Political positions of the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primary candidates

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This page describes the stances held by Democratic candidates in the 2020 United States presidential election on a variety of policy issues (ex. domestic and foreign issues).

Domestic policy[edit]

Education[edit]

Candidate Status Tuition-free
public college
Debt relief for
student loans
Affirmative action Universal
child care
Universal
pre-kindergarten
Increase funding for
primary and secondary
public education
Michael Bennet Active No[note 1][1] No[2] Unknown Yes[3] Unknown Unknown
Joe Biden Active Partial[note 2][4][5] Partial[note 3][6] Yes[7] Unknown Yes[6] Yes[6]
Cory Booker Active No[note 1][8] Partial[note 3][9] Yes[10] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Steve Bullock Active No[11] No[12] Unknown Unknown Yes[13] Yes[11]
Pete Buttigieg Active Partial[note 4][14] Partial[15] Yes[14] Yes[16] Yes[17] Yes[14]
Julián Castro Active Yes[18] Partial[note 5][19] Yes Unknown Yes[20] Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[citation needed] Unknown Yes[citation needed] Unknown Yes[21] Unknown
John Delaney Active Partial[note 6][22] No[22] Yes[23] Unknown Yes[24] Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[9] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Kirsten Gillibrand Active No[note 1][8] Partial[note 3][9] Unknown Unknown Yes[25] Unknown
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[26] Yes[26] No[27] Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26]
Kamala Harris Active No[note 1][8] Partial[note 3][28] Yes[29] Yes[30] Yes[31] Yes[32]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Partial[note 7][33] No[34] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Partial[note 8][35] Unknown Yes[36] Unknown Yes[37] Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active Partial[note 6][9] No[9] Unknown Yes[30] Unknown Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Unknown Yes[38] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Partial[note 9][39] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn No[note 10][40] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Partial[note 11][9] Partial[note 3][9] Unknown Yes[30] Yes[41] Unknown
Tim Ryan Active Yes[42] Partial[note 3][42] Yes[43] Yes[44] Yes[45] Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[9] Yes[46] Yes[47] Yes[48] Yes[49] Yes[50]
Joe Sestak Active Unknown Partial[note 3][51] Yes[52] Partial[note 12][53] Yes[54] Yes[55]
Tom Steyer Active Partial[note 6][56] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn No[note 1][57] No[57] Unknown Yes[30] Yes[30] Unknown
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[9] Yes[9] Unknown Yes[58] Yes[58] Unknown
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[59] Yes[59] Unknown Unknown Yes[59] Yes[59]
Andrew Yang Active Partial[note 13][60] Yes[60] Unknown Unknown Yes[61] Yes[62]
  1. ^ a b c d e Supports "debt-free" college
  2. ^ In 2015, Biden supported four years of free public college, but has not stated support for this since launching his 2020 campaign. Since launching his campaign, he has spoken in favor of two years of free community college.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Supports debt forgiveness for teachers and other educators through the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program
  4. ^ Supports tuition-free college for "lower" and "middle-income families"
  5. ^ Supports loan forgiveness under certain circumstances
  6. ^ a b c Supports tuition-free community college
  7. ^ Supports tuition-free community college "for those who can’t afford it"
  8. ^ Supports tuition-free college "for families in need"
  9. ^ Supports tuition-free college for students that commit to national service for at least three years
  10. ^ Supports expanding Pell Grants
  11. ^ Supports tuition-free community college or the first two years of public college
  12. ^ Free childcare for poor parents, more affordable for lower and middle-income families through subsidies
  13. ^ Supports tuition-free or "nearly free" community college

Environmental issues[edit]

