Poltavka culture

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Poltavka culture
Fatyanovo-culture.jpg
Geographical rangeRussia, Kazakhstan
PeriodBronze Age
Datesc. 2700 BCE – 2100 BCE
Preceded byYamnaya culture, Catacomb culture, Sintashta culture
Followed bySrubna culture, Sintashta culture

Poltavka culture (Russian: Полтавкинская культура), 2700—2100 BCE, an early to middle Bronze Age archaeological culture of the middle Volga from about where the Don-Volga canal begins up to the Samara Bend in Russia, with an easterly extension north of present Kazakhstan along the Samara River valley to somewhat west of Orenburg.

Together with the Catacomb culture it is the successor of the Yamnaya culture, while also succeeded by the Sintashta culture.[1] It seems to be an early manifestation of the Srubna culture. There is evidence of influence from the Maykop culture to its south.

What significantly distinguishes it from the Yamnaya culture are changes in pottery and an increase in metal objects. Tumulus inhumations continue, but with less use of ochre.

It was succeeded by the Srubna and Sintashta culture. It is presumptively early Indo-Iranian (Proto-Indo-Iranian), possibly representing a late satem dialect of Proto-Indo-European.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Полтавкинская культура – Большая русская энциклопедия (БРЭ). Т.26. Москва, 2016

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