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Polmos (acronym for Polski Monopol Spirytusowy, Polish Spirits Monopoly) was a Polish state-owned monopoly, controlling the Polish market for alcoholic beverages. Founded in the late 1920s, until World War II it was one of the leading vodka producers in Poland. Distilleries of Polmos were relatively modern and efficient at that time so the company exported its products to some European countries.

After the war the company became an absolute monopoly and, like other distilleries, was nationalized by the government of the People's Republic of Poland. The newly created monopoly adopted the name Polmos. After the fall of communism in 1989, the monopoly was divided into several independent enterprising entities, each owning one of the distilleries and one or two of the brands of the alcoholic drinks. All such established companies have been privatised and none of them remains fully state-owned.

Among the companies descended from Polmos are:

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