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The regatta started in 1972 and was usually a yearly event matching solo sailors. However the event was not staged in 1982 and after 1983 went on hiatus. The regatta restarted in 2010.
The initiators of single-handedly racing the Baltic Sea were captains Jerzy Siudy and Kazimierz Jaworski, who in 1973 arranged a "private" race along a Swinoujscie - Christianso - Swinoujscie course. They sailed on Taurus yachts. The results remain unknown.
In 1974 the Maritime University of Szczecin established a Yacht Club. The first Commander was Andrzej Jaśkiewicz. The regatta began at the organization's inception. The patron of the regatta was Eugeniusz Daszkowski, Rector of the Maritime University. To commemorate the founding, Krzysztof Baranowski circled the world on the Polonez, which became the name of the Single-Handed Cup. The Coordinator of the first edition of the race was Piotr Stelmarczyk then a Yacht Club employee. Subsequent editions were coordinated by Anthony Brancewicz, who took over as commodore of the club.
The Polonez Cup ran from 1973 until 1983 with a one-year break in 1982. Jaworski and Siudy planned to start the Polonez Regatta was initially held on May 25, the anniversary of Baranowski's entry to Plymouth. In later years the date changed to June and then to August. The Polonez Cup was founded by the Director of Maritime Yacht Shipyard "Leonia Teliga" - Edmund Bak.
In 1977 the race was held for the first time with international participants, whcn Czechoslovakian sailor Richard Konkolski from Yacht Club Bohumin, started.
- Zagle. Yachting Magazine, Poland, 2010
- "Kuba Strzyczkowski zajął 3. miejsce w Regatach Poloneza! Zobacz zdjęcia". Polskie Radio. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.