Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

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politics and government of
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

The Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government and Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council. However, since a constitutional reform in 1972, almost all the executive and legislative powers are devolved to the two provinces of which the region is composed: Trentino and the South Tyrol.

The politics of Trentino takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the governor is heads of government, while the politics of South Tyrol retains a parliamentary system, in which the governor is usually the most voted provincial deputy and heads the provincial government.

Executive branch[edit]

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale, Landesregierung) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione, Landeshauptmann) and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 5, including two Vice Presidents. Since 2001, the Presidents of the two Provinces alternate as President of the Region, with the one who's not in charge serving as First Vice President.

Current composition[edit]

List of Presidents[edit]

Presidents of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
President Party Term Legislature
Tullio Odorizzi DC 1949–1953 I Legislature
Tullio Odorizzi DC 1953–1957 II Legislature
Tullio Odorizzi DC 1957–1961 III Legislature
Luigi Dalvit DC 1961–1965 IV Legislature
Luigi Dalvit DC 1965–1967 V Legislature
Giorgio Grigolli DC 1967–1969
Giorgio Grigolli DC 1969–1973 VI Legislature
Bruno Kessler DC 1974–1976 VII Legislature
Flavio Mengoni DC 1976–1977
Spartaco Marziani DC 1977–1979
Enrico Pancheri DC 1979–1984 VIII Legislature
Pierluigi Angeli DC 1984–1987 IX Legislature
Gianni Bazzanella DC 1987–1989
Gianni Bazzanella DC 1989–1992 X Legislature
Tarcisio Andreolli DC 1992–1994
Tarcisio Grandi PPI 1994–1999 XI Legislature
Margherita Cogo DS 1999–2002 XII Legislature
Carlo Andreotti PATT 2002–2004
Luis Durnwalder SVP 2004–2006 XIII Legislature
Lorenzo Dellai Civica 2006–2008
Luis Durnwalder SVP 2008–2011 XIV Legislature
Lorenzo Dellai UpT 2011–2013
Alberto Pacher PD 2013–2014
Ugo Rossi PATT 2014–2016 XV Legislature
Arno Kompatscher SVP 2016–present

Provincial executives[edit]

Trentino[edit]

Presidents of Trentino
President Party Term Legislature
Giuseppe Balista DC 1948–1952 I Legislature
Remo Albertini DC 1952–1956 II Legislature
Riccardo Rosa DC 1956–1960 III Legislature
Bruno Kessler DC 1960–1965 IV Legislature
Bruno Kessler DC 1965–1969 V Legislature
Bruno Kessler DC 1969–1974 VI Legislature
Giorgio Grigolli DC 1974–1979 VII Legislature
Flavio Mengoni DC 1979–1984 VIII Legislature
Flavio Mengoni DC 1984–1985 IX Legislature
Pierluigi Angeli DC 1985–1989
Mario Malossini DC 1989–1992 X Legislature
Gianni Bazzanella DC 1992–1994
Carlo Andreotti PATT 1994–1999 XI Legislature
Lorenzo Dellai Civica 1999–2003 XII Legislature
Lorenzo Dellai Civica 2003–2008 XIII Legislature
Lorenzo Dellai UpT 2008–2012 XIV Legislature
Alberto Pacher (interim) PD 2012–2013
Ugo Rossi PATT 2013–present XV Legislature

South Tyrol[edit]

Governors of South Tyrol
Governor Party Term Legislature
Karl Erckert SVP 1948–1952 I Legislature
SVP 1952–1955 II Legislature
Alois Pupp SVP 1955–1956
SVP 1956–1960 III Legislature
Silvius Magnago SVP 1960–1964 IV Legislature
SVP 1964–1968 V Legislature
SVP 1968–1973 VI Legislature
SVP 1973–1978 VII Legislature
SVP 1978–1983 VIII Legislature
SVP 1983–1988 IX Legislature
SVP 1988–1989 X Legislature
Luis Durnwalder SVP 1989–1993
SVP 1993–1998 XI Legislature
SVP 1998–2003 XII Legislature
SVP 2003–2008 XIII Legislature
SVP 2008–2014 XIV Legislature
SVP 2013–2014 XV Legislature
Arno Kompatscher SVP 2014–present XV Legislature

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Council of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (Consiglio Regionale del Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol) is composed of 70 members, 35 from Trentino and 35 from South Tyrol. The regional deputies are elected separately as provincial deputies. In practice the Regional Council is the meeting of the two Provincial Councils.

Local government[edit]

Municipalities in Trentino[edit]

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Trento 117,317 Alessandro Andreatta Democratic Party 2015
Rovereto 39,289 Francesco Valduga Independent 2015
Pergine Valsugana 21,280 Roberto Oss Emer Independent 2015
Arco 17,526 Alessandro Betta Democratic Party 2014
Riva del Garda 16,926 Adalberto Mosaner Democratic Party 2015

Municipalities in South Tyrol[edit]

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Bolzano 106,441 Renzo Caramaschi Democratic Party 2016
Merano 39,462 Paul Rösch Greens 2015
Brixen 21,535 Peter Brunner South Tyrolean People's Party 2015
Laives 17,700 Christian Bianchi Lega Nord Alto Adige/Südtirol 2015
Bruneck 16,109 Roland Griessmair South Tyrolean People's Party 2014

Political parties and elections[edit]

The Region has actually two different system of parties: one for each Province. Since the constitutional reform of 2001, regional elections are nothing more than two separate provincial elections and the Region does not provide anymore vote totals region-wide.

