Politics of Schleswig-Holstein

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The Politics of Schleswig-Holstein takes place within a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Federal Government of Germany exercises sovereign rights with certain powers reserved to the states of Germany including Schleswig-Holstein. The state has a multi-party system where the two main parties are the rightist Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the leftist Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). The South Schleswig Voter Federation is a small political party present only in this state that represents the Danish and Frisian minorities.

Since the creation of the Federal Republic in 1945, the state's Minister-Presidents have been:

Period Minister-President Party
1945–1947 Theodor Steltzer
1947–1949 Hermann Lüdemann
1949–1950 Bruno Diekmann
1950–1951 Walter Bartram
1951–1954 Friedrich-Wilhelm Lübke
1954–1963 Kai-Uwe von Hassel (CDU)
1963–1971 Helmut Lemke
1971–1982 Gerhard Stoltenberg [1] (CDU)
1982–1987 Uwe Barschel (CDU)
1987–1988 Henning Schwarz (CDU)
1988–1993 Björn Engholm (SPD)
1993–2005 Heide Simonis (SPD)
2005–2012 Peter Harry Carstensen (CDU)
2012– Torsten Albig (SPD)

Election results summary since 1947[edit]

Year SPD CDU SSW1 FDP BHE2 Green3
19474 43,8 34,1 9,3 5,0
19505 27,5 19,8 5,5 7,1 23,4
19546 33,2 32,2 3,5 7,5 14,0
19587 35,9 44,4 2,8 5,4 6,9
1962 39,2 45,0 2,3 7,9 4,2
19678 39,4 46,0 1,9 5,9
1971 41,0 51,9 1,4 3,8
1975 40,1 50,4 1,4 7,1
1979 41,7 48,3 1,4 5,7 2,4
1983 43,7 49,0 1,3 2,2 3,6
1987 45,2 42,6 1,5 5,2 3,9
1988 54,8 33,3 1,7 4,4 2,9
19929 46,2 33,8 1,9 5,6 5,0
199610 39,8 37,2 2,5 5,7 8,1
2000 43,1 35,2 4,1 7,6 6,2
2005 38,7 40,2 3,6 6,6 6,2
2009 25,4 31,5 4,3 14,9 12,4
2012 30,4 30,8 4,6 8,2 13,2
Year Total SPD CDU SSW1 BHE2 FDP Grüne3
1947 70 43 21 6
19505 69 19 16 4 15 8
19546 69 25 25 10 5
1958 69 26 33 2 5 3
1962 69 29 34 1 5
19678 73 30 34 1 4
1971 73 32 40 1
1975 73 30 37 1 5
1979 73 31 37 1 4
1983 74 34 39 1
1987 74 36 33 1 4
1988 74 46 27 1
19929 89 45 32 1 5
1996 75 33 30 2 4 6
2000 89 41 33 3 7 5
2005 69 29 30 2 4 4
2009 95 25 34 4 14 12
2012 69 22 22 3 6 10

1 SSV in 1947
2 1954-8: GB/BHE, 1962: GDP
3 1979: GLSH, 1983-92: Grüne, 1996-: B’90/Grüne
4 1947: FDP: 4,97%, others: KPD: 4,7%, DKonP: 3,1 %
5 1950: others: DP: 9,6% (7 seats), DRP: 2,8%, KPD: 2,2 %
6 1954: others: SHB (DP und SHG) 5,1% (4 seats), KPD: 2,1 %
7 1958: others: DP: 2,8 %
8 1967: others: NPD: 5,8% (4 seats)
9 1992: Grüne: 4,97%, others: DVU: 6,3% (6 seats)
10 1996: others: DVU: 4,3%

2005 state election[edit]

Seat results — SPD in red, Greens in green, SSW in blue, FDP in yellow, CDU in black

Since 2005, the state has been governed by a grand coalition of the CDU and SPD. Prior to the Schleswig-Holstein state election of 2005, the state had been run by a coalition of the SPD and the Alliance '90/The Greens led by Heide Simonis who had a majority between them of three seats. Following the election both the SPD-Green and the CDU-Free Democratic Party coalitions were short of a majority and the South Schleswig Voter Federation (SSW) refused to enter into coalition with either side.

Following the election, the SSW announced that they saw more common ground with the SPD than the CDU and so Premier Heide Simonis initially reformed the Red-Green coalition with the assumption of SSW backing. On March 17, 2005, Simonis failed to win a Landtag vote for the premiership, with the secret ballot tying 34–34. It is not known who the abstainer was, but this prevented the formation of a Red-Green coalition. The SPD then negotiated a grand coalition with the CDU, acceding to the CDU's demand that CDU leader Peter Harry Carstensen replace Simonis as Minister-president.

Party Party List votes Vote percentage (change) Total Seats (change) Seat percentage
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 554,844 38.7% −4.4% 29 −12 42.0%
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 576,100 40.2% +5.0% 30 −3 43.5%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 94,920 6.6% −1.0% 4 −3 5.8%
Alliance '90/The Greens 89,330 6.2% +0.0% 4 −1 5.8%
South Schleswig Voter Federation (SSW) 51,901 3.6% −0.5% 2 −1 2.9%
National Democratic Party (NPD) 27,656 1.9% +0.9% 0 +0 0.0%
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 11,376 0.8% −0.6% 0 +0 0.0%
Family 11,774 0.8% +0.8% 0 +0 0.0%
Grays 7,523 0.5% +0.3% 0 +0 0.0%
All Others 9,203 0.6% −0.5% 0 +0 0.0%
Totals 1,434,627 100.0%   69 −20 100.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]