Political positions of the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primary candidates

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This page describes the stances held by Democratic candidates in the 2020 United States presidential election on a variety of policy issues (e.g. domestic and foreign issues). Only candidates still in the race during the 2020 Iowa caucuses are included.

Domestic policy[edit]

Education[edit]

Candidate Tuition-free public college Debt relief for student loans Affirmative action Universal child care Universal pre-kindergarten Increase funding for primary and secondary public education
Michael Bennet No[note 1][1] No[2] ? Yes[3] Yes[4] Yes[4]
Joe Biden Partial[note 2][5][6] Partial[note 3][7] Yes[8] Yes[9] Yes[7] Yes[7]
Mike Bloomberg Partial[note 4][10][11] ? ? ? ? Yes[12]
Pete Buttigieg Partial[note 5][13] Partial[14] Yes[13] Yes[15] Yes[16] Yes[13]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[17][18] Yes[19] ? Yes[20] Yes[21] Yes[22]
Amy Klobuchar Partial[note 6][17] Partial[17] ? Yes[23] ? ?
Deval Patrick Partial[note 6][24] Yes[25] Yes[26] Yes[27] Yes[28] Yes[29]
Bernie Sanders Yes[17] Yes[30] Yes[31] Yes[32] Yes[33] Yes[34]
Tom Steyer Partial[note 6][35] ? ? ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes [17] Yes [17] ? Yes [36] Yes [36] ?
Andrew Yang Partial[note 7][37] Yes[37] Yes[38] Yes[39] Yes[40] Yes[41]
  1. ^ Supports "debt-free" college
  2. ^ In 2015, Biden supported four years of free public college, but has not stated support for this since launching his 2020 campaign. Since launching his campaign, he has spoken in favor of two years of free community college.
  3. ^ Supports debt forgiveness for teachers and other educators through the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program
  4. ^ Supports tuition-free college for the "lowest-income students" and two-year public college tuition-free.
  5. ^ Supports tuition-free college for "lower" and "middle-income families"
  6. ^ a b c Supports tuition-free community college
  7. ^ Supports tuition-free or "nearly free" community college

Environmental issues[edit]

Candidate Green New Deal No Fossil Fuel Money pledge Nuclear power to reduce emissions Carbon tax Paris Agreement Ban fracking Ban offshore drilling Declare climate change a national emergency End Fossil Fuel Extraction on Federal Land End Fossil Fuel Subsidies
Michael Bennet No[42] Yes[43] Yes[44] ? Yes[45] No[46] Partial[note 1][47] No[48] ? ?
Joe Biden Partial[note 2][49] Yes[50] Yes[51] Yes[52] Yes[53] No[52] Partial[note 3][54] Yes[55] Yes[55] Yes[55]
Mike Bloomberg No[56] Yes[57] Open[58] Yes[59] Yes[60] No[61] No[61] ? ? ?
Pete Buttigieg Yes[62] Yes[43] Yes[63] Yes[64] Yes[65] Yes[66] ? ? Yes[55] Yes[55]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[67] Yes[43] No[68][69] No[70] Yes[71] Yes[72][73] Yes[72] Yes[74] Yes[75] Yes[76]
Amy Klobuchar Yes[77] Yes[43] Yes[64] Open[78] Yes[79] No[46] ? Yes[48] Yes[55] Yes[55]
Deval Patrick ? No[43] Yes[note 4][80] ? Yes[81] ? ? ? ? ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[77] Yes[43] No[82][83] No[84] Yes[85] Yes[86] Yes[87] Yes[48] Yes[55] Yes[55]
Tom Steyer Yes[88] Yes[43] No[89] Yes[90] Yes[91] Yes[92] Yes[93] Yes[94] ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes [77] Yes [43] Unclear[95][96][97] Yes[98] Yes[99] Yes[100] Yes[101] Yes[48] Yes[55] Yes[55]
Andrew Yang Partial[note 2][102] Yes[43] Yes[note 5][103] Yes[104] Yes[105] Partial[106] Yes[107] Yes[108] Yes[55] Yes[55]
  1. ^ Opposed to new offshore drilling operations
  2. ^ a b Pushes the decarbonization deadline out two decades from 2030 to 2050
  3. ^ Will pursue an international ban of offshore drilling in the Arctic
  4. ^ Under certain conditions
  5. ^ Seen as a Temporary Solution

Gun control[edit]

