Politics of Toronto

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The politics of Toronto, Toronto, Canada involve the election of representatives to the federal, provincial, and municipal levels of government. A total of 23 Members of Parliament (MPs) representing Toronto sit in the House of Commons in Ottawa (the federal capital), and another 22 Members of Ontario's Provincial Parliament (MPPs) sit in the Legislative Assembly at Queen's Park, in Toronto. Being Ontario's capital, many provincial offices are located in the city.

Overview[edit]

In terms of electoral politics, Toronto had been an important source of support for the Liberal Party both federally and provincially, though the downtown area tends to support the New Democratic Party (NDP). The federal Conservative Party and the provincial Progressive Conservative Party have historically been weaker in the city, although a number of right-leaning Liberals come from Toronto ridings.

In the past, the Liberals usually dominated the inner portions of the city federally, while the outer portions were split between the Liberals and Progressive Conservatives. However, the Liberals swept every seat in Toronto from 1993 to 2004, when former city councillor and NDP leader Jack Layton won a downtown riding. The NDP would add two more seats in 2006, but lost one in 2008. In the 2011 federal election, Torontonians sent nine Conservative MPs to Ottawa, eight NDP MPs and six Liberal MPs. It was the first time that a centre-right party had won seats in Toronto since 1988. However, in 2015, the Liberals swept every seat in Toronto.

Large parts of Toronto—mainly the outer portions—supported the right-wing government of Mike Harris during the 1995 and 1999 Ontario elections. But largely as a result of amalgamating Metro Toronto municipalities—against the wishes of three-quarters of voters in a municipal plebiscite—and downloading responsibility for costly services onto the city, the Conservatives were shut of Toronto in provincial elections from 2003 until they won a byelection in 2013.

Businessman and politician Mel Lastman was the first Mayor of the newly amalgamated City of Toronto, and 62nd Mayor of Toronto, winning the city's mayoralty in the 1997 and achieving re-election in the 2000 Toronto elections.[1] Centre-leftist David Miller was elected Toronto's 63rd mayor in December 2003 and was re-elected in November 2006 with nearly 60 per cent of the popular vote and a mandate to make Toronto a city of prosperity, livability and opportunity for all.[2] Miller declined to run in the following election and conservative ally Rob Ford won the 2010 election handily. Three years later, however, Ford's tumultuous reign and admission to smoking crack (and other indiscretions that attracted international media attention) led City Council to remove many of his powers and much of his office's budget. In the following mayoral election he was forced to drop out due to treatment for pleomorphic liposarcoma, a rare form of cancer.[3] That mayoral election was won by John Tory, a lawyer, and formerly, a talk show host, businessman, Member of Provincial Parliament and Leader of the Official Opposition at Queen’s Park. Among Mayor Tory’s top priorities are tackling transit and traffic congestion.[4]

The Stronger City of Toronto for a Stronger Ontario Act, 2006 (Bill 53) was enacted by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on June 12, 2006.[5] It modified the legal powers and responsibilities available to the city under provincial law.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Members by riding[edit]