Candidate Status Green New Deal No Fossil Fuel Money pledge Nuclear power to reduce emissions Carbon tax Paris Agreement Ban fracking Ban offshore drilling
Michael Bennet Active No[63] Yes[64] Yes[65] Unknown Yes[66] No[67] Partial[note 1][68]
Joe Biden Active Partial[note 2][69] Yes[70] Yes[71] Unknown Yes[72] Unknown Partial[note 3][73]
Cory Booker Active Yes[74] Yes[64] Yes[75][76] Yes[77] Yes[78] Yes[79] Unknown
Steve Bullock Active No[80] No[64] Unknown Unknown Yes[11] No[81] Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[82] Yes[64] Yes[83] Yes[84] Yes[85] Yes[86] Unknown
Julián Castro Active Yes[87] Yes[64] No[88] Yes[89] Yes[90] Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[91] Yes[64] Unknown Unknown Yes[92] Yes[93] Unknown
John Delaney Active No[94] No[64] Yes[76] Yes[24] Yes[95] No[67] Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[96] Yes[64] No[97][76] Unknown Yes[98] Yes[99][100] Yes[99]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[74] Yes[64] No[101][102] Yes[103] Yes[103] No[67] Unknown
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[26] Yes[104] No[105] Yes[106] Yes[26] Unknown Unknown
Kamala Harris Active Yes[74] Yes[64] No[101][102] Unknown Yes[107] Unknown Unknown
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn No[108] No[64] Unknown Yes[109] Yes[110] No[111] Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[112] Yes[64] Yes[113] Yes[114] Yes[115] Yes[116] Yes[117]
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[74] Yes[64] Yes[118] Open[119] Yes[120] No[67] Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Yes[121] Yes[64] No[122] Unknown Yes[123] Yes[79] Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[124] Yes[64] Yes[125] Yes[126] Yes[127] No[67] Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Yes[128] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[129] Yes[64] Unknown Yes[130] Yes[131] Partial[note 4][132] Yes[133]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[134] Yes[64] Yes[135] Yes[136][137] Yes[134] No[67] Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[74] Yes[64] No[101][138] Yes[139] Yes[140] Yes[141] Yes[142]
Joe Sestak Active Unknown Yes[64] Unclear[143] Yes[143] Yes[144] Unknown Partial[note 5][143]
Tom Steyer Active Yes[145] Yes[64] No[146] Yes[147] Yes[148] Yes[149] Yes[150]
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[151] Yes[64] No[152] Open[153] Yes[154] Yes[79] Unknown
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[74] Yes[64] Unclear[155][102][156] Yes[157] Yes[158] Yes[79] Yes[159]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[160] Yes[64] No[161] Yes[162] Yes[161] Partial[note 6][161] Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Yes[163] Yes[64] Yes[164] Yes[165] Yes[166] Unknown Unknown
  1. ^ Opposed to new offshore drilling operations
  2. ^ Devised his own version of the Green New Deal called 'the Biden Plan' which, among other changes, pushes the decarbonization deadline forward two decades to 2050, rather than 2030.
  3. ^ Will pursue an international ban of offshore drilling in the Arctic
  4. ^ Would allow fracking, but with tighter oversight.
  5. ^ Establish a permanent moratorium on all future offshore drilling and Arctic drilling
  6. ^ Stop new fracking operations

Gun control[edit]

Candidate Status Universal
background checks
Ban assault weapons Mandatory buyback
Michael Bennet Active Yes[167] Yes[168] Unknown
Joe Biden Active Yes[169] Yes[170] Partial[note 1][171]
Cory Booker Active Yes[172] Yes[173] Yes[171]
Steve Bullock Active Yes[11] Yes[11] Partial[note 2][171]
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[174] Yes[175] Partial[note 3][171]
Julián Castro Active Yes[176] Yes[176] Partial[note 4][171]
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[177] Yes[177] Yes[171]
John Delaney Active Yes[178] Yes[175] Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[179] Yes[180] Unknown
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[172] Yes[173] Yes[171]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[181] Yes[181] Unknown
Kamala Harris Active Yes[172] Yes[173] Unknown
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[182] Yes[183] Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[184] Yes[185] Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[172] Yes[173] Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Yes[186] Yes[186] Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[187] Yes[188] Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Yes[189] Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[190] Yes[190] Yes[191]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[134] Yes[134] Partial[note 5][171]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[172] Yes[173] Partial[note 6][171]
Joe Sestak Active Yes[192] Yes[193] Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Yes[194] Yes[194] Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[195] Yes[196] Yes[171]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[172] Yes[173] Unknown
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[197] Yes[197] Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Yes[198] Partial[note 7][199] Partial[note 8][171]
  1. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback
  2. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback
  3. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback
  4. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback
  5. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback
  6. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback
  7. ^ Will define Assault Weapons first
  8. ^ Supports a voluntary buyback

Health care[edit]

