Politics of Toronto

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The politics of Toronto, Toronto, Canada involve the election of representatives to the federal, provincial, and municipal levels of government. A total of 23 Members of Parliament (MPs) representing Toronto sit in the House of Commons in Ottawa (the federal capital), and another 22 Members of Ontario's Provincial Parliament (MPPs) sit in the Legislative Assembly at Queen's Park, in Toronto. Being Ontario's capital, many provincial offices are located in the city.


In terms of electoral politics, Toronto had been an important source of support for the Liberal Party both federally and provincially, though the downtown area tends to support the New Democratic Party (NDP). The federal Conservative Party and the provincial Progressive Conservative Party have historically been weaker in the city, although a number of right-leaning Liberals come from Toronto ridings.

In the past, the Liberals usually dominated the inner portions of the city federally, while the outer portions were split between the Liberals and Progressive Conservatives. However, the Liberals swept every seat in Toronto from 1993 to 2004, when former city councillor and NDP leader Jack Layton won a downtown riding. The NDP would add two more seats in 2006, but lost one in 2008. In the 2011 federal election, Torontonians sent nine Conservative MPs to Ottawa, eight NDP MPs and six Liberal MPs. It was the first time that a centre-right party had won seats in Toronto since 1988. However, in 2015, the Liberals swept every seat in Toronto.

Large parts of Toronto--mainly the outer portions--supported the right-wing government of Mike Harris during the 1995 and 1999 Ontario elections. But largely as a result of amalgamating Metro Toronto municipalities -- against the wishes of three-quarters of voters in a municipal plebiscite -- and downloading responsibility for costly services onto the city, the Conservatives were shut of Toronto in provincial elections from 2003 until they won a byelection in 2013.

Businessman and politician Mel Lastman was the first Mayor of the newly amalgamated City of Toronto, and 62nd Mayor of Toronto, winning the city's mayoralty in the 1997 and achieving re-election in the 2000 Toronto elections.[1] Centre-leftist David Miller was elected Toronto's 63rd mayor in December 2003 and was re-elected in November 2006 with nearly 60 per cent of the popular vote and a mandate to make Toronto a city of prosperity, livability and opportunity for all.[2] Miller declined to run in the following election and conservative ally Rob Ford won the 2010 election handily. Three years later, however, Ford's tumultuous reign and admission to smoking crack (and other indiscretions that attracted international media attention) led City Council to remove many of his powers and much of his office's budget. In the following mayoral election he was forced to drop out due to treatment for pleomorphic liposarcoma, a rare form of cancer.[3] That mayoral election was won by John Tory, a lawyer, and formerly, a talk show host, businessman, Member of Provincial Parliament and Leader of the Official Opposition at Queen’s Park. Among Mayor Tory’s top priorities are tackling transit and traffic congestion.[4]

The Stronger City of Toronto for a Stronger Ontario Act, 2006 (Bill 53) was enacted by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on June 12, 2006.[5] It modified the legal powers and responsibilities available to the city under provincial law.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Members by riding[edit]

Riding Pic Name Party Prior Experience Education Assumed Office Born In
Beaches—East York Nathaniel Erskine-Smith Liberal 2015
Davenport Julie Dzerowicz Liberal 2015
Don Valley East Yasmin Ratansi Liberal 2015
Don Valley West Rob Oliphant Liberal 2015
Don Valley North Geng Tan Liberal 2015
Eglinton—Lawrence Marco Mendicino Liberal 2015
Etobicoke Centre Opitz, TedTed Opitz Conservative CPC Political Advisor York University (BA) 2011 1961
Etobicoke—Lakeshore MP Bernard Trottier announcing the official opening of Mimico Waterfront Park (cropped).jpg Trottier, BernardBernard Trottier Conservative Etobicoke-Lakeshore CPC Riding President University of Alberta (BSc)
University of Western Ontario (MBA)
2011 1965
Etobicoke North Kirsty Duncan St. John's Rally.jpg Duncan, KirstyKirsty Duncan Liberal Ontario Medical Association University of Edinburgh (PhD) 2008 1966
Parkdale—High Park Peggy Nash in November 2012 in her office.JPG Nash, PeggyPeggy Nash NDP Canadian Auto Workers Negotiator
President of the NDP
University of Toronto (BA) 2006 1951
Scarborough—Agincourt Chan, ArnoldArnold Chan Liberal 2014
Scarborough Centre James, RoxanneRoxanne James Conservative Defend Marriage Campaign 2011 1966
Scarborough East Corneliu-chisu.jpg Chisu, CorneliuCorneliu Chisu Conservative Consul to Moldova
Canadian Forces Major
University of Bucharest (phD) 2011 1949
Scarborough—Guildwood Hon. John McKay MP.jpg McKay, JohnJohn McKay Liberal Canadian Bar Association University of Toronto (BA) 1997 1948
Scarborough—Rouge River RathikaSitsabaiesanReaders'PickWinner.png Sitsabaiesan, RathikaRathika Sitsabaiesan NDP Carleton University Students' Association Carleton University (BCom.)
Queen's University (MA)
2011 1981
Scarborough Southwest Dan Harris NDP MP.jpg Harris, DanDan Harris NDP University of Toronto Students' Union Seneca College 2011 1979
St. Paul's Carolyn Bennett at podium-Crop.jpg Bennett, CarolynCarolyn Bennett Liberal Ontario Medical Association University of Toronto (MD) 1997 1950
Toronto Centre Chrystia Freeland - India Economic Summit 2011.jpg Morneau, BillBill Morneau Liberal CEO of Reuters
Editor of Financial Times
Harvard University (BA, MA)
University of Oxford (MA)
2013 1968
Toronto—Danforth Craig Scott photo by Djuradj Vujcic.jpg Scott, CraigCraig Scott NDP University of Oxford (BA)
London School of Economics (MA)
2011 1950
Trinity—Spadina Vaughan, AdamAdam Vaughan Liberal Represented Ward 20 Trinity—Spadina on Toronto City Council 2014 1961
Willowdale Ehsassi, AliAli Ehsassi Liberal Lawyer, International Law
Executive of the Ontario Bar Association
University of Toronto (BA)
London School of Economics (M.Sc)
Osgoode Hall Law School (LL.B)
Georgetown University (LL.M)
2015 1970
York Centre Adler, MarkMark Adler Conservative Economic Club of Canada
Canadian Institute of International Affairs
University of Toronto (BA) 2011 1963
York South—Weston Mike Sullivan H&S2010-04-20.jpg Sullivan, MikeMike Sullivan NDP University of Toronto (BA) 2011 1952
York West Judy Sgro.jpg Sgro, JudyJudy Sgro Liberal North York City Council
Toronto City Council
Toronto Police Services Board
University of Toronto (BA, JD) 1999 1944

