will have an enormous effect on the value of company assets" and that the legislation would "use market forces to speed up the transition from fossil fuels to cleaner energy — reducing the odds of an environmental and financial disaster without spending a dime of taxpayer money."[27]

Foreign policy and national security[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Warren claims to oppose continuing the war in Afghanistan and support withdrawing U.S. troops "as quickly as possible, consistent with the safety of our troops and with a transition to Afghan control," a stated position somewhat in conflict with her vote in September 2017 to increase defense spending to $700 billion. This included $640 billion for the Pentagon and an additional $60 billion for military operations in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan.[28]

China[edit]

In March 2018, during a three-day visit to Beijing, Warren said that the United States had begun looking "more aggressively at pushing China to open up the markets without demanding a hostage price of access to U.S. technology" after decades of mistakenly believing that economic engagement with China would lead to a more open relationship and advocated against the United States having a more integrated economic system with China if the latter country continued failing "to respect basic human rights".[29]

Cuba[edit]

In July 2015, after the United States reopened its embassy in Havana, Cuba, Warren stated, "I’m not sure when it will work out to do that, but we’re clearly on a path to try to develop a stronger relationship with the people of Cuba, and I think that’s the right thing for us to do."[30]

Israel[edit]

Warren supports a secure and democratic state of Israel and wants to ensure the security of Israel from external forces such as Iran, Hezbollah, Hamas, and others. Warren states she supports a two state solution, but she believes Palestinian application for membership in the UN isn't helpful.[31]

In November 2014, in her first foreign trip since being elected to the Senate, Warren traveled to Israel and met with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Warren aides stated the senator's intent to travel to the West Bank and Jordan as part of a trip in the Middle East that had been organized by the State Department and Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee.[32]

In November 2017, Warren was one of ten Democratic senators to sign a letter urging Prime Minister Netanyahu to halt the planned demolitions of Palestinian villages Khan al-Ahmar and Sussiya on the grounds that such action would further diminish efforts to seek a two-state solution and "endanger Israel’s future as a Jewish democracy."[33]

In April 2018, shortly after the beginning of the 2018 Gaza border protests, Warren said that she was "deeply concerned about the deaths and injuries in Gaza" and called on Israeli defense forces to "exercise restraint and respect the rights of Palestinians to peacefully protest."[34]

Iran[edit]

Warren has stated that Iran is a "significant threat" to the United States and its allies. Warren opposed the scrapping of the nuclear agreement with Iran. [35]

Defense spending[edit]

On September 18, 2017 Warren voted for a bill that authorized $700 billion in defense funds. This included $640 billion for the Pentagon and an additional $60 billion for military operations in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. This bill increased military spending by $80 billion, which far surpassed the increase requested by President Trump ($54 billion). There were 8 no votes (against 89 yes votes) and three abstentions, but Warren was not one of them.[36]

Syria[edit]

In August 2013, Warren said that President Obama was "right to seek Congressional approval before taking any military action, and we should engage in a serious debate to determine the appropriate U.S. response to the situation in Syria." Though criticizing the regime of Bashar al-Assad, Warren added that it was "critical that we recognize the complexity of the conflict on the ground and that we consider the potential for unintended consequences of U.S. intervention, no matter how good our intentions."[37]

In September 2014, Warren voted against legislation authorizing Obama to arm and train Syrian rebels, saying in a statement that she did not want Americans "to be dragged into another ground war in the Middle East, and it is time for those nations in the region that are most immediately affected by the rise of ISIS to step up and play a leading role in this fight."[38]

North Korea[edit]

In September 2017, after President Trump delivered a speech to the United Nations threatening to "totally destroy" North Korea if the United States were "forced to defend itself or its allies" and referred to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un as "Rocket Man", Warren said that attempting "to bait an unstable dictator who has nuclear weapons is not a strategy that makes America safer". Warren opined that there was no solution to North Korea that could be solved with only American military intervention: "We need to use every tool in the toolbox. And that means diplomatic efforts with the neighbors in the region and actually all around the world so that we can gather intelligence, so we can impose economic sanctions in the right way, so we can enforce those sanctions, so we can bring the right kind of pressure to bear on North Korea just to back them off this nuclear cliff."[39]