Candidate Status Support single-payer
healthcare
system
Support public health
insurance option
Import prescription
drugs from Canada
Michael Bennet Active No[200] Yes[201] No[202]
Joe Biden Active No[203] Yes[204] Unknown
Cory Booker Active Yes[205] Unknown No[202]
Steve Bullock Active No[11] Yes[206] Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[207] Yes[208] Yes[209]
Julián Castro Active Yes[210] Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[211] Yes[212] Unknown
John Delaney Active No[213] Yes[214] Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[215] Unknown Unknown
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[205] Unknown Yes[202]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[216] Yes[217] Unknown
Kamala Harris Active Yes[205] Unknown Yes[202]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn No[218][219] Yes[220] Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn No[221] Yes[222] Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active No[223] Yes[224] Yes[225]
Wayne Messam Active Yes[121] Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn No[226] Yes[226] Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Yes[189] Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active No[227][228] Yes[229] Yes[230]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[134] Yes[231] Yes[232]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[205] Unknown Yes[225]
Joe Sestak Active Yes[233] Yes[233] Yes[233]
Tom Steyer Active Yes[234] Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[235] Unknown Yes[236]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[237] Unknown Yes[202]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[160] Unknown Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Yes[238] Yes[239] Unknown

Technology[edit]

Candidate Status Reinstate net neutrality
Michael Bennet Active Yes[240]
Joe Biden Active Unclear[241][242]
Cory Booker Active Yes[243]
Steve Bullock Active Yes[244]
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[243]
Julián Castro Active Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[245]
John Delaney Active Yes[243]
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[243]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[243]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[246]
Kamala Harris Active Yes[243]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[243]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[243]
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[243]
Wayne Messam Active Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[247]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[248]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[249]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[243]
Joe Sestak Active Yes[250]
Tom Steyer Active Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[251]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[243]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[252]
Andrew Yang Active Yes[243]

Economy[edit]

Economics[edit]

Candidate Status Estate tax Postal banking Reparations for slavery Wealth tax Breaking up the largest banks
Michael Bennet Active Yes[253] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[254]
Joe Biden Active Yes[255] Unknown No[256] Unknown Unknown
Cory Booker Active Unknown Unknown Partial[note 1][257] Unknown Unknown
Steve Bullock Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[258] Unknown Partial[note 1][259] Yes[260] Unknown
Julián Castro Active Unknown Unknown Yes[261] Unknown Unknown
John Delaney Active Unknown Unknown Partial[note 1][257] Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Unknown Unknown Partial[note 1][262] Yes[263] Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active Unknown Unknown Yes[264] Unknown Yes[265]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[266] Yes[267] Partial[note 1][268] Unknown Unknown
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26] Unknown
Kamala Harris Active Yes[269] Unknown Yes[270] Unknown Unknown
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Partial[note 1][268] Unknown Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[271] Unknown Partial[note 1][257] Unknown Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[272] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[273] Unknown Yes[274] Yes[275] Unknown
Tim Ryan Active Yes[276] Yes[277] Partial[note 1][257] Yes[278] Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[266] Yes[279] Partial[note 1][280] Yes[281] Yes[282][283]
Joe Sestak Active Yes[284] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[285] Unknown Partial[286] Yes[287] Unknown
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[288] Yes[289] Yes[270] Yes[290] Yes[291]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[292] Unknown Yes[261] Unknown Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Yes[293] Yes[294] Partial[295] No[296] Unknown
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Supports H.R. 40

Labor and welfare issues[edit]