Candidate Universal background checks Ban assault weapons Gun buyback Require gun license
Michael Bennet Yes[109] Yes[110] Voluntary[111] No [111]
Joe Biden Yes[112] Yes[113] Voluntary[114] No [111]
Mike Bloomberg Yes[115] Yes[116] Voluntary[111] Yes [111]
Pete Buttigieg Yes[117] Yes[118] Voluntary[114] Yes [111]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[119] Yes[120] Unclear [111] Unclear [111]
Amy Klobuchar Yes[121] Yes[122] Voluntary[111] Unclear [111]
Deval Patrick Yes[123] Yes[124] Voluntary[81] Unclear [111]
Bernie Sanders Yes[121] Yes[122] Voluntary[114] Partial[note 1][111]
Tom Steyer Yes[125] Yes[125] Voluntary[111] Yes [111]
Elizabeth Warren Yes[121] Yes[122] Voluntary[111] Yes [111]
Andrew Yang Yes[126] Yes[127][128] Voluntary[114] Yes [111]
  1. ^ Only for assault weapons

Health care[edit]

Candidate Support single-payer healthcare system Support public health insurance option Eliminate private health insurance Import prescription drugs from Canada
Michael Bennet No[129] Yes[130] No[131] No[132]
Joe Biden No[133] Yes[134] No[131] ?
Mike Bloomberg No[135] Yes[136] No[135] Open[137]
Pete Buttigieg No[138] Yes[139] No[131] Yes[140]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[141] ? No[131] Yes[142]
Amy Klobuchar No[143] Yes[144] No[131] Yes[145]
Deval Patrick No[146] Yes[146] No[146] ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[147] ? Yes[131] Yes[145]
Tom Steyer Yes[148] ? No[149] ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes [150] ? Yes[131] Yes[132]
Andrew Yang No[151] Yes[152] No[131] Partial[153]

Immigration and border security[edit]

Candidate Proposed Trump border wall Trump travel ban Support DACA Allow more visa workers Demilitarize Mexico–US border Invest in ports of entry Abolish ICE Decriminalize illegal immigration
Michael Bennet No[154] No[155] Yes[156] Yes[157] ? Yes[158] No[159] No[160]
Joe Biden No[161] No[162] Yes[163] Yes[164] ? Yes[165] No[166] No[167]
Mike Bloomberg No[168] No[169] Yes[170] ? ? Yes[169] ? ?
Pete Buttigieg No[171] No[172] Yes[117] Yes[173] Yes[117] ? No[174] Yes[175]
Tulsi Gabbard No[176] No[177] Yes[178][179] Yes[180] ? ? No[159] ?
Amy Klobuchar No[181] No[182] Yes[183] ? ? Yes[citation needed] No[184] ?
Deval Patrick No[81] ? Yes[185] ? ? Yes[81] No[186] ?
Bernie Sanders No[187] No[182] Yes[188] No[188] Yes[188] Yes[188] Yes[189] Yes[175]
Tom Steyer No[190] ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren No[191] No[182] Yes[192] ? ? ? No[159] Yes[193]
Andrew Yang No[194] ? Yes[195] Yes[196] ? Yes[197] No[159] Limited[note 1][198]


  1. ^ Legal mechanisms, provided by the Immigration and Nationality Act, should remain to combat drug and human trafficking. Other cases would not be criminally prosecuted.

Technology[edit]

Candidate Reinstate net neutrality Treat private data as personal property CASE Act
Michael Bennet Yes[199] ? No[200]
Joe Biden Yes[201] ? ?
Mike Bloomberg ? ? ?
Pete Buttigieg Yes[202] ? ?
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[202] Yes[203] Yes[204]
Amy Klobuchar Yes[202] ? No[200]
Deval Patrick ? ? ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[202] ? No[200]
Tom Steyer Yes[205] ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes[202] ? No[200]
Andrew Yang Yes[202] Yes[206] ?