In February 2018, Warren was one of eighteen senators to sign a letter to President Trump arguing that striking North Korea with "a preventative or preemptive U.S. military strike would lack either a constitutional basis or legal authority" without congressional approval.[40] In March, Warren confirmed she was in favor of the Trump administration planning discussions with North Korea but warned that President Trump could be taken advantage of without having State Department officials with backgrounds in diplomacy being present. She opined that there was "no military-only solution to the problems presented by North Korea, and I’m not the only one who feels that way."[41] In May, Warren stated that she wanted the 2018 North Korea–United States summit "to work to reduce the threat to South Korea, to Japan, to our allies in the region, to the United States of America, to the entire world, but it really takes a strategy" and criticized Trump administration officials for lacking experience in diplomacy. Though she expressed her preference for President Trump succeeding in getting North Korea to surrender its nuclear capabilities, she added that this would only be possible with a "coherent and executed strategy".[42]

Structure of government[edit]

Campaign reform[edit]

Warren opposed the 2010 U.S. Supreme Court Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission ruling and supports the DISCLOSE Act which would limit the ruling.[43]

In January 2016, Warren was one of twenty-nine senators to sign a letter to President Obama urging him to issue a final executive order that would require federal contractors to disclose political donations, arguing that form of disclosure was "a modest step that would expose an especially troubling type of secret money: campaign contributions that have the potential to influence government contracting practices."[44]

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau[edit]

Warren was an early advocate for the creation of a new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). The bureau was established by the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act signed into law by President Obama in July 2010. In anticipation of the agency's formal opening, for the first year after the bill's signing, she worked on implementation of the bureau as a special assistant to the president. While liberal groups and consumer advocacy groups pushed for Obama to nominate Warren as the agency's permanent director, she was strongly opposed by financial institutions and by Republican members of Congress who believed Warren would be an overly zealous regulator.[45][46][47] Reportedly convinced that Warren could not win Senate confirmation as the bureau's first director,[48] Obama turned to former Ohio Attorney General Richard Cordray and in January 2012, over the objections of Republican Senators, appointed Cordray to the post in a "recess appointment".[49][50]

TARP oversight[edit]

On November 14, 2008, Warren was appointed by United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid to chair the five-member Congressional Oversight Panel created to oversee the implementation of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act.[51] The Panel released monthly oversight reports that evaluated the government bailout and related programs.[52] During Warren's tenure, these reports covered foreclosure mitigation, consumer and small business lending, commercial real estate, AIG, bank stress tests, the impact of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) on the financial markets, government guarantees, the automotive industry, and other topics.[a]

Glass-Steagall legislation[edit]

Saying, "despite the progress we've made since 2008, the biggest banks continue to threaten our economy," in July 2015 Senator Warren, along with John McCain (R-Ariz.), Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.), and Angus King (I-Me.) re-introduced the 21st Century Glass-Steagall Act, a modern version of the Banking Act of 1933. The legislation is intended to reduce the risk for the American taxpayer in the financial system and decrease the likelihood of a future financial crises.[53]

Presidential conflicts of interest[edit]

In January 2017, Warren introduced the Presidential Conflicts of Interest Act to the Senate.[54] This followed her announcement in December 2016 to introduce a piece of legislation to address perceived conflicts of interest held by president-elect Donald Trump.[55][56]

Social issues[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Warren supports abortion rights and opposes any Supreme Court nominees who "oppose legal abortion".[57]

LGBT rights[edit]

Warren supports same-sex marriage and passing the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA).[58]

In July 2015, Warren and fellow senator Tammy Baldwin joined eight-one congressional colleagues in signing a letter to the Food and Drug Administration requesting it lift a ban on gay and bisexual males donating blood and implement a one-year deferral on the grounds that the ban served "to perpetuate the stereotype that all men who have sex with men pose a risk to the health of others."[59]

Criminal justice reform[edit]

In February 2013, Warren was one of twenty-four senators to sign a letter asserting that Sikh, Hindu and Arab Americans were often targets of violence because they were mistaken for being radical Muslims and citing the importance of the federal government to "begin tracking information about anti-Sikh, anti-Hindu and anti-Arab hate crimes as soon as possible so that law enforcement can more effectively respond to this threat."[60]

In February 2016, as the Obama administration and Senate Democrats pushed for bipartisan criminal justice reform legislation, Warren stated that Republicans were "threatening to block a reform unless Congress includes a so-called mens rea amendment to make it much harder for the government to prosecute hundreds of corporate crimes" and said this was shameful "because we're already way too easy on corporate law breakers."[61]

