Politics of Emilia-Romagna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emilia-Romagna-Bandiera.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Emilia-Romagna

The Politics of Emilia-Romagna, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly.

Executive branch[edit]

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President, the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 12, including a Vice President and one Under-Secretary for in President's office.[1]

List of Presidents[edit]

# President Term of office Party Legislature
1 Guido Fanti 28 July 1970 22 July 1975 PCI Legislature I (1970–1975)
22 July 1975 21 May 1976 Legislature II (1975–1980)
2 Sergio Cavina 21 May 1976 22 December 1977 PCI
3 Lanfranco Turci 22 December 1977 25 July 1980 PCI
25 July 1980 16 July 1985 Legislature III (1980–1985)
16 July 1985 28 April 1987 Legislature IV (1985–1990)
4 Luciano Guerzoni 28 April 1987 24 June 1990 PCI
5 Enrico Boselli 24 June 1990 5 July 1993 PSI Legislature V (1990–1995)
6 Pier Luigi Bersani 5 July 1993 9 June 1995 PDS
9 June 1995 28 May 1996 Legislature VI (1995–2000)
7 Antonio La Forgia 5 June 1996 22 February 1999 PDS
8 Vasco Errani 3 March 1999 16 April 2000 DS
16 April 2000 5 April 2005 Legislature VII (2000–2005)
5 April 2005 29 March 2010 PD Legislature VIII (2005–2010)
29 March 2010 8 July 2014 Legislature IX (2010–2014)
9 Stefano Bonaccini 24 November 2014 present PD Legislature X (2014–present)


Legislative branch[edit]

The Legislative Assembly of Emilia-Romagna (Assemblea Legislativa dell'Emilia-Romagna) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

In the latest regional election, which took place on 23 November 2014, Stefano Bonaccini (Democratic Party) was elected President of Emilia-Romagna. The election marked the first time in which a President was elected with less than 50% of the vote.

Emilia-Romagna regional election, 2014

← 2010 23 November 2014 2019 →

All 50 seats to the Regional Council of Emilia-Romagna
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Stefano Bonaccini 2015.jpeg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Female portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Stefano Bonaccini Alan Fabbri Giulia Gibertoni
Party Democratic Party Northern League Five Star Movement
Alliance Centre-left coalition Centre-right coalition
Last election 32 seats, 52.1% 15 seats, 36.7% 2 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 32 12 5
Seat change ±0 −3 +3
Popular vote 615,723 374,736 167,022
Percentage 49.05 29.8 13.30

Emilia Romagna 2014 Election.png
Regional election results map. Red denotes provinces with a Democratic plurality, Blue denotes those with a Centre-right plurality.

President before election

Vasco Errani
Democratic Party

President

Stefano Bonaccini
Democratic Party

The Emilia-Romagna regional election of 2014 took place on 23 November 2014.

The three-term incumbent President of the Region, Vasco Errani of the centre-left Democratic Party resigned in July 2014 after the conviction for fraudulent misrepresentation,[4] triggering a snap election.

In an election marked by the lowest turnout ever in the Region (37.7%), Stefano Bonaccini, a Democrat, was elected President by defeating several candidates, mainly Alan Fabbri of Lega Nord Emilia (29.9%) and Giulia Gibertoni of the Five Star Movement (13.3%).

Electoral Law[edit]

The Legislative Assembly of Emilia-Romagna (Assemblea Legislativa dell'Emilia-Romagna) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[5]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Political force or alliance Constituent lists Leader
Centre-left coalition
Democratic Party
Stefano Bonaccini
Left Ecology Freedom
Civic Emilia-Romagna (SCPSIGreens)
Centre for Bonaccini (CDDemo.S)
Centre-right coalition
Lega Nord EmiliaRomagna
Alan Fabbri
Forza Italia
Brothers of Italy
Five Star Movement
Five Star Movement
Giulia Gibertoni
The Other Emilia-Romagna
The Other Emilia-Romagna (PRCPdCI)
Maria Cristina Quintavalla
Popular Emilia-Romagna
Popular Emilia-Romagna
Alessandro Rondoni
Free Citizens for Emilia-Romagna
Free Citizens for Emilia-Romagna
Maurizio Mazzanti

Results[edit]

23 November 2014 Emilia-Romagna regional election results
Emilia Romagna Regional Council 2014.svg
Candidates Votes % Seats Parties Votes % Seats
Stefano Bonaccini 615,723 49.05 1
Democratic Party 535,109 44.52 29
Left Ecology Freedom 38,845 3.23 2
Civic Emilia-Romagna (SCPSIGreens) 17,984 1.49
Centre for Bonaccini (CDDemo.SIdV) 5,247 0.43
Total 597,185 49.69 31
Alan Fabbri 374,736 29.855 1
Lega Nord EmiliaRomagna 233,439 19.42 8
Forza Italia 100,478 8.36 2
Brothers of Italy 23,052 1.91 1
Total 356,969 29.70 11
Giulia Gibertoni 167,022 13.30 Five Star Movement 159,456 13.26 5
Maria Cristina Quintavalla 50,211 4.00 The Other Emilia-Romagna (PRCPdCI) 44,676 3.71 1
Alessandro Rondoni 33,437 2.66 Popular Emilia-Romagna 31,635 2.63
Maurizio Mazzanti 14,129 1.12 Free Citizens for Emilia-Romagna 11,864 0.98
Total candidates 1,255,258 100.00 2 Total parties 1,201,785 100.00 48
Source: Ministry of the Interior – Historical Archive of Elections
Popular vote
PD
44.52%
LNELNR
19.42%
M5S
13.26%
FI
8.36%
PRCPdCI
3.71%
SEL
3.23%
ERP
2.63%
Others
4.81%
President
Bonaccini
49.05%
Fabbri
29.85%
Gibertoni
13.30%
Quintavalla
4.00%
Rondoni
2.66%
Mazzanti
1.12%

References[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]