Candidate Status Raise minimum wage Basic income Paid family leave Paid sick leave Limit right-to-work laws Job guarantee
Michael Bennet Active Yes[297] Unknown Yes[298] Yes[298] Unknown Unknown
Joe Biden Active $15[299] No[300][301] Yes[302] Yes[303] Yes[304] Unknown
Cory Booker Active $15[305] Unknown Yes[302] Yes[302] Yes[306] Partial[307]
Steve Bullock Active $15[308] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[309] Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active $15[14] Partial[310] Yes[311] Unknown Yes[312] Unknown
Julián Castro Active $15[313][314] Yes[315] Unknown Yes[316] Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active $15[317] Unknown Yes[318] Yes[319] Unknown Unknown
John Delaney Active $15[320] No[321] Yes[322] Yes[323] Unknown Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active $15[324] Yes[325] Yes[326] Yes[326] Unknown Unknown
Kirsten Gillibrand Active $15[305] Unknown Yes[302] Yes[302] Yes[327] Yes[328][329]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn $15[26][330] Yes[26][331] Yes[26] Unknown Unknown Yes[332]
Kamala Harris Active $15[305] No[note 1][333] Yes[302] Yes[302] Yes[334] Partial[329]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn $15[335] Unknown Yes[336] Yes[336] Unknown Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[337] Unknown Yes[338] Yes[339] Yes[340] Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active $15[305] Unknown Yes[302] Yes[302] Yes[341] Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Yes[342] No[342] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn $15[343] No[126] Yes[344] Yes[345] Unknown No[126]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[346] Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active $15[347] No[348] Yes[349] Yes[350] Yes[341] Unknown
Tim Ryan Active $15[351] Unknown Yes[352] Yes[353] Yes[354] Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active $15[305] Unknown Yes[355] Yes[355] Yes[356] Yes[357]
Joe Sestak Active $15[358] Unknown Yes[359] Yes[359] Yes[360] Unknown
Tom Steyer Active $15[361] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn $15[351] No[301] Yes[362] Yes[363] Yes[364] Unknown
Elizabeth Warren Active $15[305] Unknown Yes[302] Yes[365] Yes[327] Partial[329]
Marianne Williamson Active $15[366] Yes[292] Yes[292] Yes[292] Yes[345] Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Limited[note 2][367] Yes[368] Yes[369] Unknown Yes[370] No[371]
  1. ^ Proposes a massive expansion of earned income tax credit, which has been described as a related policy proposal to basic income. However, the EITC is not basic income, it is two different welfare models.
  2. ^ Pushes for a Basic Income as opposed to a livable wage, although Yang states that the minimum wage should be raised at state level.

Foreign policy[edit]

Foreign involvement[edit]

Candidate Status Intervention in Syria Rejoin the Iran Nuclear Deal Recognize
Juan Guaidó as interim
President of Venezuela
Military Intervention
in Venezuela
Intervention in Yemen Drone strikes Decrease the annual
military budget
Michael Bennet Active Unknown Yes[372] Unknown Unknown No[373] Unknown No[374]
Joe Biden Active Yes[375] Yes[376] Yes[377] Unknown No[378] Yes[379] No[374]
Cory Booker Active Partial[380][381] Unsure[382] Unknown Unknown No[383] Yes[384] Yes[385]
Steve Bullock Active Unknown Yes[386] Yes[387] Unknown No[388] Unknown No[389]
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[390] Yes[391] Yes[387] No[392] No[393] Unknown No[374]
Julián Castro Active Unknown Yes[394] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Unknown Yes[395] Unknown Unknown No[396] Unknown Unknown
John Delaney Active Yes[397] Yes[398] Yes[392] No[392] No[399] Yes[400] No[389]
Tulsi Gabbard Active No[401] Yes[402] No[403] No[404] No[405] Limited[406] Yes[407]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Partial[408] Yes[409] Yes[392] No[410] No[411] Yes[412] Yes[374]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn No[413] Yes[414] No[415] No[415] No[26] No[416] Yes[26]
Kamala Harris Active Partial[417][418] Yes[419] Unknown No[387] No[420] Unknown Yes[374]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Unknown Yes[421] Unknown Unknown No[422] Unknown No[374]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Unknown Yes[382] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[423][424] Yes[425] Unknown Unknown No[426] Unknown No[374]
Wayne Messam Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Unknown Yes[386] Unknown Unknown No[427] Unknown No[374]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown No[428] Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Unknown Yes[429] Yes[387] Unknown No[430] Unknown No[374]
Tim Ryan Active Unknown Yes[431] Yes[387] No[387] No[432] Unknown No[374]
Bernie Sanders Active No[433] Yes[434] No[435] No[436] No[437] Yes[438] Yes[439]
Joe Sestak Active Unknown Yes[144] Unknown No[387] No[389] Unknown Yes[389]
Tom Steyer Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown No[389] Unknown Yes[389]
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Partial[440] Yes[441] Unknown Unknown No[427] Unknown Yes[374]
Elizabeth Warren Active Partial[442][443] Yes[444] Unknown No[392] No[445] Unknown[446] Yes[447]
Marianne Williamson Active Unknown Yes[448] No[387] No[387] No[449] No[450] Yes[451]
Andrew Yang Active Unknown Yes[394] Yes[387] No[452] No[453] Unknown Yes[454]