In August 2018, during an appearance at a Dillard University forum, Warren stated, "Let’s just start with the hard truth about our criminal justice system. It’s racist … I mean all the way. I mean front to back." She furthered that African-Americans were disproportionately jailed for drug-related crimes while public defenders were burdened by a lack of resources and prisoners were dehumanized after their convictions.[62]

DREAM Act[edit]

Warren supports the passage of the DREAM Act and comprehensive immigration reform.[63]

Gun laws[edit]

Warren supports reinstating an extended magazine long rifle weapons ban as well as more rigorous background screenings, including for people who purchase firearms at gun shows, and she opposes limits on the sharing of firearms trace information.[64] On April 17, 2013, she voted to expand background checks for gun purchases.[65]

In February 2018, after the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Warren wrote letters to nine gun company shareholders saying they had "reaped significant benefits from your investment in gun manufacturers" while doing "little to reduce the violence and murders caused by their products" and encouraging them to "take action to ensure that the gun companies in which you invest are taking steps to reduce gun violence."[66]

Marijuana legalization[edit]

Warren supports the right of states to legalize marijuana, both for medical and recreational purposes, and introduced the STATES Act during the 115th U.S. Congress to amend the Controlled Substances Act to lift the Federal prohibition of marijuana in states that have passed legislation to legalize it.[67][68][69]

In January 2018, after Attorney General Jeff Sessions moved to rescind a memo that discouraged federal prosecutors from bringing marijuana-related charges in states that had legalized recreational use of it, Warren and Representative Jared Polis led a letter signed by fifty-four Democrats calling on President Trump to honor a campaign statement concerning his view that marijuana legalization should be left up for states to decide and requesting that he urge Sessions "to reinstate the Cole Memorandum."[70]

Disaster relief[edit]

In October 2017, following Hurricane Maria and Hurricane Irma, Warren signed a letter to Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Elaine Duke urging her "to provide all necessary resources to confirm that storm-related deaths are being counted correctly" given that President Trump seemed "to be using the number of fatalities to determine the quality of the disaster response".[71]

In August 2018, Warren was one of eight senators to sign a letter to the Federal Emergency Management Agency charging the agency with not assisting displaced homeowners in Puerto Rico in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria under the Individuals and Households (IHP) program by "alarming rates."[72]

Drug policy[edit]

In July 2015, Warren was one of eight senators to sign a letter to U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Tom Donahue requesting the chamber stop lobbying against anti-smoking regulations on the grounds that "its international clout to fight so ardently against regulations of dangerous tobacco products is contrary to United States foreign policy and global health goals."[73]

In December 2016, Warren was one of seventeen senators to sign a letter to President-elect Trump advocating for him to fulfill a campaign pledge to bring down the cost of prescription drugs, stating their willingness "to advance measures to achieve this goal", and calling on Trump "to partner with Republicans and Democrats alike to take meaningful steps to address the high cost of prescription drugs through bold administrative and legislative actions."[74]

In October 2017, Warren and Republican Lisa Murkowski wrote a letter to President Trump applauding his "stated commitment to addressing opioid addiction" and concurring with his position that the opioid crisis deserved an increase in federal spending. Warren and Murkowski expressed that they were "extremely concerned" that Trump had "yet to take the necessary steps to declare a national emergency on opioids, nor "made any proposals to significantly increase funding to combat the epidemic". The senators wrote that they hoped that Trump would pursue actions supporting his "verbal commitment to fighting the 'serious problem' of opioid addiction with action."[75]

In February 2018, Warren was one of ten senators to sign a letter sent by Dick Durbin and Richard Blumenthal to the Food and Drug Administration urging Commissioner Scott Gottlieb to deny the application from Philip Morris International to market a new "heat not burn" cigarette as less risky than previous versions.[76]

In April 2018, Warren and Representative Elijah Cummings introduced legislation that would impose $100 billion in funding over the period of the following decade to address the opioid epidemic. In a press release, Warren said that the opioid crisis could not be defeated "with empty words and half measures" and that the bill would "funnel millions of dollars directly to the hardest-hit communities and give them the tools to fight back." She noted that Congress had previously enacted legislation to counter the spreading of HIV/AIDS and that Americans "across the country are counting on us to do the same today."[77]

Immigration[edit]