Members of Provincial Parliament[edit]

Members by riding[edit]

Riding Name Party Prior Experience Education Assumed Office Born In
Beaches—East York Potts, ArthurArthur Potts Liberal 2014
Davenport Martins, CristinaCristina Martins Liberal 2014
Don Valley East Coteau, MichaelMichael Coteau Liberal Toronto Board of Education Carleton University (BA) 2014 1965
Don Valley West Kathleen Wynne.JPG Wynne, KathleenKathleen Wynne Liberal Toronto Board of Education University of Toronto (M.ed) 2003 1953
Eglinton—Lawrence Colle web 2 - Sep 00.jpg Colle, MikeMike Colle Liberal Toronto City Council
Toronto Transit Commission
St. Michael's College School (BA) 1995 1945
Etobicoke Centre Baker, YvanYvan Baker Liberal 2014
Etobicoke—Lakeshore Peter Milczyn Liberal Toronto City Council 2014
Etobicoke North Qaadri, ShafiqShafiq Qaadri Liberal Ontario Medical Association University of Toronto (MD) 2003 1951
Parkdale—High Park CheriDiNovo180.jpg DiNovo, CheriCheri DiNovo NDP Political Radio Host 2006 1950
Scarborough—Agincourt Wong, SooSoo Wong Liberal Toronto Board of Education Humber College (BSc) 2011 1961
Scarborough Centre Duguid, BradBrad Duguid Liberal Liberal Executive Assistant 2003 1962
Scarborough—Guildwood Mitzie Hunter Liberal CEO of CivicAction
Toronto City Council
University of Toronto (BA) 2013 1968
Scarborough—Rouge River Balkissoon, BasBas Balkissoon Liberal Toronto City Council 2005 1952
Scarborough Southwest Lorenzo Berardinetti.jpg Berardinetti, LorenzoLorenzo Berardinetti Liberal Toronto City Council University of Windsor (BA, LL.B) 2003 1961
St. Paul's Eric Hoskins.JPG Hoskins, EricEric Hoskins Liberal Founder of War Child Canada McMaster University (BSc,MD)
University of Oxford (PhD)
2009 1960
Toronto Centre Glen Murray cropped.jpg Murray, GlenGlen Murray Liberal Winnipeg City Council
Mayor of Winnipeg
Concordia University (BA) 2010 1957
Toronto—Danforth Peter Tabuns.jpg Tabuns, PeterPeter Tabuns NDP Toronto City Council York University (BA) 2006 1951
Trinity—Spadina Dong, HanHan Dong Liberal 2014
Willowdale David Zimmer.png Zimmer, DavidDavid Zimmer Liberal Toronto Community Housing Corporation
Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Director of Humane Society
2003 1944
York Centre Kwinter, MonteMonte Kwinter Liberal Toronto Harbour Commission Ontario College of Art
Syracuse University (BA)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (BSc)
1985 1931
York South—Weston Laura at West Park.jpg Albanese, LauraLaura Albanese Liberal 2007 1957
York West Sergio, MarioMario Sergio Liberal North York City Council
Toronto City Council
1995 1940

See also[edit]