Riding Pic Name Party Prior Experience Education Assumed Office Born In
Beaches—East York Nathaniel Erskine-Smith Liberal 2015
Davenport Julie Dzerowicz Liberal 2015
Don Valley East Yasmin Ratansi Liberal 2015
Don Valley West Rob Oliphant Liberal 2015
Don Valley North Geng Tan Liberal 2015
Eglinton—Lawrence Marco Mendicino Liberal 2015
Etobicoke Centre Ted Opitz Conservative CPC Political Advisor York University (BA) 2011 1961
Etobicoke—Lakeshore MP Bernard Trottier announcing the official opening of Mimico Waterfront Park (cropped).jpg Bernard Trottier Conservative Etobicoke-Lakeshore CPC Riding President University of Alberta (BSc)
University of Western Ontario (MBA)
2011 1965
Etobicoke North Kirsty Duncan St. John's Rally.jpg Kirsty Duncan Liberal Ontario Medical Association University of Edinburgh (PhD) 2008 1966
Parkdale—High Park Peggy Nash in November 2012 in her office.JPG Peggy Nash NDP Canadian Auto Workers Negotiator
President of the NDP
University of Toronto (BA) 2006 1951
Scarborough—Agincourt Jean Yip Liberal 2017
Scarborough Centre Roxanne James Conservative Defend Marriage Campaign 2011 1966
Scarborough East Corneliu-chisu.jpg Corneliu Chisu Conservative Consul to Moldova
Canadian Forces Major
University of Bucharest (phD) 2011 1949
Scarborough—Guildwood Hon. John McKay MP.jpg John McKay Liberal Canadian Bar Association University of Toronto (BA) 1997 1948
Scarborough—Rouge River RathikaSitsabaiesanReaders'PickWinner.png Rathika Sitsabaiesan NDP Carleton University Students' Association Carleton University (BCom.)
Queen's University (MA)
2011 1981
Scarborough Southwest Dan Harris NDP MP.jpg Dan Harris NDP University of Toronto Students' Union Seneca College 2011 1979
St. Paul's Carolyn Bennett at podium-Crop.jpg Carolyn Bennett Liberal Ontario Medical Association University of Toronto (MD) 1997 1950
Toronto Centre Chrystia Freeland - India Economic Summit 2011.jpg Bill Morneau Liberal CEO of Reuters
Editor of Financial Times
Harvard University (BA, MA)
University of Oxford (MA)
2013 1968
Toronto—Danforth Craig Scott photo by Djuradj Vujcic.jpg Craig Scott NDP University of Oxford (BA)
London School of Economics (MA)
2011 1950
Trinity—Spadina Adam Vaughan Liberal Represented Ward 20 Trinity—Spadina on Toronto City Council 2014 1961
Willowdale Ali Ehsassi Liberal Lawyer, International Law
Executive of the Ontario Bar Association
University of Toronto (BA)
London School of Economics (M.Sc)
Osgoode Hall Law School (LL.B)
Georgetown University (LL.M)
2015 1970
York Centre Mark Adler Conservative Economic Club of Canada
Canadian Institute of International Affairs
University of Toronto (BA) 2011 1963
York South—Weston Mike Sullivan H&S2010-04-20.jpg Mike Sullivan NDP University of Toronto (BA) 2011 1952
York West Judy Sgro.jpg Judy Sgro Liberal North York City Council
Toronto City Council
Toronto Police Services Board
University of Toronto (BA, JD) 1999 1944

Members of Provincial Parliament[edit]

Members by riding[edit]

Riding Name Party Prior Experience Education Assumed Office Born In
Beaches—East York Rima Berns-McGown NDP 2018
Davenport Marit Stiles NDP 2018 1969
Don Valley East Michael Coteau OfficialHeadshot 020.jpg Michael Coteau Liberal Toronto Board of Education Carleton University (BA) 2014 1965
Don Valley West Kathleen Wynne.JPG Kathleen Wynne Liberal Toronto Board of Education University of Toronto (M.ed) 2003 1953
Eglinton—Lawrence Robin Martin Progressive Conservative 2018
Etobicoke Centre Kinga Surma Progressive Conservative Toronto City Council 2018
Etobicoke—Lakeshore Christine Hogarth Progressive Conservative 2018
Etobicoke North Doug Ford in Toronto - 2018 (41065995960) (cropped).jpg Doug Ford Progressive Conservative Toronto City Council 2018 1964
Humber River—Black Creek Tom Rakocevic NDP 2018
Parkdale—High Park Bhutila Karpoche at All Candidates Meeting.jpg Bhutila Karpoche NDP 2018
Scarborough—Agincourt Aris Babikian Progressive Conservative 2018
Scarborough Centre Christina Mitas Progressive Conservative 2018
Scarborough—Guildwood Mitzie Hunter Liberal CEO of CivicAction
Toronto City Council
University of Toronto (BA) 2013 1968
Scarborough North Raymond Cho Progressive Conservative Toronto City Council 2016 1936
Scarborough—Rouge Park Vijay Thanigasalam Progressive Conservative 2018 1989
Scarborough Southwest Doly Begum NDP 2018 1989
Spadina—Fort York Chris Glover NDP 2018 1961
Toronto Centre Suze Morrison NDP 2018
Toronto—Danforth Peter Tabuns.jpg Peter Tabuns NDP Toronto City Council York University (BA) 2006 1951
Toronto—St. Paul's Jill Andrew NDP 2018
University—Rosedale Jessica Bell (politician) NDP 2018
Willowdale Stan Cho Progressive Conservative 2018
York Centre Roman Baber Progressive Conservative 2018
York South—Weston Faisal Hassan NDP 2018

See also[edit]

References[edit]