Cambridge, New York
|Movement||Shaker gift drawings|
Polly Collins (1808-1884) was a Shaker artist who made gift drawings, which were depictions of spiritual messages during the Era of Manifestations in the mid-1800s.
Polly Collins was born in Cambridge, New York. Her family moved to Massachusetts in 1820 and joined the Hancock Shaker Village. Collins remained a member, or believer, of the Shakers throughout the remainder of her lifetime. She took care of young girls at the community during part of her time there.
1830 brick building, Hancock Shaker Village, where visitors can learn about the daily life and work of the Shakers, and how the sexes co-existed.
...intense spiritual fervor gripped the Shaker communities. According to tradition, heavenly spirits descended to earth, bearing gifts of visions, hymns, dances and drawings. Mother Ann Lee was prominent among the spirits that appeared to the mediums, or "instruments".— Christian Becksvoort
An Emblem of the Heavenly Sphere in 1854. She created different scenes within blocks in a grid. In the center, a choir of heavenly figures includes Jesus, the apostles, Mother Ann Lee, and Christopher Columbus. Surrounding this image were scenes like The Celestial Plum, Flower of Eden, Forgiveness and Repentance.
In 1859 Collins made a drawing of the Tree of Comfort with a vision for a Gift from Mother Ann to Eldress Eunice. The period where spiritual visions were captured in song or drawings, called the Era of Manifestations, was also called the "period of Mother's work", referring to Mother Ann Lee, whose departed spirit was believed to have passed messages to the Skaker "instruments" who believed and received such messages. This work was a variation of the common Shaker motif Tree of Life, such as the depictions made by Hannah Cohoon. It was one of Collin's most notable and recognizable works.
Polly Collins, 1st My Children Dear, Whom I Do Love, watercolor, 1854, Hancock Shaker Village, Berkshire County, Massachusetts
Polly Collins, Tree of comfort, a Gift from Mother Ann to Eldress Eunice, August, 1859. Collection of the Shaker Library, United Society of Shakers, Sabbathday Lake, Maine
Key artists from the Shaker community were Collins, Hannah Cohoon, and Joseph Wicker. The Era of Manifestations ended when Shaker community members became embarrassed by the "emotional excesses and mystical expressions of this period."
- Gerard C. Wertkin; Lee Kogan; American Folk Art Museum. Encyclopedia of American Folk Art. Taylor & Francis; 2004. ISBN 978-0-415-92986-8. p. 476.
- Christian Becksvoort. The Shaker Legacy: Perspectives on an Enduring Furniture Style. Taunton Press; 2000. ISBN 978-1-56158-357-7. p. 40–41.
- David A. Schorsch and Ruth Wolfe. A Cutwork Tree of Life in the manner of Hannah Cohoon. AFANews. February 23, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
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