Poljance

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Poljance / Polac
Settlement
Poljance / Polac is located in Serbia
Poljance / Polac
Poljance / Polac
Coordinates: 42°44′16″N 20°49′24″E / 42.73778°N 20.82333°E / 42.73778; 20.82333Coordinates: 42°44′16″N 20°49′24″E / 42.73778°N 20.82333°E / 42.73778; 20.82333
Country Serbia[a]
First mention 1330
Area
 • Total 84.7 sq mi (219.5 km2)
Elevation 2,100 ft (640 m)
Population (1991)
 • Total 2,829
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 290

Poljance (Serbian Cyrillic: Пољанце)) is village in Serbia.[a] The village is exclusively inhabited by ethnic Albanians; in the 1991 census, it had 2827 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

It lies in the Drenica region, at the source of the Vrbica river, a left confluence of the Drenica river.[1] It lies on both sides of the regional Skenderaj-Glogavac road, 4–7 km southeast of Skenderaj.[1] It is 640–680 m over sea level.[1] The rural settlement lies on a cadastral area with the a total of 2195 hectares (K.O. Staro Poljance 694, K.O. Novo Poljance 767, K.O. Kraljica 734 ha).[1]

Poljance includes two major physiognomic parts: Staro Poljance (Džamijska, Gruda, Koca, Veljić and Zonić Mahala) and Novo Poljance, of which the latter was administratively joined into the present settlement in 1975.[1] Novo Poljance was an independent village before, situated to the east, established after World War I, with Serb and Montenegrin settlers from the vicinity of Danilovgrad, Nikšić, Mrkonjić Grad, Bosanska Krupa, among others.[1]

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

The 1330 Dečani chrysobulls of Serbian King Stephen Uroš III (r. 1322–1331) mention the great village of "Strelac", and several surrounding villages: Čigotovo (Čikatovo), Vrbovec, Poljance, Glabotino and Kudrino (Kudrin).[2][3] Toponomastic study shows that Poljance bordered Strelac on the northeast.[3] There exist an old and newer Serbian cemetery in the village.[4]

World War II[edit]

The partisan guard in Novo Poljance, composed exclusively of Albanians, was captured due to treason, on January 30, 1945. At this time, there were a minor part of ethnic Albanian Partisans that crossed to the nationalist Balli Kombëtar, and killed Serbs in their units. A court was held and Šaban Poluža and Mehmed Gradica were sentenced to death. They were never executed as Osman Zonić took them to refuge during fighting, and hid them in a room were women stayed.[5][better source needed]

6 soldiers, hailing from Poljance, of the "Boro Bukmirović" and "Razim Sadiku" battalions of the First Macedonian-Kosovan National liberation Brigade (Yugoslav Partisans) fell in January and February 1945.[6]

Kosovo War[edit]

According to the Serbian newspaper Pravda in January in February 1997, Jonuz Veliqi, an Albanian official working for the state structures of the Republic of Serbia, was nearly killed by during attacks of the Albanian paramilitaries.[7] On August 3, 1998, a civilian worker for the Serbian Interior Ministry was wounded by an automatic weapon.[8] Poljance was in the hands of the Kosovo Liberation Army until March 22, 1999, when Serbian police forces launched an offensive into Drenica.[9][10] After March 23, 1999, several abducted ethnic Serbs were held prisoners in an old mine near a brick factory in Poljance by Albanians.[11][12]

Demographics[edit]

Demographic history
Ethnic group 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981[13] 1991
Albanians 2358
Total[14] 1077 1304 1408 1675 2358 2827

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Stamenković 2002, p. 81
  2. ^ П. Ивић – М. Грковић, ДХ I (140), ДХ II (7–8), ДХ III (210–270); Задужбине Косова, 329.
  3. ^ a b Božanić 2009, pp. 14, 16
  4. ^ Пројекат Растко / Косово и Метохија, The Shortened List of the Shrines of Kosovo and Metohija from 13th to 20th centuries
  5. ^ ДРАГИША И. КЕЦОЈЕВИЋ, КОСОВО И МЕТОХИЈА: ТЕРОР НАД СРБИМА, p. 28
  6. ^ Списак бораца косовско метохијских батаљона
  7. ^ Pravda, 19. децембар 2010. Милошевић благо прекорио Србе
  8. ^ Members of the Ministry of the Interior – Victims of Albanian Terrorism in 1998
  9. ^ NY Times, Fears Deepens as Monitors Quit Kosovo
  10. ^ NY Times, Serbs Burn the Birthplace Of the Albanians' Revolt
  11. ^ Danas, Belgrade, FR Yugoslavia, November 3, 1999, Ethnic Albanian from Kosmet Idriz Medit Offered to Exchange 10 Serbs for his Son, by Z. Radovanovic
  12. ^ IWPR'S BALKAN CRISIS REPORT, NO. 92, November 12, 1999, SERBIAN JUSTICE ON TRIAL, By Laura Rozen
  13. ^ 1981 Census, Kosovo (Preliminary)
  14. ^ Kosovo censuses 1948–1991

References[edit]

  • Božanić, S. 2009, "O zemljišnim međama srpskog srednjovekovnog sela", Istraživanja, no. 20, pp. 47–64.
  • Srboljub Đ Stamenković, Географска енциклопедиjа населjа Србиjе: С-Ш, Volume 4, Географски факултет, 2002, p. 81: "Пољанце"