In January 2017, after President Trump signed executive orders to build a wall around the Mexico–United States border, address undocumented immigrants, and remove federal funding from sanctuary cities, Warren released a statement questioning why the day that the orders were signed was not declared "the Trump Administration’s First Anti-Immigrant Day" and said none of the president's actions would make the United States safer. Warren said the executive orders would "tear apart the fabric that makes us strong and united as a country" and "hurt working parents and children who have risked their lives to flee war, violence, and poverty" while wasting the money of taxpayers on what she called "irresponsible and misguided pet political projects".[78]

In September, when asked by a reporter about working with President Trump on immigration reform, Warren said, "If we can get something that is full DACA for our Dreamers, a chance that 800,000 young people won't be thrown out of the only home most of them have ever known, that they can continue to be here, that they can continue to go to school, they can serve in our military, they can be part of our economic growth and prosperity, then that's great."[79]

In November, Warren was one of twenty-four senators to sign a letter to Acting Homeland Security Secretary Elaine Duke requesting the Homeland Security Department authorize thousands of beneficiaries of DACA program to resubmit their applications after being deemed late due to delays by the United States Postal Service.[80]

In December, during a Senate floor speech, Warren said that President Trump had broken a promise "to protect 800,000 Dreamers who were brought to the United States as kids" when his administration ended DACA. Warren stated that the solution to this issue was in the hands of Congress and could be achieved through passing the Dream Act, advocating against Congress adjourning "so that we can celebrate the holidays with our families while nearly 800,000 Dreamers fear being ripped apart from their brothers, their sisters, their mothers, their fathers and deported to a country they barely know". She stated that the Dream Act had enough bipartisan support to pass and questioned what Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell was waiting for in not bringing the legislation up for a vote.[81]

In January 2018, Politico named Warren as one of six senators that was part of the "2020 caucus", a group of "potential presidential contenders who similarly voted against reopening the government, presumably mindful that primary voters may judge them harshly for not including a DACA deal in the continuing resolution."[82]

In a February speech on the Senate floor, Warren denounced the Justice Department under the leadership of Attorney General Jeff Sessions: "On Jeff Sessions's watch, the Justice Department has promoted voter suppression. On his watch, the Justice Department has endorsed discrimination. ... And on his watch, the Justice Department has led an all-out bigotry-fueled attack on immigrants and refugees."[83]

In April, Warren was one of five senators to send a letter to acting director of ICE Thomas Homan on standards used by the agency when determining how to detain a pregnant woman, requesting that pregnant women not be held in custody unless under extraordinary standards after reports "that ICE has failed to provide critical medical care to pregnant women in immigration detention — resulting in miscarriages and other negative health outcomes".[84]

In May, Warren cosponsored the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act (DATA) with Jeff Merkley, and Tom Udall. The legislation would require officers with Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement to formally maintain records for each occasion that they questioned a passenger and require border and immigration agents to keep detailed logs of information on patrol stops made outside of international security checkpoints.[85]

In June, during an interview with MSNBC, Warren said that the zero tolerance policy was allowing President Trump to take America "to a dark and ugly place" and said she cared about "whether people push Trump to stop this, that's where we need to be right now." She advocated for Republicans to try urging Trump to apply discretion and end the mass separation of children from adults facing charges for crossing the border.[86] At a rally later that month, Warren advocated for abolishing Immigration and Customs Enforcement "with something that reflects our morality and that works" and that President Trump seemed to believe "the only way to have immigration rule is to rip parents from their family, is to treat rape victims and refugees like terrorists and to put children in cages."[87]

In July, Warren was one of eleven senators to sign a letter requesting the agencies responsible for reuniting families provide weekly updates until every separated child was returned to their parents in the form of a list of separated children, a list of their parents and other adult members of their families in addition to a list connecting the lists of children and parents and a briefing for the lawmakers on the strategies used to reunite families.[88] Later that month, Warren was one of twenty-two senators to sponsor the Stop Shackling and Detaining Pregnant Women Act, which if enacted would prohibit immigration officers from detaining pregnant women in a majority of circumstances and improve conditions of care for individuals in custody.[89]

In August, Warren said the United States needed "an immigration system that is effective, that focuses on where problems are" and immigration laws "that focus on people who pose a real threat", adding that separating a mother from her child was not making the country safer.[90]

Health care[edit]