Immigration and border security[edit]

Candidate Status Proposed Trump
border wall
Trump
travel ban
Support DACA Allow more
visa workers
Demilitarize
Mexico–US border
Invest in
ports of entry
Abolish ICE Decriminalize illegally entering
into the United States
Michael Bennet Active No[455] No[456] Yes[457] Yes[458] Unknown Yes[459] Unknown No[460]
Joe Biden Active No[461] No[462] Yes[463] Yes[464] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[465]
Cory Booker Active No[466] No[467] Yes[468] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[469] Unknown
Steve Bullock Active No[470] Unknown Yes[11] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[471] Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active No[472] No[473] Yes[174] Yes[474] Yes[174] Unknown No[469] Yes[475]
Julián Castro Active No[476] No[477] Yes[478] Unknown Unknown Unknown Partial[479] Yes[460]
Bill de Blasio Active No[480] No[481] Yes[482] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[483] Unknown
John Delaney Active No[484] No[485] Yes[486] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[471] No[487]
Tulsi Gabbard Active No[488] No[485] Yes[489][490] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Kirsten Gillibrand Active No[491] No[467] Yes[492] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[493] Yes[460]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn No[494] No[26] Yes[494] Yes[494] Yes[494] Yes[494] Yes[26] Unknown
Kamala Harris Active No[495] No[467] Yes[496] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[497] Yes[460]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn No[498] No[499] Yes[500][501] Yes[502] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[460]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn No[503] No[337] Yes[337] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[469] Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active No[504] No[467] Yes[505] Unknown Unknown Yes[497] No[506] Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Unknown Unknown Yes[507] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[471] Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn No[508] Unknown Yes[509] Yes[510] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Yes[189] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active No[511] No[485] Yes[512] Yes[512] Yes[513] Yes[512] No[514] No[note 1][515][516]
Tim Ryan Active No[134] No[517] Yes[134] Yes[510] Unknown Unknown No[518] Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active No[519] No[467] Yes[520] Yes[520] Yes[520] Yes[520] Reform[521] Yes[475]
Joe Sestak Active No[522] Unknown Unknown Yes[522] Unknown Yes[522] Unknown Unknown
Tom Steyer Active No[523] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn No[524] No[525] Yes[526] Yes[510] Unknown Unknown No[471] Yes[460]
Elizabeth Warren Active No[527] No[467] Yes[528] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[529] Yes[530]
Marianne Williamson Active No[531] Unknown Yes[531] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[475]
Andrew Yang Active No[532] Unknown Yes[533] Yes[534] Unknown Yes[535] No[536] Yes[475]
  1. ^ Legal mechanisms, provided by the Immigration and Nationality Act, should remain to combat drug and human trafficking. Other cases would not be criminally prosecuted.

Government[edit]

Donald Trump[edit]

Candidate Status Impeachment inquiry on President Trump
Michael Bennet Active Unclear[537]
Joe Biden Active Maybe[537]
Cory Booker Active Yes[538]
Steve Bullock Active Unclear[537]
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[539]
Julián Castro Active Yes[537]
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[540]
John Delaney Active Unclear[537]
Tulsi Gabbard Active No[537]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[541]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[542]
Kamala Harris Active Yes[537]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[543]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn No[537]
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[544]
Wayne Messam Active Yes[545]
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[537]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Yes[546]
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[547]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[548]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[549]
Joe Sestak Active Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Yes[550]
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[551]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[537]
Marianne Williamson Active No[537]
Andrew Yang Active No[537]

Electoral and institutional reform[edit]

