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|Look up polycentric or polycentrism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Polycentric is an English adjective, meaning "having more than one center," derived from the Greek words polús ("many") and kentrikós ("center"). Polycentricism (or polycentricity) is the abstract noun formed from polycentric. They may refer to:
- In law, polycentric law is a legal structure in which providers of legal systems compete or overlap in a given jurisdiction.
- In biology, a polycentric chromosome is a chromosome with more than one centromere.
- In language, a polycentric language is an alternative term for a pluricentric language—a language with several interacting codified standard versions.
- In urban planning, a polycentric metropolitan area is an urban area that is organized around multiple cities. Examples include the Ruhr in Germany, Stoke-on-Trent in the United Kingdom, and the San Francisco Bay Area in the United States.
- In politics, the polycentrism theory, developed by Palmiro Togliatti, was a view that the working conditions of Communist parties in different countries could differ from each other.
- In intercultural competence, polycentrism is an attitude of openness towards other cultures, and the opposite of ethnocentrism.
- In Canadian administrative law, polycentricity refers to problems that require the consideration of numerous interests simultaneously, first referred to by the Supreme Court of Canada in Pushpanathan v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration).
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