Warren speaks in favor of single-payer healthcare in 2017

In the 2008 book, Health at Risk, in the chapter Get Sick, Go Broke, Warren wrote that “We approach the health care debates from a single perspective: maintaining the financial stability of families confronting illness or injury. The most obvious solution would be universal single-payer health care.”[91] Warren supported the Affordable Care Act and has opposed Republican efforts to repeal it however in June 2017, she said that Democratic Party should start running on a new national single-payer plan: “President Obama tried to move us forward with health-care coverage by using a conservative model that came from one of the conservative think tanks that had been advanced by a Republican governor in Massachusetts. Now it’s time for the next step. And the next step is single payer.”[92]

In September 2017, Warren said she would support Bernie Sanders' single-payer plan that would expand Medicare to all Americans. Warren said that the plan would guarantee medical care for all at the lowest prices. In a message to her supporters she said, "Health care is a basic human right and it’s time to fight for it."[93]

In January 2018, during a speech to a conference hosted by Families USA, Warren opined that it was time for Democrats to play "offense" on the issue of health care. She cited alternatives to a single payer plan including creating a public health insurance option in the Affordable Care Act and authorizing individuals to buy into Medicaid. Warren stated that "giant insurance companies have pretty much run the show" for too long and that progress needed to be made in holding American insurance companies accountable.[94]

Education[edit]

Warren has frequently expressed concern about the amount of debt college graduates face, and especially so when they are often unable to find employment after graduation. At her senate website she states:

"As I travel all across the Commonwealth, I meet young people who have done everything right: they played by the rules, they worked hard, they finished college, and yet they're finding themselves unemployed, drowning in debt, and in many cases, moving back home with mom and dad. These young people did all we asked of them - and they're getting slammed."

Warren has introduced legislation to reduce the interest rates on student loans. She sees the passage of legislation that would support students as a test of who legislators are working for: "...armies of lawyers and lobbyists to protect tax loopholes for billionaires and profits for the big banks...or those who work hard, play by the rules, and are trying to build a future for themselves and their families?"[95]

In a book authored with her daughter, The Two-Income Trap: Why Middle-Class Parents Are (Still) Going Broke, Warren has expressed support for the concepts of school choice and for vouchers.[96]

In March 2016, following an inspector's general report that blamed the Education Department for not protecting student borrowers in the military, Warren was one of four Democratic senators to send a letter to Acting Education Secretary John King Jr. calling on King to correct the "injustice" of military members being overcharged for their student loans.[97]

In June 2017, along with Ron Wyden, Mike Lee, and Tim Scott, Warren introduced legislation allowing graduate students to allocate money from stipends and fellowships into tax-deferred individual retirement accounts (IRAs). In a news release, Warren said the "bipartisan bill opens a door for students who want to do the right thing and start saving early for their futures."[98]

In June 2018, Warren and Representative Raja Krishnamoorthi wrote a letter to the inspector general of the Education Department after an ABC report "revealed that Mr. (Robert) Eitel played a more central role than previously indicated in the Department’s decision to delay the enforcement of borrower defense and gainful employment, and raised questions about whether key Department officials have provided full and complete information to Congress". Warren and Krishnamoorthi expressed that they were "deeply troubled that Mr. Eitel's questionable compliance with federal ethics rules, including his apparently misleading testimony to Congress, signal a critical breakdown in federal ethics at the Department of Education, which requires urgent attention and remedy" and requested the inspector general to investigate the role of Eitel in the gainful employment and borrower defense rules.[99]

Other[edit]

In March 2017, Warren and Tom Carper wrote a letter to Director of the OGE Walter Shaub requesting "information about the ethics rules that President Trump's daughter, Ivanka Trump, will be required to comply with, or has indicated she will voluntarily comply with, in her role as an advisor to the President."[100]

In April 2017, near the end of the first 100 days of the Trump presidency, Warren gave the president an "F" grade. Warren stated that Trump had delivered "a gut punch to America's working people" and that working-class people had also been failed by Trump through his appointing billionaires and bankers to his administration. Warren charged Trump with signing executive orders that made "it easier for government contractors to cheat their employees out of their wages" and simplified the system for "employers who kill or maim their employees to hide that. He makes it easier for investment advisers to cheat retirees."[101]