Candidate Status Abolish the
Electoral College
Abolish the filibuster Adoption of IRV/RCV Ban voter ID Laws D.C. statehood Puerto Rico statehood End felony
disenfranchisement
Expand/Reform
Supreme Court
Make Election Day
a federal holiday
Michael Bennet Active Yes[552] No[553] Unknown Unknown Yes[554] Open[555] Partial[note 1][556] No[557] Unknown
Joe Biden Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[558] Yes[559] Yes[560] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Cory Booker Active Yes[561] No[562] Unknown Yes[563] Yes[564] Unknown Partial[note 1][565] Unknown Yes[556]
Steve Bullock Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[566] Yes[567] Yes[568] Yes[569] Yes[570] Yes[570] Partial[note 1][571] Yes[572] Yes[556]
Julián Castro Active Yes[561] Open[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[573] Yes[574] Partial[note 2][556] Unknown Yes[573]
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[575] Unknown Unknown Yes[576] Yes[577] Unknown Partial[note 1][578] Unknown Unknown
John Delaney Active No[579][561] No[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[580] Yes[580] Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[24]
Tulsi Gabbard Active Open[note 3][264][561] Open[556] Unknown[581] Unknown Yes[556] Unknown Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[556]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[582][561] Open[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[554] Unknown Partial[note 4][556] Yes[583] Yes[556]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[26] Unknown Yes[584][26] Yes[26] Yes[584] Yes[26] Yes[585] Unknown Unknown
Kamala Harris Active Open[579][561] Open[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[554] Unknown Partial[note 4][586] Yes[583] Yes[556]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn No[561] Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes[556] Unknown Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[556]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[561] Yes[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[556] Yes[556] Partial[note 1][556] Yes[556] Yes[556]
Amy Klobuchar Active Open[556] Open[556] Unknown Yes[587] Yes[588] Yes[556] Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[556]
Wayne Messam Active Yes[556] Yes[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[556] Yes[556] Partial[note 1][556] Yes[note 5][556] Yes[556]
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[589] Yes[589] Unknown Unknown Yes[556] Yes[556] Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[589]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[579][561] Open[556] Unknown Yes[590] Yes[591] Yes[592] Partial[note 2][556] Yes[583] Yes[556]
Tim Ryan Active Open[556] No[556] Unknown Unknown Yes[593] Unknown Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[594]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[595] Open[556] Yes[596][597] Unknown Yes[598] Open[note 6][599] Yes[600] Yes[note 7][601] Yes[602]
Joe Sestak Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[556] Yes[556] Yes[568] Unknown Yes[603] Unknown Partial[note 2][556] Unknown Yes[556]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[604] Yes[556] Open[605] Unknown Yes[556] Open[606] Partial[note 4][556] Yes[583] Yes[556]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[561] Open[556] Yes[607] Yes[607] Yes[556] Yes[556] Partial[note 1][556] Unknown Yes[607]
Andrew Yang Active No[608][579] Yes[609] Yes[610] Unknown Yes[611] Yes[612] Partial[note 2][556] Yes[note 8][613] Yes[614]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Supports felons being allowed to vote after prison sentence, but not while in prison
  2. ^ a b c d Supports felons being allowed to vote after prison sentence and prisoners who have committed "low-level offenses" being enfranchised
  3. ^ Supports electoral college reform
  4. ^ a b c Supports felons being allowed to vote after prison sentence, "open" to them being enfranchised while in prison
  5. ^ Impose term limits for Supreme Court justices, open to expanding the number of justices
  6. ^ Supports a process of self-determination where Puerto Ricans decide the nature of their relationship with the US
  7. ^ Impose term limits for Supreme Court justices, opposed to expanding the number of justices
  8. ^ Impose term limits for Supreme Court justices

Campaign finance[edit]

Candidate Status No corporate PAC
donations
Overturn Citizens United Publicly funded elections Democracy vouchers
Michael Bennet Active Yes[615] Yes[615] Unknown Unknown
Joe Biden Active Yes[616][617] Yes[618] Yes[619] Unknown
Cory Booker Active Yes[620] Yes[621] Yes[622] Unknown
Steve Bullock Active Yes[623] Yes[624] Yes[623] Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[625] Yes[626] Yes[627] Unknown
Julián Castro Active Yes[628] Yes[629] Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[630] Yes[631] Yes[632] Open[632]
John Delaney Active Yes[633] Yes[634] Yes[635] Yes[636]
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[637] Yes[638][639][640] Yes[641] Yes[636]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[620] Yes[642] Yes[643] Yes[644]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[645] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Kamala Harris Active Yes[646] Yes[647] Yes[622] Unknown
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[648] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[645] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[649] Yes[650] Yes[622] Unknown
Wayne Messam Active Yes[645] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[645] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Yes[651] Yes[652] Unknown Yes[653]
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[654] Yes[655] Yes[656] Yes[636]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[657] Yes[658] Unknown Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[620] Yes[659] Yes[622] Unknown
Joe Sestak Active Unknown Yes[144] Unknown Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Yes[660] Yes[661] Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[662] Yes[663] Yes[635] Yes[664]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[620] Yes[665] Yes[622] Unknown
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[607] Yes[607] Yes[607] Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Yes[666] Yes[666] Yes[667] Yes[668]