Latest provincial elections[edit]

The latest provincial elections took place on 27 October 2013 in both Trentino and South Tyrol. In Trentino Ugo Rossi of the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party was elected President by a landslide, while the South Tyrolean People's Party was by far the largest party in South Tyrol.

Trentino[edit]

Candidates and parties votes votes (%) seats
Ugo Rossi 144,609 58.1 22+1
Democratic Party 52,406 22.1 9
Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party 41,684 17.6 7
Union for Trentino 31,650 13.3 5
Greens, Ecologists and Civics 4,548 1.9 -
Italy of Values 3,913 1.6 -
Ladin Autonomist Union 2,717 1.1 1
Reformists for Autonomy 2,579 1.1 -
Diego Mosna 47,966 19.3 6+1
Trentino Project 21,447 9.0 4
Trentino Civic List 8,798 3.7 1
Administer Trentino 5,060 2.1 1
Together for Autonomy 3,370 1.4 -
Autonomy 2020 3,160 1.3 -
Act Trentino 1,947 0.8 -
Maurizio Fugatti 16,395 6.6 1+1
Lega Nord Trentino 14,759 6.2 1
others 547 0.2 -
Filippo Degasperi 14,240 5.7 1+1
Five Star Movement 13,877 5.8 1
Giacomo Bezzi 10,628 4.3 0+1
Forza Trentino 10,493 4.4 -
Emilio Arisi 4,425 1.8 -
Left Ecology Freedom 4,287 1.8 -
Cristiano de Eccher 3,839 1.5 -
Brothers of Italy 3,699 1.6 -
Ezio Casagranda 2,848 1.1 -
Communist Refoundation Party 2,746 1.2 -
Alessandra Cloch 1,988 0.8 -
Fassa Association 1,959 0.8 -
Others 1,890 0.8 -
Total 248,828 100.0 35

Source: Province of Trento

South Tyrol[edit]

Parties votes votes (%) seats
South Tyrolean People's Party 131,236 45.7 17
Die Freiheitlichen 51,504 17.9 6
Greens (incl. Left Ecology Freedom) 25,067 8.7 3
South Tyrolean Freedom 20,736 7.2 3
Democratic Party 19,207 6.7 2
Forza Alto AdigeLega Nord Alto Adige/Südtirol 7,118 2.5 1
Five Star Movement 7,097 2.5 1
Citizens' UnionWe South TyroleansLadins 6,065 2.1 1
Alto Adige in the Heart 6,057 2.1 1
Unitalia–Movement for Alto Adige 4,831 1.7 -
Civic Choice 4,525 1.6 -
The Right 1,654 0.6 -
Communist Refoundation Party 1,134 0.4 -
Party of Italian Communists 730 0.3 -
Total 286,962 100.0 35

Source: Province of Bolzano

Latest general election in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol[edit]


Trentino[edit]

e • d 
Coalition leaders votes votes (%) Parties votes votes (%)
Pier Luigi Bersani 94,960 30.9 Democratic Party 72,852 23.7
South Tyrolean People's Party (including PATT) 14,650 4.8
Left Ecology Freedom 7,458 2.4
Silvio Berlusconi 71,983 23.4 The People of Freedom 46.187 15.0
Lega Nord 22.523 7.3
Others 3.273 1.0
Beppe Grillo 63,758 20.8 Five Star Movement 63,758 20.8
Mario Monti 63,603 20.7 Civic Choice (including UpT) 60,030 19.6
Union of the Centre 3,573 1.2
Antonio Ingroia 5,976 1.9 Civil Revolution 5,976 1.9
Oscar Giannino 5,021 1.6 Stop the Decline 5,021 1.6
Others 1,747 0.6 Others 1,747 0.6
Total coalitions 307,048 100.0 Total parties 307,048 100.0

Source: Ministry of the Interior

South Tyrol[edit]

e • d 
Coalition leaders votes votes (%) Parties votes votes (%)
Pier Luigi Bersani 176,128 58.9 South Tyrolean People's Party 132,154 44.2
Democratic Party 28,372 9.5
Left Ecology Freedom (including Greens) 15,602 5.2
Ulli Mair 47,634 15.9 Die Freiheitlichen 47,634 15.9
Beppe Grillo 24,864 8.3 Five Star Movement 24,864 8.3
Silvio Berlusconi 24,263 8.1 The People of Freedom 19,941 6.7
Others 4,322 1.4
Mario Monti 20,639 6.9 Civic Choice 19,409 6.5
Others 1,230 0.4
Others 5,657 1.9 Others 5,657 1.9
Total coalitions 299,185 100.0 Total parties 299,185 100.0

Source: Ministry of the Interior

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]