In February 2018, two days after Rob Porter stepped down as White House Staff Secretary, Warren was one of twelve senators to sign a letter requesting the White House provide details on the allegations of domestic abuse against Porter.[102]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ All reports and videos are available online at cop.senate.gov.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Jobs and the Economy". Elizabeth Warren U.S. Senate. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  2. ^ Chumley, Cheryl K. (March 18, 2013). "Take it to the bank: Sen. Elizabeth Warren wants to raise minimum wage to $22 per hour". Washington Times. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  3. ^ Wing, Nick (March 18, 2013). "Elizabeth Warren: Minimum Wage Would Be $22 An Hour If It Had Kept Up With Productivity". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  4. ^ "Democrats unveil measure to address unfair scheduling practices". The Hill. July 15, 2015.
  5. ^ "Sen. Warren backs repeal of state's casino law". Gloucester Daily Times. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2018. I come to the question of gambling from a background in bankruptcy and what happens economically to families.” “It’s a tough call to make,” Warren added. “People need jobs, but gambling can also be a real problem, economically, for a lot of people. I didn’t support gambling the first time around and I don’t expect to support it.”
  6. ^ Valerie Richardson (10 May 2018). "How Elizabeth Warren is helping a checkered tribe in bid to rid her 'Pocahontas' problem". The Washington Times. Retrieved 17 October 2018. She opposed the state’s 2011 law expanding Las Vegas-style gambling and supported the 2014 repeal effort, which was defeated. Last year, she sponsored a bill to treat gambling addiction in the military.
  7. ^ Matt Stout (2 September 2014). "Elizabeth Warren: I will vote to repeal Bay State casino law". The Boston Herald. Retrieved 17 October 2018. U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren said she will vote to repeal the state’s casino law when the hotly debated question goes to the ballot in November.
  8. ^ Shelbourne, Mallory (January 29, 2018). "Dems press Trump for 'Buy American' proposals in infrastructure plan". The Hill.
  9. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2015/04/obama-elizabeth-warren-is-wrong-on-trade-117204.html?ml=ri
  10. ^ http://thehill.com/policy/finance/trade/239695-warren-lashes-back-at-obama-on-trade
  11. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2015/02/elizabeth-warren-target-trans-pacific-trade-deals-115561.html
  12. ^ Stein, Jeff (February 2, 2018). "Sanders and Trump agree NAFTA has to change. They split on how to fix it". The Washington Post.
  13. ^ "Warren: 'I am not afraid of tariffs'". The Hill. March 11, 2018.
  14. ^ "GOP Talks of Bill to Thwart Tariffs, While Democrat Warren Applauds Trump". Wall Street Journal. March 11, 2018.
  15. ^ Rowley, Jim (6 May 2014). "Warren Seeks Pairing Student-Loan Relief, Buffett Rule". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  16. ^ "Support the Buffett Rule". /elizabethwarren.com. 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  17. ^ "Warren: Large corporations have too many ways to avoid paying taxes". The Hill. November 18, 2015.
  18. ^ Jagoba, Naomi (December 3, 2015). "Warren, Cummings press for family benefits in package of tax breaks". The Hill.
  19. ^ "Warren presses for corporate tax changes in wake of Apple ruling". The Hill. September 8, 2016.
  20. ^ "Senate Dems offer bill to curb tax break for Trump nominees". The Hill. December 9, 2016.
  21. ^ "Energy and the Environment". Elizabeth Warren for Senate. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  22. ^ Henry, Devin (April 14, 2015). "Dems hit back at McConnell, ask states to follow climate rule".
  23. ^ "US Sens. Ed Markey, Elizabeth Warren push bill to rescind President Donald Trump's energy executive order". masslive.com. March 30, 2017.
  24. ^ Hensch, Mark (June 2, 2017). "Warren: Trump's Paris deal exit a 'big gift to Republican donors'". The Hill.
  25. ^ "Massachusetts Committed to Obama-Era Clean Power Plan". usnews.com. October 10, 2017.
  26. ^ "Warren, Sanders want climate change considered in selection of homeland security adviser". The Hill. May 1, 2018.
  27. ^ Cama, Timothy (September 14, 2018). "Warren wants companies to disclose more about climate change impacts". The Hill.
