Politics of Greenland
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Politics of Greenland takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic Danish constituent country. The Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Greenland is a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979. Executive power is exercised by the government.
Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Greenland (known as Inatsisartut). The current coalition government consists of the social democratic Siumut, the separatist and socialist Inuit Ataqatigiit and the conservative liberal and unionist Atassut. These political parties have a majority of the seats in the Parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
The monarch of Denmark is also head of state of Greenland. She is represented by a High Commissioner, appointed by her. The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament and leads the Naalakkersuisut (Government of Greenland). The cabinet ministry is referred to as Kielsen I Cabinet.
|Queen||Margrethe II of Denmark||14 January 1972|
|High Commissioner||Mikaela Engell||1 April 2011|
|Prime Minister||Kim Kielsen||Siumut||18 October 2014|
Greenland has a unicameral Parliament or Inatsisartut (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms). Two representatives are elected to the Parliament of Denmark by the Greenlandic people, this happens every time there is a general election in Denmark. Currently these two members come from these parties: Inuit Ataqatigiit 1, Siumut 1.
The judiciary in Greenland consists of :
- District Courts - lay judges similar to justice of the peace in other countries
- Greenland High Court or Grønlands Landsret
- Court of Greenland
With Denmark having responsibility for Greenland's international affairs, other countries do not have direct diplomatic representation in Greenland—their embassies or consulates in Copenhagen are responsible for their relations with Greenland and their citizens in Greenland.
Greenland does directly participate in some Nordic organisations[which?] which provide membership for dependent territories.
- Greenlandic independence
- Greenlandic self-government referendum, 2008
- Arctic cooperation and politics
- Arctic policy of Denmark
International organization participation