Social issues[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Candidate Status Support right to abortion Contraceptive mandate Fund Planned Parenthood Retain Hyde Amendment
Michael Bennet Active Yes[669] Yes[670] Yes[670] No[671]
Joe Biden Active Yes[672] Yes[citation needed] Yes[672] No[671][note 1]
Cory Booker Active Yes[675] Yes[676] Yes[677] No[671]
Steve Bullock Active Yes[678] Yes[679] Yes[680] No[671]
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[681] Unknown Yes[682] No[671]
Julián Castro Active Yes[683] Unknown Unknown No[671]
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[684] Yes[685] Yes[684] No[671]
John Delaney Active Yes[686] Yes[686] Yes[686] No[671]
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[687] Yes[688] Yes[689] Unknown
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[690] Yes[691] Yes[692] No[671]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[105] Unknown Unknown No[693]
Kamala Harris Active Yes[690] Yes[694] Yes[695] No[671]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[696] Yes[696] Yes[696] No[671]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[697] Yes[698] Yes[699] No[671]
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[690] Yes[700] Yes[701] No[671]
Wayne Messam Active Yes[702] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[703] Unknown Unknown No[671]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Yes[346][704] Unknown Yes[704] No[704]
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[705] Yes[706] Yes[707] No[671]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[134] Yes[134] Yes[134] No[671]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[708] Yes[709] Yes[701] No[671]
Joe Sestak Active Yes[710] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Yes[234] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[711] Yes[712] Yes[682] No[671]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[713] Yes[714] Yes[715] No[671]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[716] Yes[716] Yes[716] No[671]
Andrew Yang Active Yes[717] Yes[717] Yes[717] No[671]
  1. ^ Biden formally declared his support for the Hyde amendment[673] before later dropping his support following controversy[674]

Criminal justice[edit]

Candidate Status End capital punishment Legalization of
marijuana
Expunging cannabis
conviction records
End cash bail End private prisons End mandatory minimum
sentencing
for nonviolent
drug offenses
Job placement services
for released offenders
Decriminalization
of sex work
Michael Bennet Active Yes[718] Yes[719] Yes[720] No[585] Unknown Yes[721] Unknown Unknown
Joe Biden Active Yes[722] Partial[note 1][723] Yes[724] Yes[725] Yes[722] Yes[725] Yes[726] Unknown
Cory Booker Active Yes[727] Yes[728] Yes[728] Yes[729] Yes[730] Yes[731] Unknown Yes[732]
Steve Bullock Active Partial[note 2][733] Unknown Unknown Unknown No[734] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[735] Yes[736] Yes[737] Yes[738] Yes[14] Yes[735] Unknown Unknown
Julián Castro Active Yes[739] Yes[740] Unknown Partial[741] Yes[742] Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bill de Blasio Active Yes[743] Yes[744] Yes[744] Yes[745] Yes[746] Unknown Unknown No[747]
John Delaney Active Yes[585] Partial[note 3][748][585] Unknown Yes[749] Yes[749] Yes[749] Unknown Unknown
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[739] Yes[750] Yes[751] Yes[752] Yes[753] Partial[754] Unknown Yes[755]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[727] Yes[728] Yes[728] Yes[756][757] Unknown Yes[758] Unknown No[759]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26] Yes[26] Unknown Yes[26]
Kamala Harris Active Yes[727] Yes[728] Yes[728] Yes[757] Yes[760] Yes[761] Unknown Yes[762]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[727] Yes[20] Unknown Partial[763] No[764] Yes[765] Unknown Partial[766]
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[727] Yes[736] Yes[736] No[585] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[585] Partial[note 4][767][585] Unknown Partial[768] Unknown Partial[768] Unknown No[759]
Wayne Messam Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[585] Yes[769] Yes[770] Yes[585] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Yes[771][772] Yes[772] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[727] Yes[773][774] Yes[774] Yes[774] Yes[774] Yes[774] Unknown Unknown
Tim Ryan Active Partial[note 5][775][585] Yes[776] Unknown Yes[585] Yes[777] Partial[778] Unknown Unknown
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[727] Yes[728] Yes[728] Yes[756][757] Yes[779] Yes[780] Unknown Open[781]
Joe Sestak Active Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Tom Steyer Active Yes[782] Yes[783] Unknown Yes[784] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[785] Yes[786] Unknown Yes[585] Unknown Yes[787] Yes[787] Unknown
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[727] Yes[728] Yes[728] Yes[788] Yes[789] Partial[789] Unknown Open[790]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[585] Yes[791] Unknown Yes[585] Yes[792] Unknown Yes[793] Unknown
Andrew Yang Active Yes[794] Yes[795] Yes[795] Partial[note 6][796] Yes[797] Unknown Unknown Open[798]
  1. ^ Supports decriminalization and rescheduling
  2. ^ Supports capital punishment only in limited circumstances
  3. ^ Supports legalization at the federal level, but believes states should decide at the state level
  4. ^ Supports legalization at the federal level, but believes states should decide at the state level
  5. ^ Supports seeking the death penalty for convicted terroritsts
  6. ^ Wants to reduce the use of cash bail