  28. ^ https://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=115&session=1&vote=00199. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. ^ Martina, Michael. "Senator Warren, in Beijing, says U.S. is waking up to Chinese abuses". Reuters.com.
  30. ^ "Sen. Warren calls Trump a "blowhard," talks Cuba, Iran, high seas crime". Herald News. July 20, 2015.
  31. ^ "The U.S.-Israel Relationship and Middle East Peace". Elizabeth Warren for Senate. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  32. ^ "Elizabeth Warren to Israel, makes first overseas trip as Senator". CNN. November 25, 2014.
  33. ^ "Democratic senators urge Netanyahu not to raze Palestinian villages". timesofisrael.com. November 30, 2017.
  34. ^ "Elizabeth Warren urges Israeli restraint toward Gaza protesters". timesofisrael.com.
  35. ^ "Statement from Senator Warren on Iran Nuclear Agreement". Elizabeth Warren US Senate. Oct 5, 2017.
  36. ^ https://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=115&session=1&vote=00199. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ "Sens. Ed Markey, Elizabeth Warren praise President Obama's decision on Syria". Masslive.com. August 31, 2013.
  38. ^ Bolton, Alexander (September 18, 2014). "Warren uses Syria measure to draw contrast with Clinton". The Hill.
  39. ^ "Baiting an unstable dictator 'just makes no sense,' Sen. Elizabeth Warren tells President Donald Trump". masslive.com. September 20, 2017.
  40. ^ "Dem senators tell Trump he doesn't have 'legal authority' to launch preemptive strike on North Korea". The Hill. February 5, 2018.
  41. ^ "Warren worries Kim would 'take advantage' of Trump in talks". Politico. March 11, 2018.
  42. ^ Tillet, Emily (May 29, 2018). "Sen. Elizabeth Warren says she wants North Korea talks to work, but questions Trump strategy". CBS News.
  43. ^ "Elizabeth Warren supports DISCLOSE Act to limit Supreme Court's Citizens United decision; Scott Brown calls it 'cynical political ploy'". masslive.com. July 13, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  44. ^ "Dems push Obama to tighten campaign spending rules". The Hill. January 7, 2016.
  45. ^ Andrew, Suzanna (November 2011). "The Woman Who Knew Too Much". Vanity Fair. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  46. ^ Wyatt, Edward (July 4, 2011). "An Agency Builder, but Not Yet Its Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  47. ^ Rosenthal, Andres (December 8, 2011). "Lousy Filibusters: Richard Cordray Edition". The New York Times.
  48. ^ Katharine K. Seelye, A New Senator, Known Nationally and Sometimes Feared The New York Times November 10, 2012
  49. ^ Cooper, Helene (2012-01-04). "Defying Republicans, Obama to Name Cordray as Consumer Agency Chief". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
  50. ^ Goodnough, Abby. "Times Topics: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection". The New York Times.
  51. ^ Host: Terry Gross (December 11, 2008). "What Does $700 Billion Buy Taxpayers?". Fresh Air from WHYY. National Public Radio. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  52. ^ Kantor, Jodi (March 25, 2010). "Behind Consumer Agency Idea, a Tireless Advocate". The New York Times.
  53. ^ "Senators Warren, McCain, Cantwell and King Introduce 21st Century Glass- Steagall Act". Elizabeth Warren U.S. Senator for Massachusetts. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  54. ^ "All Bill Information (Except Text) for S.65 - A bill to address financial conflicts of interest of the President and Vice President". Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  55. ^ "Donald Trump faces impeachment if new conflicts of interest bill passed". The Independent. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  56. ^ Elizabeth Warren (16 December 2016). "Elizabeth Warren on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  57. ^ "2012 Massachusetts Senate Debate". ontheissues.org. 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  58. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Elizabeth Warren pledges to lead on LGBT rights". washingtonblade.com. March 21, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  59. ^ "Senate Dems to FDA: Finish lifting gay blood donor ban". The Hill. July 14, 2015.
  60. ^ Clarkpublisher=The Hill, Ramsey (February 20, 2013). "Senate Democrats want more data on hate crimes against Arab Americans".
  61. ^ "Warren: GOP push to block criminal justice reform 'shameful'". The Hill. February 3, 2016.
  62. ^ "Warren, hinting at 2020 run, slams 'racist' criminal justice system". Politico. August 4, 2018.