Economy[edit]

Economics[edit]

Candidate Estate tax Postal banking Reparations for slavery Wealth tax Breaking up the largest banks Support NAFTA
Michael Bennet Yes[207] ? ? ? No[208] ?
Joe Biden Yes[209] ? Partial[note 1][210] No[211] ? Yes[212]
Mike Bloomberg ? ? ? Yes[note 2] ? ?
Pete Buttigieg Yes[214] ? Partial[note 3][215] Yes[216] ? No[217]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[218] ? Yes[219] ? Yes[220] No[217]
Amy Klobuchar Yes[221] ? Partial[note 3][222] ? ? ?
Deval Patrick Yes[81] ? ? No[223] ? ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[224] Yes[225] Partial[note 3][226] Yes[227] Yes[228][229] No[230]
Tom Steyer ? ? Yes Yes[231] ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes[232] Yes[233] Yes[234] Yes[235] Yes[228] ?
Andrew Yang Yes[236] Yes[237] Partial[238] No[239] ? ?
  1. ^ Supports a commission that determines what form reparations could take
  2. ^ Proposed a 5% surtax on incomes over $5 million per annum[213] but said that Warren's plan was potentially unconstitutional, and compared it to Venezuelan socialism[56]
  3. ^ a b c Supports H.R. 40

Labor and welfare issues[edit]

Candidate Raise minimum wage Basic income Paid family leave Paid sick leave Limit right-to-work laws Job guarantee
Michael Bennet $12[note 1][240] ? Yes[241] Yes[241] ? ?
Joe Biden $15[242] No[243][244] Yes[245] Yes[246] Yes[247] ?
Mike Bloomberg $15[248] ? Yes [248] Yes[249] ? ?
Pete Buttigieg $15[13] Partial[250] Yes[251] ? Yes[252] ?
Tulsi Gabbard $15[253] Yes[254] Yes[255] Yes[255] Yes[256] No[257][258]
Amy Klobuchar $15[259] ? Yes[245] Yes[245] Yes[260] ?
Deval Patrick ? ? Yes[261] Yes[262] ? ?
Bernie Sanders $15[259] No[263] Yes[264] Yes[264] Yes[265] Yes[266]
Tom Steyer $22[267] ? ? ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren $15[259] Open[268] Yes[245] Yes[269] Yes[270] Partial[271]
Andrew Yang No[note 2][272] Yes[273] Yes[274] ? Yes[275] No[276]
  1. ^ Supports the federal minimum wage being $12 and a $15 minimum wage being implemented in "high-cost cities".
  2. ^ Pushes for a Basic Income as opposed to a livable wage, although Yang states that whether states should increase minimum wage or not depends on economy and budget.

Foreign policy and national security[edit]

Foreign policy[edit]

Candidate Pardon Julian Assange Rejoin the Iran Nuclear Deal Recognize Juan Guaidó as interim President of Venezuela Two-state solution for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict Leveraging Aid to Israel Use tariffs against China Meet directly with North Korea's Kim Jong-un Resume diplomatic relations with Syria's President Bashar al-Assad
Michael Bennet No[277] Yes[278] ? ? ? No[279] Partial[280][note 1] ?
Joe Biden No[281] Yes[282] Yes[283] Yes[284] No[285] Unclear[286] Partial[287][note 1] Unclear[288]
Mike Bloomberg ? Yes[note 2] ? ? No[292] ? ? ?
Pete Buttigieg No[281] Yes[293] Yes[294] Yes[284] ? Yes[295] Partial[296][note 1] No[288]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[297] Yes[298] No[299] Yes[300] ? No[301] Yes[302] Yes[303]
Amy Klobuchar No[304] Yes[305] ? ? ? Yes[306] Partial[307][note 1] ?
Deval Patrick ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bernie Sanders Unclear[308] Yes[309] No[310][note 3] Yes[284] Yes[312] Yes[313] Yes[314] Open[315]
Tom Steyer No[281] ? ? ? ? ? ? No[315]
Elizabeth Warren No[308] Yes[316] ? ? ? Yes[317] Partial[318][note 1] No[319][note 4]
Andrew Yang No[320] Yes[321] Yes[294] Yes[284] No[322] Temporary [295][note 5] Yes[323] Open[315]
  1. ^ a b c d e Only with preconditions
  2. ^ Criticized the JCPOA, but also criticized Trump's withdrawal.[289][290] Says he would "re-enter the deal with no new preconditions."[291] Spokesman adds that he would "re-establish the coalition" that imposed sanctions and negotiated the JCPOA, insist that "Iran must come back into compliance with the JCPOA requirements," and "also be ready to address other inadequacies in the deal"[289]
  3. ^ Has called for "international and regional cooperation for free elections in Venezuela".[311]
  4. ^ "Assad has got to go"
  5. ^ Tariffs will not be repealed immediately until a deal is made with China