LGBT issues[edit]

Candidate Status Equality Act Same-sex
marriage
Transgender
military service
Michael Bennet Active Yes[799] Yes[800] Yes[801]
Joe Biden Active Yes[802] Yes[803] Yes[804]
Cory Booker Active Yes[799] Yes[805] Yes[806]
Steve Bullock Active Yes[807] Yes[808] Unknown
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes[809] Yes[810] Yes[811]
Julián Castro Active Yes[812] Yes[813] Yes[814]
Bill de Blasio Active Unknown Yes[815] Yes[816]
John Delaney Active Yes[817] Yes[818] Yes[819]
Tulsi Gabbard Active Yes[820] Yes[821] Yes[819]
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes[799] Yes[822] Yes[823]
Mike Gravel Withdrawn Yes[807] Yes[824] Yes[825]
Kamala Harris Active Yes[799] Yes[826] Yes[827]
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes[828] Yes[829] Unknown
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes[830] Yes[831] Yes[832]
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes[799] Yes[833] Yes[834]
Wayne Messam Active Unknown Unknown Unknown
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes[820] Yes[835] Yes[836]
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown Unknown Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes[837] Yes[838] Yes[839]
Tim Ryan Active Yes[820] Yes[840] Yes[134]
Bernie Sanders Active Yes[799] Yes[841] Yes[842]
Joe Sestak Active Yes[843] Yes[844] Yes[843]
Tom Steyer Active Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes[820] Yes[845] Yes[134]
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes[799] Yes[846] Yes[847]
Marianne Williamson Active Yes[848] Yes[848] Yes[849]
Andrew Yang Active Yes[850] Yes[850] Yes[851]

Candidate Solidarity[edit]

The Pledge[edit]

Candidates have been encouraged by organisations, namely Indivisible Project and Individual Action, to take a pledge of unity, known as 'We Are Indivisible'. This means supporting the eventual Democratic nominee, should the candidate's own nomination be unsuccessful. The stance of each candidate is stated as follows:[852]

Candidate Status Took the Pledge
Michael Bennet Active No
Joe Biden Active Yes
Cory Booker Active Yes
Steve Bullock Active Yes
Pete Buttigieg Active Yes
Julián Castro Active Yes
Bill de Blasio Active Yes
John Delaney Active Yes
Tulsi Gabbard Active No
Kirsten Gillibrand Active Yes
Mike Gravel Withdrawn No
Kamala Harris Active Yes
John Hickenlooper Withdrawn Yes
Jay Inslee Withdrawn Yes
Amy Klobuchar Active Yes
Wayne Messam Active No
Seth Moulton Withdrawn Yes
Richard Ojeda Withdrawn Unknown
Beto O'Rourke Active Yes
Tim Ryan Active Yes
Bernie Sanders Active Yes
Joe Sestak Active No
Tom Steyer Active Yes
Eric Swalwell Withdrawn Yes
Elizabeth Warren Active Yes
Marianne Williamson Active Yes
Andrew Yang Active No

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