  63. ^ "Immigration". Elizabeth Warren for Senate. 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  64. ^ "Senate rivals divided on guns". boston.com. July 27, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  65. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 1st Session". Legislation & Records. United States Senate. Retrieved 2013-07-30.
  66. ^ "Warren calls on investors in gun companies to demand change". The Hill. February 27, 2018.
  67. ^ Wise, Justin (2018-06-07). "Senators introduce bipartisan bill to protect state laws on marijuana". TheHill. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  68. ^ "Senator Warren on weed legalization: 'The federal government should just back off'". Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  69. ^ "Sens. Warren And Gardner On Why Marijuana Policy Should Be Left To States". WBUR. June 14, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  70. ^ "54 lawmakers call on Trump administration to back off marijuana". The Hill. January 26, 2018.
  71. ^ Beavers, Olivia. "Dem senators write DHS calling for accurate hurricane death counts". The Hill.
  72. ^ Lora, Maya (August 2, 2018). "Dems push FEMA on housing help for displaced Puerto Ricans". The Hill.
  73. ^ "Senate Dems to US Chamber: Stop lobbying against anti-smoking regs". The Hill. July 8, 2015.
  74. ^ "Senate Dems, Sanders ask Trump to help lower drug prices". The Hill. December 20, 2016.
  75. ^ "Warren, Murkowski: Where's the emergency declaration on opioids?". The Hill. October 12, 2017.
  76. ^ Wheeler, Lydia (February 7, 2018). "Senate Dems push FDA to reject alternative cigarette health claims". The Hill.
  77. ^ "Warren, Cummings seek $100B to fight opioid epidemic". The Hill. April 18, 2018.
  78. ^ Decosta-Klipa, Nik (January 25, 2017). "Elizabeth Warren responds to Trump's executive orders: Why not declare January 25 as 'Anti-Immigrant Day?'". Boston.com.
  79. ^ "Sen. Elizabeth Warren on Democrats working with President Donald Trump on DACA: 'Yay!'". masslive.com. September 15, 2017.
  80. ^ "Senators urge DHS to reconsider DACA applications that were delayed in the mail". The Hill. November 15, 2017.
  81. ^ "Elizabeth Warren blasts Congress for lack of DACA fix before holidays: 'What are you waiting for?'". boston.com. December 21, 2017.
  82. ^ Hesson, Ted (January 24, 2018). "The warring tribes that will decide Dreamers' fate". Politico.
  83. ^ Carney, Jordain. "Warren: Sessions leading Justice Dept in 'bigotry-fueled attack' on immigrants". The Hill.
  84. ^ "Democrats question ICE standards for detaining pregnant women". The Hill. April 5, 2018.
  85. ^ "Gillibrand pushes to require record-keeping by immigration agents". The Hill. May 11, 2018.
  86. ^ Bowden, John. "Warren on family separation policy: Trump is 'taking America to a dark and ugly place'". The Hill.
  87. ^ "Warren joins calls to get rid of ICE". The Hill. June 30, 2018.
  88. ^ Murray, Stephanie (July 2, 2018). "11 senators demand an update on separated kids". Politico.
  89. ^ Birnbaum, Emily (July 17, 2018). "Dems to propose legislation to prevent ICE from shackling pregnant women". The Hill.
  90. ^ "Warren: 'We need immigration laws that focus on people who pose a real threat'". The Hill. August 22, 2018.
  91. ^ "Factcheck: Does Elizabeth Warren support single-payerhealthcare?". masslive.com. June 29, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
  92. ^ Breiner, Andrew. "Elizabeth Warren: 'The next step is single-payer' health care". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
  93. ^ McGrane, Victoria (2017-09-07). "Warren backs Sanders' single-payer health care plan". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
  94. ^ Sullivan, Peter (January 25, 2018). "Warren: Time to 'go on offense' on health care". The Hill.
  95. ^ "Bank on Students". Elizabeth Warren for Senate. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  96. ^ The Two-Income Trap: Why Middle-Class Parents Are (Still) Going Broke. Basic Books, New York City, 2003. Pages 34-36.
  97. ^ Devaney, Tim (March 3, 2016). "Education Department under fire over military student borrowers". The Hill.
  98. ^ "Senators offer bipartisan bill on retirement savings for grad students". The Hill. June 19, 2017.
  99. ^ "Dem lawmakers demand review of Education Department ethics program over official tied to for-profit colleges". The Hill. June 14, 2018.
  100. ^ Carney, Jordain (March 29, 2017). "Dem senators press ethics office over Ivanka Trump's role". The Hill.
  101. ^ "Warren gives Trump's first 100 days an 'F'". The Hill. April 24, 2017.
  102. ^ "Dems send letter probing Kelly, McGahn over Porter allegations". The Hill. February 9, 2018.