Defense[edit]

Candidate Withdraw troops from Afghanistan Intervention in Syria Military Intervention in Venezuela Intervention in Yemen Defend Taiwan Drone strikes Decrease the annual military budget
Michael Bennet By end of 1st term[288] ? ? No[324] ? ? No[325]
Joe Biden By end of 1st term[326] Yes[327] No[328] No[329] ? Yes[330] No[325]
Mike Bloomberg ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Pete Buttigieg 1st year[331] Yes[332] No[333] No[334] ? ? No[325]
Tulsi Gabbard 1st year[331] No[335] No[336] No[337] ? Limited [338] Yes[339]
Amy Klobuchar By end of 1st term[288] Yes[340][341] ? No[342] ? ? Yes[325]
Deval Patrick ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bernie Sanders By end of 1st term [343] No[344] No[345] No[346] Yes[347] Limited [348] Yes[349]
Tom Steyer ? ? ? No[350] ? ? Yes[350]
Elizabeth Warren By end of 1st term[351] Unclear[352][353] No[333] No[354] ? ?[355] Yes[356]
Andrew Yang By end of 1st term[288] ? No[357] No[358] ? ? Yes[359]

Government[edit]

Electoral and institutional reform[edit]

Candidate Abolish the Electoral College Abolish the filibuster Adoption of IRV/RCV Ban voter ID laws D.C. statehood Puerto Rico statehood End felony disenfranchisement after imprisonment Expand / reform Supreme Court Make Election Day a federal holiday Lower voting age to 16
Michael Bennet Yes[360] No[361][362] ? ? Yes[363] Open[364] Yes[365] No[366] ? ?
Joe Biden No[367] No[368] ? Yes[369] Yes[370] Yes[371] Yes[365] No[372] ? ?
Mike Bloomberg ? Yes[368] ? ? ? Yes[373] ? ? ? ?
Pete Buttigieg Yes[374] Yes[368] Yes[375] Yes[376] Yes[377] Yes[377] Yes[365] Yes[378] Yes[365] ?
Tulsi Gabbard Open[note 1][219] Open[365][362] Yes[379] Yes[380] Yes[365] Yes[381] Yes[365] ? Yes[365] ?
Amy Klobuchar Open[365] Open[365][362] ? Yes[382] Yes[383] Yes[365] Yes[365] ? Yes[365] ?
Deval Patrick Yes[81] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[384] Open[385][362] Yes[386][387] Yes[388] Yes[389] Open[note 2][390] Yes[391] Yes[note 3][392] Yes[393] Open[394]
Tom Steyer ? Yes[362] ? ? ? ? Yes[365] ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes[395] Yes[365][362] Open[396] ? Yes[365] Open[397] Yes[365] Yes[398] Yes[365] ?
Andrew Yang No[399][400] Yes[401] Yes[402] ? Yes[403] Yes[404] Yes[365] Yes[note 4][405] Yes[406] Yes[407]
  1. ^ Supports electoral college reform
  2. ^ Supports a process of self-determination where Puerto Ricans decide the nature of their relationship with the US
  3. ^ Impose term limits for Supreme Court justices, opposed to expanding the number of justices
  4. ^ Impose term limits for Supreme Court justices

Campaign finance[edit]

Candidate No corporate PAC donations Overturn Citizens United Publicly funded elections Democracy vouchers We the People Amendment Fundraising from billionaires?
Michael Bennet Yes[408] Yes[408] ? ? ? ?
Joe Biden No[409] Yes[410] Yes[411] ? ? Yes[412]
Mike Bloomberg Yes[413] ? ? ? ? No[note 1][413]
Pete Buttigieg Yes[414] Yes[415] Yes[416] ? ? Yes[417][418]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[419] Yes[420][421][422] Yes[423] Yes[424] Yes[425] ?
Amy Klobuchar Yes[426] Yes[427] Yes[428] ? ? ?
Deval Patrick No[429] Yes[81] ? ? ? ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[430] Yes[431] Yes[428] Yes[432] Yes[433] No[434][435]
Tom Steyer Yes[436] Yes[437] ? ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes[430] Yes[438] Yes[428] ? ? Partial[note 2][439][440]
Andrew Yang Yes[441] Yes[441] Yes[442] Yes[443] ? ?
  1. ^ Self-funding campaign
  2. ^ Accepts contributions from billionaires, does not hold high-dollar fundraisers

