Politics of Shaanxi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The politics of Shaanxi Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Shaanxi (陕西省省长) is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Shaanxi. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor is considered to have less power than the Shaanxi Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary (中共陕西省委书记), colloquially termed the "Shaanxi CPC Party Chief"; since the Governor is always ranked as the First-Deputy Secretary in the Shaanxi Communist Party of China Provincial Committee.

Shaanxi was established as a provincial government since Qing Dynasty. In 10 January 1950, the People's Government of Shaanxi was established in Xi'an. Ma Minfang was then appointed as the first Governor of Shaanxi.

List of party chiefs[edit]

CPC Party Secretary Name in Chinese Term Notes
Ma Mingfang 马明方 1949 — 1952
Pan Zili 潘自力 1952 — 1954 later ambassador to the Soviet Union
Purged and died during Cultural Revolution
Zhang Desheng 张德生 1954 — 1964
Hu Yaobang 胡耀邦 1964 — 1965 later General Secretary of the Communist Party
Forced to resign in 1987
Huo Shilian 霍士廉 1965 — 1967 Removed from power in early stage of Cultural Revolution
Li Renshan 李瑞山 1968 — 1978 Head of Shaanxi Revolutionary Committee
Wang Renzhong 王任重 1978 — 1979 later Vice-Premier
Ma Wenrui 马文瑞 1979 — 1984 later Deputy-Chairman of CPPCC
Bai Jinian 白纪年 1984 — 1987 Removed from office without explanation
Zhang Boxing 张勃兴 1987 — December 1994
An Qiyuan 安启元 December 1994 — August 1997
Li Jianguo 李建国 August 1997 — March 2007 later Vice-Chairman of National People's Congress
Zhao Leji 赵乐际 March 2007 — December 2012 later head of the Organization Department
Zhao Zhengyong 赵正勇 December 2012 - Incumbent

List of Governors[edit]

Governor Chinese Name Term Notes
Ma Mingfang 马明方 May 1949 — November 1952 Later transferred to party centre
Purged during the Cultural Revolution
Zhao Shoushan 赵寿山 November 1952 — July 1959 was a General
Zhao Boping 赵伯平 July 1959 — March 1963 Purged during the Cultural Revolution
Li Qiming 李启明 March 1963 — April 1966 Purged during the Cultural Revolution
Li Ruishan 李瑞山 April 1966 — December 1978
Wang Renzhong 王任重 December 1978 — February 1979
Yu Mingtao 于明涛 February 1979 — April 1983
Li Qingwei 李庆伟 April 1983 — December 1986
Zhang Boxing 张勃兴 December 1986 — September 1987
Hou Zongbin 侯宗宾 September 1987 — March 1990 became party chief of Henan province
Bai Qingcai 白清才 March 1990 — December 1994
Cheng Andong 程安东 December 1994 — May 2002
Jia Zhibang 贾治邦 May 2002 — October 2004 became Minister of State Forestry Administration
Chen Deming 陈德铭 October 2004 — June 2006 became Minister of Commerce
Yuan Chunqing 袁纯清 June 2006 — June 2010 became party chief of Shanxi Province
Zhao Zhengyong 赵正勇 June 2010 — December 2012 promoted to party chief
Lou Qinjian 娄勤俭 December 2012 — Incumbent

List of Chairmen of Shaanxi People's Congress[edit]

Chairmen Chinese Name Term Notes
Ma Wenrui 马文瑞 1979 -1983 Elected by the 5th Shaanxi People's Congress
Yan Kelun 严克伦 1983 — 1988 Elected by the 6th Shaanxi People's Congress
Li Xipu 李溪溥 1988 — 1993 Elected by the 7th Shaanxi People's Congress
Zhang Boxing 张勃兴 1993 — 1998 Elected by the 8th Shaanxi People's Congress
Li Jianguo 李建国 1998 — 2007 Elected by the 9th Shaanxi People's Congress and then was re-elected by the 10th
Cui Lintao 崔林涛 2007 — 2008 Appointed as Acting Chairman by the 10th Shaanxi People's Congress
Zhao Leji 赵乐际 2008 — Present Elected by the 11th Shaanxi People's Congress

List of Chairmen of Shaanxi CPPCC[edit]

  1. Ma Mingfang (马明方): 1949 - 1952
  2. Pan Zili (潘自力): 1952 - 1955
  3. zhang Desheng (张德生): 1955-1960
  4. Fang Zhongru (方仲如): 1960-1963
  5. Zhao Shouyi (赵守一 ): 1963-1967
  6. Li Ruishan (李瑞山): 1977-1979
  7. Lv Jianren (吕剑人): 1979-1985
  8. Tan Weixu (谈维煦): 1985-1988
  9. Zhou Yaguang (周雅光): 1988-1998
  10. An Qiyuan (安启元): 1998-2003
  11. Ai Peishan (艾丕善): 2003-2006
  12. Ma Zhongping (马中平): 2008-Present

See also[edit]