Outline of political science

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to politics and political science:

Politics – the exercise of power; process by which groups of people make collective decisions. Politics is the art or science of running governmental or state affairs (including behavior within civil governments), institutions, fields, and special interest groups such as the corporate, academic, and religious segments of society.

Political science – the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior.

Principles of Government[edit]

Government and the State[edit]

What is government?[edit]

Government - is a general term which can be used to refer to public bodies organizing the political life of the society. Government can also refer to the collective head of the executive branch of power in a polity.

Public policies -

  • Public taxation
  • Public defense
  • Public education
  • Public transportation
  • Healthcare
  • Environment
  • Civil rights
  • Working conditions

Legislative power -

Executive power -

Judicial power -

Constitution -

The State[edit]

Main articles: State (polity) and Sovereign state

Four characteristics of a state

  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty
  • Government

Major Political Ideas[edit]

Evolutionary Theory -

Social Contract Theory -

Divine Theory - Meritocracy Force theory

The Purpose of Government[edit]

Form a More Perfect Union -

Establish Justice -

Insure Domestic Tranquility -

Provide for the Common Defense -

Promote the General Welfare -

Secure the Blessings of Liberty -

Forms of government[edit]

Main article: Government

Who Can Participate[edit]

Democracy -

Dictatorship -

Geographic Distribution of Power[edit]

Unitary government -

Federal government -

Confederate government (Confederation) -

Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Powers[edit]

Presidential government -

Parliamentary government -

Basic Concepts of Democracy[edit]


Popular sovereignty Limited government Human equality

Democracy and the Free Enterprise System[edit]

Free enterprise system -

Law of supply and demand -

Mixed economy -

Origins of American Government[edit]

Our Political Beginnings[edit]

Basic concepts of Government[edit]

Ordered government

Limited government

Representative government

Landmark English Documents[edit]

Magna Carta

Petition of Right

English Bill of Rights

English Colonies[edit]


Royal Colonies - New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia

Proprietary colonies - Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware

Charter colonies - Connecticut and Rhode Island

The Coming of Independence[edit]

New England Confederation

Albany Plan of Union




Popular sovereignty

Declaration of Independence

Critical Period[edit]

Articles of Confederation


Presiding Officer

Creating and Ratifying the Constitution[edit]

Framers of the Constitution -

Virginia Plan -

New Jersey Plan -

Connecticut Compromise -

Three-Fifths Compromise -

Slave Trade Compromise -

Federalists -

Anti-Federalists -

Quorum -

The Constitution[edit]

Six Basic Principles[edit]



Basic Principles[edit]

Popular Sovereignty

Limited Government

  • Constitutionalism
  • Rule of law

Separation of powers

Checks and balances

  • Veto

Judicial review


Formal Amendment[edit]



   Upper house (Senate)
   Lower house


   Parliamentary system
   Parliamentary group
   Member of Parliament
   International parliament

Parliamentary procedure

   Motion (no-confidence)


   Congress (Member of Congress)
   City council (Councillor)
   The Estates

Legislator -

Committee member -

Trustee -

Delegate -

Partisan -

Politico -

Senator -

Political Philosophies[edit]

Main article: Political philosophy

Anarchism -

Conservativism -

Liberalism -

Egalitarianism -

Socialism -

Corporatism -

Nazism -

Authoritarianism -

Nationalism -

Totalitarianism -

Fascism -

Federalism – a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. The term "federalism" is also used to describe a system of the government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (like states or provinces). Federalism is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial/state governments, creating what is often called a federation.

Feudalism -

Minarchism -

Absolutism -

Governments of the World[edit]

Political issues[edit]

Politics by region[edit]

Foreign relations by region[edit]

Political parties by region[edit]

History of politics[edit]

Political science[edit]

Main article: Political science

Fields of study of political science[edit]

Related disciplines[edit]

Political theory[edit]

Main article: Political theory


Main article: Election

Political parties[edit]

Main article: Political party

Political strategies and tactics[edit]

Political scholars[edit]

Influential literature[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Mabbett 1964 "References to the work in other Sanskrit literature attribute it variously to Viṣṇugupta, Cāṇakya and Kauṭilya. The same individual is meant in each case. The Pańcatantra explicitly identifies Chanakya with Viṣṇugupta."
  2. ^ Oxford Handbook Of Political Theory
  3. ^ Contemporary Political Theory

External links[edit]