List of modern political leaders of Tibet

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"Parliament of Tibet" redirects here. For the exile political body, see Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration.

The List of modern political leaders of Tibet is a list of political leaders of Tibet within the People's Republic of China. The transition from Lamaist rule started in 1951 with the seventeen point agreement between the Central People's Government and the Dalai Lama. A "Preparatory Committee for the Autonomous Region of Tibet" (PCART) was established in 1956 to created a parallel system of administration along Communist lines. Transition to secular government completed when Tibet Autonomous Region was officially founded in 1965 according to the national autonomy law.[1]

The politics in Tibet are structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the People's Republic of China. Both the Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Chairman of the regional People's Congress, are by law ethnic Tibetans. There is also a branch secretary of the Communist Party of China, who receives deference in disputes.

Chairmen of the Tibet Autonomous Region[edit]

The Chairman is the nominal leader of the Tibet Autonomous Region, a province-level administrative division of the People's Republic of China. The Chairmen, and their times in office, are listed below. In practice, the Chairman is subordinate to the branch secretary of the Communist Party of China.

   Chairman of the Preparatory Committee
  1. 14th Dalai lama "Tenzin Gyatso" (བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་) (April 1956 – March 1959)
  2. 10th Panchen lama "Choekyi Gyaltsen" (བློ་བཟང་ཕྲིན) (March 1959 – December 1964)
    Chairman of the People's Committee
  3. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme (ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་, first term)[1] (December 1964 – September 1968)
    Head of the Revolutionary Committee
    As was the situation elsewhere in China, during the Cultural Revolution the regional government was replaced by a revolutionary committee.
  4. Zeng Yongya (曾雍雅) (September 1968 – November 1970)
  5. Ren Rong (任荣) (November 1970 – August 1979)
    Chairmen of the People's Government
  6. Sanggyai Yexe (སངས་རྒྱས་ཡེ་ཤེས), a.k.a. Tian Bao (August 1979 – April 1981)
  7. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme (ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་, second term) (April 1981 – May 1983)
  8. Doje Cedain (རྡོ་རྗེ་ཚེ་བརྟན་) a.k.a. Dorje Tsetsen or Duoji Caidan (May 1983 – December 1985)
  9. Doje Cering (རྡོ་རྗེ་ཚེ་རིང་) a.k.a. Dorje Tsering or Duoji Cairang (December 1985 – May 1990)
  10. Gyaincain Norbu (རྒྱལ་མཚན་ནོར་བུ་) (May 1990 – May 1998)
  11. Legqog (ལེགས་མཆོག) a.k.a. Legchog (May 1998 – May 2003)
  12. Qangba Püncog (བྱང་པ་ཕུན་ཚོགས་) a.k.a. Jampa Phuntsok (May 2003 – January 2010)
  13. Padma Choling (པདྨ་འཕྲིན་ལས་།) a.k.a. Pema Thinley, Pelma Chiley or Baima Chilin (January 2010 – January 2013)
  14. Losang Jamcan (བློ་བཟང་རྒྱལ་མཚན) a.k.a. Losang Gyaltsen (January 2013 – present)

Secretaries of CPC[edit]

  1. Zhang Guohua (张国华): January 1950 – June 1951
  2. Fan Ming (范明): June 1951 – December 1951
  3. Zhang Jingwu (张经武): March 1952 – August 1965
  4. Zhang Guohua (张国华): September 1965 – February 1967
  5. Ren Rong (任荣): August 1971 – March 1980
  6. Yin Fatang (阴法唐): March 1980 – June 1985
  7. Wu Jinghua (伍精華): June 1985 – December 1988
  8. Hu Jintao (胡锦涛): December 1988 – November 1992
  9. Chen Kuiyuan (陈奎元): November 1992 – September 2000
  10. Guo Jinlong (郭金龙): September 2000 – December 2004
  11. Yang Chuantang (杨传堂): December 2004 – November 2005
  12. Zhang Qingli (张庆黎): November 2005 – August 2011
  13. Chen Quanguo (陈全国): August 2011 – present

Chairmen of the Standing Committee of the People's Congress[edit]

  1. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme (ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་): 1979–1981
  2. Yang Dongsheng (杨东生): 1981–1983
  3. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme (ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་): 1983–1993
  4. Raidi (རག་སྡི་): 1993–2003
  5. Legqog (ལེགས་མཆོག): 2003–2010
  6. Qiangba Puncog (བྱམས་པ་ཕུན་ཚོགས): 2010–present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New Progress in Human Rights in the Tibet Autonomous Region". Information Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. February 1998.