|Comune di Pollica|
Pollica within the Province of Salerno
|Province / Metropolitan city||Salerno (SA)|
|Frazioni||Acciaroli, Cannicchio, Celso, Galdo Cilento, Pioppi|
|• Total||27.89 km2 (10.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||280 m (920 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2006)|
|• Density||94/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Nicola di Bari|
Pollica is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. The town has a population of 2,516, according to a 2001 census. Located 94 km from Salerno, the town rises to an elevation 370 meters from sea level. Inhabitants are known as Pollichesi.
The first mention of Pollica dates back to a legal document from 1113 in which Targisius II Sanseverino donated property to the Abbott of Cava. In the 13th century the town was owned by the Alemagna, who sold it to the Capano, a family originally from Rocca Cilento. The Capano, who held the noble title of princes, governed the town until 1795 when there were no heirs and the town became the property of the De Liguoro, who held it until 1806 (end of the feudal system).
In 1997 the town purchased the "Castello Capano" (Capano's Castle). The castle dates back to the 12th century, but the current configuration is mostly due to work completed in 1610 by Vincenzo Capano XV, Prince of Pollica. The large square tower, built on three levels, dominates the town.
In 2010, on 6 September, the mayor of Pollica Angelo Vassallo was killed.
- Bordering municipalities
Pollica has 5 hamlets:
- Acciaroli - the largest, located by the sea, with a port.
- Pioppi - the other sea village, famous for the studies of Ancel Keys over Mediterranean diet.
- Celso - a hill village between Pollica and Galdo.
- Galdo Cilento - a hill village between Celso and San Mauro Cilento.
- Cannicchio - a hill village between Acciaroli and Pollica.
Media related to Pollica at Wikimedia Commons
- (Italian) Pollica official website