Social issues[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Candidate Support right to abortion Contraceptive mandate Fund Planned Parenthood Retain Hyde Amendment
Michael Bennet Yes[444] Yes[445] Yes[445] No[446]
Joe Biden Yes[447] ? Yes[447] No[446][note 1]
Mike Bloomberg Yes[450] ? Yes[451] No[452]
Pete Buttigieg Yes[453] ? Yes[454] No[446]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[455] Yes[456] Yes[457] No[458]
Amy Klobuchar Yes[459] Yes[460] Yes[461] No[446]
Deval Patrick Yes[462] ? Yes[463] ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[464] Yes[465] Yes[461] No[446]
Tom Steyer Yes[148] ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren Yes[466] Yes[467] Yes[468] No[446]
Andrew Yang Yes[469] Yes[469] Yes[469] No[446]
  1. ^ Biden formally declared his support for the Hyde amendment.[448] before later dropping his support following controversy[449]

Criminal justice[edit]

Candidate Legalize and regulate all illicit drugs End capital punishment Legalization of marijuana Expunging cannabis conviction records End cash bail End private prisons End mandatory minimum sentencing for nonviolent drug offenses Job placement services for released offenders Decriminalization of sex work
Michael Bennet No[470] Yes[471] Yes[472] Yes[473] No[474] ? Yes[475] ? ?
Joe Biden No[470] Yes[476] Partial[note 1][477] Yes[478] Yes[479] Yes[476] Yes[479] Yes[480] ?
Mike Bloomberg No[470] Yes[481] Partial[note 2][482][483][484] Yes[482] Yes[482][485] ? Yes[486] ? No[487]
Pete Buttigieg Partial[470][note 3] Yes[488] Yes[489] Yes[490] Yes[491] Yes[13] Yes[488] ? ?
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[470] Yes[492] Yes[493] Yes[494] Yes[220] Yes[495] Yes[496] ? Yes[497]
Amy Klobuchar No[470] Yes[474] Partial[note 4][474] ? Partial[498] ? Partial[498] ? No[499]
Deval Patrick No[470] Yes[500] ? ? ? Yes[81] Yes[81] ? ?
Bernie Sanders No[470] Yes[501] Yes[502] Yes[502] Yes[503][504] Yes[505] Yes[506] ? Open[507]
Tom Steyer No[470] Yes[508] Yes[509] ? Yes[510] ? ? ? ?
Elizabeth Warren No[470] Yes[501] Yes[502] Yes[502] Yes[511] Yes[512] Partial[512] ? Open[513]
Andrew Yang Partial[470][note 5] Yes[514] Yes[515] Yes[515] Partial[note 6][516] Yes[517] ? ? Partial[518][519]
  1. ^ Supports decriminalization at federal level, rescheduling marijuana from Schedule I to Schedule II, and allowing "states to continue to make their own choices regarding legalization."
  2. ^ Wants to decriminalize the use and possession of marijuana nationwide
  3. ^ Endorses simply decriminalizing possession of all drugs
  4. ^ Supports legalization at the federal level, but believes states should decide at the state level
  5. ^ Supports decriminalizing opioids; funding safe consumption sites for illegal drugs; and making psychedelic mushrooms “more freely available”
  6. ^ Wants to reduce the use of cash bail

LGBTQ+ issues[edit]

Candidate Equality Act Same-sex marriage Transgender military service
Michael Bennet Yes[520] Yes[521] Yes[522]
Joe Biden Yes[523] Yes[524] Yes[525]
Mike Bloomberg Yes[526] Yes[527] Yes[528]
Pete Buttigieg Yes[529] Yes[530] Yes[531]
Tulsi Gabbard Yes[532] Yes[533] Yes[534]
Amy Klobuchar Yes[520] Yes[535] Yes[536]
Deval Patrick ? Yes[537] ?
Bernie Sanders Yes[520] Yes[538] Yes[539]
Tom Steyer Yes[540] Yes[540] Yes[540]
Elizabeth Warren Yes[520] Yes[541] Yes[542]
Andrew Yang Yes[543] Yes[543] Yes[544]

Candidate Solidarity[edit]

Pledge to support eventual nominee[edit]

