Politics of Chongqing

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The politics of Chongqing is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

The Mayor of Chongqing is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Chongqing. As since 1997 Chongqing has been a centrally administered municipality, the mayor occupies the same level in the order of precedence as provincial governors. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the mayor has less power than the Chongqing Communist Party of China Municipal Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Chongqing CPC Party chief".

Since 1997, the Chongqing Municipal Government has governed Chongqing.[1] Chongqing was previously also governed by a Municipal Government between 1939 and 1954, but in 1929-1939 and 1954-1997, when Chongqing was a sub-provincial city rather than a centrally administered municipality, it was governed by the Chongqing City Government.

List of the CPC Chongqing Committee Secretaries[edit]

Number Image Name Term Start Term End
1 Chenxillian.jpg Chen Xilian (陈锡联)

(1915–1999)

1949 1950
2 Zhang Linzhi (张霖之)

(1908–1967)

1950 1952
3 Cao Diqiu (曹荻秋)

(1909–1976)

1952 1954
4 Yanhongyan.jpg Yan Hongyan (阎红彦)

(1909–1967)

1956 1959
5 Ren Baige (任白戈)

(1906–1986)

1959 1967
6 Lan Yinong (蓝亦农)

(1919–2008)

1967 1968
7 Duan Siying (段思英)

(1917–2007)

1968 1969
8 He Yunfeng (何云峰)

(1922–2013)

1969 1973
9 Lu Dadong (鲁大东)

(1915–1998)

1973 1977
10 Qian Min (钱敏)

(1915–2016)

1977 1978
11 Ding Changhe (丁长河)

(born 1934)

1978 1980
12 Yu Hanqing (于汉卿)

(1929–2011)

1980 1985
13 Liao Bokang (廖伯康)

(born 1924)

1985 1988
14 Xiao Yang (肖秧)

(1929–1998)

1988 1993
15 Sun Tongchuan (孙同川)

(born 1940)

1993 1995
16 Zhang Delin (张德邻)

(born 1939)

October 1995 June 1999
17 He Guoqiang (Brasilia 2008).jpg He Guoqiang (贺国强)

(born 1943)

June 1999 October 2002
18 Huang Zhendong (黄镇东)

(born 1941)

October 2002 December 2005
19 Wang Yang (Chinese politician) Washington 2013.jpg Wang Yang (汪洋)

(born 1955)

December 2005 November 2007
20 VOA-Bo Xilai.jpg Bo Xilai (薄熙来)

(born 1949)

November 2007 March 2012
21 Zhang Dejiang.jpg Zhang Dejiang (张德江)

born 1946)

March 2012 November 2012
22 Sun Zhengcai (孙政才)

(born 1963)

November 2012 Incumbent

List of Mayors of Chongqing[2][edit]

Republic of China[edit]

Number Image Name Term Start Term End
1 Yang Sen.jpg Yang Sen (楊森)

(1884–1977)

November 1921 August 1922
2 Deng Xihou.jpg Deng Xihou (鄧錫侯)

(1889–1964)

February 1923
3 Cheng Guodong (陳國棟)

(1879–1954)

4 Zhu Zongque (朱宗愨)

(?–?)

5 Tang Shizun.jpg Tang Shizun (唐式遵)

(1884–1950)

June 1926
6 PANWENHUA.jpg Pan Wenhua (潘文華)

(1886–1950)

July 1926 June 1935
7 Zhang Biguo (張必果)

(1891–1936)

24 June 1935 11 April 1936
8 李宏錕.jpg Li Hongkun (李宏錕)

(1895–1957)

1936 July 1938
9 Jiang Zhicheng (蔣志澄)

(1893–1949)

1 August 1938 5 May 1939
10 He Guoguang.jpg He Guoguang (賀國光)

(1885–1969)

15 May 1939 5 December 1939
11 K. C. Wu.jpg K. C. Wu (吳國楨)

(1903–1984)

December 1939 16 December 1942
12 He Yaozu2.jpg He Yaozu (賀耀組)

(1889–1961)

16 December 1942 November 1945
13 Zhang Dulun.jpg Zhang Dulun (張篤倫)

(1892–1958)

1 December 1945 April 1948
14 Yang Sen.jpg Yang Sen (楊森)

(1884–1977)

April 1948 30 November 1949

People's Republic of China[edit]

Number Image Name Term Start Term End
1 Chenxillian.jpg Chen Xilian (陈锡联)

(1915–1995)

2 December 1949
2 Cao Diqiu (曹荻秋)

(1909–1976)

December 1951 January 1955
3 Ren Baige (任白戈)

(1906–1986)

January 1955 1966
4 Lan Yinong (蓝亦农)

(1919–2008)

May 1968 December 1968
5 Duan Siying (段思英)

(1917–2007)

December 1968 1969
6 He Yunfeng (何云峰)

(1922–2013)

1969 December 1973
7 Lu Dadong (鲁大东)

(1915–1998)

December 1973 1978
8 Qian Min (钱敏)

(1915–2016)

May 1978 August 1978
9 Ding Changhe (丁长河)

(born 1934)

1978 March 1980
10 Yu Hanqing (于汉卿)

(1929–2011)

March 1980 May 1985
11 Xiao Yang (肖秧)

(1929–1998)

May 1985 August 1988
12 Sun Tongchuan (孙同川)

(born 1940)

August 1988 April 1993
13 Liu Zhizhong (刘志忠)

(born 1942)

May 1993 September 1996
14 Pu Haiqing (蒲海清)

(born 1941)

September 1996 (acting)

19 June 1997

June 1999
15 Bao Xuding (包叙定)

(born 1939)

June 1999 October 2002
16 Wang Hongju (王鸿举)

(born 1945)

October 2002 (acting)

January 2003

November 2009
17 Voa chinese Huang+Qifan 20120309 300.jpg Huang Qifan (黄奇帆)

(born 1952)

November 2009 Incumbent

List of Chairmen of Chongqing People's Congress[edit]

  1. Wang Yunlong (王云龙): 1997–2002
  2. Huang Zhendong (黄镇东): 2003–2005
  3. Wang Yang (汪洋): 2006–2008
  4. Chen Guangguo (陈光国): 2008–2011
  5. Chen Cungen (陈存根): 2011–2012
  6. Zhang Xuan (张轩): 2012-present

List of Chairmen of CPPCC Chongqing Committee[edit]

  1. Zhang Wenbin (张文彬): 1997–2003
  2. Liu Zhizhong (刘志忠): 2003–2008
  3. Xing Yuanmin (邢元敏): 2008-2013
  4. Xu Jingye (徐敬业): 2013-present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chongqing Municipal Government". Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "25 Mayors of Chongqing". People's Daily Online. 6 September 2007. Archived from the original on April 15, 2011.  (Chinese)