List of modern political leaders of Tibet

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"Parliament of Tibet" redirects here. For the exile political body, see Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration.

The List of modern political leaders of Tibet is a list of political leaders of Tibet within the People's Republic of China. The transition from Lamaist rule started in 1951 with the seventeen point agreement between the Central People's Government and the Dalai Lama. A "Preparatory Committee for the Autonomous Region of Tibet" (PCART) was established in 1956 to create a parallel system of administration along Communist lines. Transition to secular government completed when Tibet Autonomous Region was officially founded in 1965 according to the national autonomy law.[1]

The politics in Tibet are structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the People's Republic of China. Both the Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Chairman of the regional People's Congress, are by law ethnic Tibetans. There is also a branch secretary of the Communist Party of China, who receives deference in disputes.

TAR Government Chairmen[edit]

The Chairman is the nominal leader of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), a province-level administrative division of the People's Republic of China. The Chairmen, and their times in office, are listed below. In practice, the Chairman is subordinate to the branch secretary of the Communist Party of China.

Chairman of the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region
  1. 14th Dalai Lama: April 1956 – March 1959
  2. 10th Panchen Lama: March 1959 – December 1964 (acting)
  3. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme: December 1964 – September 1965 (acting)
Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region People's Committee
  1. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme:September 1965 – September 1968[1]
Head of the Tibet Autonomous Region Revolutionary Committee
As was the situation elsewhere in mainland China during the Cultural Revolution, the regional government was replaced by a revolutionary committee.
  1. Zeng Yongya (曾雍雅): September 1968 – November 1970
  2. Ren Rong (任荣): November 1970 – August 1979
Chairmen of the Tibet Autonomous Region People's Government
  1. Sanggyai Yexe (Tian Bao): August 1979 – April 1981
  2. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme: April 1981 – May 1983
  3. Doje Cedain (རྡོ་རྗེ་ཚེ་བརྟན་ / 多杰才旦) a.k.a. Dorje Tsetsen or Duoji Caidan: May 1983 – December 1985
  4. Doje Cering (རྡོ་རྗེ་ཚེ་རིང་ / 多吉才让 ) a.k.a. Dorje Tsering or Duoji Cairang: December 1985 – May 1990
  5. Gyaincain Norbu: May 1990 – May 1998
  6. Legqog: May 1998 – May 2003
  7. Qiangba Puncog: May 2003 – January 2010)
  8. Padma Choling: January 2010 – January 2013
  9. Losang Jamcan: January 2013 – January 2017
  10. Che Dalha (齐扎拉): January 2017 –

CPC TAR Committee Secretaries[edit]

Secretaries of the Communist Party of China Tibet Autonomous Region Committee
  1. Zhang Guohua (张国华): January 1950 – June 1951
  2. Fan Ming (范明): June 1951 – December 1951
  3. Zhang Jingwu (张经武): March 1952 – August 1965
  4. Zhang Guohua (张国华): September 1965 – February 1967
  5. Ren Rong (任荣): August 1971 – March 1980
  6. Yin Fatang (阴法唐): March 1980 – June 1985
  7. Wu Jinghua (伍精華): June 1985 – December 1988
  8. Hu Jintao (胡锦涛): December 1988 – November 1992
  9. Chen Kuiyuan (陈奎元): November 1992 – September 2000
  10. Guo Jinlong (郭金龙): September 2000 – December 2004
  11. Yang Chuantang (杨传堂): December 2004 – November 2005
  12. Zhang Qingli (张庆黎): November 2005 – August 2011
  13. Chen Quanguo (陈全国): August 2011 – August 2016
  14. Wu Yingjie (吴英杰): August 2016 – (incumbent)

TAR People's Congress Standing Committee Chairmen[edit]

Chairmen of the Standing Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region People's Congress
  1. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme (ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་ / 阿沛·阿旺晋美): 1979–1981
  2. Yang Dongsheng (杨东生) (né ཤེས་རབ་དོན་གྲུབ། / 协饶登珠) (ethnic Tibetan): 1981–1983
  3. Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme (ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་ / 阿沛·阿旺晋美): 1983–1993
  4. Raidi (རག་སྡི་ / 热地): 1993–2003
  5. Legqog (ལེགས་མཆོག / 列确): 2003–2010
  6. Qiangba Puncog (བྱམས་པ་ཕུན་ཚོགས / 向巴平措): 2010–2013
  7. Padma Choling (པདྨ་འཕྲིན་ལས་ / 白玛赤林): 2013–2017
  8. Losang Jamcan (བློ་བཟང་རྒྱལ་མཚན / 洛桑江村) a.k.a. Losang Gyaltsen: 2017–

CPPCC TAR Committee Chairmen[edit]

Chairmen of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Tibet Autonomous Region Committee
  1. Tan Guansan (谭冠三)
  2. Zhang Guohua (张国华)
  3. Ren Rong (任荣)
  4. Yin Fatang (阴法唐)
  5. Yangling Dorje (杨岭多吉) (ethnic Tibetan)
  6. Raidi (རག་སྡི་ / 热地)
  7. Pagbalha Geleg Namgyai (འཕགས་པ་ལྷ་དགེ་ལེགས་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་ / 帕巴拉·格列朗杰), 11th Pagbalha (འཕགས་པ་ལྷ་ / 帕巴拉活佛)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New Progress in Human Rights in the Tibet Autonomous Region". Information Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. February 1998. 

See also[edit]