Politics of Campania

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The Politics of Campania, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.

Executive branch[edit]

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently eight, including a Vice President, all appointed by the President.[1]

List of Presidents[edit]

Presidents of Campania
President Party Term Legislature
Carlo Leone DC 1970–1971 I Legislature
Nicola Mancino DC 1971–1972 I Legislature
Alberto Servidio DC 1972–1973 I Legislature
Vittorio Cascetta DC 1973–1975 I Legislature
Nicola Mancino DC 1975–1976 II Legislature
Gaspare Russo DC 1976–1979 II Legislature
Ciro Cirillo DC 1979–1980 II Legislature
Emilio De Feo DC 1980–1983 III Legislature
Antonio Fantini DC 1983–1985 III Legislature
Antonio Fantini DC 1985–1989 IV Legislature
Ferdinando Clemente DC 1989–1990 IV Legislature
Ferdinando Clemente DC 1990–1993 V Legislature
Giovanni Grasso DC/PPI 1993–1995 V Legislature
Antonio Rastrelli AN 1995–1999 VI Legislature
Andrea Losco PPI 1999–2000 VI Legislature
Antonio Bassolino DS 2000–2005 VII Legislature
Antonio Bassolino PD 2005–2010 VIII Legislature
Stefano Caldoro PdL/FI 2010–2015 IX Legislature
Vincenzo De Luca PD 2015– X Legislature

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Council of Campania (Consiglio Regionale della Campania) is composed of 60 members. 48 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 12 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 6 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 54. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

In the latest regional election, which took place on 31 May 2015, Vincenzo De Luca of the Democratic Party was elected over incumbent President Stefano Caldoro of Forza Italia. The Democrats were narrowly the largest party with 19.5% of the vote, but two civic lists close to De Luca got an additional combined 9.7%.

Candidates & parties Votes  % Seats
Vincenzo De Luca 987,927 41.15 1
Democratic Party 443,879 19.49 15
De Luca for President List 111,698 4.90 4
Free Campania 108,921 4.78 3
Democratic CentreCivic Choice 62,975 2.76 2
Union of the Centre 53,628 2.35 2
Italian Socialist Party 49,643 2.18 1
Campania in Network (incl. Alliance for Italy, New CDU, Autonomy South) 34,337 1.50 1
Federation of the Greens 26,401 1.15 1
Italy of Values 25,913 1.13 1
Stefano Caldoro 921,379 38.37 1
Forza Italia 405,773 17.81 7
Caldoro for President (incl. New PSI, PLI) 163,468 7.17 2
New Centre-Right 133,753 5,87 1
Brothers of Italy 124,543 5.46 2
We the South 47,367 2.09
Populars for ItalyItalian Republican Party 17,475 0.76
No More Land of Fire 6,561 0.28
Victims of Justice 5,941 0.26
Valeria Ciarambino 420,839 17.52
Five Star Movement 387,546 17.01 7
Salvatore Vozza 52,777 2.19
Left at Work (incl. SEL, PRC, PCdI, GI, PdS) 53,000 2.32
Marco Esposito 17,860 0.74
Mo! Campania Civic List 14,332 0.62
Total 2,400,782 100.00 51

Source: Ministry of the Interior


External links[edit]