Politics of Serbia

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The politics of Serbia function within the framework of a parliamentary democracy. The prime minister is the head of government, while the president is the head of state. Serbia is a parliamentary republic composed of three branches of government: an executive, legislature, and judiciary.

Government[edit]

Executive[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Tomislav Nikolić Serbian Progressive Party 31 May 2012
Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić Serbian Progressive Party 27 April 2014

Executive power is exercised by the prime minister, who heads a cabinet. The prime minister is chosen by the National Assembly on the proposal of the president, who names the designate after consultations with all parliamentary leaders. The president is elected based on popular vote, but has little governing power and is primarily a ceremonial position. The president’s term lasts five years and can be elected for at most 2 terms. Cabinet ministers are nominated by the prime minister and confirmed by the National Assembly. Governing power is vested in the prime minister, deputy prime ministers and other ministers. The prime minister is responsible for presenting his agenda to the National Assembly as well as proposing the ministers to fill the cabinet posts in his government. The government is considered elected if it has been elected by a majority vote of all representatives in the National Assembly.[1]

Legislature[edit]

Legislative power is vested in the unicameral parliament known as the National Assembly, which is composed of 250 proportionally elected deputies by secret ballot. The National Assembly also wields constitutional authority in the republic.[2]

Current assembly (since April 23, 2014)

Template:Serbian parliamentary election, 2014

Judiciary[edit]

The judicial system of Serbia is headed by the Supreme Court of Cassation. The court reviews and possibly rules on past court cases made at the lower court levels. The 2008 Law on Organization of Courts greatly decreased the number of courts in Serbia - from 168 to 64. In addition many different court tiers were established: the Basic, High, and Appellate Courts and as previously mentioned, the Supreme Court of Cassation.[3] There are also special courts of jurisdiction, such the Commercial court, Commercial court of Appeal, Administrative court of Serbia.

Local government[edit]

At the local level, municipal governments are structured by the idea of self-governance and typically govern using municipal or town assemblies, councils and administrative bodies. In addition to the many political parties in Serbia, there are hundreds of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and many large trade unions.[4]

Elections[edit]

Main article: Elections in Serbia

Serbia uses the multi-party system, with numerous political parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, this results in the formation of coalition governments. Elections are held on the parliamentary, provincial and local level, and are scheduled every four years, while presidential elections are scheduled every five years.

International Organizations[edit]

UN, OSCE, Council of Europe, BSEC, NATO Partnership for Peace, CEFTA, ICC, IMF, World Bank, Southeast European Cooperation Process, Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe, Southeast European Cooperative Initiative, Central European Initiative.

Serbia was granted candidate status for membership in the European Union (EU) and it submitted its application 4 years earlier. Serbia made progress in meeting the criteria established by the European in recent years. For example, Serbia provided majority municipalities in Kosovo with broad powers in education, healthcare and spatial planning.[5]

It is also a candidate for the World Trade Organization[6] (WTO) and was[7] expected to join by 2013.

Vojvodina and Kosovo[edit]

Serbia also has two sovereign regions - in the north Vojvodina and in the south Kosovo. As of July 2012, the newly elected government stated that it intended to acknowledge the autonomy of the Vojvodina province as well as improving human and civil rights in the area. The Serbian government is also willing to offer individuals of Albanian descent in south Serbia the chance to be fully integrated into Serbian politics and society. Kosovo, on the other hand, has been deemed a United Nations protectorate since 1999. On February 17, 2008 ethnic Albanians in the region declared Kosovo’s independence and sought the recognition of foreign nations. The Serbian government did not recognize this attempted demand for independence and saw and is null under the UN Charter and the Serbian constitution. Although the Serbian government has stated it shall not acknowledge Kosovo’s independence, it has stated that Serbia wants a “normal life for all the people in Kosovo".[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]