Candidates have been encouraged by organisations, namely Indivisible Project and Individual Action, to take a pledge of unity, known as 'We Are Indivisible'. This means supporting the eventual Democratic nominee, should the candidate's own nomination be unsuccessful. The stance of each candidate is stated as follows:[545]

Candidate Took the pledge
Michael Bennet Yes
Joe Biden Yes
Mike Bloomberg Yes
Pete Buttigieg Yes
Tulsi Gabbard No
Amy Klobuchar Yes
Deval Patrick No
Bernie Sanders Yes
Tom Steyer Yes
Elizabeth Warren Yes
Andrew Yang Yes

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kreighbaum, Andrew (July 15, 2016). "'Debt-Free' College Hits the Congressional Campaigns". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
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  3. ^ Cannon, Austin (February 22, 2019). "Iowa caucuses:As he mulls a 2020 bid, Michael Bennet touts education experience". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Equal Must Be equal". Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  5. ^ "Biden Backs Two Years of "Free" Community College". Education Next. May 14, 2019.
  6. ^ "Statement by the Vice President". whitehouse.gov. October 21, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
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  10. ^ "College Access & Affordability". www.mikebloomberg.com.
  11. ^ "Mike Bloomberg's Higher Education Policy" (PDF). www.mikebloomberg.com.
  12. ^ "Mike Bloomberg on Education". On the Issues. June 2, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Pete Buttigieg Issues". www.peteforamerica.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2020. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  14. ^ "Pete Buttigieg Owes $130,000 Of Student Loans - Here's His Plan". June 10, 2019.
  15. ^ "FOX26 Pete Buttigieg holds a grassroots fundraiser in Alexandria, Virginia. (Answer at about 16:00)". facebook.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  16. ^ "Millennial Presidential Candidate Pete Buttigieg Has Actual Ideas for Solving the Student Loan Crisis". March 17, 2019.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Zack Friedman (June 20, 2019). "These 2020 Presidential Candidates Want To Cancel Your Student Loan Debt And Make College Free". Forbes. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
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  19. ^ "Addressing Student Debt:Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Message for AAUW Hawaii". Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard. October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2019. Since I’ve been in Congress, I’ve supported legislation to help alleviate the burden of student loans on our students and begin to find a solution to this crisis.
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  21. ^ "Tulsi Gabbard". Fortune. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
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  25. ^ Susan Heavey and Sharon Bernstein (November 14, 2019). "Former Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick jumps into Democratic presidential race, swelling field". Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  26. ^ The Associated Press (April 24, 2014). "Deval Patrick calls affirmative action ruling troubling". Boston Herald. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  27. ^ Helen Black (January 18, 2013). "Governor Deval Patrick of Massachusetts Steps Up for Children and Families". National Women's Law Center. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  28. ^ Evie Blad (November 14, 2019). "Deval Patrick, Obama Education Ally, Announces Presidential Run". Education Week. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
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  31. ^ "Bernie Sanders on Civil Rights". OnTheIssues. Snopes Media. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
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  33. ^ @BernieSanders (February 25, 2019). "Do I support universal pre-K at a time when it is unaffordable for working class Americans? Absolutely. #SandersTownHall" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  34. ^ Sanders, Bernie (May 18, 2019). "Bernie's Thurgood Marshall Plan For Public Education and Educators". BernieSanders.com.
  35. ^ Tom Steyer [@TomSteyer] (August 18, 2017). "Free community college! Yes! As it should be! www.sfexaminer.com/new-ccsf-chancellor-hails-free-tuition-social-justice-effort/ …" (Tweet). Retrieved July 10, 2019 – via Twitter.
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  37. ^ a b Panetta, Grace (April 30, 2019). "Democratic presidential candidate Andrew Yang supports forgiving most student loan debt but stops short of advocating for free college". Business Insider. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  38. ^ "Presidential Candidates Participate in AAPI Forum". www.rafu.com.
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  40. ^ "Early Childhood Education for All". www.yang2020.com.
  41. ^ "Increase Teacher Salaries". www.yang2020.com.
  42. ^ "Cosponsors S.Res.59". Congress.gov. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Presidential Candidate Signers". No Fossil Fuel Money. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  44. ^ "Bennet Reintroduces Bipartisan Nuclear Energy Leadership Act". bennet.senate.gov. March 27, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  45. ^ @SenatorBennet (April 14, 2017). ".@EPAScottPruitt is wrong. U.S. should stay in Paris agreement & help lead global fight against climate change" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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